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Overview
SHA3-256:75fffb49ce9e23a2aabc2ea75c123d95a6aede3d6f8032823ac8e03237218e81
Date: 2017-10-02 03:46:28
User: drh
Comment:Update the build-in SQLite to the latest 3.21.0 beta that includes the enhance use of co-routines for subqueries.
Tags And Properties
Context
2017-10-02
11:56
[a9ef45ed] Fix the origin= and checkin= query parameters on the "Annotate" link of the /fdiff page. (user: drh, tags: trunk)
03:46
[75fffb49] Update the build-in SQLite to the latest 3.21.0 beta that includes the enhance use of co-routines for subqueries. (user: drh, tags: trunk)
02:30
[c8b46764] Fix the computation of the percentage of the repo taken up by unversioned files on the /stat page. (user: drh, tags: trunk)
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.21.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3021000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-09-21 20:43:48 5d03c738e93d36815248991d9ed3d62297ba1bb966e602e7874410076c144f43"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
#define SQLITE_ColumnCache    0x0002   /* Column cache */
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
/*                not used    0x0010   // Was: SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */


#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_CountOfView    0x1000   /* The count-of-view optimization */
#define SQLITE_CursorHints    0x2000   /* Add OP_CursorHint opcodes */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))==0)
................................................................................
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);


SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr*, const Token*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse*,Expr*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AddInt64(i64*,i64);
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;

    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

#else
    do{
      h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
................................................................................
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{

    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,

                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */




    }

  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

................................................................................

      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);



        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt)) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**





** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}



























/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
       Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
       assert( pExpr!=0 );
       m |= pExpr->flags;
    }
  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( pColl==0 || sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));

  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );

  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,0,ecelFlags);

  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the result
**                              column name is just the table column name: COLUMN. 
**                              Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering indexes not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable ){

    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is only attempted if all of the following are true:
**

**   (1)  The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates.
**
**   (2)  The subquery is not an aggregate or (2a) the outer query is not a join
**        and (2b) the outer query does not use subqueries other than the one



**        FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate for flattening.  (2b is
**        due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80] from 2015-02-09.)

**
**   (3)  The subquery is not the right operand of a LEFT JOIN
**        or (a) the subquery is not itself a join and (b) the FROM clause
**        of the subquery does not contain a virtual table and (c) the 
**        outer query is not an aggregate.




**
**   (4)  The subquery is not DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**   (6)  The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery has a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query 
**        does not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery does not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  The outer query is not part of a compound select or the
**        subquery does not have a LIMIT clause.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does
**        not contain ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  The sub-query is not a compound select, or it is a UNION ALL 
**        compound clause made up entirely of non-aggregate queries, and 
**        the parent query:
**
**          * is not itself part of a compound select,
**          * is not an aggregate or DISTINCT query, and


**          * is not a join
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER by clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (20)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use
**        an ORDER BY clause.  Ticket #3773.  We could relax this constraint
**        somewhat by saying that the terms of the ORDER BY clause must
**        appear as unmodified result columns in the outer query.  But we
**        have other optimizations in mind to deal with that case.
**
**  (21)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery is not a recursive CTE.
**
**  (23)  The parent is not a recursive CTE, or the sub-query is not a
**        compound query. This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**

**  (24)  The subquery is not an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates and subqueryIsAgg is true if the subquery uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg,           /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */
  int subqueryIsAgg    /* True if the subquery uses aggregate functions */
){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );  /* Unable to flatten compound queries */
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );
  if( subqueryIsAgg ){
    if( isAgg ) return 0;                                /* Restriction (1)   */
    if( pSrc->nSrc>1 ) return 0;                         /* Restriction (2a)  */
    if( (p->pWhere && ExprHasProperty(p->pWhere,EP_Subquery))
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pEList) & EP_Subquery)!=0
     || (sqlite3ExprListFlags(p->pOrderBy) & EP_Subquery)!=0
    ){
      return 0;                                          /* Restriction (2b)  */
    }
  }

  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 && subqueryIsAgg ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (6)  */
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
  testcase( pSub->selFlags & SF_MinMaxAgg );
  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive|SF_MinMaxAgg) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) and (24) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive) && pSub->pPrior ){
    return 0; /* Restriction (23) */
  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself.  Example of why this is not allowed:

  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate.  This is an artifact of the way aggregates
  ** are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if the LEFT JOIN
  ** table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){

      return 0; /* Restriction (3) */
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even though
    ** they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow opcode. */

    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction 17: If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      return 0;  /* Restriction 20 */
    }
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }
    if( subqueryIsAgg ){
      assert( pParent->pHaving==0 );
      pParent->pHaving = pParent->pWhere;
      pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      pParent->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0), pParent->pHaving
      );
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) The inner query is an aggregate.  (In that case, we'd really want
**       to copy the outer WHERE-clause terms onto the HAVING clause of the
**       inner query.  But they probably won't help there so do not bother.)




**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pX;           /* For looping over compound SELECTs in pSubq */
  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;









  for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
    if( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Aggregate|SF_Recursive))!=0 ){
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Aggregate );
      testcase( pX->selFlags & SF_Recursive );
      testcase( pX!=pSubq );
      return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
    }
  }


  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);



      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);

      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;



      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);

      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate query */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Must be count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in the FROM clause */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound subquery */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound terms */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point, that means it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }








    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;




















    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;




    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any tables that
    ** are referenced but from which no values are extracted. Examples of where these
    ** kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations would occur:

    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column.  The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty string
    ** for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }




    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if all of these are true:
    **   (1)  The subquery is guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it
    **        does not need to be computed more than once)
    **   (2)  The ALL keyword after SELECT is omitted.  (Applications are
    **        allowed to say "SELECT ALL" instead of just "SELECT" to disable
    **        the use of co-routines.)
    **   (3)  Co-routines are not disabled using sqlite3_test_control()
    **        with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS.
    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0                                   /* (2) */
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)               /* (3) */
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;

      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
** for the LHS anyplace else in the WHERE clause where the LHS column occurs.
** This is an optimization.  No harm comes from returning 0.  But if 1 is
** returned when it should not be, then incorrect answers might result.
*/
static int termIsEquivalence(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  char aff1, aff2;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  const char *zColl1, *zColl2;
  if( !OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Transitive) ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_EQ && pExpr->op!=TK_IS ) return 0;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) return 0;
  aff1 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  aff2 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pRight);
  if( aff1!=aff2
   && (!sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || !sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2))
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight);
  if( pColl==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, "BINARY")==0 ) return 1;
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
  zColl1 = pColl ? pColl->zName : 0;
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
  zColl2 = pColl ? pColl->zName : 0;
  return sqlite3_stricmp(zColl1, zColl2)==0;
}

/*
** Recursively walk the expressions of a SELECT statement and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[i].pExpr);
    if( p->op==TK_COLUMN
     && p->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[iCol]
     && p->iTable==iBase
    ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      if( pColl && 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, zColl) ){
        return i;
      }
    }
  }

  return -1;
}
................................................................................
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=XN_EXPR ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
        ** optimization, and then only if they are actually used
        ** by the query plan */
        assert( wctrlFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY_LIMIT );
        for(j=0; j<pLoop->nLTerm && pTerm!=pLoop->aLTerm[j]; j++){}
        if( j>=pLoop->nLTerm ) continue;
      }
      if( (pTerm->eOperator&(WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0 && pOBExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
        const char *z1, *z2;
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        z1 = pColl->zName;
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pTerm->pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        z2 = pColl->zName;
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(z1, z2)!=0 ) continue;

        testcase( pTerm->pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      }
      obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
    }

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0 ){
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK ){
................................................................................

        /* Get the column number in the table (iColumn) and sort order
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          iColumn = XN_ROWID;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
................................................................................
        isMatch = 0;
        for(i=0; bOnce && i<nOrderBy; i++){
          if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
          pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
          testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY );
          testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_DISTINCTBY );
          if( (wctrlFlags & (WHERE_GROUPBY|WHERE_DISTINCTBY))==0 ) bOnce = 0;
          if( iColumn>=(-1) ){
            if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) continue;
            if( pOBExpr->iTable!=iCur ) continue;
            if( pOBExpr->iColumn!=iColumn ) continue;
          }else{
            if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0,
                  pOBExpr,pIndex->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr,iCur) ){
              continue;
            }
          }
          if( iColumn!=XN_ROWID ){
            pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
            if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
            if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIndex->azColl[j])!=0 ) continue;
          }
          pLoop->u.btree.nIdxCol = j+1;
          isMatch = 1;
          break;
        }
        if( isMatch && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY)==0 ){
................................................................................
**    YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.
**    YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    YY_MAX_SHIFT       Maximum value for shift actions
**    YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE Minimum value for shift-reduce actions
**    YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE Maximum value for shift-reduce actions

