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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest version 3.8.3 alpha.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:faa2e9d5cf1672504124cec721f33e766ff25d68
User & Date: drh 2013-12-11 12:06:04
Context
2013-12-11
13:00
As it turns out that _wstati64() cannot handled the special "\\?\" prefix, work around that. Otherwise the win32-longpath VFS is quite useless for fossil. Maybe a better solution should be worked out, not using _wstati64() at all. check-in: bb440899 user: jan.nijtmans tags: trunk
12:06
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest version 3.8.3 alpha. check-in: faa2e9d5 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-12-10
21:15
Avoid attempting to preserve the default VFS if it has not been set. check-in: fffcf60c user: mistachkin tags: trunk
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Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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67956
67957
67958
67959
67960
67961
67962
67963
67964
67965
67966
67967
67968
.....
68007
68008
68009
68010
68011
68012
68013
68014
68015
68016
68017
68018
68019
68020
68021
68022
68023
68024

68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
68034
68035
68036
68037
68038
68039
68040
68041
68042
68043
68044
68045
68046
68047
68048
68049
68050
68051
68052
68053
68054
68055
68056
68057
68058
68059
68060
68061
68062
68063
68064
68065
68066
68067
68068
68069
68070
68071
68072
68073
68074
68075
68076
68077
68078
68079
68080
68081
68082
68083
68084
68085
68086
68087
68088
68089
68090
68091
68092
68093
68094
68095
.....
68133
68134
68135
68136
68137
68138
68139
68140
68141
68142
68143
68144
68145
68146
68147
68148
68149
68150
68151
68152
68153
68154
68155
68156
68157
68158
68159
68160
68161
68162
68163
68164
68165
68166
68167
68168
68169
68170
68171
68172
68173
68174
68175
68176
68177
68178
68179
68180
68181
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188
68189
68190
68191
68192
.....
68432
68433
68434
68435
68436
68437
68438
68439
68440
68441
68442
68443
68444
68445
68446
68447
68448
68449
68450
68451
68452
68453
68454
68455
68456
68457
68458
68459
68460
68461
68462
68463
68464
68465
68466
68467
68468
68469
68470
68471
68472
.....
68476
68477
68478
68479
68480
68481
68482
68483
68484
68485
68486
68487
68488
68489
68490
68491
68492
68493
68494
68495
68496
68497
68498
68499
68500
68501
68502
68503
68504
68505
68506
68507
68508
68509
68510
68511
68512
68513
68514
68515
68516
68517
68518
68519
68520
68521
68522
68523
.....
68549
68550
68551
68552
68553
68554
68555
68556
68557
68558
68559
68560
68561
68562
68563
68564
68565
68566
68567
68568
68569
68570
68571
68572
68573
68574
68575
68576
68577
68578
68579
68580
68581
68582
68583
68584
68585
68586
68587
68588
68589
68590
68591
68592
68593
68594
68595
68596
68597
68598
68599
68600
68601
68602
68603
.....
68636
68637
68638
68639
68640
68641
68642
68643
68644
68645
68646
68647
68648
68649
68650
68651
68652
68653
68654
68655
68656
68657
68658
68659
68660
68661
68662
68663
68664
68665
68666
68667
68668
68669
68670
68671
68672
68673
68674
68675
68676
68677
68678
.....
68735
68736
68737
68738
68739
68740
68741
68742
68743
68744
68745
68746
68747
68748
68749
68750
68751
68752
68753
68754
68755
68756
68757
68758
68759
68760
68761
68762
68763
.....
68807
68808
68809
68810
68811
68812
68813
68814
68815
68816
68817
68818
68819
68820
68821
.....
68826
68827
68828
68829
68830
68831
68832
68833
68834
68835
68836
68837
68838
68839
68840
68841
68842

68843
68844
68845
68846
68847
68848

68849
68850
68851
68852
68853
68854
68855
68856
68857
68858
68859
68860
68861
68862
68863
68864
68865
68866
68867

68868
68869
68870
68871
68872
68873
68874
68875
68876
68877
68878
68879
68880
68881
68882
68883
68884
68885
68886
68887
68888
68889
68890
68891
68892
68893
68894
68895
68896
68897
68898
68899
68900
68901
68902
68903
68904
68905
68906
68907
68908
68909
68910
68911
68912
68913
68914
68915
68916
68917
68918
68919
68920
68921
68922
68923
68924
68925
68926
68927
68928
68929
68930
68931
68932
68933
68934
68935
68936
68937
68938
68939
68940
68941
68942
68943
68944
68945
68946
68947
68948
68949
68950
68951
68952
68953
68954
68955
68956
68957
68958
68959
68960
68961
68962
68963
68964
68965
68966
68967
68968
68969
68970
68971
68972
68973
68974
68975
68976
68977
68978
68979
68980
68981
68982
68983
68984
68985
68986
68987
68988
68989
68990
68991
68992
68993
68994
68995
68996
68997
68998
68999
69000
69001
69002
69003
69004
69005
69006
69007
69008
69009
69010
69011
69012
69013
69014
69015
69016
69017
69018
69019
69020
69021
69022
69023
69024
69025
69026
69027
69028
69029
69030
69031
69032
69033
69034
69035
69036
69037
69038
69039
69040
69041
69042
69043
69044
69045
69046
69047
69048
69049
69050
69051
69052
69053
69054
69055
69056
69057
69058
69059
69060
69061
69062
69063
69064
69065
69066
69067
69068
69069
69070
69071
69072
69073
69074
69075
69076
69077
69078
69079
69080
69081
69082
69083
69084
69085
69086
69087
69088
69089
69090
69091
69092
69093
69094
69095
69096
69097
69098
69099
69100
.....
69109
69110
69111
69112
69113
69114
69115
69116
69117
69118
69119
69120
69121
69122
69123
69124
69125
69126
69127
69128
69129
69130

69131
69132
69133
69134
69135
69136
69137
69138
69139
69140
69141
69142
69143
69144
69145
69146
69147
69148
69149
69150
69151
69152
69153
69154
69155
69156
69157
69158
69159
69160
69161
69162
69163










69164
69165
69166
69167
69168
69169
69170
69171
69172
69173
69174
69175
69176
69177
69178
69179
69180
69181
69182
69183
69184
69185
69186
69187
69188
69189
69190
69191
69192
69193
69194
69195





69196
69197
69198
69199
69200
69201
69202
69203
69204
69205
69206
69207
69208
69209
69210
69211



69212
69213
69214
69215
69216
69217

69218


69219
69220
69221
69222
69223
69224
69225
69226
69227
69228
69229
69230
69231
69232
.....
69235
69236
69237
69238
69239
69240
69241
69242
69243
69244
69245
69246
69247
69248

69249
69250
69251
69252
69253
69254
69255
69256
69257
69258
69259
69260
69261
69262
69263
69264
69265
69266
69267
69268
69269
69270
69271
69272
69273
69274
69275
69276
69277
69278
69279
69280

69281
69282
69283
69284
69285
69286
69287
69288
69289
69290
69291
69292
69293
69294
69295
69296
69297
69298
69299
69300
69301
69302
69303
69304
69305
69306
69307
69308
69309
69310
69311
69312
69313
69314
69315
69316
69317
69318
69319
69320
69321
69322
69323
69324
69325
69326
69327
69328
69329
69330
69331
69332
69333
69334
69335
69336
69337
69338
69339
69340
69341
69342
69343
69344
69345
69346
69347
69348
69349
69350
69351
69352
69353
69354
69355
69356
69357
69358
69359
69360
69361
69362
69363
69364
69365
69366
69367
69368
69369
69370
69371
69372
69373
69374
69375
69376
69377
69378
69379
69380
69381
69382
69383
69384
69385
69386
69387
69388
69389
69390
69391
69392
69393
69394
69395
69396
69397
69398
69399
69400
69401
69402
69403
69404
69405
69406
69407
69408
69409
69410
69411
69412
69413
69414
69415
69416
69417
69418
69419
69420
69421
69422
69423
69424
69425
.....
69430
69431
69432
69433
69434
69435
69436
69437
69438
69439
69440
69441
69442
69443
69444
69445
69446
69447
69448
69449
69450
69451
69452
69453
69454
69455
69456
69457
69458
69459
69460
69461
69462
69463
69464
69465
69466
69467
69468
69469
69470
69471
69472
69473
69474
69475
69476
69477
69478
69479
69480
69481
69482
69483
69484
69485
69486
69487
.....
69488
69489
69490
69491
69492
69493
69494
69495
69496
69497
69498
69499
69500
69501
69502
69503
69504
69505
.....
69529
69530
69531
69532
69533
69534
69535
69536
69537
69538
69539
69540
69541
69542
69543
69544
69545
69546
69547
69548
69549
69550
69551
69552
69553
69554
69555
69556
69557
69558
69559
69560
69561
69562
69563
69564
69565
69566
69567
69568
69569
69570
69571
69572
69573
69574
69575
69576
69577
69578
69579
69580
.....
69592
69593
69594
69595
69596
69597
69598
69599
69600
69601
69602
69603
69604
69605
69606
69607
69608
69609

69610
69611
69612
69613
69614
69615
69616
69617
69618
69619
69620
69621
.....
69622
69623
69624
69625
69626
69627
69628
69629
69630
69631
69632
69633
69634
69635
69636
69637
69638
69639
69640
69641
69642
69643
69644
69645
69646
69647
69648
69649
69650
69651
69652
69653
69654
69655
69656
.....
69672
69673
69674
69675
69676
69677
69678
69679
69680
69681
69682
69683
69684
69685
69686
69687
69688
69689
69690
69691
69692
69693
69694
69695
69696
69697
69698
69699
69700
69701
69702
69703
69704
69705
69706
69707
69708
69709
69710
69711
69712
69713
69714
69715
69716
69717
69718
69719
.....
69768
69769
69770
69771
69772
69773
69774
69775
69776
69777
69778
69779
69780
69781
69782
69783
69784
69785
69786
69787
69788
69789
69790
69791
69792
69793
69794
69795
69796
69797
69798
69799
69800
69801
69802
69803
69804
69805
69806
69807
69808
69809
69810
69811
69812
69813
69814
69815
69816
69817
69818
69819
69820
69821
69822
69823
69824
69825
69826
69827
69828
69829
69830
69831
69832
69833
69834
69835
69836
69837
69838
69839
69840
69841
69842
69843
69844
69845
69846
69847
69848
69849
69850
69851
69852
69853
69854
69855
69856
69857
69858
69859
69860
69861
69862
69863
69864
69865
69866
.....
69884
69885
69886
69887
69888
69889
69890
69891
69892
69893
69894
69895
69896
69897
69898
69899
69900
69901
69902
69903
69904
69905
69906
69907
69908
69909
69910
69911
69912
69913
69914
69915
69916
69917
69918
69919
69920
69921
69922
69923
69924
69925
69926
69927
69928
69929
69930
69931
69932
69933
69934
69935
69936
69937
69938
69939
69940
69941
69942
69943
69944
69945
69946
69947
69948
69949
69950
69951
69952
69953
69954
69955
69956
69957
69958
69959
69960
69961
69962
69963
69964
.....
69972
69973
69974
69975
69976
69977
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
69983
69984
69985
69986
69987
69988
69989
69990
69991
69992
69993
69994
69995
69996
69997
.....
70059
70060
70061
70062
70063
70064
70065
70066
70067
70068
70069
70070
70071
70072
70073
70074
70075
70076
70077
70078
70079
70080
70081
70082
70083
70084
70085
70086
70087
70088
70089
70090
70091
70092
70093
70094
70095
70096
70097
70098
70099
70100
70101
70102
70103
70104
70105
70106
70107
70108
70109
70110
70111
70112
70113
70114
70115
70116
70117
70118
70119
70120
70121
70122
70123
70124
70125
70126
70127
70128
70129
70130
70131
70132
70133
70134
70135
70136
70137
70138
70139
70140
70141
70142
70143
70144
70145
70146
70147
70148
70149
70150
70151
70152
70153
70154
70155
70156
70157
70158
70159
70160
70161
70162
70163
70164
70165
70166
70167
70168
70169
70170
70171
70172
70173
70174
70175
70176
70177
70178
70179
70180
70181
70182
70183
70184
70185
70186
70187
70188
70189
70190
70191
70192
70193
70194
70195
70196
70197
70198
70199
70200
70201
70202
.....
70205
70206
70207
70208
70209
70210
70211
70212
70213
70214
70215
70216
70217
70218
70219
70220
70221
70222
70223
70224
70225
70226
70227
70228
70229
70230
70231
70232
.....
70273
70274
70275
70276
70277
70278
70279
70280
70281
70282
70283
70284
70285
70286
70287
70288
70289
70290
70291
70292
70293
70294
70295
70296
70297
70298
70299
70300
70301
70302

70303
70304
70305
70306
70307
70308
70309
70310
70311
70312
70313
70314
70315
70316
70317
70318
70319
70320
70321
70322
70323
70324
70325
70326
70327
70328
70329
70330
70331
70332
70333
70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340
70341
70342
70343
70344
70345
70346
70347
70348
70349
70350
70351
70352
70353
70354
70355
70356
70357
70358
70359
70360
70361
.....
70367
70368
70369
70370
70371
70372
70373
70374
70375
70376
70377
70378
70379
70380
70381
70382
70383
70384
70385
70386
70387
70388
70389
70390
70391
70392
70393
70394
70395
70396
70397
70398
70399
70400
70401
70402
70403
70404
70405
70406
70407
70408
70409
.....
70431
70432
70433
70434
70435
70436
70437
70438
70439
70440
70441
70442
70443
70444
70445
70446
70447
70448
70449
70450
70451
70452
70453
70454
70455
70456
70457
70458
70459
.....
70461
70462
70463
70464
70465
70466
70467
70468
70469
70470
70471
70472
70473
70474
70475
70476
70477
70478
70479
70480
70481
70482
70483
70484
70485
70486
70487
70488
70489
70490
70491
70492
70493
70494
70495
70496
70497
70498
70499
70500
70501
70502
70503
70504
70505
70506
70507
70508
70509
70510
70511
70512
70513
70514
70515
70516
70517
70518
70519
70520
70521
70522
70523
70524
70525
70526
70527
70528
70529
70530
70531
70532
70533
70534
70535
70536
70537
70538
70539
70540
70541
70542
70543
70544
70545
70546
70547
70548
70549
70550
70551
70552
70553
70554
70555
70556
70557
70558
70559
70560
70561
70562
70563
70564
70565
70566
70567
70568
70569
70570
70571
70572
70573
70574
70575
70576
70577
.....
70615
70616
70617
70618
70619
70620
70621
70622
70623
70624
70625
70626
70627
70628
70629
70630
70631
70632
70633
70634
70635
70636
70637
70638
70639
70640
70641
70642
70643
70644
70645
70646
70647
70648
70649
70650
70651
70652
70653
70654
70655
70656
70657
70658
70659
70660
70661
70662
70663
70664
70665
70666
70667
70668
70669
70670
70671

70672
70673
70674
70675
70676
70677
70678
70679
70680
70681
70682
70683
70684
70685
70686
70687
70688
70689
70690
70691
70692
.....
70704
70705
70706
70707
70708
70709
70710
70711
70712
70713
70714
70715
70716
70717
70718
70719
70720
70721
70722
70723
70724
70725
70726
70727
70728
70729
70730
70731
70732
70733
70734
70735
70736
70737
70738
70739
70740
70741
70742
70743
70744
70745
70746
70747
70748
.....
70768
70769
70770
70771
70772
70773
70774
70775
70776
70777
70778
70779
70780
70781
70782
70783
70784
70785
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.2.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.2"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008002
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-12-03 10:35:00 e4164fd8f75ce1c8d63bec70db7049b68208c12c"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))

#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.

*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**






** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum*, char*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum*,const char*,int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SMALL_STACK
  "SMALL_STACK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX
  "SOUNDEX",
#endif



#ifdef SQLITE_TCL
  "TCL",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE) && !defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc)
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
................................................................................
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
  "ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
void sqliteVdbePopStack(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(VdbeCursor*);
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE*, int, Op*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, int, Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
................................................................................
** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes.  The
** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead.  This only
** works for chunks that are currently checked out.
*/
static int memsys5Size(void *p){
  int iSize = 0;
  if( p ){
    int i = ((u8 *)p-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom;
    assert( i>=0 && i<mem5.nBlock );
    iSize = mem5.szAtom * (1 << (mem5.aCtrl[i]&CTRL_LOGSIZE));
  }
  return iSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
static void memsys5FreeUnsafe(void *pOld){
  u32 size, iLogsize;
  int iBlock;

  /* Set iBlock to the index of the block pointed to by pOld in 
  ** the array of mem5.szAtom byte blocks pointed to by mem5.zPool.
  */
  iBlock = ((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom;

  /* Check that the pointer pOld points to a valid, non-free block. */
  assert( iBlock>=0 && iBlock<mem5.nBlock );
  assert( ((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)%mem5.szAtom==0 );
  assert( (mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_FREE)==0 );

  iLogsize = mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_LOGSIZE;
................................................................................
}

/*
** TRUE if p is a lookaside memory allocation from db
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
static int isLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  return p && p>=db->lookaside.pStart && p<db->lookaside.pEnd;
}
#else
#define isLookaside(A,B) 0
#endif

/*
** Return the size of a memory allocation previously obtained from
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){

  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( db && isLookaside(db, p) ){
    return db->lookaside.sz;
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    assert( db!=0 || sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE) );
    return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, sizeof(zSpaces)-1);
    N -= sizeof(zSpaces)-1;
  }
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
  }
}









/*
** On machines with a small stack size, you can redefine the
** SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE to be something smaller, if desired.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE
# define SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE 70
................................................................................
        if( precision<etBUFSIZE-10 ){
          nOut = etBUFSIZE;
          zOut = buf;
        }else{
          nOut = precision + 10;
          zOut = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( nOut );
          if( zOut==0 ){
            pAccum->accError = STRACCUM_NOMEM;
            return;
          }
        }
        bufpt = &zOut[nOut-1];
        if( xtype==etORDINAL ){
          static const char zOrd[] = "thstndrd";
          int x = (int)(longvalue % 10);
................................................................................
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }
        if( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width > etBUFSIZE - 15 ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width+15 );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            pAccum->accError = STRACCUM_NOMEM;
            return;
          }
        }
        zOut = bufpt;
        nsd = 16 + flag_altform2*10;
        flag_dp = (precision>0 ?1:0) | flag_alternateform | flag_altform2;
        /* The sign in front of the number */
................................................................................
          if( ch==q )  n++;
        }
        needQuote = !isnull && xtype==etSQLESCAPE2;
        n += i + 1 + needQuote*2;
        if( n>etBUFSIZE ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( n );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            pAccum->accError = STRACCUM_NOMEM;
            return;
          }
        }else{
          bufpt = buf;
        }
        j = 0;
        if( needQuote ) bufpt[j++] = q;
................................................................................
        /* The precision in %q and %Q means how many input characters to
        ** consume, not the length of the output...
        ** if( precision>=0 && precision<length ) length = precision; */
        break;
      }
      case etTOKEN: {
        Token *pToken = va_arg(ap, Token*);
        if( pToken ){
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, (const char*)pToken->z, pToken->n);
        }
        length = width = 0;
        break;
      }
      case etSRCLIST: {
        SrcList *pSrc = va_arg(ap, SrcList*);
        int k = va_arg(ap, int);
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pSrc->a[k];
        assert( k>=0 && k<pSrc->nSrc );
        if( pItem->zDatabase ){
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, pItem->zDatabase, -1);
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, ".", 1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, pItem->zName, -1);
        length = width = 0;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( xtype==etINVALID );
        return;
      }
................................................................................
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 || N==0 );





  if( p->accError ){
    testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
    testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM);
    return;
  }
  assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 );
  if( N<=0 ){
    if( N==0 || z[0]==0 ) return;
    N = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
  }
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){
    char *zNew;
    if( !p->useMalloc ){
      p->accError = STRACCUM_TOOBIG;
      N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;

      if( N<=0 ){
        return;
      }
    }else{
      char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
      i64 szNew = p->nChar;
      szNew += N + 1;
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->accError = STRACCUM_TOOBIG;
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->accError = STRACCUM_NOMEM;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);

        return;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( p->zText );
  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}









/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
................................................................................
        p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );
      }else{
        p->zText = sqlite3_malloc(p->nChar+1);
      }
      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
      }else{
        p->accError = STRACCUM_NOMEM;
      }
    }
  }
  return p->zText;
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);


  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
................................................................................
  }else{
    pInode->nRef++;
  }
  *ppInode = pInode;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}











/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
** (1) There is exactly one hard link on the file
** (2) The file is not a symbolic link
** (3) The file has not been renamed or unlinked
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  if( buf.st_nlink>1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING, "multiple links to file: %s", pFile->zPath);
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_WARNED;
    return;
  }
  if( pFile->pInode!=0
   && ((rc = osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf))!=0
       || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino)
  ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING, "file renamed while open: %s", pFile->zPath);
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_WARNED;
    return;
  }
}


................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;




    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................
    rc = (rc!=(-1)) ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

  /* Update the global lock state and do debug tracing */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { u16 mask;
  OSTRACE(("SHM-LOCK "));
  mask = (1<<(ofst+n)) - (1<<ofst);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( lockType==F_UNLCK ){
      OSTRACE(("unlock %d ok", ofst));
      pShmNode->exclMask &= ~mask;
      pShmNode->sharedMask &= ~mask;
    }else if( lockType==F_RDLCK ){
      OSTRACE(("read-lock %d ok", ofst));
................................................................................
  /* pPager->szMmap = SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE // will be set by btree.c */

  *ppPager = pPager;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



























/*
** This function is called after transitioning from PAGER_UNLOCK to
** PAGER_SHARED state. It tests if there is a hot journal present in
** the file-system for the given pager. A hot journal is one that 
** needs to be played back. According to this function, a hot-journal
** file exists if the following criteria are met:
................................................................................
  }else{

    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pgno, &iFrame);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    if( iFrame==0 && bMmapOk ){
      void *pData = 0;

      rc = sqlite3OsFetch(pPager->fd, 
          (i64)(pgno-1) * pPager->pageSize, pPager->pageSize, &pData
      );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pData ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        const int flags =                   /* VFS flags to open journal file */
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          (pPager->tempFile ? 
            (SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL):
            (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL)
          );





  #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
        rc = sqlite3JournalOpen(
            pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, jrnlBufferSize(pPager)
        );
  #else
        rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, 0);
  #endif

      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
    }
  
  
    /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
    ** the sub-journal if necessary.
................................................................................
  ** It is never called in the ERROR state.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* If an error has been previously detected, report the same error
  ** again. This should not happen, but the check provides robustness. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) )  return pPager->errCode;

  /* Higher-level routines never call this function if database is not
  ** writable.  But check anyway, just for robustness. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->readOnly) ) return SQLITE_PERM;

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* The journal file needs to be opened. Higher level routines have already
  ** obtained the necessary locks to begin the write-transaction, but the
  ** rollback journal might not yet be open. Open it now if this is the case.
  **
................................................................................
** as appropriate. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage *pDbPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = pDbPage;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  assert( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_MMAP)==0 );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */


    /* Set the doNotSpill NOSYNC bit to 1. This is because we cannot allow
    ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
    ** this function.
    */
    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC)==0 );
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( bReadonly==PAGER_GET_READONLY || bReadonly==0 );

  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }else{
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, bReadonly);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = btreeInitPage(*ppPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(*ppPage);
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if skipKey==0 and it points to the beginning of data if
** skipKey==1.  The number of bytes of available key/data is written
** into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value returned will not be
** a valid pointer.
**
** This routine is an optimization.  It is common for the entire key
** and data to fit on the local page and for there to be no overflow
** pages.  When that is so, this routine can be used to access the
** key and data without making a copy.  If the key and/or data spills
** onto overflow pages, then accessPayload() must be used to reassemble
** the key/data and copy it into a preallocated buffer.
**
** The pointer returned by this routine looks directly into the cached
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const unsigned char *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt,           /* Write the number of available bytes here */
  int skipKey          /* read beginning at data if this is true */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  MemPage *pPage;
  u32 nKey;
  u32 nLocal;

  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage], pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
                   &pCur->info);
  }
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell;
  aPayload += pCur->info.nHeader;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }else{
    nKey = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
  }
  if( skipKey ){
    aPayload += nKey;
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal - nKey;
  }else{
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal;
    assert( nLocal<=nKey );
  }
  *pAmt = nLocal;
  return aPayload;

}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
** b-tree page.  Write the number of available bytes into *pAmt.
................................................................................
** Hence, a mutex on the BtShared should be held prior to calling
** this routine.
**
** These routines is used to get quick access to key and data
** in the common case where no overflow pages are used.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pAmt){
  const void *p = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ){
    p = (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 0);
  }
  return p;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pAmt){
  const void *p = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ){
    p = (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 1);
  }
  return p;
}


/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.
**
................................................................................
** indicating a table b-tree, or if the caller did specify a KeyInfo 
** structure the flags byte is set to 0x02 or 0x0A, indicating an index
** b-tree).
*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( CURSOR_INVALID < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_VALID   < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                        pCur->wrFlag==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;

................................................................................
  assert( pRoot->isInit && (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)==pRoot->intKey );

  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell==0 && !pRoot->leaf ){


    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);
  }else{
    pCur->eState = ((pRoot->nCell>0)?CURSOR_VALID:CURSOR_INVALID);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
................................................................................
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
        ** 2 bytes of the cell.
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload
         /* && (pCell+nCell)<pPage->aDataEnd */
        ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
          /* && (pCell+nCell+2)<=pPage->aDataEnd */
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
................................................................................

  /* Fill in the header. */
  nHeader = 0;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    nHeader += 4;
  }
  if( pPage->hasData ){
    nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], nData+nZero);
  }else{
    nData = nZero = 0;
  }
  nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&nKey);
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( info.nHeader==nHeader );
  assert( info.nKey==nKey );
................................................................................
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz, int *pRC){
  u32 pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */
  u8 *endPtr;     /* End of loop */
  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
  }
  endPtr = &pPage->aCellIdx[2*pPage->nCell - 2];
  assert( (SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(ptr)&1)==0 );  /* ptr is always 2-byte aligned */
  while( ptr<endPtr ){
    *(u16*)ptr = *(u16*)&ptr[2];
    ptr += 2;
  }
  pPage->nCell--;

  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], pPage->nCell);
  pPage->nFree += 2;
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
................................................................................
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */
  int end;          /* First byte past the last cell pointer in data[] */
  int ins;          /* Index in data[] where new cell pointer is inserted */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */
  u8 *endPtr;       /* End of the loop */

  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );
    pPage->nCell++;
    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx+nSkip], pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    ptr = &data[end];
    endPtr = &data[ins];
    assert( (SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(ptr)&1)==0 );  /* ptr is always 2-byte aligned */
    while( ptr>endPtr ){
      *(u16*)ptr = *(u16*)&ptr[-2];
      ptr -= 2;
    }
    put2byte(&data[ins], idx);
    put2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3], pPage->nCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
................................................................................
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( zMsg1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, zMsg1, -1);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
  assert(rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || pMem->enc==desiredEnc);
  return rc;
#endif
}

/*
** Make sure pMem->z points to a writable allocation of at least 
** n bytes.
**
** If the third argument passed to this function is true, then memory
** cell pMem must contain a string or blob. In this case the content is
** preserved. Otherwise, if the third parameter to this function is false,
** any current string or blob value may be discarded.
**
** This function sets the MEM_Dyn flag and clears any xDel callback.
** It also clears MEM_Ephem and MEM_Static. If the preserve flag is 
** not set, Mem.n is zeroed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve){
  assert( 1 >=
    ((pMem->zMalloc && pMem->zMalloc==pMem->z) ? 1 : 0) +
    (((pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)&&pMem->xDel) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Static) ? 1 : 0)
  );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the preserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( preserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );



  if( n<32 ) n = 32;
  if( sqlite3DbMallocSize(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc)<n ){
    if( preserve && pMem->z==pMem->zMalloc ){
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      preserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }




  }

  if( pMem->z && preserve && pMem->zMalloc && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){


    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn && pMem->xDel ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  if( pMem->z==0 ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  }else{
    pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  }
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return (pMem->z ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);

}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
** malloc().  In this way, we know that the memory is safe to be
** overwritten or altered.
................................................................................
/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.type==SQLITE_TEXT).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  VdbeMemRelease(p);

  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);
  p->z = 0;
  p->zMalloc = 0;

  p->xDel = 0;

}

/*
** Convert a 64-bit IEEE double into a 64-bit signed integer.
** If the double is out of range of a 64-bit signed integer then
** return the closest available 64-bit signed integer.
*/
................................................................................

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;   /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + sizeof(UnpackedRecord);
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)&pRec[1];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
................................................................................
  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
  if( aRet==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    aRet[0] = nSerial+1;
    sqlite3PutVarint(&aRet[1], iSerial);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&aRet[1+nSerial], nVal, argv[0], file_format);
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, aRet, nRet, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aRet);
  }
}

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help read ANALYZE data.
................................................................................
  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
      *pbOk = 1;
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        *pbOk = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }else{
      *pbOk = 0;
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
    *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  }


  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Write the serialized data blob for the value stored in pMem into 
** buf. It is assumed that the caller has allocated sufficient space.
** Return the number of bytes written.
**
** nBuf is the amount of space left in buf[].  nBuf must always be
** large enough to hold the entire field.  Except, if the field is
** a blob with a zero-filled tail, then buf[] might be just the right
** size to hold everything except for the zero-filled tail.  If buf[]
** is only big enough to hold the non-zero prefix, then only write that
** prefix into buf[].  But if buf[] is large enough to hold both the
** prefix and the tail then write the prefix and set the tail to all
** zeros.
**
** Return the number of bytes actually written into buf[].  The number
** of bytes in the zero-filled tail is included in the return value only
** if those bytes were zeroed in buf[].
*/ 
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(u8 *buf, int nBuf, Mem *pMem, int file_format){
  u32 serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(pMem, file_format);
  u32 len;

  /* Integer and Real */
  if( serial_type<=7 && serial_type>0 ){
    u64 v;
    u32 i;
    if( serial_type==7 ){
................................................................................
      assert( sizeof(v)==sizeof(pMem->r) );
      memcpy(&v, &pMem->r, sizeof(v));
      swapMixedEndianFloat(v);
    }else{
      v = pMem->u.i;
    }
    len = i = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
    assert( len<=(u32)nBuf );
    while( i-- ){
      buf[i] = (u8)(v&0xFF);
      v >>= 8;
    }
    return len;
  }

  /* String or blob */
  if( serial_type>=12 ){
    assert( pMem->n + ((pMem->flags & MEM_Zero)?pMem->u.nZero:0)
             == (int)sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type) );
    assert( pMem->n<=nBuf );
    len = pMem->n;
    memcpy(buf, pMem->z, len);
    if( pMem->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      len += pMem->u.nZero;
      assert( nBuf>=0 );
      if( len > (u32)nBuf ){
        len = (u32)nBuf;
      }
      memset(&buf[pMem->n], 0, len-pMem->n);
    }
    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
                      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]);
  out.db = db;
  if( db->nVdbeExec>1 ){
    while( *zRawSql ){
      const char *zStart = zRawSql;
      while( *(zRawSql++)!='\n' && *zRawSql );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "-- ", 3);

      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zStart, (int)(zRawSql-zStart));
    }
  }else{
    while( zRawSql[0] ){
      n = findNextHostParameter(zRawSql, &nToken);
      assert( n>0 );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zRawSql, n);
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */
  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */
  int origPc;                /* Program counter at start of opcode */
#endif
  /********************************************************************
  ** Automatically generated code
  **
  ** The following union is automatically generated by the
  ** vdbe-compress.tcl script.  The purpose of this union is to
  ** reduce the amount of stack space required by this function.
  ** See comments in the vdbe-compress.tcl script for details.
  */
  union vdbeExecUnion {
    struct OP_Yield_stack_vars {
      int pcDest;
    } aa;
    struct OP_Halt_stack_vars {
      const char *zType;
      const char *zLogFmt;
    } ab;
    struct OP_Null_stack_vars {
      int cnt;
      u16 nullFlag;
    } ac;
    struct OP_Variable_stack_vars {
      Mem *pVar;       /* Value being transferred */
    } ad;
    struct OP_Move_stack_vars {
      char *zMalloc;   /* Holding variable for allocated memory */
      int n;           /* Number of registers left to copy */
      int p1;          /* Register to copy from */
      int p2;          /* Register to copy to */
    } ae;
    struct OP_Copy_stack_vars {
      int n;
    } af;
    struct OP_ResultRow_stack_vars {
      Mem *pMem;
      int i;
    } ag;
    struct OP_Concat_stack_vars {
      i64 nByte;
    } ah;
    struct OP_Remainder_stack_vars {
      char bIntint;   /* Started out as two integer operands */
      int flags;      /* Combined MEM_* flags from both inputs */
      i64 iA;         /* Integer value of left operand */
      i64 iB;         /* Integer value of right operand */
      double rA;      /* Real value of left operand */
      double rB;      /* Real value of right operand */
    } ai;
    struct OP_Function_stack_vars {
      int i;
      Mem *pArg;
      sqlite3_context ctx;
      sqlite3_value **apVal;
      int n;
    } aj;
    struct OP_ShiftRight_stack_vars {
      i64 iA;
      u64 uA;
      i64 iB;
      u8 op;
    } ak;
    struct OP_Ge_stack_vars {
      int res;            /* Result of the comparison of pIn1 against pIn3 */
      char affinity;      /* Affinity to use for comparison */
      u16 flags1;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn1->flags */
      u16 flags3;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn3->flags */
    } al;
    struct OP_Compare_stack_vars {
      int n;
      int i;
      int p1;
      int p2;
      const KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
      int idx;
      CollSeq *pColl;    /* Collating sequence to use on this term */
      int bRev;          /* True for DESCENDING sort order */
    } am;
    struct OP_Or_stack_vars {
      int v1;    /* Left operand:  0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */
      int v2;    /* Right operand: 0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */
    } an;
    struct OP_IfNot_stack_vars {
      int c;
    } ao;
    struct OP_Column_stack_vars {
      i64 payloadSize64; /* Number of bytes in the record */
      int p2;            /* column number to retrieve */
      VdbeCursor *pC;    /* The VDBE cursor */
      BtCursor *pCrsr;   /* The BTree cursor */
      u32 *aType;        /* aType[i] holds the numeric type of the i-th column */
      u32 *aOffset;      /* aOffset[i] is offset to start of data for i-th column */
      int len;           /* The length of the serialized data for the column */
      int i;             /* Loop counter */
      Mem *pDest;        /* Where to write the extracted value */
      Mem sMem;          /* For storing the record being decoded */
      const u8 *zData;   /* Part of the record being decoded */
      const u8 *zHdr;    /* Next unparsed byte of the header */
      const u8 *zEndHdr; /* Pointer to first byte after the header */
      u32 offset;        /* Offset into the data */
      u32 szField;       /* Number of bytes in the content of a field */
      u32 avail;         /* Number of bytes of available data */
      u32 t;             /* A type code from the record header */
      Mem *pReg;         /* PseudoTable input register */
    } ap;
    struct OP_Affinity_stack_vars {
      const char *zAffinity;   /* The affinity to be applied */
      char cAff;               /* A single character of affinity */
    } aq;
    struct OP_MakeRecord_stack_vars {
      u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
      Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
      u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
      int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
      i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
      int nZero;             /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
      int nVarint;           /* Number of bytes in a varint */
      u32 serial_type;       /* Type field */
      Mem *pData0;           /* First field to be combined into the record */
      Mem *pLast;            /* Last field of the record */
      int nField;            /* Number of fields in the record */
      char *zAffinity;       /* The affinity string for the record */
      int file_format;       /* File format to use for encoding */
      int i;                 /* Space used in zNewRecord[] */
      int len;               /* Length of a field */
    } ar;
    struct OP_Count_stack_vars {
      i64 nEntry;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
    } as;
    struct OP_Savepoint_stack_vars {
      int p1;                         /* Value of P1 operand */
      char *zName;                    /* Name of savepoint */
      int nName;
      Savepoint *pNew;
      Savepoint *pSavepoint;
      Savepoint *pTmp;
      int iSavepoint;
      int ii;
    } at;
    struct OP_AutoCommit_stack_vars {
      int desiredAutoCommit;
      int iRollback;
      int turnOnAC;
    } au;
    struct OP_Transaction_stack_vars {
      Btree *pBt;
    } av;
    struct OP_ReadCookie_stack_vars {
      int iMeta;
      int iDb;
      int iCookie;
    } aw;
    struct OP_SetCookie_stack_vars {
      Db *pDb;
    } ax;
    struct OP_VerifyCookie_stack_vars {
      int iMeta;
      int iGen;
      Btree *pBt;
    } ay;
    struct OP_OpenWrite_stack_vars {
      int nField;
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
      int p2;
      int iDb;
      int wrFlag;
      Btree *pX;
      VdbeCursor *pCur;
      Db *pDb;
    } az;
    struct OP_OpenEphemeral_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pCx;
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    } ba;
    struct OP_SorterOpen_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pCx;
    } bb;
    struct OP_OpenPseudo_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pCx;
    } bc;
    struct OP_SeekGt_stack_vars {
      int res;
      int oc;
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      UnpackedRecord r;
      int nField;
      i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */
    } bd;
    struct OP_Seek_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
    } be;
    struct OP_Found_stack_vars {
      int alreadyExists;
      int ii;
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      int res;
      char *pFree;
      UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;
      UnpackedRecord r;
      char aTempRec[ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)) + sizeof(Mem)*4 + 7];
    } bf;
    struct OP_NotExists_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      int res;
      u64 iKey;
    } bg;
    struct OP_NewRowid_stack_vars {
      i64 v;                 /* The new rowid */
      VdbeCursor *pC;        /* Cursor of table to get the new rowid */
      int res;               /* Result of an sqlite3BtreeLast() */
      int cnt;               /* Counter to limit the number of searches */
      Mem *pMem;             /* Register holding largest rowid for AUTOINCREMENT */
      VdbeFrame *pFrame;     /* Root frame of VDBE */
    } bh;
    struct OP_InsertInt_stack_vars {
      Mem *pData;       /* MEM cell holding data for the record to be inserted */
      Mem *pKey;        /* MEM cell holding key  for the record */
      i64 iKey;         /* The integer ROWID or key for the record to be inserted */
      VdbeCursor *pC;   /* Cursor to table into which insert is written */
      int nZero;        /* Number of zero-bytes to append */
      int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
      const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
      const char *zTbl; /* Table name - used by the opdate hook */
      int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */
    } bi;
    struct OP_Delete_stack_vars {
      i64 iKey;
      VdbeCursor *pC;
    } bj;
    struct OP_SorterCompare_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      int res;
      int nIgnore;
    } bk;
    struct OP_SorterData_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
    } bl;
    struct OP_RowData_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      u32 n;
      i64 n64;
    } bm;
    struct OP_Rowid_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      i64 v;
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      const sqlite3_module *pModule;
    } bn;
    struct OP_NullRow_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
    } bo;
    struct OP_Last_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      int res;
    } bp;
    struct OP_Rewind_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      int res;
    } bq;
    struct OP_SorterNext_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      int res;
    } br;
    struct OP_IdxInsert_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      int nKey;
      const char *zKey;
    } bs;
    struct OP_IdxDelete_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      int res;
      UnpackedRecord r;
    } bt;
    struct OP_IdxRowid_stack_vars {
      BtCursor *pCrsr;
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      i64 rowid;
    } bu;
    struct OP_IdxGE_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pC;
      int res;
      UnpackedRecord r;
    } bv;
    struct OP_Destroy_stack_vars {
      int iMoved;
      int iCnt;
      Vdbe *pVdbe;
      int iDb;
    } bw;
    struct OP_Clear_stack_vars {
      int nChange;
    } bx;
    struct OP_CreateTable_stack_vars {
      int pgno;
      int flags;
      Db *pDb;
    } by;
    struct OP_ParseSchema_stack_vars {
      int iDb;
      const char *zMaster;
      char *zSql;
      InitData initData;
    } bz;
    struct OP_IntegrityCk_stack_vars {
      int nRoot;      /* Number of tables to check.  (Number of root pages.) */
      int *aRoot;     /* Array of rootpage numbers for tables to be checked */
      int j;          /* Loop counter */
      int nErr;       /* Number of errors reported */
      char *z;        /* Text of the error report */
      Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */
    } ca;
    struct OP_RowSetRead_stack_vars {
      i64 val;
    } cb;
    struct OP_RowSetTest_stack_vars {
      int iSet;
      int exists;
    } cc;
    struct OP_Program_stack_vars {
      int nMem;               /* Number of memory registers for sub-program */
      int nByte;              /* Bytes of runtime space required for sub-program */
      Mem *pRt;               /* Register to allocate runtime space */
      Mem *pMem;              /* Used to iterate through memory cells */
      Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
      VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* New vdbe frame to execute in */
      SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Sub-program to execute */
      void *t;                /* Token identifying trigger */
    } cd;
    struct OP_Param_stack_vars {
      VdbeFrame *pFrame;
      Mem *pIn;
    } ce;
    struct OP_MemMax_stack_vars {
      Mem *pIn1;
      VdbeFrame *pFrame;
    } cf;
    struct OP_AggStep_stack_vars {
      int n;
      int i;
      Mem *pMem;
      Mem *pRec;
      sqlite3_context ctx;
      sqlite3_value **apVal;
    } cg;
    struct OP_AggFinal_stack_vars {
      Mem *pMem;
    } ch;
    struct OP_Checkpoint_stack_vars {
      int i;                          /* Loop counter */
      int aRes[3];                    /* Results */
      Mem *pMem;                      /* Write results here */
    } ci;
    struct OP_JournalMode_stack_vars {
      Btree *pBt;                     /* Btree to change journal mode of */
      Pager *pPager;                  /* Pager associated with pBt */
      int eNew;                       /* New journal mode */
      int eOld;                       /* The old journal mode */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
      const char *zFilename;          /* Name of database file for pPager */
#endif
    } cj;
    struct OP_IncrVacuum_stack_vars {
      Btree *pBt;
    } ck;
    struct OP_VBegin_stack_vars {
      VTable *pVTab;
    } cl;
    struct OP_VOpen_stack_vars {
      VdbeCursor *pCur;
      sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      sqlite3_module *pModule;
    } cm;
    struct OP_VFilter_stack_vars {
      int nArg;
      int iQuery;
      const sqlite3_module *pModule;
      Mem *pQuery;
      Mem *pArgc;
      sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      VdbeCursor *pCur;
      int res;
      int i;
      Mem **apArg;
    } cn;
    struct OP_VColumn_stack_vars {
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      const sqlite3_module *pModule;
      Mem *pDest;
      sqlite3_context sContext;
    } co;
    struct OP_VNext_stack_vars {
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      const sqlite3_module *pModule;
      int res;
      VdbeCursor *pCur;
    } cp;
    struct OP_VRename_stack_vars {
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      Mem *pName;
    } cq;
    struct OP_VUpdate_stack_vars {
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      sqlite3_module *pModule;
      int nArg;
      int i;
      sqlite_int64 rowid;
      Mem **apArg;
      Mem *pX;
    } cr;
    struct OP_Trace_stack_vars {
      char *zTrace;
      char *z;
    } cs;
  } u;
  /* End automatically generated code
  ********************************************************************/

  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode:  Yield P1 * * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.aa */
  int pcDest;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.aa */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  u.aa.pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = u.aa.pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  if r[P3] null then halt
**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
................................................................................
** omitted.
**
** There is an implied "Halt 0 0 0" instruction inserted at the very end of
** every program.  So a jump past the last instruction of the program
** is the same as executing Halt.
*/
case OP_Halt: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  const char *zType;
  const char *zLogFmt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ab */

  if( pOp->p1==SQLITE_OK && p->pFrame ){
    /* Halt the sub-program. Return control to the parent frame. */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame = p->pFrame;
    p->pFrame = pFrame->pParent;
    p->nFrame--;
    sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
    pc = sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
    lastRowid = db->lastRowid;
    if( pOp->p2==OE_Ignore ){
      /* Instruction pc is the OP_Program that invoked the sub-program
      ** currently being halted. If the p2 instruction of this OP_Halt
      ** instruction is set to OE_Ignore, then the sub-program is throwing
      ** an IGNORE exception. In this case jump to the address specified
      ** as the p2 of the calling OP_Program.  */
      pc = p->aOp[pc].p2-1;
    }
    aOp = p->aOp;
................................................................................
      static const char * const azType[] = { "NOT NULL", "UNIQUE", "CHECK",
                                             "FOREIGN KEY" };
      assert( pOp->p5>=1 && pOp->p5<=4 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==1 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==2 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==3 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==4 );
      u.ab.zType = azType[pOp->p5-1];
    }else{
      u.ab.zType = 0;
    }
    assert( u.ab.zType!=0 || pOp->p4.z!=0 );
    u.ab.zLogFmt = "abort at %d in [%s]: %s";
    if( u.ab.zType && pOp->p4.z ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed: %s",
                       u.ab.zType, pOp->p4.z);
    }else if( pOp->p4.z ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", pOp->p4.z);
    }else{
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed", u.ab.zType);
    }
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, u.ab.zLogFmt, pc, p->zSql, p->zErrMsg);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
................................................................................
** set to NULL.
**
** If the P1 value is non-zero, then also set the MEM_Cleared flag so that
** NULL values will not compare equal even if SQLITE_NULLEQ is set on
** OP_Ne or OP_Eq.
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ac */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ac */
  u.ac.cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = u.ac.nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( u.ac.cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = u.ac.nullFlag;
    u.ac.cnt--;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
................................................................................
**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4 and P3==1.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ad */
  Mem *pVar;       /* Value being transferred */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ad */

  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nVar );
  assert( pOp->p4.z==0 || pOp->p4.z==p->azVar[pOp->p1-1] );
  u.ad.pVar = &p->aVar[pOp->p1 - 1];
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(u.ad.pVar) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, u.ad.pVar, MEM_Static);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Move the values in register P1..P1+P3 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3.  Registers P1..P1+P3 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3 and P2..P2+P3 to overlap.
*/
case OP_Move: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ae */
  char *zMalloc;   /* Holding variable for allocated memory */
  int n;           /* Number of registers left to copy */
  int p1;          /* Register to copy from */
  int p2;          /* Register to copy to */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ae */

  u.ae.n = pOp->p3;
  u.ae.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.ae.p2 = pOp->p2;

  assert( u.ae.n>=0 && u.ae.p1>0 && u.ae.p2>0 );
  assert( u.ae.p1+u.ae.n<=u.ae.p2 || u.ae.p2+u.ae.n<=u.ae.p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[u.ae.p1];
  pOut = &aMem[u.ae.p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ae.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ae.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ae.p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += u.ae.p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif
    pIn1->zMalloc = u.ae.zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.ae.p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( u.ae.n-- );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
**
** This instruction makes a deep copy of the value.  A duplicate
** is made of any string or blob constant.  See also OP_SCopy.
*/
case OP_Copy: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.af */
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.af */

  u.af.n = pOp->p3;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  while( 1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);
    Deephemeralize(pOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    pOut->pScopyFrom = 0;
#endif
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+pOp->p3-u.af.n, pOut);
    if( (u.af.n--)==0 ) break;
    pOut++;
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SCopy P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the top P1 values as the result
** row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ag */
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ag */
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Run the progress counter just before returning.
  */
................................................................................
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
    break;
  }

  /* If the SQLITE_CountRows flag is set in sqlite3.flags mask, then
  ** DML statements invoke this opcode to return the number of rows
  ** modified to the user. This is the only way that a VM that
  ** opens a statement transaction may invoke this opcode.
  **
  ** In case this is such a statement, close any statement transaction
  ** opened by this VM before returning control to the user. This is to
  ** ensure that statement-transactions are always nested, not overlapping.
  ** If the open statement-transaction is not closed here, then the user
................................................................................
  /* Invalidate all ephemeral cursor row caches */
  p->cacheCtr = (p->cacheCtr + 2)|1;

  /* Make sure the results of the current row are \000 terminated
  ** and have an assigned type.  The results are de-ephemeralized as
  ** a side effect.
  */
  u.ag.pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ag.i=0; u.ag.i<pOp->p2; u.ag.i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i]);
    assert( (u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+u.ag.i, &u.ag.pMem[u.ag.i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
  rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
**   P3 = P2 || P1
**
** It is illegal for P1 and P3 to be the same register. Sometimes,
** if P3 is the same register as P2, the implementation is able
** to avoid a memcpy().
*/
case OP_Concat: {           /* same as TK_CONCAT, in1, in2, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ah */
  i64 nByte;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ah */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn1!=pOut );
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags) & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    break;
  }
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  u.ah.nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( u.ah.nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)u.ah.nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[u.ah.nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[u.ah.nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
  pOut->n = (int)u.ah.nByte;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Add P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]
................................................................................
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Subtract:              /* same as TK_MINUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Multiply:              /* same as TK_STAR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Divide:                /* same as TK_SLASH, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Remainder: {           /* same as TK_REM, in1, in2, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ai */
  char bIntint;   /* Started out as two integer operands */
  int flags;      /* Combined MEM_* flags from both inputs */
  i64 iA;         /* Integer value of left operand */
  i64 iB;         /* Integer value of right operand */
  double rA;      /* Real value of left operand */
  double rB;      /* Real value of right operand */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ai */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn2);
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.ai.flags = pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags;
  if( (u.ai.flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
  if( (pIn1->flags & pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)==MEM_Int ){
    u.ai.iA = pIn1->u.i;
    u.ai.iB = pIn2->u.i;
    u.ai.bIntint = 1;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:       if( sqlite3AddInt64(&u.ai.iB,u.ai.iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Subtract:  if( sqlite3SubInt64(&u.ai.iB,u.ai.iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Multiply:  if( sqlite3MulInt64(&u.ai.iB,u.ai.iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Divide: {
        if( u.ai.iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( u.ai.iA==-1 && u.ai.iB==SMALLEST_INT64 ) goto fp_math;
        u.ai.iB /= u.ai.iA;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        if( u.ai.iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( u.ai.iA==-1 ) u.ai.iA = 1;
        u.ai.iB %= u.ai.iA;
        break;
      }
    }
    pOut->u.i = u.ai.iB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }else{
    u.ai.bIntint = 0;
fp_math:
    u.ai.rA = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1);
    u.ai.rB = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn2);
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:         u.ai.rB += u.ai.rA;       break;
      case OP_Subtract:    u.ai.rB -= u.ai.rA;       break;
      case OP_Multiply:    u.ai.rB *= u.ai.rA;       break;
      case OP_Divide: {
        /* (double)0 In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
        if( u.ai.rA==(double)0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        u.ai.rB /= u.ai.rA;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        u.ai.iA = (i64)u.ai.rA;
        u.ai.iB = (i64)u.ai.rB;
        if( u.ai.iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( u.ai.iA==-1 ) u.ai.iA = 1;
        u.ai.rB = (double)(u.ai.iB % u.ai.iA);
        break;
      }
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    pOut->u.i = u.ai.rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
#else
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(u.ai.rB) ){
      goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
    }
    pOut->r = u.ai.rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Real);
    if( (u.ai.flags & MEM_Real)==0 && !u.ai.bIntint ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pOut);
    }
#endif
  }
  break;

arithmetic_result_is_null:
................................................................................
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: AggStep and AggFinal
*/
case OP_Function: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.aj */
  int i;
  Mem *pArg;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.aj */

  u.aj.n = pOp->p5;
  u.aj.apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( u.aj.apVal || u.aj.n==0 );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( u.aj.n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.aj.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+u.aj.n );
  u.aj.pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(u.aj.i=0; u.aj.i<u.aj.n; u.aj.i++, u.aj.pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.aj.pArg) );
    u.aj.apVal[u.aj.i] = u.aj.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.aj.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.aj.pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+u.aj.i, u.aj.pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  u.aj.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  u.aj.ctx.iOp = pc;
  u.aj.ctx.pVdbe = p;

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to u.aj.ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  memcpy(&u.aj.ctx.s, pOut, sizeof(Mem));
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  pOut->zMalloc = 0;
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.aj.ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  u.aj.ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( u.aj.ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.aj.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*u.aj.ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&u.aj.ctx, u.aj.n, u.aj.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    /* Even though a malloc() has failed, the implementation of the
    ** user function may have called an sqlite3_result_XXX() function
    ** to return a value. The following call releases any resources
    ** associated with such a value.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&u.aj.ctx.s);
    goto no_mem;
  }

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( u.aj.ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( u.aj.ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&u.aj.ctx.s));
      rc = u.aj.ctx.isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, pc, pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&u.aj.ctx.s, encoding);
  assert( pOut->flags==MEM_Null );
  memcpy(pOut, &u.aj.ctx.s, sizeof(Mem));
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
  }

#if 0
  /* The app-defined function has done something that as caused this
  ** statement to expire.  (Perhaps the function called sqlite3_exec()
................................................................................
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_BitAnd:                 /* same as TK_BITAND, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_BitOr:                  /* same as TK_BITOR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_ShiftLeft:              /* same as TK_LSHIFT, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_ShiftRight: {           /* same as TK_RSHIFT, in1, in2, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ak */
  i64 iA;
  u64 uA;
  i64 iB;
  u8 op;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ak */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags) & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    break;
  }
  u.ak.iA = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  u.ak.iB = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1);
  u.ak.op = pOp->opcode;
  if( u.ak.op==OP_BitAnd ){
    u.ak.iA &= u.ak.iB;
  }else if( u.ak.op==OP_BitOr ){
    u.ak.iA |= u.ak.iB;
  }else if( u.ak.iB!=0 ){
    assert( u.ak.op==OP_ShiftRight || u.ak.op==OP_ShiftLeft );

    /* If shifting by a negative amount, shift in the other direction */
    if( u.ak.iB<0 ){
      assert( OP_ShiftRight==OP_ShiftLeft+1 );
      u.ak.op = 2*OP_ShiftLeft + 1 - u.ak.op;
      u.ak.iB = u.ak.iB>(-64) ? -u.ak.iB : 64;
    }

    if( u.ak.iB>=64 ){
      u.ak.iA = (u.ak.iA>=0 || u.ak.op==OP_ShiftLeft) ? 0 : -1;
    }else{
      memcpy(&u.ak.uA, &u.ak.iA, sizeof(u.ak.uA));
      if( u.ak.op==OP_ShiftLeft ){
        u.ak.uA <<= u.ak.iB;
      }else{
        u.ak.uA >>= u.ak.iB;
        /* Sign-extend on a right shift of a negative number */
        if( u.ak.iA<0 ) u.ak.uA |= ((((u64)0xffffffff)<<32)|0xffffffff) << (64-u.ak.iB);
      }
      memcpy(&u.ak.iA, &u.ak.uA, sizeof(u.ak.iA));
    }
  }
  pOut->u.i = u.ak.iA;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AddImm  P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  r[P1]=r[P1]+P2
** 
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Eq:               /* same as TK_EQ, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ne:               /* same as TK_NE, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Lt:               /* same as TK_LT, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Le:               /* same as TK_LE, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Gt:               /* same as TK_GT, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ge: {             /* same as TK_GE, jump, in1, in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.al */
  int res;            /* Result of the comparison of pIn1 against pIn3 */
  char affinity;      /* Affinity to use for comparison */
  u16 flags1;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn1->flags */
  u16 flags3;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn3->flags */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.al */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.al.flags1 = pIn1->flags;
  u.al.flags3 = pIn3->flags;
  if( (u.al.flags1 | u.al.flags3)&MEM_Null ){
    /* One or both operands are NULL */
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
      ** or not both operands are null.
      */
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_Eq || pOp->opcode==OP_Ne );
      assert( (u.al.flags1 & MEM_Cleared)==0 );
      if( (u.al.flags1&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (u.al.flags3&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (u.al.flags3&MEM_Cleared)==0
      ){
        u.al.res = 0;  /* Results are equal */
      }else{
        u.al.res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */
      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
................................................................................
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    u.al.affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( u.al.affinity ){
      applyAffinity(pIn1, u.al.affinity, encoding);
      applyAffinity(pIn3, u.al.affinity, encoding);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
    }

    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ || pOp->p4.pColl==0 );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    ExpandBlob(pIn3);
    u.al.res = sqlite3MemCompare(pIn3, pIn1, pOp->p4.pColl);
  }
  switch( pOp->opcode ){
    case OP_Eq:    u.al.res = u.al.res==0;     break;
    case OP_Ne:    u.al.res = u.al.res!=0;     break;
    case OP_Lt:    u.al.res = u.al.res<0;      break;
    case OP_Le:    u.al.res = u.al.res<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    u.al.res = u.al.res>0;      break;
    default:       u.al.res = u.al.res>=0;     break;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = u.al.res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  }else if( u.al.res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }

  /* Undo any changes made by applyAffinity() to the input registers. */
  pIn1->flags = (pIn1->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (u.al.flags1&MEM_TypeMask);
  pIn3->flags = (pIn3->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (u.al.flags3&MEM_TypeMask);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Permutation * * * P4 *
**
** Set the permutation used by the OP_Compare operator to be the array
** of integers in P4.
................................................................................
** only.  The KeyInfo elements are used sequentially.
**
** The comparison is a sort comparison, so NULLs compare equal,
** NULLs are less than numbers, numbers are less than strings,
** and strings are less than blobs.
*/
case OP_Compare: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.am */
  int n;
  int i;
  int p1;
  int p2;
  const KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int idx;
  CollSeq *pColl;    /* Collating sequence to use on this term */
  int bRev;          /* True for DESCENDING sort order */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.am */

  if( (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_PERMUTE)==0 ) aPermute = 0;
  u.am.n = pOp->p3;
  u.am.pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( u.am.n>0 );
  assert( u.am.pKeyInfo!=0 );
  u.am.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.am.p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<u.am.n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( u.am.p1>0 && u.am.p1+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.am.p2>0 && u.am.p2+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( u.am.p1>0 && u.am.p1+u.am.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.am.p2>0 && u.am.p2+u.am.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(u.am.i=0; u.am.i<u.am.n; u.am.i++){
    u.am.idx = aPermute ? aPermute[u.am.i] : u.am.i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.am.p1+u.am.idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.am.p2+u.am.idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.am.p1+u.am.idx, &aMem[u.am.p1+u.am.idx]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.am.p2+u.am.idx, &aMem[u.am.p2+u.am.idx]);
    assert( u.am.i<u.am.pKeyInfo->nField );
    u.am.pColl = u.am.pKeyInfo->aColl[u.am.i];
    u.am.bRev = u.am.pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[u.am.i];
    iCompare = sqlite3MemCompare(&aMem[u.am.p1+u.am.idx], &aMem[u.am.p2+u.am.idx], u.am.pColl);
    if( iCompare ){
      if( u.am.bRev ) iCompare = -iCompare;
      break;
    }
  }
  aPermute = 0;
  break;
}

................................................................................
**
** If either P1 or P2 is nonzero (true) then the result is 1 (true)
** even if the other input is NULL.  A NULL and false or two NULLs
** give a NULL output.
*/
case OP_And:              /* same as TK_AND, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Or: {             /* same as TK_OR, in1, in2, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.an */
  int v1;    /* Left operand:  0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */
  int v2;    /* Right operand: 0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.an */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    u.an.v1 = 2;
  }else{
    u.an.v1 = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
  }
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  if( pIn2->flags & MEM_Null ){
    u.an.v2 = 2;
  }else{
    u.an.v2 = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2)!=0;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_And ){
    static const unsigned char and_logic[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 0, 2, 2 };
    u.an.v1 = and_logic[u.an.v1*3+u.an.v2];
  }else{
    static const unsigned char or_logic[] = { 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2 };
    u.an.v1 = or_logic[u.an.v1*3+u.an.v2];
  }
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( u.an.v1==2 ){
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
  }else{
    pOut->u.i = u.an.v1;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]
................................................................................
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is False.  The value
** is considered false if it has a numeric value of zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if P3 is zero.
*/
case OP_If:                 /* jump, in1 */
case OP_IfNot: {            /* jump, in1 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ao */
  int c;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ao */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    u.ao.c = pOp->p3;
  }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    u.ao.c = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
#else
    u.ao.c = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1)!=0.0;
#endif
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IfNot ) u.ao.c = !u.ao.c;
  }
  if( u.ao.c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  if r[P1]==NULL goto P2
................................................................................
**
** If the OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG bits are set on P5 when
** the result is guaranteed to only be used as the argument of a length()
** or typeof() function, respectively.  The loading of large blobs can be
** skipped for length() and all content loading can be skipped for typeof().
*/
case OP_Column: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ap */
  i64 payloadSize64; /* Number of bytes in the record */
  int p2;            /* column number to retrieve */
  VdbeCursor *pC;    /* The VDBE cursor */
  BtCursor *pCrsr;   /* The BTree cursor */
  u32 *aType;        /* aType[i] holds the numeric type of the i-th column */
  u32 *aOffset;      /* aOffset[i] is offset to start of data for i-th column */
  int len;           /* The length of the serialized data for the column */
................................................................................
  const u8 *zHdr;    /* Next unparsed byte of the header */
  const u8 *zEndHdr; /* Pointer to first byte after the header */
  u32 offset;        /* Offset into the data */
  u32 szField;       /* Number of bytes in the content of a field */
  u32 avail;         /* Number of bytes of available data */
  u32 t;             /* A type code from the record header */
  Mem *pReg;         /* PseudoTable input register */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ap */

  u.ap.p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ap.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.ap.pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.ap.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.ap.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.ap.p2<u.ap.pC->nField );

  u.ap.aType = u.ap.pC->aType;
  u.ap.aOffset = u.ap.aType + u.ap.pC->nField;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  assert( u.ap.pC->pVtabCursor==0 ); /* OP_Column never called on virtual table */
#endif
  u.ap.pCrsr = u.ap.pC->pCursor;

  assert( u.ap.pCrsr!=0 || u.ap.pC->pseudoTableReg>0 ); /* u.ap.pCrsr NULL on PseudoTables */
  assert( u.ap.pCrsr!=0 || u.ap.pC->nullRow );          /* u.ap.pC->nullRow on PseudoTables */