**    YY_MIN_REDUCE      Maximum value for reduce actions
**    YY_ERROR_ACTION    The yy_action[] code for syntax error
**    YY_ACCEPT_ACTION   The yy_action[] code for accept
**    YY_NO_ACTION       The yy_action[] code for no-op
*/
#ifndef INTERFACE
# define INTERFACE 1
#endif
................................................................................
**    fts5YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.
**    fts5YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    fts5YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    fts5YY_MAX_SHIFT       Maximum value for shift actions
**    fts5YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE Minimum value for shift-reduce actions
**    fts5YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE Maximum value for shift-reduce actions

**    fts5YY_MIN_REDUCE      Maximum value for reduce actions
**    fts5YY_ERROR_ACTION    The fts5yy_action[] code for syntax error
**    fts5YY_ACCEPT_ACTION   The fts5yy_action[] code for accept
**    fts5YY_NO_ACTION       The fts5yy_action[] code for no-op
*/
#ifndef INTERFACE
# define INTERFACE 1
#endif
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2017-09-21 20:43:48 5d03c738e93d36815248991d9ed3d62297ba1bb966e602e7874410076c144f43", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=204906
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-09-21 20:43:48 5d03c738e93d36815248991d9ed3d62297ba1bb966e602e7874410076c14alt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/







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1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
.....
15277
15278
15279
15280
15281
15282
15283

15284
15285
15286

15287
15288
15289
15290
15291
15292

15293
15294
15295
15296
15297
15298
15299
.....
17774
17775
17776
17777
17778
17779
17780
17781
17782
17783
17784
17785
17786
17787
17788
17789
.....
43281
43282
43283
43284
43285
43286
43287
43288
43289
43290
43291
43292
43293

43294
43295
43296
43297
43298
43299
43300
43301
43302
43303
43304
43305
43306
43307
.....
43313
43314
43315
43316
43317
43318
43319
43320
43321
43322
43323
43324
43325
43326
43327


43328
43329
43330
43331
43332
43333
43334
43335
43336
43337
43338
43339
43340
.....
61040
61041
61042
61043
61044
61045
61046
61047
61048
61049
61050
61051
61052
61053
61054
61055
61056
.....
71395
71396
71397
71398
71399
71400
71401
71402
71403
71404
71405
71406
71407
71408
71409
71410
71411
71412
.....
91895
91896
91897
91898
91899
91900
91901
91902
91903
91904
91905
91906
91907
91908
91909
91910
91911
91912
91913
.....
91963
91964
91965
91966
91967
91968
91969
91970
91971
91972
91973
91974
91975
91976
91977
91978
91979
91980
91981
91982
91983
91984
91985
91986
91987
91988
91989
91990
91991
91992
91993
91994
91995
91996
91997
91998
91999
92000
92001
92002
.....
93483
93484
93485
93486
93487
93488
93489
93490
93491
93492
93493
93494

93495
93496
93497
93498
93499
93500
93501
.....
93644
93645
93646
93647
93648
93649
93650
93651
93652
93653
93654
93655
93656
93657
93658
93659
......
117789
117790
117791
117792
117793
117794
117795
117796
117797
117798
117799
117800
117801
117802
117803
117804
......
117814
117815
117816
117817
117818
117819
117820
117821
117822
117823
117824
117825
117826
117827
117828
117829
......
118432
118433
118434
118435
118436
118437
118438
118439
118440
118441
118442
118443
118444
118445
118446
118447
......
118783
118784
118785
118786
118787
118788
118789



118790
118791
118792
118793
118794
118795
118796
118797
......
119244
119245
119246
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
119255
119256
119257
119258
119259
119260
......
119288
119289
119290
119291
119292
119293
119294
119295
119296
119297
119298
119299
119300
119301
119302
......
120852
120853
120854
120855
120856
120857
120858
120859
120860
120861
120862
120863
120864
120865
120866
120867
120868
......
120967
120968
120969
120970
120971
120972
120973
120974
120975
120976
120977
120978