  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.ap.pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( u.ap.pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr || (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE)!=0 ){
    if( u.ap.pC->nullRow ){
      if( u.ap.pCrsr==0 ){
        assert( u.ap.pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
        u.ap.pReg = &aMem[u.ap.pC->pseudoTableReg];
        if( u.ap.pC->multiPseudo ){
          sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(u.ap.pDest, u.ap.pReg+u.ap.p2, MEM_Ephem);
          Deephemeralize(u.ap.pDest);
          goto op_column_out;
        }
        assert( u.ap.pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(u.ap.pReg) );
        u.ap.pC->payloadSize = u.ap.pC->szRow = u.ap.avail = u.ap.pReg->n;

        u.ap.pC->aRow = (u8*)u.ap.pReg->z;
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(u.ap.pDest, MEM_Null);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{
      assert( u.ap.pCrsr );
      if( u.ap.pC->isTable==0 ){
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.ap.pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.ap.pCrsr, &u.ap.payloadSize64);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK ); /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
        /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
        ** payload size, so it is impossible for u.ap.payloadSize64 to be
        ** larger than 32 bits. */
        assert( (u.ap.payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)u.ap.payloadSize64 );
        u.ap.pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(u.ap.pCrsr, &u.ap.avail);
        u.ap.pC->payloadSize = (u32)u.ap.payloadSize64;
      }else{
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.ap.pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.ap.pCrsr, &u.ap.pC->payloadSize);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
        u.ap.pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(u.ap.pCrsr, &u.ap.avail);
      }
      assert( u.ap.avail<=65536 );  /* Maximum page size is 64KiB */
      if( u.ap.pC->payloadSize <= (u32)u.ap.avail ){
        u.ap.pC->szRow = u.ap.pC->payloadSize;
      }else{
        u.ap.pC->szRow = u.ap.avail;
      }
      if( u.ap.pC->payloadSize > (u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
        goto too_big;
      }
    }
    u.ap.pC->cacheStatus = p->cacheCtr;
    u.ap.pC->iHdrOffset = getVarint32(u.ap.pC->aRow, u.ap.offset);
    u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed = 0;
    u.ap.aOffset[0] = u.ap.offset;
    if( u.ap.avail<u.ap.offset ){
      /* u.ap.pC->aRow does not have to hold the entire row, but it does at least
      ** need to cover the header of the record.  If u.ap.pC->aRow does not contain
      ** the complete header, then set it to zero, forcing the header to be
      ** dynamically allocated. */
      u.ap.pC->aRow = 0;
      u.ap.pC->szRow = 0;
    }

    /* Make sure a corrupt database has not given us an oversize header.
    ** Do this now to avoid an oversize memory allocation.
    **
    ** Type entries can be between 1 and 5 bytes each.  But 4 and 5 byte
    ** types use so much data space that there can only be 4096 and 32 of
    ** them, respectively.  So the maximum header length results from a
    ** 3-byte type for each of the maximum of 32768 columns plus three
    ** extra bytes for the header length itself.  32768*3 + 3 = 98307.
    */
    if( u.ap.offset > 98307 || u.ap.offset > u.ap.pC->payloadSize ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto op_column_error;
    }
  }

  /* Make sure at least the first u.ap.p2+1 entries of the header have been
  ** parsed and valid information is in u.ap.aOffset[] and u.ap.aType[].
  */
  if( u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed<=u.ap.p2 ){
    /* If there is more header available for parsing in the record, try
    ** to extract additional fields up through the u.ap.p2+1-th field
    */
    if( u.ap.pC->iHdrOffset<u.ap.aOffset[0] ){
      /* Make sure u.ap.zData points to enough of the record to cover the header. */
      if( u.ap.pC->aRow==0 ){
        memset(&u.ap.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ap.sMem));
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(u.ap.pCrsr, 0, u.ap.aOffset[0],
                                     !u.ap.pC->isTable, &u.ap.sMem);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto op_column_error;
        }
        u.ap.zData = (u8*)u.ap.sMem.z;
      }else{
        u.ap.zData = u.ap.pC->aRow;
      }

      /* Fill in u.ap.aType[u.ap.i] and u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.i] values through the u.ap.p2-th field. */
      u.ap.i = u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed;
      u.ap.offset = u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.i];
      u.ap.zHdr = u.ap.zData + u.ap.pC->iHdrOffset;
      u.ap.zEndHdr = u.ap.zData + u.ap.aOffset[0];
      assert( u.ap.i<=u.ap.p2 && u.ap.zHdr<u.ap.zEndHdr );
      do{
        if( u.ap.zHdr[0]<0x80 ){
          u.ap.t = u.ap.zHdr[0];
          u.ap.zHdr++;
        }else{
          u.ap.zHdr += sqlite3GetVarint32(u.ap.zHdr, &u.ap.t);
        }
        u.ap.aType[u.ap.i] = u.ap.t;
        u.ap.szField = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u.ap.t);
        u.ap.offset += u.ap.szField;
        if( u.ap.offset<u.ap.szField ){  /* True if u.ap.offset overflows */
          u.ap.zHdr = &u.ap.zEndHdr[1];  /* Forces SQLITE_CORRUPT return below */
          break;
        }
        u.ap.i++;
        u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.i] = u.ap.offset;
      }while( u.ap.i<=u.ap.p2 && u.ap.zHdr<u.ap.zEndHdr );
      u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed = u.ap.i;
      u.ap.pC->iHdrOffset = (u32)(u.ap.zHdr - u.ap.zData);
      if( u.ap.pC->aRow==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&u.ap.sMem);
        u.ap.sMem.flags = MEM_Null;
      }

      /* If we have read more header data than was contained in the header,
      ** or if the end of the last field appears to be past the end of the
      ** record, or if the end of the last field appears to be before the end
      ** of the record (when all fields present), then we must be dealing
      ** with a corrupt database.
      */
      if( (u.ap.zHdr > u.ap.zEndHdr)
       || (u.ap.offset > u.ap.pC->payloadSize)
       || (u.ap.zHdr==u.ap.zEndHdr && u.ap.offset!=u.ap.pC->payloadSize)
      ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto op_column_error;
      }
    }

    /* If after trying to extra new entries from the header, nHdrParsed is
    ** still not up to u.ap.p2, that means that the record has fewer than u.ap.p2
    ** columns.  So the result will be either the default value or a NULL.
    */
    if( u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed<=u.ap.p2 ){
      if( pOp->p4type==P4_MEM ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(u.ap.pDest, pOp->p4.pMem, MEM_Static);
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(u.ap.pDest, MEM_Null);
      }
      goto op_column_out;
    }
  }

  /* Extract the content for the u.ap.p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.p2], u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.p2+1], and u.ap.aType[u.ap.p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( u.ap.p2<u.ap.pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( u.ap.pC->szRow>=u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(u.ap.pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(u.ap.pC->aRow+u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.p2], u.ap.aType[u.ap.p2], u.ap.pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */
    u.ap.t = u.ap.aType[u.ap.p2];
    if( ((pOp->p5 & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG))!=0
          && ((u.ap.t>=12 && (u.ap.t&1)==0) || (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG)!=0))
     || (u.ap.len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u.ap.t))==0
    ){
      /* Content is irrelevant for the typeof() function and for
      ** the length(X) function if X is a blob.  So we might as well use
      ** bogus content rather than reading content from disk.  NULL works
      ** for text and blob and whatever is in the u.ap.payloadSize64 variable
      ** will work for everything else.  Content is also irrelevant if
      ** the content length is 0. */
      u.ap.zData = u.ap.t<=13 ? (u8*)&u.ap.payloadSize64 : 0;
      u.ap.sMem.zMalloc = 0;
    }else{
      memset(&u.ap.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ap.sMem));
      sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.ap.sMem, u.ap.pDest);
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(u.ap.pCrsr, u.ap.aOffset[u.ap.p2], u.ap.len, !u.ap.pC->isTable,
                                   &u.ap.sMem);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto op_column_error;
      }
      u.ap.zData = (u8*)u.ap.sMem.z;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(u.ap.zData, u.ap.t, u.ap.pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the u.ap.pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( u.ap.sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( u.ap.sMem.z==u.ap.sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( !(u.ap.pDest->flags & MEM_Dyn) );
      assert( !(u.ap.pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str)) || u.ap.pDest->z==u.ap.sMem.z );
      u.ap.pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      u.ap.pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      u.ap.pDest->z = u.ap.sMem.z;
      u.ap.pDest->zMalloc = u.ap.sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  u.ap.pDest->enc = encoding;

op_column_out:
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(u.ap.pDest);
op_column_error:
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(u.ap.pDest);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.ap.pDest);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Affinity P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])
**
** Apply affinities to a range of P2 registers starting with P1.
**
** P4 is a string that is P2 characters long. The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** memory cell in the range.
*/
case OP_Affinity: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.aq */
  const char *zAffinity;   /* The affinity to be applied */
  char cAff;               /* A single character of affinity */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.aq */

  u.aq.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.aq.zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( u.aq.zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (u.aq.cAff = *(u.aq.zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, u.aq.cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])
................................................................................
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity NONE.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ar */
  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
  int nZero;             /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  int nVarint;           /* Number of bytes in a varint */
  u32 serial_type;       /* Type field */
  Mem *pData0;           /* First field to be combined into the record */
  Mem *pLast;            /* Last field of the record */
  int nField;            /* Number of fields in the record */
  char *zAffinity;       /* The affinity string for the record */
  int file_format;       /* File format to use for encoding */
  int i;                 /* Space used in zNewRecord[] */

  int len;               /* Length of a field */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ar */

  /* Assuming the record contains N fields, the record format looks
  ** like this:
  **
  ** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  ** | hdr-size | type 0 | type 1 | ... | type N-1 | data0 | ... | data N-1 |
  ** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  **
  ** Data(0) is taken from register P1.  Data(1) comes from register P1+1
  ** and so froth.
  **
  ** Each type field is a varint representing the serial type of the
  ** corresponding data element (see sqlite3VdbeSerialType()). The
  ** hdr-size field is also a varint which is the offset from the beginning
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  u.ar.nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  u.ar.nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  u.ar.nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  u.ar.nField = pOp->p1;
  u.ar.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.ar.nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.ar.nField<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  u.ar.pData0 = &aMem[u.ar.nField];
  u.ar.nField = pOp->p2;
  u.ar.pLast = &u.ar.pData0[u.ar.nField-1];
  u.ar.file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);











  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  for(u.ar.pRec=u.ar.pData0; u.ar.pRec<=u.ar.pLast; u.ar.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.ar.pRec) );
    if( u.ar.zAffinity ){
      applyAffinity(u.ar.pRec, u.ar.zAffinity[u.ar.pRec-u.ar.pData0], encoding);
    }
    if( u.ar.pRec->flags&MEM_Zero && u.ar.pRec->n>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(u.ar.pRec);
    }
    u.ar.serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(u.ar.pRec, u.ar.file_format);
    u.ar.len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u.ar.serial_type);
    u.ar.nData += u.ar.len;
    u.ar.nHdr += sqlite3VarintLen(u.ar.serial_type);
    if( u.ar.pRec->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      /* Only pure zero-filled BLOBs can be input to this Opcode.
      ** We do not allow blobs with a prefix and a zero-filled tail. */
      u.ar.nZero += u.ar.pRec->u.nZero;
    }else if( u.ar.len ){
      u.ar.nZero = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Add the initial header varint and total the size */
  u.ar.nHdr += u.ar.nVarint = sqlite3VarintLen(u.ar.nHdr);
  if( u.ar.nVarint<sqlite3VarintLen(u.ar.nHdr) ){
    u.ar.nHdr++;
  }
  u.ar.nByte = u.ar.nHdr+u.ar.nData-u.ar.nZero;
  if( u.ar.nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){





    goto too_big;
  }

  /* Make sure the output register has a buffer large enough to store
  ** the new record. The output register (pOp->p3) is not allowed to
  ** be one of the input registers (because the following call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeMemGrow() could clobber the value before it is used).
  */
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)u.ar.nByte, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  u.ar.zNewRecord = (u8 *)pOut->z;

  /* Write the record */
  u.ar.i = putVarint32(u.ar.zNewRecord, u.ar.nHdr);
  for(u.ar.pRec=u.ar.pData0; u.ar.pRec<=u.ar.pLast; u.ar.pRec++){



    u.ar.serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(u.ar.pRec, u.ar.file_format);
    u.ar.i += putVarint32(&u.ar.zNewRecord[u.ar.i], u.ar.serial_type);      /* serial type */
  }
  for(u.ar.pRec=u.ar.pData0; u.ar.pRec<=u.ar.pLast; u.ar.pRec++){  /* serial data */
    u.ar.i += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&u.ar.zNewRecord[u.ar.i], (int)(u.ar.nByte-u.ar.i), u.ar.pRec,u.ar.file_format);
  }

  assert( u.ar.i==u.ar.nByte );



  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)u.ar.nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( u.ar.nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = u.ar.nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}
................................................................................
** Synopsis: r[P2]=count()
**
** Store the number of entries (an integer value) in the table or index 
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.as */
  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.as */

  u.as.pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->pCursor;
  assert( u.as.pCrsr );

  rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(u.as.pCrsr, &u.as.nEntry);
  pOut->u.i = u.as.nEntry;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Savepoint P1 * * P4 *
**
** Open, release or rollback the savepoint named by parameter P4, depending
** on the value of P1. To open a new savepoint, P1==0. To release (commit) an
** existing savepoint, P1==1, or to rollback an existing savepoint P1==2.
*/
case OP_Savepoint: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.at */
  int p1;                         /* Value of P1 operand */
  char *zName;                    /* Name of savepoint */
  int nName;
  Savepoint *pNew;
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;
  Savepoint *pTmp;
  int iSavepoint;
  int ii;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.at */

  u.at.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.at.zName = pOp->p4.z;

  /* Assert that the u.at.p1 parameter is valid. Also that if there is no open
  ** transaction, then there cannot be any savepoints.
  */
  assert( db->pSavepoint==0 || db->autoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN||u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );

  assert( db->pSavepoint || db->isTransactionSavepoint==0 );
  assert( checkSavepointCount(db) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );

  if( u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN ){
    if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
      /* A new savepoint cannot be created if there are active write
      ** statements (i.e. open read/write incremental blob handles).
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot open savepoint - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      u.at.nName = sqlite3Strlen30(u.at.zName);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* This call is Ok even if this savepoint is actually a transaction
      ** savepoint (and therefore should not prompt xSavepoint()) callbacks.
      ** If this is a transaction savepoint being opened, it is guaranteed
      ** that the db->aVTrans[] array is empty.  */
      assert( db->autoCommit==0 || db->nVTrans==0 );
      rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN,
                                db->nStatement+db->nSavepoint);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
#endif

      /* Create a new savepoint structure. */
      u.at.pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Savepoint)+u.at.nName+1);
      if( u.at.pNew ){
        u.at.pNew->zName = (char *)&u.at.pNew[1];
        memcpy(u.at.pNew->zName, u.at.zName, u.at.nName+1);

        /* If there is no open transaction, then mark this as a special
        ** "transaction savepoint". */
        if( db->autoCommit ){
          db->autoCommit = 0;
          db->isTransactionSavepoint = 1;
        }else{
          db->nSavepoint++;
        }

        /* Link the new savepoint into the database handle's list. */
        u.at.pNew->pNext = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = u.at.pNew;
        u.at.pNew->nDeferredCons = db->nDeferredCons;
        u.at.pNew->nDeferredImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
      }
    }
  }else{
    u.at.iSavepoint = 0;

    /* Find the named savepoint. If there is no such savepoint, then an
    ** an error is returned to the user.  */
    for(
      u.at.pSavepoint = db->pSavepoint;
      u.at.pSavepoint && sqlite3StrICmp(u.at.pSavepoint->zName, u.at.zName);
      u.at.pSavepoint = u.at.pSavepoint->pNext
    ){
      u.at.iSavepoint++;
    }
    if( !u.at.pSavepoint ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "no such savepoint: %s", u.at.zName);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 && u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
      /* It is not possible to release (commit) a savepoint if there are
      ** active write statements.
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
        "cannot release savepoint - SQL statements in progress"
      );
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{

      /* Determine whether or not this is a transaction savepoint. If so,
      ** and this is a RELEASE command, then the current transaction
      ** is committed.
      */
      int isTransaction = u.at.pSavepoint->pNext==0 && db->isTransactionSavepoint;
      if( isTransaction && u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
        if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto vdbe_return;
        }
        db->autoCommit = 1;
        if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          p->pc = pc;
          db->autoCommit = 0;
          p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
          goto vdbe_return;
        }
        db->isTransactionSavepoint = 0;
        rc = p->rc;
      }else{
        u.at.iSavepoint = db->nSavepoint - u.at.iSavepoint - 1;
        if( u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK ){
          for(u.at.ii=0; u.at.ii<db->nDb; u.at.ii++){
            sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(db->aDb[u.at.ii].pBt, SQLITE_ABORT);
          }
        }
        for(u.at.ii=0; u.at.ii<db->nDb; u.at.ii++){
          rc = sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(db->aDb[u.at.ii].pBt, u.at.p1, u.at.iSavepoint);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto abort_due_to_error;
          }
        }
        if( u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK && (db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges)!=0 ){
          sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
          sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
          db->flags = (db->flags | SQLITE_InternChanges);
        }
      }

      /* Regardless of whether this is a RELEASE or ROLLBACK, destroy all
      ** savepoints nested inside of the savepoint being operated on. */
      while( db->pSavepoint!=u.at.pSavepoint ){
        u.at.pTmp = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = u.at.pTmp->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, u.at.pTmp);
        db->nSavepoint--;
      }

      /* If it is a RELEASE, then destroy the savepoint being operated on
      ** too. If it is a ROLLBACK TO, then set the number of deferred
      ** constraint violations present in the database to the value stored
      ** when the savepoint was created.  */
      if( u.at.p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
        assert( u.at.pSavepoint==db->pSavepoint );
        db->pSavepoint = u.at.pSavepoint->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, u.at.pSavepoint);
        if( !isTransaction ){
          db->nSavepoint--;
        }
      }else{
        db->nDeferredCons = u.at.pSavepoint->nDeferredCons;
        db->nDeferredImmCons = u.at.pSavepoint->nDeferredImmCons;
      }

      if( !isTransaction ){
        rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, u.at.p1, u.at.iSavepoint);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
    }
  }

  break;
}
................................................................................
** back any currently active btree transactions. If there are any active
** VMs (apart from this one), then a ROLLBACK fails.  A COMMIT fails if
** there are active writing VMs or active VMs that use shared cache.
**
** This instruction causes the VM to halt.
*/
case OP_AutoCommit: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.au */
  int desiredAutoCommit;
  int iRollback;
  int turnOnAC;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.au */

  u.au.desiredAutoCommit = pOp->p1;
  u.au.iRollback = pOp->p2;
  u.au.turnOnAC = u.au.desiredAutoCommit && !db->autoCommit;
  assert( u.au.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.au.desiredAutoCommit==0 );
  assert( u.au.desiredAutoCommit==1 || u.au.iRollback==0 );
  assert( db->nVdbeActive>0 );  /* At least this one VM is active */
  assert( p->bIsReader );

#if 0
  if( u.au.turnOnAC && u.au.iRollback && db->nVdbeActive>1 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a ROLLBACK and other VMs are
    ** still running, and a transaction is active, return an error indicating
    ** that the other VMs must complete first.
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot rollback transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else
#endif
  if( u.au.turnOnAC && !u.au.iRollback && db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a COMMIT and other VMs are writing
    ** return an error indicating that the other VMs must complete first.
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot commit transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else if( u.au.desiredAutoCommit!=db->autoCommit ){
    if( u.au.iRollback ){
      assert( u.au.desiredAutoCommit==1 );
      sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
      db->autoCommit = 1;
    }else if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto vdbe_return;
    }else{
      db->autoCommit = (u8)u.au.desiredAutoCommit;
      if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        p->pc = pc;
        db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-u.au.desiredAutoCommit);
        p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        goto vdbe_return;
      }
    }
    assert( db->nStatement==0 );
    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    goto vdbe_return;
  }else{
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
        (!u.au.desiredAutoCommit)?"cannot start a transaction within a transaction":(
        (u.au.iRollback)?"cannot rollback - no transaction is active":
                   "cannot commit - no transaction is active"));

    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Transaction P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
** VDBE to be rolled back after an error without having to roll back the
** entire transaction. If no error is encountered, the statement transaction
** will automatically commit when the VDBE halts.
**
** If P2 is zero, then a read-lock is obtained on the database file.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.av */
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.av */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  u.av.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( u.av.pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(u.av.pBt, pOp->p2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = pc;
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    if( pOp->p2 && p->usesStmtJournal
     && (db->autoCommit==0 || db->nVdbeRead>1)
    ){
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(u.av.pBt) );
      if( p->iStatement==0 ){
        assert( db->nStatement>=0 && db->nSavepoint>=0 );
        db->nStatement++;
        p->iStatement = db->nSavepoint + db->nStatement;
      }

      rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN, p->iStatement-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(u.av.pBt, p->iStatement);
      }

      /* Store the current value of the database handles deferred constraint
      ** counter. If the statement transaction needs to be rolled back,
      ** the value of this counter needs to be restored too.  */
      p->nStmtDefCons = db->nDeferredCons;
      p->nStmtDefImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
................................................................................
** temporary tables.
**
** There must be a read-lock on the database (either a transaction
** must be started or there must be an open cursor) before
** executing this instruction.
*/
case OP_ReadCookie: {               /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.aw */
  int iMeta;
  int iDb;
  int iCookie;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.aw */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.aw.iDb = pOp->p1;
  u.aw.iCookie = pOp->p3;
  assert( pOp->p3<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( u.aw.iDb>=0 && u.aw.iDb<db->nDb );

  assert( db->aDb[u.aw.iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<u.aw.iDb))!=0 );

  sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[u.aw.iDb].pBt, u.aw.iCookie, (u32 *)&u.aw.iMeta);
  pOut->u.i = u.aw.iMeta;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SetCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Write the content of register P3 (interpreted as an integer)
** into cookie number P2 of database P1.  P2==1 is the schema version.  
................................................................................
** P2==2 is the database format. P2==3 is the recommended pager cache 
** size, and so forth.  P1==0 is the main database file and P1==1 is the 
** database file used to store temporary tables.
**
** A transaction must be started before executing this opcode.
*/
case OP_SetCookie: {       /* in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ax */
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ax */
  assert( pOp->p2<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  u.ax.pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.ax.pDb->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
  /* See note about index shifting on OP_ReadCookie */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(u.ax.pDb->pBt, pOp->p2, (int)pIn3->u.i);
  if( pOp->p2==BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION ){
    /* When the schema cookie changes, record the new cookie internally */
    u.ax.pDb->pSchema->schema_cookie = (int)pIn3->u.i;
    db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
  }else if( pOp->p2==BTREE_FILE_FORMAT ){
    /* Record changes in the file format */
    u.ax.pDb->pSchema->file_format = (u8)pIn3->u.i;
  }
  if( pOp->p1==1 ){
    /* Invalidate all prepared statements whenever the TEMP database
    ** schema is changed.  Ticket #1644 */
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
................................................................................
** and that the current process needs to reread the schema.
**
** Either a transaction needs to have been started or an OP_Open needs
** to be executed (to establish a read lock) before this opcode is
** invoked.
*/
case OP_VerifyCookie: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ay */
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ay */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ay.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  if( u.ay.pBt ){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(u.ay.pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&u.ay.iMeta);
    u.ay.iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    u.ay.iGen = u.ay.iMeta = 0;
  }
  if( u.ay.iMeta!=pOp->p2 || u.ay.iGen!=pOp->p3 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
    ** not reload the schema from the database file.
    **
    ** If virtual-tables are in use, this is not just an optimization.
    ** Often, v-tables store their data in other SQLite tables, which
    ** are queried from within xNext() and other v-table methods using
    ** prepared queries. If such a query is out-of-date, we do not want to
    ** discard the database schema, as the user code implementing the
    ** v-table would have to be ready for the sqlite3_vtab structure itself
    ** to be invalidated whenever sqlite3_step() is called from within
    ** a v-table method.
    */
    if( db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->schema_cookie!=u.ay.iMeta ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, pOp->p1);
    }

    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
................................................................................
** in read/write mode.  For a given table, there can be one or more read-only
** cursors or a single read/write cursor but not both.
**
** See also OpenRead.
*/
case OP_OpenRead:
case OP_OpenWrite: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.az */
  int nField;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int p2;
  int iDb;
  int wrFlag;
  Btree *pX;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.az */

  assert( (pOp->p5&(OPFLAG_P2ISREG|OPFLAG_BULKCSR))==pOp->p5 );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite || pOp->p5==0 );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead || p->readOnly==0 );

  if( p->expired ){
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
    break;
  }

  u.az.nField = 0;
  u.az.pKeyInfo = 0;
  u.az.p2 = pOp->p2;
  u.az.iDb = pOp->p3;
  assert( u.az.iDb>=0 && u.az.iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<u.az.iDb))!=0 );
  u.az.pDb = &db->aDb[u.az.iDb];
  u.az.pX = u.az.pDb->pBt;
  assert( u.az.pX!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite ){
    u.az.wrFlag = 1;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, u.az.iDb, 0) );
    if( u.az.pDb->pSchema->file_format < p->minWriteFileFormat ){
      p->minWriteFileFormat = u.az.pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    u.az.wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( u.az.p2>0 );
    assert( u.az.p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[u.az.p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    u.az.p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The u.az.p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the u.az.p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
    ** If there were a failure, the prepared statement would have halted
    ** before reaching this instruction. */
    if( NEVER(u.az.p2<2) ) {
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO ){
    u.az.pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
    assert( u.az.pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
    assert( u.az.pKeyInfo->db==db );
    u.az.nField = u.az.pKeyInfo->nField+u.az.pKeyInfo->nXField;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    u.az.nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( u.az.nField>=0 );
  testcase( u.az.nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  u.az.pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, u.az.nField, u.az.iDb, 1);
  if( u.az.pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  u.az.pCur->nullRow = 1;
  u.az.pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(u.az.pX, u.az.p2, u.az.wrFlag, u.az.pKeyInfo, u.az.pCur->pCursor);
  u.az.pCur->pKeyInfo = u.az.pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(u.az.pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));

  /* Since it performs no memory allocation or IO, the only value that
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursor() may return is SQLITE_OK. */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */
  u.az.pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
** Open a new cursor P1 to a transient table.
................................................................................
** This opcode works the same as OP_OpenEphemeral.  It has a
** different name to distinguish its use.  Tables created using
** by this opcode will be used for automatically created transient
** indices in joins.
*/
case OP_OpenAutoindex: 
case OP_OpenEphemeral: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ba */
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ba */

  static const int vfsFlags =
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  u.ba.pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( u.ba.pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  u.ba.pCx->nullRow = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &u.ba.pCx->pBt,
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(u.ba.pCx->pBt, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */
    if( (u.ba.pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo)!=0 ){
      int pgno;
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(u.ba.pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        assert( u.ba.pKeyInfo->db==db );
        assert( u.ba.pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
        u.ba.pCx->pKeyInfo = u.ba.pKeyInfo;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(u.ba.pCx->pBt, pgno, 1, u.ba.pKeyInfo, u.ba.pCx->pCursor);
      }
      u.ba.pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(u.ba.pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 1, 0, u.ba.pCx->pCursor);
      u.ba.pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  u.ba.pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bb */
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bb */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  u.bb.pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( u.bb.pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  u.bb.pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( u.bb.pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( u.bb.pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, u.bb.pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: content in r[P2@P3]
**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
................................................................................
** individual columns using the OP_Column opcode.  The OP_Column opcode
** is the only cursor opcode that works with a pseudo-table.
**
** P3 is the number of fields in the records that will be stored by
** the pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_OpenPseudo: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bc */
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bc */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  u.bc.pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, 0);
  if( u.bc.pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  u.bc.pCx->nullRow = 1;
  u.bc.pCx->pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  u.bc.pCx->isTable = 1;
  u.bc.pCx->multiPseudo = pOp->p5;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
** Close a cursor previously opened as P1.  If P1 is not
** currently open, this instruction is a no-op.
................................................................................
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLt:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGt: {       /* jump, in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bd */
  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bd */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  u.bd.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bd.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bd.pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( u.bd.pC->isOrdered );
  assert( u.bd.pC->pCursor!=0 );
  u.bd.oc = pOp->opcode;
  u.bd.pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( u.bd.pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so covert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    applyNumericAffinity(pIn3);
    u.bd.iKey = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn3);
    u.bd.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
        /* If the P3 value cannot be converted into any kind of a number,
        ** then the seek is not possible, so jump to P2 */
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }

      /* If the approximation u.bd.iKey is larger than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)u.bd.iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGe==(OP_SeekGt-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLt==(OP_SeekLe-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLe & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) );
        if( (u.bd.oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) ) u.bd.oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation u.bd.iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)u.bd.iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLe==(OP_SeekLt+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGt==(OP_SeekGe+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLt & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGe & 0x0001) );
        if( (u.bd.oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLt & 0x0001) ) u.bd.oc++;
      }
    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bd.pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)u.bd.iKey, 0, &u.bd.res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( u.bd.res==0 ){
      u.bd.pC->rowidIsValid = 1;
      u.bd.pC->lastRowid = u.bd.iKey;
    }
  }else{
    u.bd.nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( u.bd.nField>0 );
    u.bd.r.pKeyInfo = u.bd.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bd.r.nField = (u16)u.bd.nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( u.bd.oc==OP_SeekGt || u.bd.oc==OP_SeekLe ){
    **     u.bd.r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     u.bd.r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    u.bd.r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (u.bd.oc - OP_SeekLt)));
    assert( u.bd.oc!=OP_SeekGt || u.bd.r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( u.bd.oc!=OP_SeekLe || u.bd.r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( u.bd.oc!=OP_SeekGe || u.bd.r.flags==0 );
    assert( u.bd.oc!=OP_SeekLt || u.bd.r.flags==0 );

    u.bd.r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<u.bd.r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&u.bd.r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(u.bd.r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bd.pC->pCursor, &u.bd.r, 0, 0, &u.bd.res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    u.bd.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  u.bd.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bd.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( u.bd.oc>=OP_SeekGe ){  assert( u.bd.oc==OP_SeekGe || u.bd.oc==OP_SeekGt );
    if( u.bd.res<0 || (u.bd.res==0 && u.bd.oc==OP_SeekGt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(u.bd.pC->pCursor, &u.bd.res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      u.bd.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      u.bd.res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( u.bd.oc==OP_SeekLt || u.bd.oc==OP_SeekLe );
    if( u.bd.res>0 || (u.bd.res==0 && u.bd.oc==OP_SeekLt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(u.bd.pC->pCursor, &u.bd.res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      u.bd.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* u.bd.res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      u.bd.res = sqlite3BtreeEof(u.bd.pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  if( u.bd.res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  intkey=r[P2]
................................................................................
** for P1 to move so that it points to the rowid given by P2.
**
** This is actually a deferred seek.  Nothing actually happens until
** the cursor is used to read a record.  That way, if no reads
** occur, no unnecessary I/O happens.
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.be */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.be */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.be.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.be.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.be.pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( u.be.pC->isTable );
  u.be.pC->nullRow = 0;
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  u.be.pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  u.be.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.be.pC->deferredMoveto = 1;
  break;
}
  

/* Opcode: Found P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
................................................................................
** branch is always taken if any part of the search key input is NULL.
**
** See also: NotFound, Found, NotExists
*/
case OP_NoConflict:     /* jump, in3 */
case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bf */
  int alreadyExists;
  int ii;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  char *pFree;
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  char aTempRec[ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)) + sizeof(Mem)*4 + 7];
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bf */

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( pOp->opcode!=OP_NoConflict ) sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif

  u.bf.alreadyExists = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  u.bf.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bf.pC!=0 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( u.bf.pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( u.bf.pC->isTable==0 );

  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    u.bf.r.pKeyInfo = u.bf.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bf.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    u.bf.r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    {
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<u.bf.r.nField; i++){
        assert( memIsValid(&u.bf.r.aMem[i]) );
        if( i ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+i, &u.bf.r.aMem[i]);
      }
    }
#endif
    u.bf.r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
    u.bf.pIdxKey = &u.bf.r;
  }else{
    u.bf.pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        u.bf.pC->pKeyInfo, u.bf.aTempRec, sizeof(u.bf.aTempRec), &u.bf.pFree
    );
    if( u.bf.pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(u.bf.pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, u.bf.pIdxKey);
    u.bf.pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(u.bf.ii=0; u.bf.ii<u.bf.r.nField; u.bf.ii++){
      if( u.bf.r.aMem[u.bf.ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bf.pC->pCursor, u.bf.pIdxKey, 0, 0, &u.bf.res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, u.bf.pFree);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    break;
  }
  u.bf.pC->seekResult = u.bf.res;
  u.bf.alreadyExists = (u.bf.res==0);
  u.bf.pC->nullRow = 1-u.bf.alreadyExists;
  u.bf.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bf.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){
    if( u.bf.alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    if( !u.bf.alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3]
**
................................................................................
**
** The OP_NotFound opcode performs the same operation on index btrees
** (with arbitrary multi-value keys).
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, NoConflict
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bg */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  u64 iKey;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bg */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bg.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bg.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bg.pC->isTable );
  assert( u.bg.pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  u.bg.pCrsr = u.bg.pC->pCursor;
  assert( u.bg.pCrsr!=0 );
  u.bg.res = 0;
  u.bg.iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bg.pCrsr, 0, u.bg.iKey, 0, &u.bg.res);
  u.bg.pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
  u.bg.pC->rowidIsValid = u.bg.res==0 ?1:0;
  u.bg.pC->nullRow = 0;
  u.bg.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  u.bg.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  if( u.bg.res!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( u.bg.pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  u.bg.pC->seekResult = u.bg.res;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
................................................................................
** the largest previously generated record number. No new record numbers are
** allowed to be less than this value. When this value reaches its maximum, 
** an SQLITE_FULL error is generated. The P3 register is updated with the '
** generated record number. This P3 mechanism is used to help implement the
** AUTOINCREMENT feature.
*/
case OP_NewRowid: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bh */
  i64 v;                 /* The new rowid */
  VdbeCursor *pC;        /* Cursor of table to get the new rowid */
  int res;               /* Result of an sqlite3BtreeLast() */
  int cnt;               /* Counter to limit the number of searches */
  Mem *pMem;             /* Register holding largest rowid for AUTOINCREMENT */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;     /* Root frame of VDBE */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bh */

  u.bh.v = 0;
  u.bh.res = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bh.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bh.pC!=0 );
  if( NEVER(u.bh.pC->pCursor==0) ){
    /* The zero initialization above is all that is needed */
  }else{
    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
................................................................................
    ** probabilistic algorithm
    **
    ** The second algorithm is to select a rowid at random and see if
    ** it already exists in the table.  If it does not exist, we have
    ** succeeded.  If the random rowid does exist, we select a new one
    ** and try again, up to 100 times.
    */
    assert( u.bh.pC->isTable );

#ifdef SQLITE_32BIT_ROWID
#   define MAX_ROWID 0x7fffffff
#else
    /* Some compilers complain about constants of the form 0x7fffffffffffffff.
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !u.bh.pC->useRandomRowid ){
      u.bh.v = sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(u.bh.pC->pCursor);
      if( u.bh.v==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(u.bh.pC->pCursor, &u.bh.res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( u.bh.res ){
          u.bh.v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
        }else{
          assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.bh.pC->pCursor) );
          rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.bh.pC->pCursor, &u.bh.v);
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
          if( u.bh.v>=MAX_ROWID ){
            u.bh.pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
          }else{
            u.bh.v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
          }
        }
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
      if( pOp->p3 ){
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3>0 );
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(u.bh.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.bh.pFrame->pParent; u.bh.pFrame=u.bh.pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=u.bh.pFrame->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &u.bh.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
          u.bh.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, u.bh.pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(u.bh.pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bh.pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.bh.pMem);
        assert( (u.bh.pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
        if( u.bh.pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || u.bh.pC->useRandomRowid ){
          rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( u.bh.v<u.bh.pMem->u.i+1 ){
          u.bh.v = u.bh.pMem->u.i + 1;
        }
        u.bh.pMem->u.i = u.bh.v;
      }
#endif

      sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(u.bh.pC->pCursor, u.bh.v<MAX_ROWID ? u.bh.v+1 : 0);
    }
    if( u.bh.pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
      /* on the first attempt, simply do one more than previous */
      u.bh.v = lastRowid;
      u.bh.v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
      u.bh.v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      u.bh.cnt = 0;
      while(   ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bh.pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)u.bh.v,
                                                 0, &u.bh.res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (u.bh.res==0)
            && (++u.bh.cnt<100)){
        /* collision - try another random rowid */
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(u.bh.v), &u.bh.v);
        if( u.bh.cnt<5 ){
          /* try "small" random rowids for the initial attempts */
          u.bh.v &= 0xffffff;
        }else{
          u.bh.v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
        }
        u.bh.v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && u.bh.res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      assert( u.bh.v>0 );  /* EV: R-40812-03570 */
    }
    u.bh.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    u.bh.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    u.bh.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pOut->u.i = u.bh.v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Insert P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]
**
** Write an entry into the table of cursor P1.  A new entry is
................................................................................
** Synopsis:  intkey=P3 data=r[P2]
**
** This works exactly like OP_Insert except that the key is the
** integer value P3, not the value of the integer stored in register P3.
*/
case OP_Insert: 
case OP_InsertInt: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bi */
  Mem *pData;       /* MEM cell holding data for the record to be inserted */
  Mem *pKey;        /* MEM cell holding key  for the record */
  i64 iKey;         /* The integer ROWID or key for the record to be inserted */
  VdbeCursor *pC;   /* Cursor to table into which insert is written */
  int nZero;        /* Number of zero-bytes to append */
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  const char *zTbl; /* Table name - used by the opdate hook */
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bi */

  u.bi.pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(u.bi.pData) );
  u.bi.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bi.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bi.pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( u.bi.pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( u.bi.pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, u.bi.pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    u.bi.pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( u.bi.pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(u.bi.pKey) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bi.pKey);
    u.bi.iKey = u.bi.pKey->u.i;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_InsertInt );
    u.bi.iKey = pOp->p3;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_LASTROWID ) db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.bi.iKey;
  if( u.bi.pData->flags & MEM_Null ){
    u.bi.pData->z = 0;
    u.bi.pData->n = 0;
  }else{
    assert( u.bi.pData->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  }
  u.bi.seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? u.bi.pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( u.bi.pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    u.bi.nZero = u.bi.pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    u.bi.nZero = 0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(u.bi.pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(u.bi.pC->pCursor, 0, u.bi.iKey,
                          u.bi.pData->z, u.bi.pData->n, u.bi.nZero,

                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, u.bi.seekResult
  );
  u.bi.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.bi.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bi.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z ){
    u.bi.zDb = db->aDb[u.bi.pC->iDb].zName;
    u.bi.zTbl = pOp->p4.z;
    u.bi.op = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_ISUPDATE) ? SQLITE_UPDATE : SQLITE_INSERT);
    assert( u.bi.pC->isTable );
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, u.bi.op, u.bi.zDb, u.bi.zTbl, u.bi.iKey);
    assert( u.bi.pC->iDb>=0 );
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** Delete the record at which the P1 cursor is currently pointing.
................................................................................
**
** If P4 is not NULL, then it is the name of the table that P1 is
** pointing to.  The update hook will be invoked, if it exists.
** If P4 is not NULL then the P1 cursor must have been positioned
** using OP_NotFound prior to invoking this opcode.
*/
case OP_Delete: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bj */
  i64 iKey;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bj */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bj.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bj.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bj.pC->pCursor!=0 );  /* Only valid for real tables, no pseudotables */
  u.bj.iKey = u.bj.pC->lastRowid;      /* Only used for the update hook */

  /* The OP_Delete opcode always follows an OP_NotExists or OP_Last or
  ** OP_Column on the same table without any intervening operations that
  ** might move or invalidate the cursor.  Hence cursor u.bj.pC is always pointing
  ** to the row to be deleted and the sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto() operation
  ** below is always a no-op and cannot fail.  We will run it anyhow, though,
  ** to guard against future changes to the code generator.
  **/
  assert( u.bj.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bj.pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(u.bj.pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(u.bj.pC->pCursor);
  u.bj.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && u.bj.pC->isTable ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[u.bj.pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, u.bj.iKey);
    assert( u.bj.pC->iDb>=0 );
  }
  if( pOp->p2 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  break;
}
/* Opcode: ResetCount * * * * *
**
** The value of the change counter is copied to the database handle
................................................................................
** fields (not counting the P4 fields at the end which are ignored) then
** the comparison is assumed to be equal.
**
** Fall through to next instruction if the two records compare equal to
** each other.  Jump to P2 if they are different.
*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bk */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  int nIgnore;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bk */

  u.bk.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(u.bk.pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.bk.nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(u.bk.pC, pIn3, u.bk.nIgnore, &u.bk.res);
  if( u.bk.res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the current sorter data for sorter cursor P1.
*/
case OP_SorterData: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bl */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bl */

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  u.bl.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(u.bl.pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(u.bl.pC, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
................................................................................
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_RowKey:
case OP_RowData: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bm */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;
  i64 n64;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bm */

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bm.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(u.bm.pC)==0 );
  assert( u.bm.pC->isTable || pOp->opcode!=OP_RowData );
  assert( u.bm.pC->isTable==0 || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( u.bm.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bm.pC->nullRow==0 );
  assert( u.bm.pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( u.bm.pC->pCursor!=0 );
  u.bm.pCrsr = u.bm.pC->pCursor;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.bm.pCrsr) );

  /* The OP_RowKey and OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions that might invalidate
  ** the cursor.  Hence the following sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto() call is always
  ** a no-op and can never fail.  But we leave it in place as a safety.
  */
  assert( u.bm.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bm.pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  if( u.bm.pC->isTable==0 ){
    assert( !u.bm.pC->isTable );
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.bm.pCrsr, &u.bm.n64);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
    if( u.bm.n64>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
    u.bm.n = (u32)u.bm.n64;
  }else{
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.bm.pCrsr, &u.bm.n);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    if( u.bm.n>(u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, u.bm.n, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  pOut->n = u.bm.n;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);
  if( u.bm.pC->isTable==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(u.bm.pCrsr, 0, u.bm.n, pOut->z);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(u.bm.pCrsr, 0, u.bm.n, pOut->z);
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

................................................................................
** P1 is currently point to.
**
** P1 can be either an ordinary table or a virtual table.  There used to
** be a separate OP_VRowid opcode for use with virtual tables, but this
** one opcode now works for both table types.
*/
case OP_Rowid: {                 /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bn */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 v;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bn */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bn.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bn.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bn.pC->pseudoTableReg==0 || u.bn.pC->nullRow );
  if( u.bn.pC->nullRow ){
    pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
    break;
  }else if( u.bn.pC->deferredMoveto ){
    u.bn.v = u.bn.pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( u.bn.pC->pVtabCursor ){
    u.bn.pVtab = u.bn.pC->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
    u.bn.pModule = u.bn.pVtab->pModule;
    assert( u.bn.pModule->xRowid );
    rc = u.bn.pModule->xRowid(u.bn.pC->pVtabCursor, &u.bn.v);

    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.bn.pVtab);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{
    assert( u.bn.pC->pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bn.pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( u.bn.pC->rowidIsValid ){
      u.bn.v = u.bn.pC->lastRowid;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.bn.pC->pCursor, &u.bn.v);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );  /* Always so because of CursorMoveto() above */
    }
  }
  pOut->u.i = u.bn.v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NullRow P1 * * * *
**
** Move the cursor P1 to a null row.  Any OP_Column operations
** that occur while the cursor is on the null row will always
** write a NULL.
*/
case OP_NullRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bo */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bo */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bo.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bo.pC!=0 );
  u.bo.pC->nullRow = 1;
  u.bo.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.bo.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  assert( u.bo.pC->pCursor || u.bo.pC->pVtabCursor );

  if( u.bo.pC->pCursor ){
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(u.bo.pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the last entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
*/
case OP_Last: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bp */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bp */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bp.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bp.pC!=0 );
  u.bp.pCrsr = u.bp.pC->pCursor;
  u.bp.res = 0;
  assert( u.bp.pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(u.bp.pCrsr, &u.bp.res);
  u.bp.pC->nullRow = (u8)u.bp.res;
  u.bp.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bp.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.bp.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && u.bp.res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Sort P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bq */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bq */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bq.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bq.pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(u.bq.pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterSort) );
  u.bq.res = 1;
  if( isSorter(u.bq.pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(db, u.bq.pC, &u.bq.res);
  }else{
    u.bq.pCrsr = u.bq.pC->pCursor;
    assert( u.bq.pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(u.bq.pCrsr, &u.bq.res);
    u.bq.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    u.bq.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    u.bq.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  u.bq.pC->nullRow = (u8)u.bq.res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  if( u.bq.res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 * * P5
**
................................................................................
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 * * P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.br */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.br */

  u.br.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(u.br.pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(db, u.br.pC, &u.br.res);
  goto next_tail;
case OP_PrevIfOpen:    /* jump */
case OP_NextIfOpen:    /* jump */
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  u.br.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.br.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.br.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( u.br.pC->pCursor );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);
  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(u.br.pC->pCursor, &u.br.res);
next_tail:
  u.br.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( u.br.res==0 ){
    u.br.pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  }else{
    u.br.pC->nullRow = 1;
  }
  u.br.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: IdxInsert P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P2]
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
................................................................................
** insert is likely to be an append.
**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bs */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int nKey;
  const char *zKey;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bs */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bs.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bs.pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(u.bs.pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  u.bs.pCrsr = u.bs.pC->pCursor;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( u.bs.pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( u.bs.pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isSorter(u.bs.pC) ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(db, u.bs.pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      u.bs.nKey = pIn2->n;
      u.bs.zKey = pIn2->z;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(u.bs.pCrsr, u.bs.zKey, u.bs.nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3,

          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? u.bs.pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( u.bs.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      u.bs.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxDelete P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]
**
** The content of P3 registers starting at register P2 form
** an unpacked index key. This opcode removes that entry from the 
** index opened by cursor P1.
*/
case OP_IdxDelete: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bt */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bt */

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bt.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bt.pC!=0 );
  u.bt.pCrsr = u.bt.pC->pCursor;
  assert( u.bt.pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  u.bt.r.pKeyInfo = u.bt.pC->pKeyInfo;
  u.bt.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  u.bt.r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  u.bt.r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<u.bt.r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&u.bt.r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(u.bt.pCrsr, &u.bt.r, 0, 0, &u.bt.res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && u.bt.res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(u.bt.pCrsr);
  }
  assert( u.bt.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  u.bt.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxRowid P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Write into register P2 an integer which is the last entry in the record at
** the end of the index key pointed to by cursor P1.  This integer should be
** the rowid of the table entry to which this index entry points.
**
** See also: Rowid, MakeRecord.
*/
case OP_IdxRowid: {              /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bu */
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bu */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bu.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bu.pC!=0 );
  u.bu.pCrsr = u.bu.pC->pCursor;
  assert( u.bu.pCrsr!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bu.pC);
  if( NEVER(rc) ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  assert( u.bu.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( u.bu.pC->isTable==0 );
  if( !u.bu.pC->nullRow ){

    rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(db, u.bu.pCrsr, &u.bu.rowid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    pOut->u.i = u.bu.rowid;
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
................................................................................
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon prior 
** to the comparison.  This makes the opcode work like IdxLE.
*/
case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bv */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bv */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bv.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bv.pC!=0 );
  assert( u.bv.pC->isOrdered );
  assert( u.bv.pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( u.bv.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  u.bv.r.pKeyInfo = u.bv.pC->pKeyInfo;
  u.bv.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    u.bv.r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }else{
    u.bv.r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  u.bv.r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<u.bv.r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&u.bv.r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif

  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(u.bv.pC, &u.bv.r, &u.bv.res);
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
    u.bv.res = -u.bv.res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
    u.bv.res++;
  }
  if( u.bv.res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
**
................................................................................
** movement was required (because the table being dropped was already 
** the last one in the database) then a zero is stored in register P2.
** If AUTOVACUUM is disabled then a zero is stored in register P2.
**
** See also: Clear
*/
case OP_Destroy: {     /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bw */
  int iMoved;
  int iCnt;
  Vdbe *pVdbe;
  int iDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bw */

  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u.bw.iCnt = 0;
  for(u.bw.pVdbe=db->pVdbe; u.bw.pVdbe; u.bw.pVdbe = u.bw.pVdbe->pNext){
    if( u.bw.pVdbe->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && u.bw.pVdbe->bIsReader
     && u.bw.pVdbe->inVtabMethod<2 && u.bw.pVdbe->pc>=0
    ){
      u.bw.iCnt++;
    }
  }
#else
  u.bw.iCnt = db->nVdbeRead;
#endif
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( u.bw.iCnt>1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  }else{
    u.bw.iDb = pOp->p3;
    assert( u.bw.iCnt==1 );
    assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<u.bw.iDb))!=0 );

    rc = sqlite3BtreeDropTable(db->aDb[u.bw.iDb].pBt, pOp->p1, &u.bw.iMoved);
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    pOut->u.i = u.bw.iMoved;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && u.bw.iMoved!=0 ){
      sqlite3RootPageMoved(db, u.bw.iDb, u.bw.iMoved, pOp->p1);
      /* All OP_Destroy operations occur on the same btree */
      assert( resetSchemaOnFault==0 || resetSchemaOnFault==u.bw.iDb+1 );
      resetSchemaOnFault = u.bw.iDb+1;
    }
#endif
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Clear P1 P2 P3
................................................................................
** count is incremented by the number of rows in the table being cleared. 
** If P3 is greater than zero, then the value stored in register P3 is
** also incremented by the number of rows in the table being cleared.
**
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1!=1 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += u.bx.nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
................................................................................
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2.
**
** See documentation on OP_CreateTable for additional information.
*/
case OP_CreateIndex:            /* out2-prerelease */
case OP_CreateTable: {          /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.by */
  int pgno;
  int flags;
  Db *pDb;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.by */

  u.by.pgno = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  u.by.pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.by.pDb->pBt!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_CreateTable ){
    /* u.by.flags = BTREE_INTKEY; */
    u.by.flags = BTREE_INTKEY;
  }else{
    u.by.flags = BTREE_BLOBKEY;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(u.by.pDb->pBt, &u.by.pgno, u.by.flags);
  pOut->u.i = u.by.pgno;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ParseSchema P1 * * P4 *
**
** Read and parse all entries from the SQLITE_MASTER table of database P1
** that match the WHERE clause P4. 
**
** This opcode invokes the parser to create a new virtual machine,
** then runs the new virtual machine.  It is thus a re-entrant opcode.
*/
case OP_ParseSchema: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bz */
  int iDb;
  const char *zMaster;
  char *zSql;
  InitData initData;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bz */

  /* Any prepared statement that invokes this opcode will hold mutexes
  ** on every btree.  This is a prerequisite for invoking
  ** sqlite3InitCallback().
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(u.bz.iDb=0; u.bz.iDb<db->nDb; u.bz.iDb++){
    assert( u.bz.iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[u.bz.iDb].pBt) );
  }
#endif

  u.bz.iDb = pOp->p1;
  assert( u.bz.iDb>=0 && u.bz.iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( DbHasProperty(db, u.bz.iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded) );
  /* Used to be a conditional */ {
    u.bz.zMaster = SCHEMA_TABLE(u.bz.iDb);
    u.bz.initData.db = db;
    u.bz.initData.iDb = pOp->p1;
    u.bz.initData.pzErrMsg = &p->zErrMsg;
    u.bz.zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db,
       "SELECT name, rootpage, sql FROM '%q'.%s WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid",
       db->aDb[u.bz.iDb].zName, u.bz.zMaster, pOp->p4.z);
    if( u.bz.zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      db->init.busy = 1;
      u.bz.initData.rc = SQLITE_OK;
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, u.bz.zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &u.bz.initData, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = u.bz.initData.rc;
      sqlite3DbFree(db, u.bz.zSql);
      db->init.busy = 0;
    }
  }
  if( rc ) sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  break;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE)
/* Opcode: LoadAnalysis P1 * * * *
**
** Read the sqlite_stat1 table for database P1 and load the content
** of that table into the internal index hash table.  This will cause
................................................................................
**
** If P5 is not zero, the check is done on the auxiliary database
** file, not the main database file.
**
** This opcode is used to implement the integrity_check pragma.
*/
case OP_IntegrityCk: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ca */
  int nRoot;      /* Number of tables to check.  (Number of root pages.) */
  int *aRoot;     /* Array of rootpage numbers for tables to be checked */
  int j;          /* Loop counter */
  int nErr;       /* Number of errors reported */
  char *z;        /* Text of the error report */
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ca.j=0; u.ca.j<u.ca.nRoot; u.ca.j++){

    u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[u.ca.j]);
  }
  u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = 0;

  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p5))!=0 );
  u.ca.z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, u.ca.aRoot, u.ca.nRoot,
                                 (int)u.ca.pnErr->u.i, &u.ca.nErr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, u.ca.aRoot);
  u.ca.pnErr->u.i -= u.ca.nErr;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
  if( u.ca.nErr==0 ){
    assert( u.ca.z==0 );
  }else if( u.ca.z==0 ){
    goto no_mem;
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pIn1, u.ca.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);
  }
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pIn1, encoding);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

................................................................................
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from boolean index P1 and put that value into
** register P3.  Or, if boolean index P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cb */
  i64 val;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cb */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &u.cb.val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], u.cb.val);
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2
**
................................................................................
** (b) when P4==-1 there is no need to insert the value, as it will
** never be tested for, and (c) when a value that is part of set X is
** inserted, there is no need to search to see if the same value was
** previously inserted as part of set X (only if it was previously
** inserted as part of some other set).
*/
case OP_RowSetTest: {                     /* jump, in1, in3 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cc */
  int iSet;
  int exists;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cc */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cc.iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( u.cc.iSet==-1 || u.cc.iSet>=0 );
  if( u.cc.iSet ){
    u.cc.exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet,
                               (u8)(u.cc.iSet>=0 ? u.cc.iSet & 0xf : 0xff),
                               pIn3->u.i);
    if( u.cc.exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( u.cc.iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
** exception using the RAISE() function. Register P3 contains the address 
** of a memory cell in this (the parent) VM that is used to allocate the 
** memory required by the sub-vdbe at runtime.
**
** P4 is a pointer to the VM containing the trigger program.
*/
case OP_Program: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cd */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory registers for sub-program */
  int nByte;              /* Bytes of runtime space required for sub-program */
  Mem *pRt;               /* Register to allocate runtime space */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Used to iterate through memory cells */
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* New vdbe frame to execute in */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Sub-program to execute */
  void *t;                /* Token identifying trigger */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cd */

  u.cd.pProgram = pOp->p4.pProgram;
  u.cd.pRt = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( u.cd.pProgram->nOp>0 );

  /* If the p5 flag is clear, then recursive invocation of triggers is
  ** disabled for backwards compatibility (p5 is set if this sub-program
  ** is really a trigger, not a foreign key action, and the flag set
  ** and cleared by the "PRAGMA recursive_triggers" command is clear).
  **
  ** It is recursive invocation of triggers, at the SQL level, that is
  ** disabled. In some cases a single trigger may generate more than one
  ** SubProgram (if the trigger may be executed with more than one different
  ** ON CONFLICT algorithm). SubProgram structures associated with a
  ** single trigger all have the same value for the SubProgram.token
  ** variable.  */
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    u.cd.t = u.cd.pProgram->token;
    for(u.cd.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.cd.pFrame && u.cd.pFrame->token!=u.cd.t; u.cd.pFrame=u.cd.pFrame->pParent);
    if( u.cd.pFrame ) break;
  }

  if( p->nFrame>=db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH] ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "too many levels of trigger recursion");
    break;
  }

  /* Register u.cd.pRt is used to store the memory required to save the state
  ** of the current program, and the memory required at runtime to execute
  ** the trigger program. If this trigger has been fired before, then u.cd.pRt
  ** is already allocated. Otherwise, it must be initialized.  */
  if( (u.cd.pRt->flags&MEM_Frame)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable u.cd.nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    u.cd.nMem = u.cd.pProgram->nMem + u.cd.pProgram->nCsr;
    u.cd.nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))
              + u.cd.nMem * sizeof(Mem)
              + u.cd.pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor *)
              + u.cd.pProgram->nOnce * sizeof(u8);
    u.cd.pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, u.cd.nByte);
    if( !u.cd.pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(u.cd.pRt);
    u.cd.pRt->flags = MEM_Frame;
    u.cd.pRt->u.pFrame = u.cd.pFrame;

    u.cd.pFrame->v = p;
    u.cd.pFrame->nChildMem = u.cd.nMem;
    u.cd.pFrame->nChildCsr = u.cd.pProgram->nCsr;
    u.cd.pFrame->pc = pc;
    u.cd.pFrame->aMem = p->aMem;
    u.cd.pFrame->nMem = p->nMem;
    u.cd.pFrame->apCsr = p->apCsr;
    u.cd.pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    u.cd.pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    u.cd.pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    u.cd.pFrame->token = u.cd.pProgram->token;
    u.cd.pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    u.cd.pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;

    u.cd.pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(u.cd.pFrame)[u.cd.pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(u.cd.pMem=VdbeFrameMem(u.cd.pFrame); u.cd.pMem!=u.cd.pEnd; u.cd.pMem++){
      u.cd.pMem->flags = MEM_Invalid;
      u.cd.pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    u.cd.pFrame = u.cd.pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( u.cd.pProgram->nMem+u.cd.pProgram->nCsr==u.cd.pFrame->nChildMem );
    assert( u.cd.pProgram->nCsr==u.cd.pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( pc==u.cd.pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  u.cd.pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  u.cd.pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  u.cd.pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;
  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = u.cd.pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = &VdbeFrameMem(u.cd.pFrame)[-1];
  p->nMem = u.cd.pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)u.cd.pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem+1];
  p->aOp = aOp = u.cd.pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = u.cd.pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = u.cd.pProgram->nOnce;
  pc = -1;
  memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Param P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** and old.* values.
**
** The address of the cell in the parent frame is determined by adding
** the value of the P1 argument to the value of the P1 argument to the
** calling OP_Program instruction.
*/
case OP_Param: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ce */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;
  Mem *pIn;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ce */
  u.ce.pFrame = p->pFrame;
  u.ce.pIn = &u.ce.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1 + u.ce.pFrame->aOp[u.ce.pFrame->pc].p1];

  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, u.ce.pIn, MEM_Ephem);
  break;
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
/* Opcode: FkCounter P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** within a sub-program). Set the value of register P1 to the maximum of 
** its current value and the value in register P2.
**
** This instruction throws an error if the memory cell is not initially
** an integer.
*/
case OP_MemMax: {        /* in2 */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cf */
  Mem *pIn1;
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cf */
  if( p->pFrame ){
    for(u.cf.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.cf.pFrame->pParent; u.cf.pFrame=u.cf.pFrame->pParent);

    u.cf.pIn1 = &u.cf.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1];
  }else{
    u.cf.pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  }
  assert( memIsValid(u.cf.pIn1) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.cf.pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
  if( u.cf.pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    u.cf.pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2
................................................................................
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register
** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
*/
case OP_AggStep: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cg */
  int n;
  int i;
  Mem *pMem;
  Mem *pRec;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cg */

  u.cg.n = pOp->p5;
  assert( u.cg.n>=0 );
  u.cg.pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  u.cg.apVal = p->apArg;

  assert( u.cg.apVal || u.cg.n==0 );
  for(u.cg.i=0; u.cg.i<u.cg.n; u.cg.i++, u.cg.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.cg.pRec) );
    u.cg.apVal[u.cg.i] = u.cg.pRec;

    memAboutToChange(p, u.cg.pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cg.pRec);
  }
  u.cg.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.cg.ctx.pMem = u.cg.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cg.pMem->n++;
  u.cg.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.cg.ctx.s.z = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.db = db;
  u.cg.ctx.isError = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.pColl = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( u.cg.ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.cg.ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (u.cg.ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&u.cg.ctx, u.cg.n, u.cg.apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( u.cg.ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&u.cg.ctx.s));
    rc = u.cg.ctx.isError;
  }
  if( u.cg.ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    u.cg.i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( u.cg.i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[u.cg.i], 1);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&u.cg.ctx.s);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
................................................................................
** P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef for this function.  The P2
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
** functions that can take varying numbers of arguments.  The
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  Mem *pMem;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ch.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (u.ch.pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(u.ch.pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(u.ch.pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.ch.pMem, encoding);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(u.ch.pMem);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(u.ch.pMem) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Opcode: Checkpoint P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** SQLITE_BUSY or not, respectively.  Write the number of pages in the
** WAL after the checkpoint into mem[P3+1] and the number of pages
** in the WAL that have been checkpointed after the checkpoint
** completes into mem[P3+2].  However on an error, mem[P3+1] and
** mem[P3+2] are initialized to -1.
*/
case OP_Checkpoint: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ci */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int aRes[3];                    /* Results */
  Mem *pMem;                      /* Write results here */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ci */

  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  u.ci.aRes[0] = 0;
  u.ci.aRes[1] = u.ci.aRes[2] = -1;

  assert( pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART
  );
  rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, &u.ci.aRes[1], &u.ci.aRes[2]);
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    u.ci.aRes[0] = 1;
  }
  for(u.ci.i=0, u.ci.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3]; u.ci.i<3; u.ci.i++, u.ci.pMem++){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(u.ci.pMem, (i64)u.ci.aRes[u.ci.i]);
  }
  break;
};  
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
/* Opcode: JournalMode P1 P2 P3 * P5
**
................................................................................
** operation. No IO is required.
**
** If changing into or out of WAL mode the procedure is more complicated.
**
** Write a string containing the final journal-mode to register P2.
*/
case OP_JournalMode: {    /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cj */
  Btree *pBt;                     /* Btree to change journal mode of */
  Pager *pPager;                  /* Pager associated with pBt */
  int eNew;                       /* New journal mode */
  int eOld;                       /* The old journal mode */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  const char *zFilename;          /* Name of database file for pPager */
#endif
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cj */

  u.cj.eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
       || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  u.cj.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  u.cj.pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(u.cj.pBt);
  u.cj.eOld = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(u.cj.pPager);
  if( u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY ) u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;
  if( !sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(u.cj.pPager) ) u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u.cj.zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(u.cj.pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory
  */
  if( u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(u.cj.zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(u.cj.pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;
  }

  if( (u.cj.eNew!=u.cj.eOld)
   && (u.cj.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
  ){
    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      break;
    }else{

      if( u.cj.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
        ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log
        ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file
        ** after a successful return.
        */
        rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(u.cj.pPager);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(u.cj.pPager, u.cj.eNew);
        }
      }else if( u.cj.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
        /* Cannot transition directly from MEMORY to WAL.  Use mode OFF
        ** as an intermediate */
        sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(u.cj.pPager, PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF);
      }

      /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
      ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
      */
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(u.cj.pBt)==0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(u.cj.pBt, (u.cj.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? 2 : 1));
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ){
    u.cj.eNew = u.cj.eOld;
  }
  u.cj.eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(u.cj.pPager, u.cj.eNew);

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  pOut->z = (char *)sqlite3JournalModename(u.cj.eNew);
  pOut->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pOut->z);
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding);
  break;
};
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */

................................................................................
/* Opcode: IncrVacuum P1 P2 * * *
**
** Perform a single step of the incremental vacuum procedure on
** the P1 database. If the vacuum has finished, jump to instruction
** P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IncrVacuum: {        /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ck */
  Btree *pBt;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ck */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  u.ck.pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(u.ck.pBt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  break;
}
#endif
................................................................................
** xBegin method for that table.
**
** Also, whether or not P4 is set, check that this is not being called from
** within a callback to a virtual table xSync() method. If it is, the error
** code will be set to SQLITE_LOCKED.
*/
case OP_VBegin: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cl */
  VTable *pVTab;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cl */
  u.cl.pVTab = pOp->p4.pVtab;
  rc = sqlite3VtabBegin(db, u.cl.pVTab);
  if( u.cl.pVTab ) sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cl.pVTab->pVtab);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VCreate P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................
/* Opcode: VOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** P1 is a cursor number.  This opcode opens a cursor to the virtual
** table and stores that cursor in P1.
*/
case OP_VOpen: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cm */
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cm */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.cm.pCur = 0;
  u.cm.pVtabCursor = 0;
  u.cm.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cm.pModule = (sqlite3_module *)u.cm.pVtab->pModule;

  assert(u.cm.pVtab && u.cm.pModule);
  rc = u.cm.pModule->xOpen(u.cm.pVtab, &u.cm.pVtabCursor);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cm.pVtab);
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    u.cm.pVtabCursor->pVtab = u.cm.pVtab;

    /* Initialize vdbe cursor object */
    u.cm.pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, 0);
    if( u.cm.pCur ){
      u.cm.pCur->pVtabCursor = u.cm.pVtabCursor;
    }else{
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      u.cm.pModule->xClose(u.cm.pVtabCursor);
    }
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
** xFilter method. Registers P3+2..P3+1+argc are the argc
** additional parameters which are passed to
** xFilter as argv. Register P3+2 becomes argv[0] when passed to xFilter.
**
** A jump is made to P2 if the result set after filtering would be empty.
*/
case OP_VFilter: {   /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cn */
  int nArg;
  int iQuery;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pQuery;
  Mem *pArgc;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cn */

  u.cn.pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cn.pArgc = &u.cn.pQuery[1];
  u.cn.pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( memIsValid(u.cn.pQuery) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.cn.pQuery);
  assert( u.cn.pCur->pVtabCursor );
  u.cn.pVtabCursor = u.cn.pCur->pVtabCursor;
  u.cn.pVtab = u.cn.pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  u.cn.pModule = u.cn.pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
  assert( (u.cn.pQuery->flags&MEM_Int)!=0 && u.cn.pArgc->flags==MEM_Int );
  u.cn.nArg = (int)u.cn.pArgc->u.i;
  u.cn.iQuery = (int)u.cn.pQuery->u.i;

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    u.cn.res = 0;
    u.cn.apArg = p->apArg;
    for(u.cn.i = 0; u.cn.i<u.cn.nArg; u.cn.i++){
      u.cn.apArg[u.cn.i] = &u.cn.pArgc[u.cn.i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cn.apArg[u.cn.i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = u.cn.pModule->xFilter(u.cn.pVtabCursor, u.cn.iQuery, pOp->p4.z, u.cn.nArg, u.cn.apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cn.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u.cn.res = u.cn.pModule->xEof(u.cn.pVtabCursor);
    }

    if( u.cn.res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }
  u.cn.pCur->nullRow = 0;

  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VColumn P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** Synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)
**
** Store the value of the P2-th column of
** the row of the virtual-table that the 
** P1 cursor is pointing to into register P3.
*/
case OP_VColumn: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.co */
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.co */

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.co.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.co.pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(u.co.pDest);
    break;
  }
  u.co.pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  u.co.pModule = u.co.pVtab->pModule;
  assert( u.co.pModule->xColumn );
  memset(&u.co.sContext, 0, sizeof(u.co.sContext));

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the current contents to u.co.sContext.s so in case the user-function
  ** can use the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a
  ** new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&u.co.sContext.s, u.co.pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&u.co.sContext.s, MEM_Null);

  rc = u.co.pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &u.co.sContext, pOp->p2);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.co.pVtab);
  if( u.co.sContext.isError ){
    rc = u.co.sContext.isError;
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function to the P3 register. We
  ** do this regardless of whether or not an error occurred to ensure any
  ** dynamic allocation in u.co.sContext.s (a Mem struct) is  released.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&u.co.sContext.s, encoding);
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(u.co.pDest, &u.co.sContext.s);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.co.pDest);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(u.co.pDest);

  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(u.co.pDest) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
/* Opcode: VNext P1 P2 * * *
**
** Advance virtual table P1 to the next row in its result set and
** jump to instruction P2.  Or, if the virtual table has reached
** the end of its result set, then fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_VNext: {   /* jump */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cp */
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int res;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cp */

  u.cp.res = 0;
  u.cp.pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.cp.pCur->pVtabCursor );
  if( u.cp.pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  u.cp.pVtab = u.cp.pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  u.cp.pModule = u.cp.pVtab->pModule;
  assert( u.cp.pModule->xNext );

  /* Invoke the xNext() method of the module. There is no way for the
  ** underlying implementation to return an error if one occurs during
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = u.cp.pModule->xNext(u.cp.pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cp.pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u.cp.res = u.cp.pModule->xEof(u.cp.pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !u.cp.res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

................................................................................
/* Opcode: VRename P1 * * P4 *
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xRename method. The value
** in register P1 is passed as the zName argument to the xRename method.
*/
case OP_VRename: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cq */
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  Mem *pName;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cq */

  u.cq.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cq.pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.cq.pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(u.cq.pName) );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, u.cq.pName);
  assert( u.cq.pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  testcase( u.cq.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.cq.pName, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = u.cq.pVtab->pModule->xRename(u.cq.pVtab, u.cq.pName->z);
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cq.pVtab);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
** a row to delete.
**
** P1 is a boolean flag. If it is set to true and the xUpdate call
** is successful, then the value returned by sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() 
** is set to the value of the rowid for the row just inserted.
*/
case OP_VUpdate: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cr */
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int nArg;
  int i;
  sqlite_int64 rowid;
  Mem **apArg;
  Mem *pX;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cr */

  assert( pOp->p2==1        || pOp->p5==OE_Fail   || pOp->p5==OE_Rollback
       || pOp->p5==OE_Abort || pOp->p5==OE_Ignore || pOp->p5==OE_Replace
  );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  u.cr.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.cr.pModule = (sqlite3_module *)u.cr.pVtab->pModule;
  u.cr.nArg = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
  if( ALWAYS(u.cr.pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    u.cr.apArg = p->apArg;
    u.cr.pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(u.cr.i=0; u.cr.i<u.cr.nArg; u.cr.i++){
      assert( memIsValid(u.cr.pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, u.cr.pX);
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cr.pX);
      u.cr.apArg[u.cr.i] = u.cr.pX;
      u.cr.pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = u.cr.pModule->xUpdate(u.cr.pVtab, u.cr.nArg, u.cr.apArg, &u.cr.rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, u.cr.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( u.cr.nArg>1 && u.cr.apArg[0] && (u.cr.apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.cr.rowid;
    }
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
/* Opcode: Trace * * * P4 *
**
** If tracing is enabled (by the sqlite3_trace()) interface, then
** the UTF-8 string contained in P4 is emitted on the trace callback.
*/
case OP_Trace: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.cs */
  char *zTrace;
  char *z;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.cs */

  if( db->xTrace
   && !p->doingRerun
   && (u.cs.zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    u.cs.z = sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(p, u.cs.zTrace);
    db->xTrace(db->pTraceArg, u.cs.z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, u.cs.z);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE
  u.cs.zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql);
  if( u.cs.zTrace ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( ((1<<i) & p->btreeMask)==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3_file_control(db, db->aDb[i].zName, SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE, u.cs.zTrace);
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (u.cs.zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("SQL-trace: %s\n", u.cs.zTrace);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  break;
}
#endif


................................................................................
abort_due_to_interrupt:
  assert( db->u1.isInterrupted );
  rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
  p->rc = rc;
  sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
  goto vdbe_error_halt;
}


/************** End of vdbe.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeblob.c ****************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 1
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, 0, 0, 200);
  errMsg.db = pParse->db;
  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
    char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
    if( j ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ", ", 2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, pTab->zName, -1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ".", 1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
  }
  zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, 
    (pIdx->autoIndex==2)?SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY:SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
    onError, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC, P5_ConstraintUnique);
}

................................................................................
    }else{
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol, 0);
    }
    if( pKey ){
      assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKey) );
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
        if( NEVER(zColl==0) ) zColl = "BINARY";

        pKey->aColl[i] = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
        pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      }
      if( pParse->nErr ){
        sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKey);
      }else{
        pIdx->pKeyInfo = pKey;
      }
................................................................................
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";
        nSep = 1;
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSep, nSep);
    }
    zVal = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zVal, nVal);
  }
}
static void groupConcatFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  StrAccum *pAccum;
  pAccum = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( pAccum ){
    if( pAccum->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG ){
................................................................................
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */

#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( pParse );
#endif
  assert( pRec!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  if( pRec==0 ) return;
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
................................................................................
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zColumn, -1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function returns a pointer to a string buffer containing a description
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, "ANY(", 4);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, z, -1);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
................................................................................
      db->lookaside.pFree = p;
      p = (LookasideSlot*)&((u8*)p)[sz];
    }
    db->lookaside.pEnd = p;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 1;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = pBuf==0 ?1:0;
  }else{

    db->lookaside.pEnd = 0;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_LOCKED:             zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED";            break;
      case SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE: zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE";break;
      case SQLITE_NOMEM:              zName = "SQLITE_NOMEM";             break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY:           zName = "SQLITE_READONLY";          break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK"; break;

      case SQLITE_INTERRUPT:          zName = "SQLITE_INTERRUPT";         break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR:              zName = "SQLITE_IOERR";             break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_READ:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_READ";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ:   zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ";  break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC";   break;


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>







1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
...
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
...
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
...
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
...
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
.....
12499
12500
12501
12502
12503
12504
12505
12506
12507
12508
12509
12510
12511
12512
12513
.....
13330
13331
13332
13333
13334
13335
13336
13337
13338
13339
13340
13341
13342
13343
13344
13345
13346
.....
13347
13348
13349
13350
13351
13352
13353
13354
13355
13356
13357
13358
13359
13360
13361
13362
13363
.....
13803
13804
13805
13806
13807
13808
13809
13810
13811
13812
13813
13814
13815
13816
13817
.....
17532
17533
17534
17535
17536
17537
17538
17539
17540
17541
17542
17543
17544
17545
17546
.....
17619
17620
17621
17622
17623
17624
17625
17626
17627
17628
17629
17630
17631
17632
17633
.....
19388
19389
19390
19391
19392
19393
19394
19395
19396
19397
19398
19399
19400
19401
19402
.....
19404
19405
19406
19407
19408
19409
19410
19411
19412
19413
19414
19415
19416
19417
19418
19419
19420
.....
19888
19889
19890
19891
19892
19893
19894
19895
19896
19897
19898
19899
19900
19901
19902
19903
19904
19905
19906
19907
19908
19909
.....
20108
20109
20110
20111
20112
20113
20114
20115
20116
20117
20118
20119
20120
20121
20122
.....
20220
20221
20222
20223
20224
20225
20226
20227
20228
20229
20230
20231
20232
20233
20234
.....
20355
20356
20357
20358
20359
20360
20361
20362
20363
20364
20365
20366
20367
20368
20369
.....
20378
20379
20380
20381
20382
20383
20384
20385
20386
20387
20388
20389
20390
20391
20392
20393
20394
20395
20396
20397
20398
20399
20400
20401
20402
20403
20404
20405
20406
20407
.....
20432
20433
20434
20435
20436
20437
20438
20439
20440
20441
20442
20443
20444
20445
20446
20447
20448
20449







20450

20451
20452
20453
20454
20455
20456
20457
20458
20459
20460
20461
20462
20463
20464
20465
20466
20467
20468
20469
20470
20471
20472
20473
20474
20475

20476
20477
20478
20479
20480
20481
20482
20483
20484
20485
20486
20487
20488
20489
20490
20491
20492
20493
20494
20495
20496
20497
20498
20499
20500
.....
20505
20506
20507
20508
20509
20510
20511
20512
20513
20514
20515
20516
20517
20518
20519
.....
22658
22659
22660
22661
22662
22663
22664
22665
22666
22667
22668
22669
22670
22671
22672
22673
22674
.....
24642
24643
24644
24645
24646
24647
24648
24649
24650
24651
24652
24653
24654
24655
24656
24657
24658
24659
24660
24661
24662
24663
24664
.....
24685
24686
24687
24688
24689
24690
24691
24692



24693
24694
24695
24696
24697
24698
24699
.....
27133
27134
27135
27136
27137
27138
27139
27140
27141
27142
27143
27144
27145
27146
27147
27148
27149
27150
.....
27418
27419
27420
27421
27422
27423
27424
27425
27426
27427
27428
27429
27430
27431
27432
.....
43930
43931
43932
43933
43934
43935
43936
43937
43938
43939
43940
43941
43942
43943
43944
43945
43946
43947
43948
43949
43950
43951
43952
43953
43954
43955
43956
43957
43958
43959
43960
43961
43962
43963
43964
43965
43966
43967
.....
44425
44426
44427
44428
44429
44430
44431
44432
44433
44434
44435
44436
44437
44438
44439
.....
44630
44631
44632
44633
44634
44635
44636
44637
44638
44639
44640
44641
44642
44643
44644
44645
44646
44647
44648
44649
44650
44651
44652
44653
44654
44655
44656
.....
44776
44777
44778
44779
44780
44781
44782



44783



44784
44785
44786
44787
44788
44789
44790
44791
.....
44906
44907
44908
44909
44910
44911
44912

44913
44914
44915
44916
44917
44918
44919
44920
44921
44922
44923
44924
44925
44926
44927
44928
44929
44930
44931
44932
.....
52056
52057
52058
52059
52060
52061
52062
52063
52064
52065
52066
52067
52068
52069
52070
.....
54596
54597
54598
54599
54600
54601
54602
54603
54604
54605
54606
54607
54608
54609
54610
54611
54612
54613
54614
54615
54616
54617
54618
54619
54620
54621

54622





54623
54624
54625
54626

54627
54628
54629
54630
54631











54632




54633
54634
54635
54636
54637
54638
54639
54640
.....
54645
54646
54647
54648
54649
54650
54651




54652
54653


54654




54655


54656
54657
54658
54659
54660
54661
54662
.....
54767
54768
54769
54770
54771
54772
54773


54774
54775
54776
54777
54778
54779
54780
.....
54781
54782
54783
54784
54785
54786
54787


54788


54789
54790
54791
54792
54793
54794
54795
54796
54797
54798
54799
54800
.....
54819
54820
54821
54822
54823
54824
54825
54826
54827
54828
54829
54830
54831
54832
54833
54834
54835
54836
54837
54838
54839
54840
54841
54842
.....
55084
55085
55086
55087
55088
55089
55090
55091


55092
55093
55094
55095
55096
55097
55098

55099
55100
55101
55102
55103
55104
55105
.....
55915
55916
55917
55918
55919
55920
55921
55922
55923
55924
55925
55926
55927
55928
55929
.....
56043
56044
56045
56046
56047
56048
56049

56050
56051
56052
56053
56054
56055
56056
.....
56067
56068
56069
56070
56071
56072
56073






56074
56075
56076
56077
56078
56079
56080
56081
56082
.....
56105
56106
56107
56108
56109
56110
56111



56112
56113
56114
56115
56116
56117
56118
.....
56155
56156
56157
56158
56159
56160
56161
56162






56163
56164
56165
56166
56167
56168
56169
.....
58117
58118
58119
58120
58121
58122
58123
58124
58125
58126
58127
58128
58129
58130
58131
.....
59693
59694
59695
59696
59697
59698
59699
59700
59701
59702
59703
59704
59705




59706
59707
59708
59709
59710
59711
59712
59713
59714
59715
59716
59717
59718
59719
59720
59721
59722

59723
59724
59725
59726
59727
59728
59729
59730
59731
59732
59733
59734
59735

59736
59737
59738
59739
59740
59741
59742
59743
59744
59745



59746

59747

59748
59749
59750
59751
59752
59753
59754
59755
.....
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935

59936
59937
59938
59939
59940
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
.....
60650
60651
60652
60653
60654
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665
60666
60667
60668
60669
60670
60671
60672
.....
60853
60854
60855
60856
60857
60858
60859
60860
60861
60862
60863
60864
60865
60866
60867
.....
60931
60932
60933
60934
60935
60936
60937

60938
60939
60940
60941
60942
60943
60944
.....
60946
60947
60948
60949
60950
60951
60952

60953
60954


60955
60956
60957

60958
60959
60960
60961
60962
60963
60964
60965
60966
.....
63845
63846
63847
63848
63849
63850
63851
63852
63853
63854





63855
63856
63857
63858
63859
63860

63861
63862
63863
63864
63865
63866
63867
.....
63868
63869
63870
63871
63872
63873
63874

63875
63876
63877
63878
63879
63880
63881
63882
63883
63884
63885

63886
63887








63888
63889
63890
63891
63892
63893
63894
.....
65806
65807
65808
65809
65810
65811
65812
65813
65814
65815
65816
65817
65818
65819
65820
.....
66650
66651
66652
66653
66654
66655
66656
66657






































































































































































































































































































































































































































66658
66659
66660
66661
66662
66663
66664
.....
66896
66897
66898
66899
66900
66901
66902

66903

66904
66905
66906
66907
66908
66909
66910
66911
66912
66913
66914
66915
66916
66917
.....
66952
66953
66954
66955
66956
66957
66958

66959
66960

66961
66962
66963
66964
66965
66966
66967
66968
66969
66970
66971
66972
66973
66974
66975
66976
66977
66978
.....
66987
66988
66989
66990
66991
66992
66993
66994
66995
66996
66997
66998
66999
67000
67001
67002
67003
67004
67005
67006
67007
67008
67009
67010
67011
67012
67013
67014
67015
.....
67115
67116
67117
67118
67119
67120
67121

67122
67123

67124
67125
67126
67127
67128
67129
67130
67131
67132
67133
67134
67135
67136
67137
67138
67139
.....
67154
67155
67156
67157
67158
67159
67160

67161

67162
67163
67164
67165
67166
67167
67168
67169
67170
67171
67172
67173
67174
67175
67176
67177
67178
67179
67180
67181
67182

67183
67184
67185
67186

67187
67188
67189
67190
67191
67192

67193
67194
67195
67196
67197
67198
67199
67200
67201
67202
67203
67204
67205
67206
67207
67208
67209
67210
67211
67212
67213
67214
67215
67216
67217
67218
67219
67220
67221
67222
67223
67224
67225

67226

67227
67228
67229
67230
67231
67232
67233
67234
67235
67236
67237
67238
67239
67240
67241
67242
67243
67244
67245
67246
.....
67273
67274
67275
67276
67277
67278
67279

67280
67281

67282
67283
67284
67285
67286
67287
67288
.....
67300
67301
67302
67303
67304
67305
67306
67307
67308
67309
67310
67311
67312
67313
67314
67315
.....
67328
67329
67330
67331
67332
67333
67334
67335
67336
67337
67338
67339
67340
67341
67342
67343
67344
67345
67346
67347
67348
67349
67350
.....
67361
67362
67363
67364
67365
67366
67367

67368

67369
67370
67371
67372
67373
67374
67375
67376
67377
67378
67379
67380
67381
67382
67383
67384
67385
67386
67387
67388
67389
67390
67391
67392
67393
67394
67395
67396
67397
67398
67399
67400
67401
67402
67403
.....
67438
67439
67440
67441
67442
67443
67444

67445
67446
67447
67448
67449
67450

67451
67452
67453
67454
67455
67456
67457
67458
67459
67460
67461
67462
67463
67464
67465
67466
67467
67468
67469
67470
67471
67472
67473
67474
67475
67476
67477
67478
67479
67480
67481
67482
67483
67484
67485
67486
67487
67488
67489
67490
67491
67492
67493
67494
67495
67496
67497
67498
67499
67500
67501
67502
67503
67504
67505
67506
67507
67508
67509
67510
67511
67512
67513
67514
67515
67516
67517
67518
67519
67520
67521
67522
.....
67561
67562
67563
67564
67565
67566
67567

67568
67569
67570
67571
67572

67573
67574
67575

67576
67577
67578
67579
67580
67581
67582
67583
67584
67585
67586
67587
67588
67589
67590
67591
67592
67593
67594
67595
67596
67597
67598
67599
67600
67601
67602
67603
67604
67605
67606
67607
67608
67609
67610
67611
67612
67613
67614
67615
67616
67617
67618
67619
67620
67621
67622
67623
67624
67625
67626
67627
67628
67629
67630
67631
67632
67633
67634
67635
67636
67637
67638
67639
67640
67641
67642
67643
67644
67645
67646
67647
.....
67685
67686
67687
67688
67689
67690
67691

67692
67693
67694
67695

67696
67697
67698
67699
67700
67701
67702
67703
67704
67705
67706
67707
67708
67709
67710
67711
67712
67713
67714
67715
67716
67717
67718
67719
67720
67721
67722
67723
67724
67725
67726
67727
67728
67729
67730
67731
67732
67733
67734
67735
67736
67737
67738
67739
67740
67741
67742
.....
67982
67983
67984
67985
67986
67987
67988

67989
67990
67991
67992

67993
67994
67995
67996
67997
67998
67999
68000
68001
68002
68003
68004
68005
68006
68007
68008
68009
68010
68011
68012
68013
68014
68015
68016
68017
68018
68019
68020
.....
68024
68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
68034
68035
68036
68037
68038
68039
68040
68041
68042
68043
68044
68045
68046
68047
68048
68049
68050
68051
68052
68053
68054
68055
68056
68057
68058
68059
68060
68061
68062
68063
68064
68065
68066
68067
68068
68069
68070
68071
.....
68097
68098
68099
68100
68101
68102
68103

68104
68105
68106
68107
68108
68109
68110
68111

68112
68113
68114
68115
68116
68117
68118
68119
68120
68121
68122
68123
68124
68125
68126
68127
68128
68129
68130
68131
68132
68133
68134
68135
68136
68137
68138
68139
68140
68141
68142
68143
68144
68145
68146
68147
68148
68149
.....
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188

68189
68190

68191
68192
68193
68194
68195
68196
68197
68198
68199
68200
68201
68202
68203
68204
68205
68206
68207
68208
68209
68210
68211
68212
68213
68214
68215
68216
68217
68218
68219
68220
68221
68222
.....
68279
68280
68281
68282
68283
68284
68285

68286

68287
68288
68289
68290
68291
68292
68293
68294
68295
68296
68297
68298
68299
68300
68301
68302
68303
68304
68305
.....
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355

68356
68357
68358
68359
68360
68361
68362
.....
68367
68368
68369
68370
68371
68372
68373

68374
68375
68376
68377
68378
68379
68380
68381
68382
68383
68384

68385
68386
68387
68388
68389
68390

68391
68392
68393
68394
68395
68396
68397
68398
68399
68400
68401
68402
68403
68404
68405
68406

68407
68408
68409
68410
68411
68412
68413
68414
68415
68416
68417
68418
68419
68420
68421
68422
68423
68424
68425
68426
68427
68428
68429
68430
68431
68432
68433
68434
68435
68436
68437
68438
68439
68440
68441
68442
68443
68444
68445
68446
68447
68448
68449
68450
68451
68452
68453
68454
68455
68456
68457
68458
68459
68460
68461
68462
68463
68464
68465
68466
68467
68468
68469
68470
68471
68472
68473
68474
68475
68476
68477
68478
68479
68480
68481
68482
68483
68484
68485
68486
68487
68488
68489
68490
68491
68492
68493
68494
68495
68496
68497
68498
68499
68500
68501
68502
68503
68504
68505
68506
68507
68508
68509
68510
68511
68512
68513
68514
68515
68516
68517
68518
68519
68520
68521
68522
68523
68524
68525
68526
68527
68528
68529
68530
68531
68532
68533
68534
68535
68536
68537
68538
68539
68540
68541
68542
68543
68544
68545
68546
68547
68548
68549
68550
68551
68552
68553
68554
68555
68556
68557
68558
68559
68560
68561
68562
68563
68564
68565
68566
68567
68568
68569
68570
68571
68572
68573
68574
68575
68576
68577
68578
68579
68580
68581
68582
68583
68584
68585
68586
68587
68588
68589
68590
68591
68592
68593
68594
68595
68596
68597
68598
68599
68600
68601
68602
68603
68604
68605
68606
68607
68608
68609
68610
68611
68612
68613
68614
68615
68616
68617
68618
68619

68620
68621

68622
68623
68624
68625
68626
68627
68628
68629
68630
68631
68632
68633
68634
68635
68636
68637
68638
.....
68647
68648
68649
68650
68651
68652
68653

68654
68655
68656
68657
68658
68659
68660
68661
68662
68663
68664
68665
68666
68667
68668
68669

68670
68671
68672
68673
68674
68675
68676
68677
68678
68679
68680
68681
68682
68683
68684
68685
68686
68687
68688
68689
68690
68691
68692
68693
68694
68695
68696
68697
68698
68699
68700
68701
68702
68703
68704
68705
68706
68707
68708
68709
68710
68711
68712
68713
68714
68715
68716
68717
68718
68719
68720
68721
68722
68723
68724
68725
68726
68727
68728
68729
68730
68731
68732
68733
68734
68735
68736
68737
68738
68739
68740
68741
68742
68743
68744
68745
68746
68747
68748
68749
68750
68751
68752
68753
68754
68755
68756
68757
68758
68759
68760
68761
68762
68763
68764
68765
68766
68767



68768

68769
68770
68771
68772
68773
68774
68775
68776
68777
68778
68779
68780
68781
68782
68783
68784
68785
68786
.....
68789
68790
68791
68792
68793
68794
68795

68796
68797

68798
68799
68800
68801
68802
68803
68804
68805
68806
68807
68808
68809
68810
68811
68812
68813
68814

68815
68816
68817
68818
68819
68820
68821
68822

68823
68824
68825
68826
68827
68828
68829
68830

68831
68832
68833
68834
68835
68836
68837
68838
68839
68840
68841
68842
68843
68844
68845
68846
68847
68848
68849
68850
68851
68852
68853
68854
68855
68856
68857
68858
68859
68860
68861
68862
68863
68864
68865
68866
68867
68868
68869
68870
68871
68872
68873
68874
68875
68876
68877
68878
68879
68880
68881
68882
68883
68884
68885
68886
68887
68888
68889
68890
68891
68892
68893
68894
68895
68896
68897
68898
68899
68900
68901
68902
68903
68904
68905
68906
68907
68908
68909
68910
68911
68912
68913
68914
68915
68916
68917
68918
68919
68920
68921
68922
68923
68924
68925
68926
68927
68928
68929
68930
68931
68932
68933
68934
68935
68936
68937
68938
68939
68940
68941
68942
68943
68944
68945
68946
68947
68948
68949
68950
68951
68952
68953
68954
68955
68956
68957
68958
68959
68960
68961
68962
68963
68964
68965
68966
68967
68968
68969
68970
68971
68972
68973
68974
68975
68976
.....
68981
68982
68983
68984
68985
68986
68987