120979
120980
120981
120982
120983
120984
120985
120986
120987



120988
120989
120990
120991
120992
120993
120994
120995
120996
120997
120998
120999
121000
121001
121002
121003
121004
121005
121006
121007
121008
121009

121010
121011
121012
121013
121014
121015
121016
121017
121018
121019
121020
121021
121022
121023
121024
121025
121026
121027
121028
121029
121030
121031
121032
121033
121034
121035
121036
121037
121038
121039
121040
121041
121042
121043
121044
121045
121046
121047
121048
......
121050
121051
121052
121053
121054
121055
121056
121057
121058
121059
121060
121061
121062
121063
121064
121065
121066
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121070
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121072
121073
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121075
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121079
121080
121081
121082
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121084
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121088
121089
121090
121091
121092
121093
121094
121095
121096
121097
121098
121099
121100

121101
121102
121103
121104
121105
121106
121107
......
121112
121113
121114
121115
121116
121117
121118
121119
121120
121121
121122
121123
121124
121125
121126










121127
121128
121129
121130
121131
121132
121133
......
121134
121135
121136
121137
121138
121139
121140
121141
121142
121143
121144



121145
121146
121147
121148
121149
121150
121151
121152


121153
121154
121155
121156
121157
121158
121159
121160
121161
121162
121163
121164
121165
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121167
121168
121169
121170
121171
121172
121173
121174
121175
121176
121177
121178
121179
121180
121181
121182
121183
121184
121185
121186
121187
121188
121189
121190
121191
121192
121193
121194
121195
121196
121197
121198
121199
121200
121201
121202
121203
121204
121205
121206
121207
121208
121209
121210
121211
121212
121213
121214
121215
121216
121217
121218
121219
121220
121221
121222
121223
121224
121225
121226
121227
121228
121229
121230
......
121437
121438
121439
121440
121441
121442
121443










121444

121445
121446
121447
121448
121449
121450
121451
......
121500
121501
121502
121503
121504
121505
121506
121507
121508
121509
121510
121511
121512
121513
121514
121515
121516
121517
121518
121519
121520
......
121531
121532
121533
121534
121535
121536
121537

121538
121539
121540
121541
121542
121543
121544
121545
121546
121547
121548
121549




121550
121551
121552
121553
121554
121555
121556
121557
121558
121559
121560
121561
121562
121563
121564
121565
121566
121567
121568
121569
121570
121571
121572
121573
121574
121575
121576
121577
121578
121579
121580
121581
121582
121583
121584
......
121898
121899
121900
121901
121902
121903
121904
121905
121906
121907
121908
121909
121910
121911
121912
121913
......
122043
122044
122045
122046
122047
122048
122049
122050
122051
122052
122053
122054
122055
122056
122057
122058
122059
122060
122061
......
122707
122708
122709
122710
122711
122712
122713
122714
122715
122716
122717
122718
122719
122720
122721
122722
122723
122724
122725
122726
122727
122728
122729
122730
122731
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
......
122864
122865
122866
122867
122868
122869
122870

122871
122872
122873
122874
122875
122876
122877
122878
122879
122880
122881
122882
122883
122884
122885
122886
122887
122888
122889
122890
122891
122892
122893
122894
122895
122896
122897
122898
122899
122900
122901
122902
122903
122904
122905
122906
122907
122908
122909
122910
122911




122912
122913
122914
122915
122916
122917
122918
......
122938
122939
122940
122941
122942
122943
122944
122945
122946
122947
122948
122949
122950
122951
122952
122953
122954
122955
122956
122957
122958
122959
122960
122961
122962
122963
122964
122965
122966
122967
122968
122969
122970
......
123007
123008
123009
123010
123011
123012
123013
123014
123015
123016
123017
123018
123019
123020
123021
123022





123023
123024
123025
123026
123027
123028
123029


123030
123031
123032
123033
123034
123035
123036
123037
123038
123039
123040
123041
123042
......
123086
123087
123088
123089
123090
123091
123092
123093
123094
123095
123096
123097
123098
123099
123100
......
131092
131093
131094
131095
131096
131097
131098