68988
68989
68990

68991
68992
68993
68994
68995
68996
68997
68998
68999
69000
69001
69002
69003
69004
69005
69006
69007
69008
69009
69010
69011
69012
69013
69014
69015
69016
69017
69018
69019
69020
69021
69022
69023
69024
69025
69026
69027
69028
69029
69030
69031
69032
69033
69034
69035
69036
.....
69037
69038
69039
69040
69041
69042
69043
69044
69045
69046
69047
69048
69049
69050
69051
69052
69053
69054
.....
69078
69079
69080
69081
69082
69083
69084

69085

69086
69087
69088
69089
69090
69091
69092
69093
69094
69095
69096
69097
69098
69099
69100
69101
69102
69103
69104
69105
69106
69107
69108
69109
69110
69111
69112
69113
69114
69115
69116
69117
69118
69119
69120
69121
69122
69123
69124
69125
69126
69127
.....
69139
69140
69141
69142
69143
69144
69145

69146
69147
69148

69149
69150
69151
69152
69153

69154
69155
69156
69157
69158
69159
69160
69161
69162
69163
69164
69165
69166
.....
69167
69168
69169
69170
69171
69172
69173

69174

69175
69176
69177
69178
69179
69180
69181
69182
69183
69184
69185
69186
69187
69188
69189
69190
69191
69192
69193
69194
69195
69196
69197
69198
69199
.....
69215
69216
69217
69218
69219
69220
69221

69222
69223
69224

69225
69226
69227
69228
69229
69230
69231
69232
69233
69234
69235
69236
69237
69238
69239
69240
69241
69242
69243
69244
69245
69246
69247
69248
69249
69250
69251
69252
69253
69254
69255
69256
69257
69258
69259
69260
.....
69309
69310
69311
69312
69313
69314
69315

69316
69317
69318
69319
69320
69321
69322
69323

69324
69325
69326
69327
69328
69329
69330
69331
69332
69333
69334
69335
69336
69337
69338
69339
69340
69341
69342
69343
69344
69345
69346
69347
69348
69349
69350
69351
69352
69353
69354
69355
69356
69357
69358
69359
69360
69361
69362
69363
69364
69365
69366
69367
69368
69369
69370
69371
69372
69373
69374
69375
69376
69377
69378
69379
69380
69381
69382
69383
69384
69385
69386
69387
69388
69389
69390
69391
69392
69393
69394
69395
69396
69397
69398
69399
69400
69401
69402
69403
69404
69405
.....
69423
69424
69425
69426
69427
69428
69429

69430
69431

69432
69433
69434
69435
69436
69437
69438
69439
69440
69441
69442
69443
69444
69445
69446
69447
69448
69449
69450
69451
69452
69453
69454
69455
69456
69457
69458
69459
69460
69461
69462
69463
69464
69465
69466
69467
69468
69469
69470
69471
69472
69473
69474
69475
69476
69477
69478
69479
69480
69481
69482

69483

69484
69485
69486
69487
69488
69489
69490
69491
69492
69493
69494
69495
69496
69497
69498
69499
.....
69507
69508
69509
69510
69511
69512
69513

69514

69515
69516
69517
69518
69519
69520
69521
69522
69523
69524
69525
69526
69527
69528
69529
69530
.....
69592
69593
69594
69595
69596
69597
69598

69599
69600
69601
69602
69603
69604

69605
69606
69607
69608
69609
69610
69611
69612
69613
69614
69615
69616
69617
69618
69619
69620
69621
69622
69623
69624
69625
69626
69627
69628
69629
69630
69631
69632
69633
69634
69635
69636
69637
69638
69639
69640
69641
69642
69643
69644
69645
69646
69647
69648
69649
69650
69651
69652
69653
69654
69655
69656
69657
69658
69659
69660
69661
69662
69663
69664
69665
69666
69667
69668
69669
69670
69671
69672
69673
69674
69675
69676
69677
69678
69679
69680
69681
69682
69683
69684
69685
69686
69687
69688
69689
69690
69691
69692
69693
69694
69695
69696
69697
69698
69699
69700
69701
69702
69703
69704
69705
69706
69707
69708
69709
69710
69711
69712
69713
69714
69715
69716
69717
69718
69719
69720
69721
69722
69723
69724
69725
69726
69727
69728
69729
69730
69731
69732
69733
.....
69736
69737
69738
69739
69740
69741
69742

69743

69744
69745
69746
69747
69748
69749
69750
69751
69752
69753
69754
69755
69756
69757
69758
69759
69760
69761
.....
69802
69803
69804
69805
69806
69807
69808

69809
69810
69811
69812
69813
69814
69815
69816

69817
69818
69819
69820
69821

69822
69823
69824
69825
69826
69827
69828
69829
69830
69831
69832
69833
69834
69835
69836
69837
69838
69839
69840
69841
69842
69843
69844
69845
69846
69847
69848
69849
69850
69851
69852
69853
69854
69855
69856
69857
69858
69859
69860
69861
69862
69863
69864
69865
69866
69867
69868
69869
69870
69871
69872
69873
69874
69875
69876
69877
69878
69879
69880
69881
69882
69883
69884
69885
69886
69887
69888
.....
69894
69895
69896
69897
69898
69899
69900

69901
69902
69903
69904

69905
69906
69907
69908
69909
69910
69911
69912
69913
69914
69915
69916
69917
69918
69919
69920
69921
69922
69923
69924
69925
69926
69927
69928
69929
69930
69931
69932
69933
69934
.....
69956
69957
69958
69959
69960
69961
69962

69963
69964
69965
69966
69967
69968

69969
69970
69971
69972
69973
69974
69975
69976
69977
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
.....
69984
69985
69986
69987
69988
69989
69990
69991
69992
69993
69994
69995
69996
69997
69998
69999
70000
70001
70002
70003
70004
70005
70006
70007
70008
70009
70010
70011
70012
70013
70014
70015
70016
70017
70018
70019
70020
70021
70022
70023
70024
70025
70026
70027
70028
70029
70030
70031
70032
70033
70034
70035
70036
70037
70038
70039
70040
70041
70042
70043
70044
70045
70046
70047
70048
70049
70050
70051
70052
70053
70054
70055
70056
70057
70058
70059
70060
70061
70062
70063
70064
70065
70066
70067
70068
70069
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
71782
71783
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71796
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.....
71859
71860
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.....
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71902
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71912
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71920
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.....
71952
71953
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71970
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71994
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71999
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72001
72002
72003
72004
72005
72006
72007
72008
72009
72010
72011
72012
72013
72014
.....
72015
72016
72017
72018
72019
72020
72021

72022
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.....
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72100
72101
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72103
72104
72105
72106
72107
72108
72109
72110
72111
72112
72113
72114
72115
.....
72117
72118
72119
72120
72121
72122
72123

72124
72125

72126
72127
72128
72129
72130
72131
72132
72133
72134
72135
72136
72137
72138
72139
72140
72141
72142
72143
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72146
72147
.....
72166
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
90689
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90693
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90695
90696
90697
90698
90699
90700
90701
90702
90703
90704
90705
90706
90707
......
109765
109766
109767
109768
109769
109770
109771
109772

109773
109774
109775
109776
109777
109778
109779
......
110428
110429
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110436
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110440
110441
110442
......
110474
110475
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110477
110478
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110482
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110486
110487
110488
......
119032
119033
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119047
......
119531
119532
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119538
119539
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119541
119542
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119545
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.3.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.3"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008003
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-12-11 12:02:55 3e1d55f0bd84810a035bd6c54583eb373784a9a3"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
** was first opened.
**
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum*, char*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum*,const char*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(StrAccum*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SMALL_STACK
  "SMALL_STACK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX
  "SOUNDEX",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC
  "SYSTEM_MALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TCL
  "TCL",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE) && !defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc)
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
................................................................................
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
  "WIN32_MALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
  "ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
void sqliteVdbePopStack(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(VdbeCursor*);
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE*, int, Op*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, Mem*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
................................................................................
** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes.  The
** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead.  This only
** works for chunks that are currently checked out.
*/
static int memsys5Size(void *p){
  int iSize = 0;
  if( p ){
    int i = (int)(((u8 *)p-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom);
    assert( i>=0 && i<mem5.nBlock );
    iSize = mem5.szAtom * (1 << (mem5.aCtrl[i]&CTRL_LOGSIZE));
  }
  return iSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
static void memsys5FreeUnsafe(void *pOld){
  u32 size, iLogsize;
  int iBlock;

  /* Set iBlock to the index of the block pointed to by pOld in 
  ** the array of mem5.szAtom byte blocks pointed to by mem5.zPool.
  */
  iBlock = (int)(((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)/mem5.szAtom);

  /* Check that the pointer pOld points to a valid, non-free block. */
  assert( iBlock>=0 && iBlock<mem5.nBlock );
  assert( ((u8 *)pOld-mem5.zPool)%mem5.szAtom==0 );
  assert( (mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_FREE)==0 );

  iLogsize = mem5.aCtrl[iBlock] & CTRL_LOGSIZE;
................................................................................
}

/*
** TRUE if p is a lookaside memory allocation from db
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
static int isLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  return p>=db->lookaside.pStart && p<db->lookaside.pEnd;
}
#else
#define isLookaside(A,B) 0
#endif

/*
** Return the size of a memory allocation previously obtained from
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
    return db->lookaside.sz;
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    assert( db!=0 || sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE) );
    return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, sizeof(zSpaces)-1);
    N -= sizeof(zSpaces)-1;
  }
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
  }
}

/*
** Set the StrAccum object to an error mode.
*/
void setStrAccumError(StrAccum *p, u8 eError){
  p->accError = eError;
  p->nAlloc = 0;
}

/*
** On machines with a small stack size, you can redefine the
** SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE to be something smaller, if desired.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE
# define SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE 70
................................................................................
        if( precision<etBUFSIZE-10 ){
          nOut = etBUFSIZE;
          zOut = buf;
        }else{
          nOut = precision + 10;
          zOut = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( nOut );
          if( zOut==0 ){
            setStrAccumError(pAccum, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
            return;
          }
        }
        bufpt = &zOut[nOut-1];
        if( xtype==etORDINAL ){
          static const char zOrd[] = "thstndrd";
          int x = (int)(longvalue % 10);
................................................................................
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }
        if( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width > etBUFSIZE - 15 ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( MAX(e2,0)+precision+width+15 );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            setStrAccumError(pAccum, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
            return;
          }
        }
        zOut = bufpt;
        nsd = 16 + flag_altform2*10;
        flag_dp = (precision>0 ?1:0) | flag_alternateform | flag_altform2;
        /* The sign in front of the number */
................................................................................
          if( ch==q )  n++;
        }
        needQuote = !isnull && xtype==etSQLESCAPE2;
        n += i + 1 + needQuote*2;
        if( n>etBUFSIZE ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( n );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            setStrAccumError(pAccum, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
            return;
          }
        }else{
          bufpt = buf;
        }
        j = 0;
        if( needQuote ) bufpt[j++] = q;
................................................................................
        /* The precision in %q and %Q means how many input characters to
        ** consume, not the length of the output...
        ** if( precision>=0 && precision<length ) length = precision; */
        break;
      }
      case etTOKEN: {
        Token *pToken = va_arg(ap, Token*);
        if( pToken && pToken->n ){
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, (const char*)pToken->z, pToken->n);
        }
        length = width = 0;
        break;
      }
      case etSRCLIST: {
        SrcList *pSrc = va_arg(ap, SrcList*);
        int k = va_arg(ap, int);
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pSrc->a[k];
        assert( k>=0 && k<pSrc->nSrc );
        if( pItem->zDatabase ){
          sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pAccum, pItem->zDatabase);
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, ".", 1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pAccum, pItem->zName);
        length = width = 0;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( xtype==etINVALID );
        return;
      }
................................................................................
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 || p->accError );
  assert( N>=0 );
  assert( p->accError==0 || p->nAlloc==0 );
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){
    char *zNew;
    if( p->accError ){
      testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      return;
    }







    if( !p->useMalloc ){

      N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      if( N<=0 ){
        return;
      }
    }else{
      char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
      i64 szNew = p->nChar;
      szNew += N + 1;
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{

        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( p->zText );
  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}

/*
** Append the complete text of zero-terminated string z[] to the p string.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(StrAccum *p, const char *z){
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(p, z, sqlite3Strlen30(z));
}


/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
................................................................................
        p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );
      }else{
        p->zText = sqlite3_malloc(p->nChar+1);
      }
      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
      }else{
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      }
    }
  }
  return p->zText;
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ){
    return x>60 ? (u64)LARGEST_INT64 : (n+8)<<(x-3);
  }
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
................................................................................
  }else{
    pInode->nRef++;
  }
  *ppInode = pInode;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if pFile has been renamed or unlinked since it was first opened.
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&
         (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
** (1) There is exactly one hard link on the file
** (2) The file is not a symbolic link
** (3) The file has not been renamed or unlinked
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  if( buf.st_nlink>1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING, "multiple links to file: %s", pFile->zPath);
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_WARNED;
    return;
  }
  if( fileHasMoved(pFile) ){



    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING, "file renamed while open: %s", pFile->zPath);
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_WARNED;
    return;
  }
}


................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED: {
      *(int*)pArg = fileHasMoved(pFile);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................
    rc = (rc!=(-1)) ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

  /* Update the global lock state and do debug tracing */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { u16 mask;
  OSTRACE(("SHM-LOCK "));
  mask = ofst>31 ? 0xffffffff : (1<<(ofst+n)) - (1<<ofst);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( lockType==F_UNLCK ){
      OSTRACE(("unlock %d ok", ofst));
      pShmNode->exclMask &= ~mask;
      pShmNode->sharedMask &= ~mask;
    }else if( lockType==F_RDLCK ){
      OSTRACE(("read-lock %d ok", ofst));
................................................................................
  /* pPager->szMmap = SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE // will be set by btree.c */

  *ppPager = pPager;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* Verify that the database file has not be deleted or renamed out from
** under the pager.  Return SQLITE_OK if the database is still were it ought
** to be on disk.  Return non-zero (SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED or some other error
** code from sqlite3OsAccess()) if the database has gone missing.
*/
static int databaseIsUnmoved(Pager *pPager){
  int bHasMoved = 0;
  int rc;

  if( pPager->tempFile ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->dbSize==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPager->zFilename && pPager->zFilename[0] );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED, &bHasMoved);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    /* If the HAS_MOVED file-control is unimplemented, assume that the file
    ** has not been moved.  That is the historical behavior of SQLite: prior to
    ** version 3.8.3, it never checked */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bHasMoved ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** This function is called after transitioning from PAGER_UNLOCK to
** PAGER_SHARED state. It tests if there is a hot journal present in
** the file-system for the given pager. A hot journal is one that 
** needs to be played back. According to this function, a hot-journal
** file exists if the following criteria are met:
................................................................................
  }else{

    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      rc = sqlite3WalFindFrame(pPager->pWal, pgno, &iFrame);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    if( bMmapOk && iFrame==0 ){
      void *pData = 0;

      rc = sqlite3OsFetch(pPager->fd, 
          (i64)(pgno-1) * pPager->pageSize, pPager->pageSize, &pData
      );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pData ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        const int flags =                   /* VFS flags to open journal file */
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          (pPager->tempFile ? 
            (SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL):
            (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL)
          );

        /* Verify that the database still has the same name as it did when
        ** it was originally opened. */
        rc = databaseIsUnmoved(pPager);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
          rc = sqlite3JournalOpen(
              pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, jrnlBufferSize(pPager)
          );
#else
          rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, 0);
#endif
        }
      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
    }
  
  
    /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
    ** the sub-journal if necessary.
................................................................................
  ** It is never called in the ERROR state.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );



  assert( pPager->errCode==0 );



  assert( pPager->readOnly==0 );

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* The journal file needs to be opened. Higher level routines have already
  ** obtained the necessary locks to begin the write-transaction, but the
  ** rollback journal might not yet be open. Open it now if this is the case.
  **
................................................................................
** as appropriate. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage *pDbPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = pDbPage;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;


  assert( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_MMAP)==0 );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( pPager->sectorSize > (u32)pPager->pageSize ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */
    Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

    /* Set the doNotSpill NOSYNC bit to 1. This is because we cannot allow
    ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
    ** this function.
    */
    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( (pPager->doNotSpill & SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC)==0 );
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( bReadonly==PAGER_GET_READONLY || bReadonly==0 );

  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }else{
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, bReadonly);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (*ppPage)->isInit==0 ){
      rc = btreeInitPage(*ppPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(*ppPage);
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if index btrees (pPage->intKey==0) and is the data for
** table btrees (pPage->intKey==1). The number of bytes of available
** key/data is written into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value
** returned will not be a valid pointer.
**
** This routine is an optimization.  It is common for the entire key
** and data to fit on the local page and for there to be no overflow
** pages.  When that is so, this routine can be used to access the
** key and data without making a copy.  If the key and/or data spills
** onto overflow pages, then accessPayload() must be used to reassemble
** the key/data and copy it into a preallocated buffer.
**
** The pointer returned by this routine looks directly into the cached
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const void *fetchPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */

){





  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage], pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
                   &pCur->info);
  }











  *pAmt = pCur->info.nLocal;




  return (void*)(pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader);
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
** many bytes of the key or data as are available on the local
** b-tree page.  Write the number of available bytes into *pAmt.
................................................................................
** Hence, a mutex on the BtShared should be held prior to calling
** this routine.
**
** These routines is used to get quick access to key and data
** in the common case where no overflow pages are used.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pAmt){




  return fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt);
}


SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pAmt){




  return fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt);


}


/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.
**
................................................................................
** indicating a table b-tree, or if the caller did specify a KeyInfo 
** structure the flags byte is set to 0x02 or 0x0A, indicating an index
** b-tree).
*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( CURSOR_INVALID < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_VALID   < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){


    while( pCur->iPage ) releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);


  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                        pCur->wrFlag==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;

................................................................................
  assert( pRoot->isInit && (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)==pRoot->intKey );

  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell>0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
  }else if( !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);
  }else{
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
................................................................................
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
        ** 2 bytes of the cell.
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload ){


          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal

        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
................................................................................

  /* Fill in the header. */
  nHeader = 0;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    nHeader += 4;
  }
  if( pPage->hasData ){
    nHeader += putVarint32(&pCell[nHeader], nData+nZero);
  }else{
    nData = nZero = 0;
  }
  nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&nKey);
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( info.nHeader==nHeader );
  assert( info.nKey==nKey );
................................................................................
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz, int *pRC){
  u32 pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */

  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
  }






  pPage->nCell--;
  memmove(ptr, ptr+2, 2*(pPage->nCell - idx));
  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], pPage->nCell);
  pPage->nFree += 2;
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
................................................................................
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */
  int end;          /* First byte past the last cell pointer in data[] */
  int ins;          /* Index in data[] where new cell pointer is inserted */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */



  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );
    pPage->nCell++;
    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx+nSkip], pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    memmove(&data[ins+2], &data[ins], end-ins);






    put2byte(&data[ins], idx);
    put2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3], pPage->nCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
................................................................................
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( zMsg1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&pCheck->errMsg, zMsg1);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
  assert(rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || pMem->enc==desiredEnc);
  return rc;
#endif
}

/*
** Make sure pMem->z points to a writable allocation of at least 
** min(n,32) bytes.
**
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.




*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( 1 >=
    ((pMem->zMalloc && pMem->zMalloc==pMem->z) ? 1 : 0) +
    (((pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)&&pMem->xDel) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Static) ? 1 : 0)
  );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

  if( pMem->zMalloc==0 || sqlite3DbMallocSize(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc)<n ){
    if( n<32 ) n = 32;

    if( bPreserve && pMem->z==pMem->zMalloc ){
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      bPreserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
    if( pMem->zMalloc==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;  
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }


  if( pMem->z && bPreserve && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 && pMem->xDel ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;



  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);

  pMem->xDel = 0;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
** malloc().  In this way, we know that the memory is safe to be
** overwritten or altered.
................................................................................
/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.type==SQLITE_TEXT).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  VdbeMemRelease(p);
  if( p->zMalloc ){
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);

    p->zMalloc = 0;
  }
  p->z = 0;
  assert( p->xDel==0 );  /* Zeroed by VdbeMemRelease() above */
}

/*
** Convert a 64-bit IEEE double into a 64-bit signed integer.
** If the double is out of range of a 64-bit signed integer then
** return the closest available 64-bit signed integer.
*/
................................................................................

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;   /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord));
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)((u8*)pRec + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)));
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
................................................................................
  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
  if( aRet==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    aRet[0] = nSerial+1;
    sqlite3PutVarint(&aRet[1], iSerial);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&aRet[1+nSerial], argv[0], iSerial);
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, aRet, nRet, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aRet);
  }
}

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help read ANALYZE data.
................................................................................
  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);

    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;

        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }


    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);

  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Write the serialized data blob for the value stored in pMem into 
** buf. It is assumed that the caller has allocated sufficient space.
** Return the number of bytes written.
**
** nBuf is the amount of space left in buf[].  The caller is responsible
** for allocating enough space to buf[] to hold the entire field, exclusive
** of the pMem->u.nZero bytes for a MEM_Zero value.





**
** Return the number of bytes actually written into buf[].  The number
** of bytes in the zero-filled tail is included in the return value only
** if those bytes were zeroed in buf[].
*/ 
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(u8 *buf, Mem *pMem, u32 serial_type){

  u32 len;

  /* Integer and Real */
  if( serial_type<=7 && serial_type>0 ){
    u64 v;
    u32 i;
    if( serial_type==7 ){
................................................................................
      assert( sizeof(v)==sizeof(pMem->r) );
      memcpy(&v, &pMem->r, sizeof(v));
      swapMixedEndianFloat(v);
    }else{
      v = pMem->u.i;
    }
    len = i = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);

    while( i-- ){
      buf[i] = (u8)(v&0xFF);
      v >>= 8;
    }
    return len;
  }

  /* String or blob */
  if( serial_type>=12 ){
    assert( pMem->n + ((pMem->flags & MEM_Zero)?pMem->u.nZero:0)
             == (int)sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type) );

    len = pMem->n;
    memcpy(buf, pMem->z, len);








    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
                      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]);
  out.db = db;
  if( db->nVdbeExec>1 ){
    while( *zRawSql ){
      const char *zStart = zRawSql;
      while( *(zRawSql++)!='\n' && *zRawSql );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, "-- ", 3);
      assert( (zRawSql - zStart) > 0 );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zStart, (int)(zRawSql-zStart));
    }
  }else{
    while( zRawSql[0] ){
      n = findNextHostParameter(zRawSql, &nToken);
      assert( n>0 );
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&out, zRawSql, n);
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut = 0;             /* Output operand */
  int *aPermute = 0;         /* Permutation of columns for OP_Compare */
  i64 lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Saved value of the last insert ROWID */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  u64 start;                 /* CPU clock count at start of opcode */
  int origPc;                /* Program counter at start of opcode */
#endif
  /*** INSERT STACK UNION HERE ***/







































































































































































































































































































































































































































  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode:  Yield P1 * * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1 */

  int pcDest;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  if r[P3] null then halt
**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
................................................................................
** omitted.
**
** There is an implied "Halt 0 0 0" instruction inserted at the very end of
** every program.  So a jump past the last instruction of the program
** is the same as executing Halt.
*/
case OP_Halt: {

  const char *zType;
  const char *zLogFmt;


  if( pOp->p1==SQLITE_OK && p->pFrame ){
    /* Halt the sub-program. Return control to the parent frame. */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame = p->pFrame;
    p->pFrame = pFrame->pParent;
    p->nFrame--;
    sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
    pc = sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
    lastRowid = db->lastRowid;
    if( pOp->p2==OE_Ignore ){
      /* Instruction pc is the OP_Program that invoked the sub-program 
      ** currently being halted. If the p2 instruction of this OP_Halt
      ** instruction is set to OE_Ignore, then the sub-program is throwing
      ** an IGNORE exception. In this case jump to the address specified
      ** as the p2 of the calling OP_Program.  */
      pc = p->aOp[pc].p2-1;
    }
    aOp = p->aOp;
................................................................................
      static const char * const azType[] = { "NOT NULL", "UNIQUE", "CHECK",
                                             "FOREIGN KEY" };
      assert( pOp->p5>=1 && pOp->p5<=4 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==1 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==2 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==3 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==4 );
      zType = azType[pOp->p5-1];
    }else{
      zType = 0;
    }
    assert( zType!=0 || pOp->p4.z!=0 );
    zLogFmt = "abort at %d in [%s]: %s";
    if( zType && pOp->p4.z ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed: %s", 
                       zType, pOp->p4.z);
    }else if( pOp->p4.z ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", pOp->p4.z);
    }else{
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed", zType);
    }
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, zLogFmt, pc, p->zSql, p->zErrMsg);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
................................................................................
** set to NULL.
**
** If the P1 value is non-zero, then also set the MEM_Cleared flag so that
** NULL values will not compare equal even if SQLITE_NULLEQ is set on
** OP_Ne or OP_Eq.
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */

  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;

  cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = nullFlag;
    cnt--;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
................................................................................
**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4 and P3==1.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */

  Mem *pVar;       /* Value being transferred */


  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nVar );
  assert( pOp->p4.z==0 || pOp->p4.z==p->azVar[pOp->p1-1] );
  pVar = &p->aVar[pOp->p1 - 1];
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pVar) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pVar, MEM_Static);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Move the values in register P1..P1+P3 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3.  Registers P1..P1+P3 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3 and P2..P2+P3 to overlap.
*/
case OP_Move: {

  char *zMalloc;   /* Holding variable for allocated memory */
  int n;           /* Number of registers left to copy */
  int p1;          /* Register to copy from */
  int p2;          /* Register to copy to */


  n = pOp->p3;
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( n>=0 && p1>0 && p2>0 );
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );


  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif
    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( n-- );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
**
** This instruction makes a deep copy of the value.  A duplicate
** is made of any string or blob constant.  See also OP_SCopy.
*/
case OP_Copy: {

  int n;


  n = pOp->p3;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  while( 1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);
    Deephemeralize(pOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    pOut->pScopyFrom = 0;
#endif
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+pOp->p3-n, pOut);
    if( (n--)==0 ) break;
    pOut++;
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SCopy P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the top P1 values as the result
** row.
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {

  Mem *pMem;
  int i;

  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Run the progress counter just before returning.
  */
................................................................................
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
    break;
  }

  /* If the SQLITE_CountRows flag is set in sqlite3.flags mask, then 
  ** DML statements invoke this opcode to return the number of rows 
  ** modified to the user. This is the only way that a VM that
  ** opens a statement transaction may invoke this opcode.
  **
  ** In case this is such a statement, close any statement transaction
  ** opened by this VM before returning control to the user. This is to
  ** ensure that statement-transactions are always nested, not overlapping.
  ** If the open statement-transaction is not closed here, then the user
................................................................................
  /* Invalidate all ephemeral cursor row caches */
  p->cacheCtr = (p->cacheCtr + 2)|1;

  /* Make sure the results of the current row are \000 terminated
  ** and have an assigned type.  The results are de-ephemeralized as
  ** a side effect.
  */
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&pMem[i]);
    assert( (pMem[i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (pMem[i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&pMem[i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
  rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
**   P3 = P2 || P1
**
** It is illegal for P1 and P3 to be the same register. Sometimes,
** if P3 is the same register as P2, the implementation is able
** to avoid a memcpy().
*/
case OP_Concat: {           /* same as TK_CONCAT, in1, in2, out3 */

  i64 nByte;


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn1!=pOut );
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags) & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    break;
  }
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Add P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]
................................................................................
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Subtract:              /* same as TK_MINUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Multiply:              /* same as TK_STAR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Divide:                /* same as TK_SLASH, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Remainder: {           /* same as TK_REM, in1, in2, out3 */

  char bIntint;   /* Started out as two integer operands */
  int flags;      /* Combined MEM_* flags from both inputs */
  i64 iA;         /* Integer value of left operand */
  i64 iB;         /* Integer value of right operand */
  double rA;      /* Real value of left operand */
  double rB;      /* Real value of right operand */


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn2);
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  flags = pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags;
  if( (flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
  if( (pIn1->flags & pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)==MEM_Int ){
    iA = pIn1->u.i;
    iB = pIn2->u.i;
    bIntint = 1;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:       if( sqlite3AddInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Subtract:  if( sqlite3SubInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Multiply:  if( sqlite3MulInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Divide: {
        if( iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( iA==-1 && iB==SMALLEST_INT64 ) goto fp_math;
        iB /= iA;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        if( iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( iA==-1 ) iA = 1;
        iB %= iA;
        break;
      }
    }
    pOut->u.i = iB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }else{
    bIntint = 0;
fp_math:
    rA = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1);
    rB = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn2);
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:         rB += rA;       break;
      case OP_Subtract:    rB -= rA;       break;
      case OP_Multiply:    rB *= rA;       break;
      case OP_Divide: {
        /* (double)0 In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
        if( rA==(double)0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        rB /= rA;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        iA = (i64)rA;
        iB = (i64)rB;
        if( iA==0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
        if( iA==-1 ) iA = 1;
        rB = (double)(iB % iA);
        break;
      }
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    pOut->u.i = rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
#else
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(rB) ){
      goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
    }
    pOut->r = rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Real);
    if( (flags & MEM_Real)==0 && !bIntint ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pOut);
    }
#endif
  }
  break;

arithmetic_result_is_null:
................................................................................
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: AggStep and AggFinal
*/
case OP_Function: {

  int i;
  Mem *pArg;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;


  n = pOp->p5;
  apVal = p->apArg;

  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
  ** the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a new one.
  */
  memcpy(&ctx.s, pOut, sizeof(Mem));
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  pOut->zMalloc = 0;
  MemSetTypeFlag(&ctx.s, MEM_Null);

  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    /* Even though a malloc() has failed, the implementation of the
    ** user function may have called an sqlite3_result_XXX() function
    ** to return a value. The following call releases any resources
    ** associated with such a value.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&ctx.s);
    goto no_mem;
  }

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&ctx.s));
      rc = ctx.isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, pc, pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&ctx.s, encoding);
  assert( pOut->flags==MEM_Null );
  memcpy(pOut, &ctx.s, sizeof(Mem));
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
  }

#if 0
  /* The app-defined function has done something that as caused this
  ** statement to expire.  (Perhaps the function called sqlite3_exec()
................................................................................
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_BitAnd:                 /* same as TK_BITAND, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_BitOr:                  /* same as TK_BITOR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_ShiftLeft:              /* same as TK_LSHIFT, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_ShiftRight: {           /* same as TK_RSHIFT, in1, in2, out3 */

  i64 iA;
  u64 uA;
  i64 iB;
  u8 op;


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags) & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pOut);
    break;
  }
  iA = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  iB = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1);
  op = pOp->opcode;
  if( op==OP_BitAnd ){
    iA &= iB;
  }else if( op==OP_BitOr ){
    iA |= iB;
  }else if( iB!=0 ){
    assert( op==OP_ShiftRight || op==OP_ShiftLeft );

    /* If shifting by a negative amount, shift in the other direction */
    if( iB<0 ){
      assert( OP_ShiftRight==OP_ShiftLeft+1 );
      op = 2*OP_ShiftLeft + 1 - op;
      iB = iB>(-64) ? -iB : 64;
    }

    if( iB>=64 ){
      iA = (iA>=0 || op==OP_ShiftLeft) ? 0 : -1;
    }else{
      memcpy(&uA, &iA, sizeof(uA));
      if( op==OP_ShiftLeft ){
        uA <<= iB;
      }else{
        uA >>= iB;
        /* Sign-extend on a right shift of a negative number */
        if( iA<0 ) uA |= ((((u64)0xffffffff)<<32)|0xffffffff) << (64-iB);
      }
      memcpy(&iA, &uA, sizeof(iA));
    }
  }
  pOut->u.i = iA;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AddImm  P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  r[P1]=r[P1]+P2
** 
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Eq:               /* same as TK_EQ, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ne:               /* same as TK_NE, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Lt:               /* same as TK_LT, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Le:               /* same as TK_LE, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Gt:               /* same as TK_GT, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ge: {             /* same as TK_GE, jump, in1, in3 */

  int res;            /* Result of the comparison of pIn1 against pIn3 */
  char affinity;      /* Affinity to use for comparison */
  u16 flags1;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn1->flags */
  u16 flags3;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn3->flags */


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  flags1 = pIn1->flags;
  flags3 = pIn3->flags;
  if( (flags1 | flags3)&MEM_Null ){
    /* One or both operands are NULL */
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
      ** or not both operands are null.
      */
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_Eq || pOp->opcode==OP_Ne );
      assert( (flags1 & MEM_Cleared)==0 );
      if( (flags1&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Null)!=0
       && (flags3&MEM_Cleared)==0
      ){
        res = 0;  /* Results are equal */
      }else{
        res = 1;  /* Results are not equal */
      }
    }else{
      /* SQLITE_NULLEQ is clear and at least one operand is NULL,
      ** then the result is always NULL.
      ** The jump is taken if the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit is set.
      */
      if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL ){
................................................................................
        MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
      }
      break;
    }
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( affinity ){
      applyAffinity(pIn1, affinity, encoding);
      applyAffinity(pIn3, affinity, encoding);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
    }

    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ || pOp->p4.pColl==0 );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    ExpandBlob(pIn3);
    res = sqlite3MemCompare(pIn3, pIn1, pOp->p4.pColl);
  }
  switch( pOp->opcode ){
    case OP_Eq:    res = res==0;     break;
    case OP_Ne:    res = res!=0;     break;
    case OP_Lt:    res = res<0;      break;
    case OP_Le:    res = res<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    res = res>0;      break;
    default:       res = res>=0;     break;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  }else if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }

  /* Undo any changes made by applyAffinity() to the input registers. */
  pIn1->flags = (pIn1->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags1&MEM_TypeMask);
  pIn3->flags = (pIn3->flags&~MEM_TypeMask) | (flags3&MEM_TypeMask);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Permutation * * * P4 *
**
** Set the permutation used by the OP_Compare operator to be the array
** of integers in P4.
................................................................................
** only.  The KeyInfo elements are used sequentially.
**
** The comparison is a sort comparison, so NULLs compare equal,
** NULLs are less than numbers, numbers are less than strings,
** and strings are less than blobs.
*/
case OP_Compare: {

  int n;
  int i;
  int p1;
  int p2;
  const KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int idx;
  CollSeq *pColl;    /* Collating sequence to use on this term */
  int bRev;          /* True for DESCENDING sort order */


  if( (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_PERMUTE)==0 ) aPermute = 0;
  n = pOp->p3;
  pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( n>0 );
  assert( pKeyInfo!=0 );
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( p1>0 && p1+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( p1>0 && p1+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    idx = aPermute ? aPermute[i] : i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p1+idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p2+idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(p1+idx, &aMem[p1+idx]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2+idx, &aMem[p2+idx]);
    assert( i<pKeyInfo->nField );
    pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[i];
    bRev = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i];
    iCompare = sqlite3MemCompare(&aMem[p1+idx], &aMem[p2+idx], pColl);
    if( iCompare ){
      if( bRev ) iCompare = -iCompare;
      break;
    }
  }
  aPermute = 0;
  break;
}

................................................................................
**
** If either P1 or P2 is nonzero (true) then the result is 1 (true)
** even if the other input is NULL.  A NULL and false or two NULLs
** give a NULL output.
*/
case OP_And:              /* same as TK_AND, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Or: {             /* same as TK_OR, in1, in2, out3 */

  int v1;    /* Left operand:  0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */
  int v2;    /* Right operand: 0==FALSE, 1==TRUE, 2==UNKNOWN or NULL */


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    v1 = 2;
  }else{
    v1 = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
  }
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  if( pIn2->flags & MEM_Null ){
    v2 = 2;
  }else{
    v2 = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2)!=0;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_And ){
    static const unsigned char and_logic[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 0, 2, 2 };
    v1 = and_logic[v1*3+v2];
  }else{
    static const unsigned char or_logic[] = { 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2 };
    v1 = or_logic[v1*3+v2];
  }
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( v1==2 ){
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Null);
  }else{
    pOut->u.i = v1;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]
................................................................................
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is False.  The value
** is considered false if it has a numeric value of zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if P3 is zero.
*/
case OP_If:                 /* jump, in1 */
case OP_IfNot: {            /* jump, in1 */

  int c;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    c = pOp->p3;
  }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    c = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1)!=0;
#else
    c = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pIn1)!=0.0;
#endif
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IfNot ) c = !c;
  }
  if( c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  if r[P1]==NULL goto P2
................................................................................
**
** If the OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG bits are set on P5 when
** the result is guaranteed to only be used as the argument of a length()
** or typeof() function, respectively.  The loading of large blobs can be
** skipped for length() and all content loading can be skipped for typeof().
*/
case OP_Column: {

  i64 payloadSize64; /* Number of bytes in the record */
  int p2;            /* column number to retrieve */
  VdbeCursor *pC;    /* The VDBE cursor */
  BtCursor *pCrsr;   /* The BTree cursor */
  u32 *aType;        /* aType[i] holds the numeric type of the i-th column */
  u32 *aOffset;      /* aOffset[i] is offset to start of data for i-th column */
  int len;           /* The length of the serialized data for the column */
................................................................................
  const u8 *zHdr;    /* Next unparsed byte of the header */
  const u8 *zEndHdr; /* Pointer to first byte after the header */
  u32 offset;        /* Offset into the data */
  u32 szField;       /* Number of bytes in the content of a field */
  u32 avail;         /* Number of bytes of available data */
  u32 t;             /* A type code from the record header */
  Mem *pReg;         /* PseudoTable input register */


  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aType = pC->aType;
  aOffset = aType + pC->nField;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  assert( pC->pVtabCursor==0 ); /* OP_Column never called on virtual table */
#endif
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 || pC->pseudoTableReg>0 ); /* pCrsr NULL on PseudoTables */
  assert( pCrsr!=0 || pC->nullRow );          /* pC->nullRow on PseudoTables */


  /* If the cursor cache is stale, bring it up-to-date */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr || (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE)!=0 ){
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pCrsr==0 ){
        assert( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
        if( pC->multiPseudo ){
          sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pDest, pReg+p2, MEM_Ephem);
          Deephemeralize(pDest);
          goto op_column_out;
        }
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
        assert( memIsValid(pReg) );

        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{
      assert( pCrsr );
      if( pC->isTable==0 ){
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCrsr, &payloadSize64);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK ); /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
        /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
        ** payload size, so it is impossible for payloadSize64 to be
        ** larger than 32 bits. */
        assert( (payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)payloadSize64 );
        pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(pCrsr, &avail);
        pC->payloadSize = (u32)payloadSize64;
      }else{
        assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
        VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &pC->payloadSize);
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
        pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(pCrsr, &avail);
      }
      assert( avail<=65536 );  /* Maximum page size is 64KiB */
      if( pC->payloadSize <= (u32)avail ){
        pC->szRow = pC->payloadSize;
      }else{
        pC->szRow = avail;
      }
      if( pC->payloadSize > (u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
        goto too_big;
      }
    }
    pC->cacheStatus = p->cacheCtr;
    pC->iHdrOffset = getVarint32(pC->aRow, offset);
    pC->nHdrParsed = 0;
    aOffset[0] = offset;
    if( avail<offset ){
      /* pC->aRow does not have to hold the entire row, but it does at least
      ** need to cover the header of the record.  If pC->aRow does not contain
      ** the complete header, then set it to zero, forcing the header to be
      ** dynamically allocated. */
      pC->aRow = 0;
      pC->szRow = 0;
    }

    /* Make sure a corrupt database has not given us an oversize header.
    ** Do this now to avoid an oversize memory allocation.
    **
    ** Type entries can be between 1 and 5 bytes each.  But 4 and 5 byte
    ** types use so much data space that there can only be 4096 and 32 of
    ** them, respectively.  So the maximum header length results from a
    ** 3-byte type for each of the maximum of 32768 columns plus three
    ** extra bytes for the header length itself.  32768*3 + 3 = 98307.
    */
    if( offset > 98307 || offset > pC->payloadSize ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto op_column_error;
    }
  }

  /* Make sure at least the first p2+1 entries of the header have been
  ** parsed and valid information is in aOffset[] and aType[].
  */
  if( pC->nHdrParsed<=p2 ){
    /* If there is more header available for parsing in the record, try
    ** to extract additional fields up through the p2+1-th field 
    */
    if( pC->iHdrOffset<aOffset[0] ){
      /* Make sure zData points to enough of the record to cover the header. */
      if( pC->aRow==0 ){
        memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCrsr, 0, aOffset[0], 
                                     !pC->isTable, &sMem);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto op_column_error;
        }
        zData = (u8*)sMem.z;
      }else{
        zData = pC->aRow;
      }
  
      /* Fill in aType[i] and aOffset[i] values through the p2-th field. */
      i = pC->nHdrParsed;
      offset = aOffset[i];
      zHdr = zData + pC->iHdrOffset;
      zEndHdr = zData + aOffset[0];
      assert( i<=p2 && zHdr<zEndHdr );
      do{
        if( zHdr[0]<0x80 ){
          t = zHdr[0];
          zHdr++;
        }else{
          zHdr += sqlite3GetVarint32(zHdr, &t);
        }
        aType[i] = t;
        szField = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(t);
        offset += szField;
        if( offset<szField ){  /* True if offset overflows */
          zHdr = &zEndHdr[1];  /* Forces SQLITE_CORRUPT return below */
          break;
        }
        i++;
        aOffset[i] = offset;
      }while( i<=p2 && zHdr<zEndHdr );
      pC->nHdrParsed = i;
      pC->iHdrOffset = (u32)(zHdr - zData);
      if( pC->aRow==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&sMem);
        sMem.flags = MEM_Null;
      }
  
      /* If we have read more header data than was contained in the header,
      ** or if the end of the last field appears to be past the end of the
      ** record, or if the end of the last field appears to be before the end
      ** of the record (when all fields present), then we must be dealing 
      ** with a corrupt database.
      */
      if( (zHdr > zEndHdr)
       || (offset > pC->payloadSize)
       || (zHdr==zEndHdr && offset!=pC->payloadSize)
      ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto op_column_error;
      }
    }

    /* If after trying to extra new entries from the header, nHdrParsed is
    ** still not up to p2, that means that the record has fewer than p2
    ** columns.  So the result will be either the default value or a NULL.
    */
    if( pC->nHdrParsed<=p2 ){
      if( pOp->p4type==P4_MEM ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pDest, pOp->p4.pMem, MEM_Static);
      }else{
        MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
      }
      goto op_column_out;
    }
  }

  /* Extract the content for the p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if aOffset[p2], aOffset[p2+1], and aType[p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( p2<pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pC->szRow>=aOffset[p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pC->aRow+aOffset[p2], aType[p2], pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */	
    t = aType[p2];
    if( ((pOp->p5 & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG))!=0
          && ((t>=12 && (t&1)==0) || (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG)!=0))
     || (len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(t))==0
    ){
      /* Content is irrelevant for the typeof() function and for
      ** the length(X) function if X is a blob.  So we might as well use
      ** bogus content rather than reading content from disk.  NULL works
      ** for text and blob and whatever is in the payloadSize64 variable
      ** will work for everything else.  Content is also irrelevant if
      ** the content length is 0. */
      zData = t<=13 ? (u8*)&payloadSize64 : 0;
      sMem.zMalloc = 0;
    }else{
      memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
      sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sMem, pDest);
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCrsr, aOffset[p2], len, !pC->isTable,
                                   &sMem);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto op_column_error;
      }
      zData = (u8*)sMem.z;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(zData, t, pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( sMem.z==sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & MEM_Dyn) );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str)) || pDest->z==sMem.z );
      pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      pDest->z = sMem.z;
      pDest->zMalloc = sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  pDest->enc = encoding;

op_column_out:
  Deephemeralize(pDest);
op_column_error:
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Affinity P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])
**
** Apply affinities to a range of P2 registers starting with P1.
**
** P4 is a string that is P2 characters long. The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** memory cell in the range.
*/
case OP_Affinity: {

  const char *zAffinity;   /* The affinity to be applied */
  char cAff;               /* A single character of affinity */


  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])
................................................................................
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity NONE.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {

  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
  int nZero;             /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  int nVarint;           /* Number of bytes in a varint */
  u32 serial_type;       /* Type field */
  Mem *pData0;           /* First field to be combined into the record */
  Mem *pLast;            /* Last field of the record */
  int nField;            /* Number of fields in the record */
  char *zAffinity;       /* The affinity string for the record */
  int file_format;       /* File format to use for encoding */
  int i;                 /* Space used in zNewRecord[] header */
  int j;                 /* Space used in zNewRecord[] content */
  int len;               /* Length of a field */


  /* Assuming the record contains N fields, the record format looks
  ** like this:
  **
  ** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  ** | hdr-size | type 0 | type 1 | ... | type N-1 | data0 | ... | data N-1 | 
  ** ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  **
  ** Data(0) is taken from register P1.  Data(1) comes from register P1+1
  ** and so froth.
  **
  ** Each type field is a varint representing the serial type of the 
  ** corresponding data element (see sqlite3VdbeSerialType()). The
  ** hdr-size field is also a varint which is the offset from the beginning
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  nField = pOp->p1;
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+nField<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  pData0 = &aMem[nField];
  nField = pOp->p2;
  pLast = &pData0[nField-1];
  file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Apply the requested affinity to all inputs
  */
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  if( zAffinity ){
    pRec = pData0;
    do{
      applyAffinity(pRec, *(zAffinity++), encoding);
    }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  }

  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  pRec = pLast;
  do{
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(pRec, file_format);
    len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
    if( pRec->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      if( nData ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(pRec);
      }else{
        nZero += pRec->u.nZero;
        len -= pRec->u.nZero;
      }
    }
    nData += len;
    testcase( serial_type==127 );
    testcase( serial_type==128 );
    nHdr += serial_type<=127 ? 1 : sqlite3VarintLen(serial_type);
  }while( (--pRec)>=pData0 );

  /* Add the initial header varint and total the size */
  testcase( nHdr==126 );
  testcase( nHdr==127 );
  if( nHdr<=126 ){
    /* The common case */
    nHdr += 1;
  }else{
    /* Rare case of a really large header */
    nVarint = sqlite3VarintLen(nHdr);
    nHdr += nVarint;
    if( nVarint<sqlite3VarintLen(nHdr) ) nHdr++;
  }
  nByte = nHdr+nData;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }

  /* Make sure the output register has a buffer large enough to store 
  ** the new record. The output register (pOp->p3) is not allowed to
  ** be one of the input registers (because the following call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeMemGrow() could clobber the value before it is used).
  */
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  zNewRecord = (u8 *)pOut->z;

  /* Write the record */
  i = putVarint32(zNewRecord, nHdr);
  j = nHdr;
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  pRec = pData0;
  do{
    serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(pRec, file_format);



    i += putVarint32(&zNewRecord[i], serial_type);            /* serial type */

    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}
................................................................................
** Synopsis: r[P2]=count()
**
** Store the number of entries (an integer value) in the table or index 
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2-prerelease */

  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;


  pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr );
  nEntry = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(pCrsr, &nEntry);
  pOut->u.i = nEntry;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Savepoint P1 * * P4 *
**
** Open, release or rollback the savepoint named by parameter P4, depending
** on the value of P1. To open a new savepoint, P1==0. To release (commit) an
** existing savepoint, P1==1, or to rollback an existing savepoint P1==2.
*/
case OP_Savepoint: {

  int p1;                         /* Value of P1 operand */
  char *zName;                    /* Name of savepoint */
  int nName;
  Savepoint *pNew;
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;
  Savepoint *pTmp;
  int iSavepoint;
  int ii;


  p1 = pOp->p1;
  zName = pOp->p4.z;

  /* Assert that the p1 parameter is valid. Also that if there is no open
  ** transaction, then there cannot be any savepoints. 
  */
  assert( db->pSavepoint==0 || db->autoCommit==0 );

  assert( p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN||p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( db->pSavepoint || db->isTransactionSavepoint==0 );
  assert( checkSavepointCount(db) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );

  if( p1==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN ){
    if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
      /* A new savepoint cannot be created if there are active write 
      ** statements (i.e. open read/write incremental blob handles).
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot open savepoint - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{
      nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* This call is Ok even if this savepoint is actually a transaction
      ** savepoint (and therefore should not prompt xSavepoint()) callbacks.
      ** If this is a transaction savepoint being opened, it is guaranteed
      ** that the db->aVTrans[] array is empty.  */
      assert( db->autoCommit==0 || db->nVTrans==0 );
      rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN,
                                db->nStatement+db->nSavepoint);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
#endif

      /* Create a new savepoint structure. */
      pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Savepoint)+nName+1);
      if( pNew ){
        pNew->zName = (char *)&pNew[1];
        memcpy(pNew->zName, zName, nName+1);
    
        /* If there is no open transaction, then mark this as a special
        ** "transaction savepoint". */
        if( db->autoCommit ){
          db->autoCommit = 0;
          db->isTransactionSavepoint = 1;
        }else{
          db->nSavepoint++;
        }
    
        /* Link the new savepoint into the database handle's list. */
        pNew->pNext = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = pNew;
        pNew->nDeferredCons = db->nDeferredCons;
        pNew->nDeferredImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
      }
    }
  }else{
    iSavepoint = 0;

    /* Find the named savepoint. If there is no such savepoint, then an
    ** an error is returned to the user.  */
    for(
      pSavepoint = db->pSavepoint; 
      pSavepoint && sqlite3StrICmp(pSavepoint->zName, zName);
      pSavepoint = pSavepoint->pNext
    ){
      iSavepoint++;
    }
    if( !pSavepoint ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "no such savepoint: %s", zName);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }else if( db->nVdbeWrite>0 && p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
      /* It is not possible to release (commit) a savepoint if there are 
      ** active write statements.
      */
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, 
        "cannot release savepoint - SQL statements in progress"
      );
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else{

      /* Determine whether or not this is a transaction savepoint. If so,
      ** and this is a RELEASE command, then the current transaction 
      ** is committed. 
      */
      int isTransaction = pSavepoint->pNext==0 && db->isTransactionSavepoint;
      if( isTransaction && p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
        if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto vdbe_return;
        }
        db->autoCommit = 1;
        if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          p->pc = pc;
          db->autoCommit = 0;
          p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
          goto vdbe_return;
        }
        db->isTransactionSavepoint = 0;
        rc = p->rc;
      }else{
        iSavepoint = db->nSavepoint - iSavepoint - 1;
        if( p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK ){
          for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
            sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(db->aDb[ii].pBt, SQLITE_ABORT);
          }
        }
        for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
          rc = sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(db->aDb[ii].pBt, p1, iSavepoint);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto abort_due_to_error;
          }
        }
        if( p1==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK && (db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges)!=0 ){
          sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
          sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
          db->flags = (db->flags | SQLITE_InternChanges);
        }
      }
  
      /* Regardless of whether this is a RELEASE or ROLLBACK, destroy all 
      ** savepoints nested inside of the savepoint being operated on. */
      while( db->pSavepoint!=pSavepoint ){
        pTmp = db->pSavepoint;
        db->pSavepoint = pTmp->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp);
        db->nSavepoint--;
      }

      /* If it is a RELEASE, then destroy the savepoint being operated on 
      ** too. If it is a ROLLBACK TO, then set the number of deferred 
      ** constraint violations present in the database to the value stored
      ** when the savepoint was created.  */
      if( p1==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE ){
        assert( pSavepoint==db->pSavepoint );
        db->pSavepoint = pSavepoint->pNext;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pSavepoint);
        if( !isTransaction ){
          db->nSavepoint--;
        }
      }else{
        db->nDeferredCons = pSavepoint->nDeferredCons;
        db->nDeferredImmCons = pSavepoint->nDeferredImmCons;
      }

      if( !isTransaction ){
        rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, p1, iSavepoint);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
    }
  }

  break;
}
................................................................................
** back any currently active btree transactions. If there are any active
** VMs (apart from this one), then a ROLLBACK fails.  A COMMIT fails if
** there are active writing VMs or active VMs that use shared cache.
**
** This instruction causes the VM to halt.
*/
case OP_AutoCommit: {

  int desiredAutoCommit;
  int iRollback;
  int turnOnAC;


  desiredAutoCommit = pOp->p1;
  iRollback = pOp->p2;
  turnOnAC = desiredAutoCommit && !db->autoCommit;
  assert( desiredAutoCommit==1 || desiredAutoCommit==0 );
  assert( desiredAutoCommit==1 || iRollback==0 );
  assert( db->nVdbeActive>0 );  /* At least this one VM is active */
  assert( p->bIsReader );

#if 0
  if( turnOnAC && iRollback && db->nVdbeActive>1 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a ROLLBACK and other VMs are
    ** still running, and a transaction is active, return an error indicating
    ** that the other VMs must complete first. 
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot rollback transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else
#endif
  if( turnOnAC && !iRollback && db->nVdbeWrite>0 ){
    /* If this instruction implements a COMMIT and other VMs are writing
    ** return an error indicating that the other VMs must complete first. 
    */
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "cannot commit transaction - "
        "SQL statements in progress");
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else if( desiredAutoCommit!=db->autoCommit ){
    if( iRollback ){
      assert( desiredAutoCommit==1 );
      sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
      db->autoCommit = 1;
    }else if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto vdbe_return;
    }else{
      db->autoCommit = (u8)desiredAutoCommit;
      if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        p->pc = pc;
        db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-desiredAutoCommit);
        p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        goto vdbe_return;
      }
    }
    assert( db->nStatement==0 );
    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    goto vdbe_return;
  }else{
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db,
        (!desiredAutoCommit)?"cannot start a transaction within a transaction":(
        (iRollback)?"cannot rollback - no transaction is active":
                   "cannot commit - no transaction is active"));
         
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Transaction P1 P2 * * *
**
................................................................................
** VDBE to be rolled back after an error without having to roll back the
** entire transaction. If no error is encountered, the statement transaction
** will automatically commit when the VDBE halts.
**
** If P2 is zero, then a read-lock is obtained on the database file.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {

  Btree *pBt;


  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, pOp->p2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = pc;
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    if( pOp->p2 && p->usesStmtJournal 
     && (db->autoCommit==0 || db->nVdbeRead>1) 
    ){
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) );
      if( p->iStatement==0 ){
        assert( db->nStatement>=0 && db->nSavepoint>=0 );
        db->nStatement++; 
        p->iStatement = db->nSavepoint + db->nStatement;
      }

      rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN, p->iStatement-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(pBt, p->iStatement);
      }

      /* Store the current value of the database handles deferred constraint
      ** counter. If the statement transaction needs to be rolled back,
      ** the value of this counter needs to be restored too.  */
      p->nStmtDefCons = db->nDeferredCons;
      p->nStmtDefImmCons = db->nDeferredImmCons;
................................................................................
** temporary tables.
**
** There must be a read-lock on the database (either a transaction
** must be started or there must be an open cursor) before
** executing this instruction.
*/
case OP_ReadCookie: {               /* out2-prerelease */

  int iMeta;
  int iDb;
  int iCookie;


  assert( p->bIsReader );
  iDb = pOp->p1;
  iCookie = pOp->p3;
  assert( pOp->p3<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );

  sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, iCookie, (u32 *)&iMeta);
  pOut->u.i = iMeta;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SetCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Write the content of register P3 (interpreted as an integer)
** into cookie number P2 of database P1.  P2==1 is the schema version.  
................................................................................
** P2==2 is the database format. P2==3 is the recommended pager cache 
** size, and so forth.  P1==0 is the main database file and P1==1 is the 
** database file used to store temporary tables.
**
** A transaction must be started before executing this opcode.
*/
case OP_SetCookie: {       /* in3 */

  Db *pDb;

  assert( pOp->p2<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
  /* See note about index shifting on OP_ReadCookie */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(pDb->pBt, pOp->p2, (int)pIn3->u.i);
  if( pOp->p2==BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION ){
    /* When the schema cookie changes, record the new cookie internally */
    pDb->pSchema->schema_cookie = (int)pIn3->u.i;
    db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
  }else if( pOp->p2==BTREE_FILE_FORMAT ){
    /* Record changes in the file format */
    pDb->pSchema->file_format = (u8)pIn3->u.i;
  }
  if( pOp->p1==1 ){
    /* Invalidate all prepared statements whenever the TEMP database
    ** schema is changed.  Ticket #1644 */
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
................................................................................
** and that the current process needs to reread the schema.
**
** Either a transaction needs to have been started or an OP_Open needs
** to be executed (to establish a read lock) before this opcode is
** invoked.
*/
case OP_VerifyCookie: {

  int iMeta;
  int iGen;
  Btree *pBt;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  if( pBt ){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&iMeta);
    iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    iGen = iMeta = 0;
  }
  if( iMeta!=pOp->p2 || iGen!=pOp->p3 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
    ** not reload the schema from the database file.
    **
    ** If virtual-tables are in use, this is not just an optimization.
    ** Often, v-tables store their data in other SQLite tables, which
    ** are queried from within xNext() and other v-table methods using
    ** prepared queries. If such a query is out-of-date, we do not want to
    ** discard the database schema, as the user code implementing the
    ** v-table would have to be ready for the sqlite3_vtab structure itself
    ** to be invalidated whenever sqlite3_step() is called from within 
    ** a v-table method.
    */
    if( db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->schema_cookie!=iMeta ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, pOp->p1);
    }

    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
................................................................................
** in read/write mode.  For a given table, there can be one or more read-only
** cursors or a single read/write cursor but not both.
**
** See also OpenRead.
*/
case OP_OpenRead:
case OP_OpenWrite: {

  int nField;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int p2;
  int iDb;
  int wrFlag;
  Btree *pX;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  Db *pDb;


  assert( (pOp->p5&(OPFLAG_P2ISREG|OPFLAG_BULKCSR))==pOp->p5 );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite || pOp->p5==0 );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead || p->readOnly==0 );

  if( p->expired ){
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
    break;
  }

  nField = 0;
  pKeyInfo = 0;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  iDb = pOp->p3;
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  pX = pDb->pBt;
  assert( pX!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite ){
    wrFlag = 1;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( pDb->pSchema->file_format < p->minWriteFileFormat ){
      p->minWriteFileFormat = pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( p2>0 );
    assert( p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
    ** If there were a failure, the prepared statement would have halted
    ** before reaching this instruction. */
    if( NEVER(p2<2) ) {
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO ){
    pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
    assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
    assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
    nField = pKeyInfo->nField+pKeyInfo->nXField;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( nField>=0 );
  testcase( nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));

  /* Since it performs no memory allocation or IO, the only value that
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursor() may return is SQLITE_OK. */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  /* Set the VdbeCursor.isTable variable. Previous versions of
  ** SQLite used to check if the root-page flags were sane at this point
  ** and report database corruption if they were not, but this check has
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
** Open a new cursor P1 to a transient table.
................................................................................
** This opcode works the same as OP_OpenEphemeral.  It has a
** different name to distinguish its use.  Tables created using
** by this opcode will be used for automatically created transient
** indices in joins.
*/
case OP_OpenAutoindex: 
case OP_OpenEphemeral: {

  VdbeCursor *pCx;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;


  static const int vfsFlags = 
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBt, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */
    if( (pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo)!=0 ){
      int pgno;
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
        assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
        pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, pgno, 1, pKeyInfo, pCx->pCursor);
      }
      pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 1, 0, pCx->pCursor);
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {

  VdbeCursor *pCx;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: content in r[P2@P3]
**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
................................................................................
** individual columns using the OP_Column opcode.  The OP_Column opcode
** is the only cursor opcode that works with a pseudo-table.
**
** P3 is the number of fields in the records that will be stored by
** the pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_OpenPseudo: {

  VdbeCursor *pCx;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p3, -1, 0);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->pseudoTableReg = pOp->p2;
  pCx->isTable = 1;
  pCx->multiPseudo = pOp->p5;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Close P1 * * * *
**
** Close a cursor previously opened as P1.  If P1 is not
** currently open, this instruction is a no-op.
................................................................................
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLt:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGe:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGt: {       /* jump, in3 */

  int res;
  int oc;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  int nField;
  i64 iKey;      /* The rowid we are to seek to */


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p2!=0 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so covert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    applyNumericAffinity(pIn3);
    iKey = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn3);
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
        /* If the P3 value cannot be converted into any kind of a number,
        ** then the seek is not possible, so jump to P2 */
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is larger than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute >= for > and < for <=. e.g. if the search term
      ** is 4.9 and the integer approximation 5:
      **
      **        (x >  4.9)    ->     (x >= 5)
      **        (x <= 4.9)    ->     (x <  5)
      */
      if( pIn3->r<(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekGe==(OP_SeekGt-1) );
        assert( OP_SeekLt==(OP_SeekLe-1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLe & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGt & 0x0001) ) oc--;
      }