131099
131100
131101
131102
131103
131104
131105
131106
131107
131108
131109
131110
131111




131112
131113
131114
131115
131116
131117
131118
......
132185
132186
132187
132188
132189
132190
132191
132192
132193
132194
132195
132196
132197
132198
132199
132200
......
134451
134452
134453
134454
134455
134456
134457
134458
134459
134460
134461
134462
134463
134464
134465
......
135361
135362
135363
135364
135365
135366
135367
135368
135369
135370





135371
135372
135373
135374
135375
135376
135377
135378
......
135436
135437
135438
135439
135440
135441
135442
135443
135444
135445
135446
135447
135448
135449
135450
......
135463
135464
135465
135466
135467
135468
135469
135470
135471
135472
135473
135474
135475
135476
135477
135478
135479
135480
135481

135482
135483
135484
135485
135486
135487
135488
......
137156
137157
137158
137159
137160
137161
137162
137163
137164
137165
137166
137167
137168
137169
137170
137171
......
184954
184955
184956
184957
184958
184959
184960
184961
184962
184963
184964
184965
184966
184967
184968
184969
......
200695
200696
200697
200698
200699
200700
200701
200702
200703
200704
200705
200706
200707
200708
200709
......
204964
204965
204966
204967
204968
204969
204970
204971
204972
204973
204974
204975
204976
204977
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.21.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3021000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-10-02 02:52:54 c9104b59c7ed360291f7f6fc8caae938e9840c77620d598e4096f78183bf807a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
#define SQLITE_ColumnCache    0x0002   /* Column cache */
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */

#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0010   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0020   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0040   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */

#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0080   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0100   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_CountOfView    0x0200   /* The count-of-view optimization */
#define SQLITE_CursorHints    0x0400   /* Add OP_CursorHint opcodes */
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
   /* TH3 expects the Stat34  ^^^^^^ value to be 0x0800.  Don't change it */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))==0)
................................................................................
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(Parse*,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr*, const Token*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse*,Expr*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AddInt64(i64*,i64);
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    do{
      h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        &extendedParameters);

      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;
      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#else
    do{
      h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
................................................................................
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    do{
      h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                        dwDesiredAccess,
                        dwShareMode, NULL,
                        dwCreationDisposition,
                        dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                        NULL);
      if( h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ) break;


      if( isReadWrite ){
        int isRO = 0;
        int rc2 = winAccess(pVfs, zName, SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, &isRO);
        if( rc2==SQLITE_OK && isRO ) break;
      }
    }while( winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) );
  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt, __LINE__);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

................................................................................

      if( 0==iFree2 || (data[iFree2]==0 && data[iFree2+1]==0) ){
        u8 *pEnd = &data[cellOffset + nCell*2];
        u8 *pAddr;
        int sz2 = 0;
        int sz = get2byte(&data[iFree+2]);
        int top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
        if( top>=iFree ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PGNO(pPage->pgno);
        }
        if( iFree2 ){
          assert( iFree+sz<=iFree2 ); /* Verified by pageFindSlot() */
          sz2 = get2byte(&data[iFree2+2]);
          assert( iFree+sz+sz2+iFree2-(iFree+sz) <= usableSize );
          memmove(&data[iFree+sz+sz2], &data[iFree+sz], iFree2-(iFree+sz));
          sz += sz2;
        }
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+1)) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;   /* Overrun area used when reading malformed records */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq() works the same exact that it returns the
** default collation if pExpr has no defined collation.
**
** The collating sequence might be determined by a COLLATE operator
** or by the presence of a column with a defined collating sequence.
** COLLATE operators take first precedence.  Left operands take
** precedence over right operands.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return a pointer to the
** defautl collation sequence.
**
** See also: sqlite3ExprCollSeq()
**
** The sqlite3ExprCollSeq() routine works the same except that it
** returns NULL if there is no defined collation.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  CollSeq *p = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr);
  if( p==0 ) p = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
  assert( p!=0 );
  return p;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the two expressions have equivalent collating sequences.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(Parse *pParse, Expr *pE1, Expr *pE2){
  CollSeq *pColl1 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE1);
  CollSeq *pColl2 = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pE2);
  return sqlite3StrICmp(pColl1->zName, pColl2->zName)==0;
}