      /* If the approximation iKey is smaller than the actual real search
      ** term, substitute <= for < and > for >=.  */
      else if( pIn3->r>(double)iKey ){
        assert( OP_SeekLe==(OP_SeekLt+1) );
        assert( OP_SeekGt==(OP_SeekGe+1) );
        assert( (OP_SeekLt & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekGe & 0x0001) );
        if( (oc & 0x0001)==(OP_SeekLt & 0x0001) ) oc++;
      }
    } 
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)iKey, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    if( res==0 ){
      pC->rowidIsValid = 1;
      pC->lastRowid = iKey;
    }
  }else{
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGt || oc==OP_SeekLe ){
    **     r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLt)));
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGt || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLe || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGe || r.flags==0 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLt || r.flags==0 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  if( oc>=OP_SeekGe ){  assert( oc==OP_SeekGe || oc==OP_SeekGt );
    if( res<0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekGt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      res = 0;
    }
  }else{
    assert( oc==OP_SeekLt || oc==OP_SeekLe );
    if( res>0 || (res==0 && oc==OP_SeekLt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pC->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }else{
      /* res might be negative because the table is empty.  Check to
      ** see if this is the case.
      */
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  intkey=r[P2]
................................................................................
** for P1 to move so that it points to the rowid given by P2.
**
** This is actually a deferred seek.  Nothing actually happens until
** the cursor is used to read a record.  That way, if no reads
** occur, no unnecessary I/O happens.
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */

  VdbeCursor *pC;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 1;
  break;
}
  

/* Opcode: Found P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
................................................................................
** branch is always taken if any part of the search key input is NULL.
**
** See also: NotFound, Found, NotExists
*/
case OP_NoConflict:     /* jump, in3 */
case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */

  int alreadyExists;
  int ii;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  char *pFree;
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  char aTempRec[ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)) + sizeof(Mem)*4 + 7];


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( pOp->opcode!=OP_NoConflict ) sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to suppress a compiler warning. */
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    {
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++){
        assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) );
        if( i ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+i, &r.aMem[i]);
      }
    }
#endif
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
    pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    break;
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){
    if( alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    if( !alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3]
**
................................................................................
**
** The OP_NotFound opcode performs the same operation on index btrees
** (with arbitrary multi-value keys).
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, NoConflict
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  u64 iKey;


  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
  pC->rowidIsValid = res==0 ?1:0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  if( res!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
................................................................................
** the largest previously generated record number. No new record numbers are
** allowed to be less than this value. When this value reaches its maximum, 
** an SQLITE_FULL error is generated. The P3 register is updated with the '
** generated record number. This P3 mechanism is used to help implement the
** AUTOINCREMENT feature.
*/
case OP_NewRowid: {           /* out2-prerelease */

  i64 v;                 /* The new rowid */
  VdbeCursor *pC;        /* Cursor of table to get the new rowid */
  int res;               /* Result of an sqlite3BtreeLast() */
  int cnt;               /* Counter to limit the number of searches */
  Mem *pMem;             /* Register holding largest rowid for AUTOINCREMENT */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;     /* Root frame of VDBE */


  v = 0;
  res = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( NEVER(pC->pCursor==0) ){
    /* The zero initialization above is all that is needed */
  }else{
    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
................................................................................
    ** probabilistic algorithm
    **
    ** The second algorithm is to select a rowid at random and see if
    ** it already exists in the table.  If it does not exist, we have
    ** succeeded.  If the random rowid does exist, we select a new one
    ** and try again, up to 100 times.
    */
    assert( pC->isTable );

#ifdef SQLITE_32BIT_ROWID
#   define MAX_ROWID 0x7fffffff
#else
    /* Some compilers complain about constants of the form 0x7fffffffffffffff.
    ** Others complain about 0x7ffffffffffffffffLL.  The following macro seems
    ** to provide the constant while making all compilers happy.
    */
#   define MAX_ROWID  (i64)( (((u64)0x7fffffff)<<32) | (u64)0xffffffff )
#endif

    if( !pC->useRandomRowid ){
      v = sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor);
      if( v==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pC->pCursor, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( res ){
          v = 1;   /* IMP: R-61914-48074 */
        }else{
          assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pC->pCursor) );
          rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* Cannot fail following BtreeLast() */
          if( v>=MAX_ROWID ){
            pC->useRandomRowid = 1;
          }else{
            v++;   /* IMP: R-29538-34987 */
          }
        }
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
      if( pOp->p3 ){
        /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
        assert( pOp->p3>0 );
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
          pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
          pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
        assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
        if( pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || pC->useRandomRowid ){
          rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
          goto abort_due_to_error;
        }
        if( v<pMem->u.i+1 ){
          v = pMem->u.i + 1;
        }
        pMem->u.i = v;
      }
#endif

      sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, v<MAX_ROWID ? v+1 : 0);
    }
    if( pC->useRandomRowid ){
      /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-07677-41881 If the largest ROWID is equal to the
      ** largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database
      ** engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until
      ** it finds one that is not previously used. */
      assert( pOp->p3==0 );  /* We cannot be in random rowid mode if this is
                             ** an AUTOINCREMENT table. */
      /* on the first attempt, simply do one more than previous */
      v = lastRowid;
      v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
      v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      cnt = 0;
      while(   ((rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, 0, (u64)v,
                                                 0, &res))==SQLITE_OK)
            && (res==0)
            && (++cnt<100)){
        /* collision - try another random rowid */
        sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(v), &v);
        if( cnt<5 ){
          /* try "small" random rowids for the initial attempts */
          v &= 0xffffff;
        }else{
          v &= (MAX_ROWID>>1); /* ensure doesn't go negative */
        }
        v++; /* ensure non-zero */
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-38219-53002 */
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      assert( v>0 );  /* EV: R-40812-03570 */
    }
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Insert P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]
**
** Write an entry into the table of cursor P1.  A new entry is
................................................................................
** Synopsis:  intkey=P3 data=r[P2]
**
** This works exactly like OP_Insert except that the key is the
** integer value P3, not the value of the integer stored in register P3.
*/
case OP_Insert: 
case OP_InsertInt: {

  Mem *pData;       /* MEM cell holding data for the record to be inserted */
  Mem *pKey;        /* MEM cell holding key  for the record */
  i64 iKey;         /* The integer ROWID or key for the record to be inserted */
  VdbeCursor *pC;   /* Cursor to table into which insert is written */
  int nZero;        /* Number of zero-bytes to append */
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  const char *zTbl; /* Table name - used by the opdate hook */
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */


  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pKey);
    iKey = pKey->u.i;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_InsertInt );
    iKey = pOp->p3;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_LASTROWID ) db->lastRowid = lastRowid = iKey;
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Null ){
    pData->z = 0;
    pData->n = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pData->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  }
  seekResult = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0);
  if( pData->flags & MEM_Zero ){
    nZero = pData->u.nZero;
  }else{
    nZero = 0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, 0, iKey,

                          pData->z, pData->n, nZero,
                          (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND)!=0, seekResult
  );
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z ){
    zDb = db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName;
    zTbl = pOp->p4.z;
    op = ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_ISUPDATE) ? SQLITE_UPDATE : SQLITE_INSERT);
    assert( pC->isTable );
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, op, zDb, zTbl, iKey);
    assert( pC->iDb>=0 );
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** Delete the record at which the P1 cursor is currently pointing.
................................................................................
**
** If P4 is not NULL, then it is the name of the table that P1 is
** pointing to.  The update hook will be invoked, if it exists.
** If P4 is not NULL then the P1 cursor must have been positioned
** using OP_NotFound prior to invoking this opcode.
*/
case OP_Delete: {

  i64 iKey;
  VdbeCursor *pC;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );  /* Only valid for real tables, no pseudotables */
  iKey = pC->lastRowid;      /* Only used for the update hook */

  /* The OP_Delete opcode always follows an OP_NotExists or OP_Last or
  ** OP_Column on the same table without any intervening operations that
  ** might move or invalidate the cursor.  Hence cursor pC is always pointing
  ** to the row to be deleted and the sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto() operation
  ** below is always a no-op and cannot fail.  We will run it anyhow, though,
  ** to guard against future changes to the code generator.
  **/
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(pC->pCursor, 0);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pC->pCursor);
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z && pC->isTable ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, SQLITE_DELETE,
                        db->aDb[pC->iDb].zName, pOp->p4.z, iKey);
    assert( pC->iDb>=0 );
  }
  if( pOp->p2 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  break;
}
/* Opcode: ResetCount * * * * *
**
** The value of the change counter is copied to the database handle
................................................................................
** fields (not counting the P4 fields at the end which are ignored) then
** the comparison is assumed to be equal.
**
** Fall through to next instruction if the two records compare equal to
** each other.  Jump to P2 if they are different.
*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  int nIgnore;


  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nIgnore, &res);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the current sorter data for sorter cursor P1.
*/
case OP_SorterData: {

  VdbeCursor *pC;


  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(pC, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
................................................................................
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_RowKey:
case OP_RowData: {

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;
  i64 n64;


  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC)==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode!=OP_RowData );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->nullRow==0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );

  /* The OP_RowKey and OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions that might invalidate
  ** the cursor.  Hence the following sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto() call is always
  ** a no-op and can never fail.  But we leave it in place as a safety.
  */
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  if( pC->isTable==0 ){
    assert( !pC->isTable );
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCrsr, &n64);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
    if( n64>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
    n = (u32)n64;
  }else{
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &n);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    if( n>(u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, n, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  pOut->n = n;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);
  if( pC->isTable==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

................................................................................
** P1 is currently point to.
**
** P1 can be either an ordinary table or a virtual table.  There used to
** be a separate OP_VRowid opcode for use with virtual tables, but this
** one opcode now works for both table types.
*/
case OP_Rowid: {                 /* out2-prerelease */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 v;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 || pC->nullRow );
  if( pC->nullRow ){
    pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
    break;
  }else if( pC->deferredMoveto ){
    v = pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( pC->pVtabCursor ){
    pVtab = pC->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
    pModule = pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pModule->xRowid );

    rc = pModule->xRowid(pC->pVtabCursor, &v);
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{
    assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( pC->rowidIsValid ){
      v = pC->lastRowid;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pC->pCursor, &v);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );  /* Always so because of CursorMoveto() above */
    }
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NullRow P1 * * * *
**
** Move the cursor P1 to a null row.  Any OP_Column operations
** that occur while the cursor is on the null row will always
** write a NULL.
*/
case OP_NullRow: {

  VdbeCursor *pC;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pC->nullRow = 1;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  assert( pC->pCursor || pC->pVtabCursor );
  if( pC->pCursor ){
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the last entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
*/
case OP_Last: {        /* jump */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Sort P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterSort) );
  res = 1;
  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(db, pC, &res);
  }else{
    pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
    assert( pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 * * P5
**
................................................................................
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 * * P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;


  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(db, pC, &res);
  goto next_tail;
case OP_PrevIfOpen:    /* jump */
case OP_NextIfOpen:    /* jump */
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
case OP_Next:          /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p5<ArraySize(p->aCounter) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);
  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    p->aCounter[pOp->p5]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
  }else{
    pC->nullRow = 1;
  }
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: IdxInsert P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P2]
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
................................................................................
** insert is likely to be an append.
**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int nKey;
  const char *zKey;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isSorter(pC) ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(db, pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
      zKey = pIn2->z;

      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pCrsr, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxDelete P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]
**
** The content of P3 registers starting at register P2 form
** an unpacked index key. This opcode removes that entry from the 
** index opened by cursor P1.
*/
case OP_IdxDelete: {

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;


  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
  }
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxRowid P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Write into register P2 an integer which is the last entry in the record at
** the end of the index key pointed to by cursor P1.  This integer should be
** the rowid of the table entry to which this index entry points.
**
** See also: Rowid, MakeRecord.
*/
case OP_IdxRowid: {              /* out2-prerelease */

  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc) ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  if( !pC->nullRow ){
    rowid = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
    rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(db, pCrsr, &rowid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    pOut->u.i = rowid;
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
................................................................................
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon prior 
** to the comparison.  This makes the opcode work like IdxLE.
*/
case OP_IdxLT:          /* jump */
case OP_IdxGE: {        /* jump */

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }else{
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
    res = -res;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
    res++;
  }
  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
**
................................................................................
** movement was required (because the table being dropped was already 
** the last one in the database) then a zero is stored in register P2.
** If AUTOVACUUM is disabled then a zero is stored in register P2.
**
** See also: Clear
*/
case OP_Destroy: {     /* out2-prerelease */

  int iMoved;
  int iCnt;
  Vdbe *pVdbe;
  int iDb;


  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  iCnt = 0;
  for(pVdbe=db->pVdbe; pVdbe; pVdbe = pVdbe->pNext){
    if( pVdbe->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && pVdbe->bIsReader 
     && pVdbe->inVtabMethod<2 && pVdbe->pc>=0 
    ){
      iCnt++;
    }
  }
#else
  iCnt = db->nVdbeRead;
#endif
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( iCnt>1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  }else{
    iDb = pOp->p3;
    assert( iCnt==1 );
    assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );
    iMoved = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only to silence a warning. */
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDropTable(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, pOp->p1, &iMoved);
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    pOut->u.i = iMoved;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iMoved!=0 ){
      sqlite3RootPageMoved(db, iDb, iMoved, pOp->p1);
      /* All OP_Destroy operations occur on the same btree */
      assert( resetSchemaOnFault==0 || resetSchemaOnFault==iDb+1 );
      resetSchemaOnFault = iDb+1;
    }
#endif
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Clear P1 P2 P3
................................................................................
** count is incremented by the number of rows in the table being cleared. 
** If P3 is greater than zero, then the value stored in register P3 is
** also incremented by the number of rows in the table being cleared.
**
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {

  int nChange;

 
  nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1!=1 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
................................................................................
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2.
**
** See documentation on OP_CreateTable for additional information.
*/
case OP_CreateIndex:            /* out2-prerelease */
case OP_CreateTable: {          /* out2-prerelease */

  int pgno;
  int flags;
  Db *pDb;


  pgno = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_CreateTable ){
    /* flags = BTREE_INTKEY; */
    flags = BTREE_INTKEY;
  }else{
    flags = BTREE_BLOBKEY;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pDb->pBt, &pgno, flags);
  pOut->u.i = pgno;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ParseSchema P1 * * P4 *
**
** Read and parse all entries from the SQLITE_MASTER table of database P1
** that match the WHERE clause P4. 
**
** This opcode invokes the parser to create a new virtual machine,
** then runs the new virtual machine.  It is thus a re-entrant opcode.
*/
case OP_ParseSchema: {

  int iDb;
  const char *zMaster;
  char *zSql;
  InitData initData;


  /* Any prepared statement that invokes this opcode will hold mutexes
  ** on every btree.  This is a prerequisite for invoking 
  ** sqlite3InitCallback().
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(iDb=0; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){
    assert( iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );
  }
#endif

  iDb = pOp->p1;
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( DbHasProperty(db, iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded) );
  /* Used to be a conditional */ {
    zMaster = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
    initData.db = db;
    initData.iDb = pOp->p1;
    initData.pzErrMsg = &p->zErrMsg;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db,
       "SELECT name, rootpage, sql FROM '%q'.%s WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid",
       db->aDb[iDb].zName, zMaster, pOp->p4.z);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      db->init.busy = 1;
      initData.rc = SQLITE_OK;
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = initData.rc;
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
      db->init.busy = 0;
    }
  }
  if( rc ) sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  break;  
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE)
/* Opcode: LoadAnalysis P1 * * * *
**
** Read the sqlite_stat1 table for database P1 and load the content
** of that table into the internal index hash table.  This will cause
................................................................................
**
** If P5 is not zero, the check is done on the auxiliary database
** file, not the main database file.
**
** This opcode is used to implement the integrity_check pragma.
*/
case OP_IntegrityCk: {

  int nRoot;      /* Number of tables to check.  (Number of root pages.) */
  int *aRoot;     /* Array of rootpage numbers for tables to be checked */
  int j;          /* Loop counter */
  int nErr;       /* Number of errors reported */
  char *z;        /* Text of the error report */
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */


  assert( p->bIsReader );
  nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( nRoot>0 );
  aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nRoot+1) );
  if( aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  for(j=0; j<nRoot; j++){
    aRoot[j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[j]);
  }

  aRoot[j] = 0;
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p5))!=0 );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
                                 (int)pnErr->u.i, &nErr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aRoot);
  pnErr->u.i -= nErr;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
  if( nErr==0 ){
    assert( z==0 );
  }else if( z==0 ){
    goto no_mem;
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pIn1, z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);
  }
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pIn1, encoding);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

................................................................................
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from boolean index P1 and put that value into
** register P3.  Or, if boolean index P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */

  i64 val;


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], val);
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2
**
................................................................................
** (b) when P4==-1 there is no need to insert the value, as it will
** never be tested for, and (c) when a value that is part of set X is
** inserted, there is no need to search to see if the same value was
** previously inserted as part of set X (only if it was previously
** inserted as part of some other set).
*/
case OP_RowSetTest: {                     /* jump, in1, in3 */

  int iSet;
  int exists;


  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, 
                               (u8)(iSet>=0 ? iSet & 0xf : 0xff),
                               pIn3->u.i);
    if( exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
** exception using the RAISE() function. Register P3 contains the address 
** of a memory cell in this (the parent) VM that is used to allocate the 
** memory required by the sub-vdbe at runtime.
**
** P4 is a pointer to the VM containing the trigger program.
*/
case OP_Program: {        /* jump */

  int nMem;               /* Number of memory registers for sub-program */
  int nByte;              /* Bytes of runtime space required for sub-program */
  Mem *pRt;               /* Register to allocate runtime space */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Used to iterate through memory cells */
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* New vdbe frame to execute in */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Sub-program to execute */
  void *t;                /* Token identifying trigger */


  pProgram = pOp->p4.pProgram;
  pRt = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pProgram->nOp>0 );
  
  /* If the p5 flag is clear, then recursive invocation of triggers is 
  ** disabled for backwards compatibility (p5 is set if this sub-program
  ** is really a trigger, not a foreign key action, and the flag set
  ** and cleared by the "PRAGMA recursive_triggers" command is clear).
  ** 
  ** It is recursive invocation of triggers, at the SQL level, that is 
  ** disabled. In some cases a single trigger may generate more than one 
  ** SubProgram (if the trigger may be executed with more than one different 
  ** ON CONFLICT algorithm). SubProgram structures associated with a
  ** single trigger all have the same value for the SubProgram.token 
  ** variable.  */
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    t = pProgram->token;
    for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame && pFrame->token!=t; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
    if( pFrame ) break;
  }

  if( p->nFrame>=db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH] ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "too many levels of trigger recursion");
    break;
  }

  /* Register pRt is used to store the memory required to save the state
  ** of the current program, and the memory required at runtime to execute
  ** the trigger program. If this trigger has been fired before, then pRt 
  ** is already allocated. Otherwise, it must be initialized.  */
  if( (pRt->flags&MEM_Frame)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the 
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    nMem = pProgram->nMem + pProgram->nCsr;
    nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))
              + nMem * sizeof(Mem)
              + pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor *)
              + pProgram->nOnce * sizeof(u8);
    pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( !pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pRt);
    pRt->flags = MEM_Frame;
    pRt->u.pFrame = pFrame;

    pFrame->v = p;
    pFrame->nChildMem = nMem;
    pFrame->nChildCsr = pProgram->nCsr;
    pFrame->pc = pc;
    pFrame->aMem = p->aMem;
    pFrame->nMem = p->nMem;
    pFrame->apCsr = p->apCsr;
    pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
    pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;

    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Invalid;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( pc==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;
  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[-1];
  p->nMem = pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem+1];
  p->aOp = aOp = pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = pProgram->nOnce;
  pc = -1;
  memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Param P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** and old.* values.
**
** The address of the cell in the parent frame is determined by adding
** the value of the P1 argument to the value of the P1 argument to the
** calling OP_Program instruction.
*/
case OP_Param: {           /* out2-prerelease */

  VdbeFrame *pFrame;
  Mem *pIn;

  pFrame = p->pFrame;

  pIn = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1 + pFrame->aOp[pFrame->pc].p1];   
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn, MEM_Ephem);
  break;
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
/* Opcode: FkCounter P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
** within a sub-program). Set the value of register P1 to the maximum of 
** its current value and the value in register P2.
**
** This instruction throws an error if the memory cell is not initially
** an integer.
*/
case OP_MemMax: {        /* in2 */


  VdbeFrame *pFrame;

  if( p->pFrame ){

    for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
    pIn1 = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1];
  }else{
    pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  }
  assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2
................................................................................
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register
** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
*/
case OP_AggStep: {

  int n;
  int i;
  Mem *pMem;
  Mem *pRec;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;


  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( n>=0 );
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){

    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );

    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pRec);
  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.z = 0;
  ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  ctx.s.db = db;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pColl = 0;
  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  if( ctx.pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
    assert( pOp>p->aOp );
    assert( pOp[-1].p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    ctx.pColl = pOp[-1].p4.pColl;
  }
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&ctx.s));
    rc = ctx.isError;
  }
  if( ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[i], 1);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&ctx.s);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
................................................................................
** P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef for this function.  The P2
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
** functions that can take varying numbers of arguments.  The
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {

  Mem *pMem;

  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pMem, encoding);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pMem);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pMem) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Opcode: Checkpoint P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** SQLITE_BUSY or not, respectively.  Write the number of pages in the
** WAL after the checkpoint into mem[P3+1] and the number of pages
** in the WAL that have been checkpointed after the checkpoint
** completes into mem[P3+2].  However on an error, mem[P3+1] and
** mem[P3+2] are initialized to -1.
*/
case OP_Checkpoint: {

  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int aRes[3];                    /* Results */
  Mem *pMem;                      /* Write results here */


  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  aRes[0] = 0;

  aRes[1] = aRes[2] = -1;
  assert( pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART
  );
  rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, &aRes[1], &aRes[2]);
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    aRes[0] = 1;
  }
  for(i=0, pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3]; i<3; i++, pMem++){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pMem, (i64)aRes[i]);
  }    
  break;
};  
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
/* Opcode: JournalMode P1 P2 P3 * P5
**
................................................................................
** operation. No IO is required.
**
** If changing into or out of WAL mode the procedure is more complicated.
**
** Write a string containing the final journal-mode to register P2.
*/
case OP_JournalMode: {    /* out2-prerelease */

  Btree *pBt;                     /* Btree to change journal mode of */
  Pager *pPager;                  /* Pager associated with pBt */
  int eNew;                       /* New journal mode */
  int eOld;                       /* The old journal mode */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  const char *zFilename;          /* Name of database file for pPager */
#endif


  eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
  eOld = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(pPager);
  if( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY ) eNew = eOld;
  if( !sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(pPager) ) eNew = eOld;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory 
  */
  if( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }

  if( (eNew!=eOld)
   && (eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
  ){
    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, 
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      break;
    }else{
 
      if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
        ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log 
        ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file 
        ** after a successful return. 
        */
        rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(pPager);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);
        }
      }else if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
        /* Cannot transition directly from MEMORY to WAL.  Use mode OFF
        ** as an intermediate */
        sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF);
      }
  
      /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
      ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
      */
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt)==0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(pBt, (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? 2 : 1));
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }
  eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pOut->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  pOut->z = (char *)sqlite3JournalModename(eNew);
  pOut->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pOut->z);
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding);
  break;
};
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */

................................................................................
/* Opcode: IncrVacuum P1 P2 * * *
**
** Perform a single step of the incremental vacuum procedure on
** the P1 database. If the vacuum has finished, jump to instruction
** P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IncrVacuum: {        /* jump */

  Btree *pBt;


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(pBt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  break;
}
#endif
................................................................................
** xBegin method for that table.
**
** Also, whether or not P4 is set, check that this is not being called from
** within a callback to a virtual table xSync() method. If it is, the error
** code will be set to SQLITE_LOCKED.
*/
case OP_VBegin: {

  VTable *pVTab;

  pVTab = pOp->p4.pVtab;
  rc = sqlite3VtabBegin(db, pVTab);
  if( pVTab ) sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVTab->pVtab);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VCreate P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................
/* Opcode: VOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** P1 is a cursor number.  This opcode opens a cursor to the virtual
** table and stores that cursor in P1.
*/
case OP_VOpen: {

  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;


  assert( p->bIsReader );
  pCur = 0;
  pVtabCursor = 0;
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  assert(pVtab && pModule);
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVtabCursor);

  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVtabCursor->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialize vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, 0);
    if( pCur ){
      pCur->pVtabCursor = pVtabCursor;
    }else{
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      pModule->xClose(pVtabCursor);
    }
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
** xFilter method. Registers P3+2..P3+1+argc are the argc
** additional parameters which are passed to
** xFilter as argv. Register P3+2 becomes argv[0] when passed to xFilter.
**
** A jump is made to P2 if the result set after filtering would be empty.
*/
case OP_VFilter: {   /* jump */

  int nArg;
  int iQuery;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pQuery;
  Mem *pArgc;
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;


  pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pArgc = &pQuery[1];
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( memIsValid(pQuery) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  pVtabCursor = pCur->pVtabCursor;
  pVtab = pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
  assert( (pQuery->flags&MEM_Int)!=0 && pArgc->flags==MEM_Int );
  nArg = (int)pArgc->u.i;
  iQuery = (int)pQuery->u.i;

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    res = 0;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(apArg[i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
    }

    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }
  pCur->nullRow = 0;

  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VColumn P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
** Synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)
**
** Store the value of the P2-th column of
** the row of the virtual-table that the 
** P1 cursor is pointing to into register P3.
*/
case OP_VColumn: {

  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;


  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xColumn );
  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the current contents to sContext.s so in case the user-function 
  ** can use the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a 
  ** new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sContext.s, pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&sContext.s, MEM_Null);

  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &sContext, pOp->p2);
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( sContext.isError ){
    rc = sContext.isError;
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function to the P3 register. We
  ** do this regardless of whether or not an error occurred to ensure any
  ** dynamic allocation in sContext.s (a Mem struct) is  released.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&sContext.s, encoding);
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pDest, &sContext.s);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);

  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pDest) ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
/* Opcode: VNext P1 P2 * * *
**
** Advance virtual table P1 to the next row in its result set and
** jump to instruction P2.  Or, if the virtual table has reached
** the end of its result set, then fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_VNext: {   /* jump */

  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int res;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;


  res = 0;
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xNext );

  /* Invoke the xNext() method of the module. There is no way for the
  ** underlying implementation to return an error if one occurs during
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

................................................................................
/* Opcode: VRename P1 * * P4 *
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xRename method. The value
** in register P1 is passed as the zName argument to the xRename method.
*/
case OP_VRename: {

  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  Mem *pName;


  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(pName) );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);
  assert( pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  testcase( pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
  testcase( pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  testcase( pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pName, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
** a row to delete.
**
** P1 is a boolean flag. If it is set to true and the xUpdate call
** is successful, then the value returned by sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() 
** is set to the value of the rowid for the row just inserted.
*/
case OP_VUpdate: {

  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int nArg;
  int i;
  sqlite_int64 rowid;
  Mem **apArg;
  Mem *pX;


  assert( pOp->p2==1        || pOp->p5==OE_Fail   || pOp->p5==OE_Rollback 
       || pOp->p5==OE_Abort || pOp->p5==OE_Ignore || pOp->p5==OE_Replace
  );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  nArg = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( nArg>1 && apArg[0] && (apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = rowid;
    }
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
/* Opcode: Trace * * * P4 *
**
** If tracing is enabled (by the sqlite3_trace()) interface, then
** the UTF-8 string contained in P4 is emitted on the trace callback.
*/
case OP_Trace: {

  char *zTrace;
  char *z;


  if( db->xTrace
   && !p->doingRerun
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    z = sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(p, zTrace);
    db->xTrace(db->pTraceArg, z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE
  zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql);
  if( zTrace ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( ((1<<i) & p->btreeMask)==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3_file_control(db, db->aDb[i].zName, SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE, zTrace);
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
  ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("SQL-trace: %s\n", zTrace);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  break;
}
#endif


................................................................................
abort_due_to_interrupt:
  assert( db->u1.isInterrupted );
  rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
  p->rc = rc;
  sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
  goto vdbe_error_halt;
}


/************** End of vdbe.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeblob.c ****************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 1
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, 0, 0, 200);
  errMsg.db = pParse->db;
  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
    char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
    if( j ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ", ", 2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&errMsg, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ".", 1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&errMsg, zCol);
  }
  zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, 
    (pIdx->autoIndex==2)?SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY:SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
    onError, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC, P5_ConstraintUnique);
}

................................................................................
    }else{
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol, 0);
    }
    if( pKey ){
      assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKey) );
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
        assert( zColl!=0 );
        pKey->aColl[i] = strcmp(zColl,"BINARY")==0 ? 0 :
                          sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
        pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      }
      if( pParse->nErr ){
        sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKey);
      }else{
        pIdx->pKeyInfo = pKey;
      }
................................................................................
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";
        nSep = 1;
      }
      if( nSep ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSep, nSep);
    }
    zVal = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    if( nVal ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zVal, nVal);
  }
}
static void groupConcatFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  StrAccum *pAccum;
  pAccum = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( pAccum ){
    if( pAccum->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG ){
................................................................................
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */

#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( pParse );
#endif
  assert( pRec!=0 );

  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
................................................................................
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function returns a pointer to a string buffer containing a description
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, "ANY(", 4);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&txt, z);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
................................................................................
      db->lookaside.pFree = p;
      p = (LookasideSlot*)&((u8*)p)[sz];
    }
    db->lookaside.pEnd = p;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 1;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = pBuf==0 ?1:0;
  }else{
    db->lookaside.pStart = db;
    db->lookaside.pEnd = db;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_LOCKED:             zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED";            break;
      case SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE: zName = "SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE";break;
      case SQLITE_NOMEM:              zName = "SQLITE_NOMEM";             break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY:           zName = "SQLITE_READONLY";          break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK:  zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK"; break;
      case SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED:   zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED";  break;
      case SQLITE_INTERRUPT:          zName = "SQLITE_INTERRUPT";         break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR:              zName = "SQLITE_IOERR";             break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_READ:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_READ";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ:   zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ";  break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC";   break;

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.2"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008002
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-12-03 10:35:00 e4164fd8f75ce1c8d63bec70db7049b68208c12c"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))

#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.

*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**






** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only







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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.3"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008003
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-12-11 12:02:55 3e1d55f0bd84810a035bd6c54583eb373784a9a3"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
** was first opened.
**
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only