/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
................................................................................
/*
** Return the bitwise-OR of all Expr.flags fields in the given
** ExprList.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  u32 m = 0;
  assert( pList!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
     Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
     assert( pExpr!=0 );
     m |= pExpr->flags;

  }
  return m;
}

/*
** This is a SELECT-node callback for the expression walker that
** always "fails".  By "fail" in this case, we mean set
................................................................................
  int i;

  /* Check if pExpr is identical to any GROUP BY term. If so, consider
  ** it constant.  */
  for(i=0; i<pGroupBy->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pGroupBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pExpr, p, -1)<2 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pWalker->pParse, p);
      if( sqlite3_stricmp("BINARY", pColl->zName)==0 ){
        return WRC_Prune;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Check if pExpr is a sub-select. If so, consider it variable. */
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
................................................................................
  Select standin;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0,
                                   sqlite3Expr(pParse->db,TK_ASTERISK,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->pPrior = 0;
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->pWith = 0;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 || pParse->nErr>0
                     || pParse->db->mallocFailed!=0 );
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(pParse->db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
................................................................................
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
      regOrig = 0;
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,
                                         0,ecelFlags);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr-iStart, nExtra+1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){



      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

/*
................................................................................
** other modes for legacy:
**
**    short=OFF, full=OFF:      Column name is the text of the expression has it
**                              originally appears in the SELECT statement.  In
**                              other words, the zSpan of the result expression.
**
**    short=ON, full=OFF:       (This is the default setting).  If the result
**                              refers directly to a table column, then the
**                              result column name is just the table column
**                              name: COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
**
**    full=ON, short=ANY:       If the result refers directly to a table column,
**                              then the result column name with the table name
**                              prefix, ex: TABLE.COLUMN.  Otherwise use zSpan.
*/
static void generateColumnNames(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  srcName = (db->flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0 || fullName;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pEList->nExpr);
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;

    assert( p!=0 );
    assert( p->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN );  /* Agg processing has not run yet */
    assert( p->op!=TK_COLUMN || p->pTab!=0 ); /* Covering idx not yet coded */
    if( pEList->a[i].zName ){
      /* An AS clause always takes first priority */
      char *zName = pEList->a[i].zName;
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, zName, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else if( srcName && p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      char *zCol;
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
................................................................................
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  SubstContext *pSubst,  /* Description of the substitution */
  Expr *pExpr            /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
   && pExpr->iRightJoinTable==pSubst->iTable
  ){
    pExpr->iRightJoinTable = pSubst->iNewTable;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==pSubst->iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
................................................................................
**     SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z<100 AND a>5
**
** The code generated for this simplification gives the same result
** but only has to scan the data once.  And because indices might 
** exist on the table t1, a complete scan of the data might be
** avoided.
**
** Flattening is subject to the following constraints:
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        The subquery and the outer query cannot both be aggregates.
**

**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries. Was:
**        (2) If the subquery is an aggregate then
**        (2a) the outer query must not be a join and
**        (2b) the outer query must not use subqueries
**             other than the one FROM-clause subquery that is a candidate
**             for flattening.  (This is due to ticket [2f7170d73bf9abf80]
**             from 2015-02-09.)
**
**   (3)  If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN then



**        (3a) the subquery may not be a join and
**        (3b) the FROM clause of the subquery may not contain a virtual
**             table and
**        (3c) the outer query may not be an aggregate.
**
**   (4)  The subquery can not be DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        If the subquery is aggregate, the outer query may not be DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery must have a FROM clause.  TODO:  For subqueries without
**        A FROM clause, consider adding a FROM clause with the special
**        table sqlite_once that consists of a single row containing a
**        single NULL.
**
**   (8)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be a join.
**
**   (9)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be aggregate.

**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        constraint: "If the subquery is aggregate then the outer query 
**        may not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query may not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query may not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery may not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  If the outer query is part of a compound select, then the
**        subquery may not use LIMIT.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  If the outer query is aggregate, then the subquery may not
**        use ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
**        until we introduced the group_concat() function.  
**
**  (17)  If the subquery is a compound select, then
**        (17a) all compound operators must be a UNION ALL, and
**        (17b) no terms within the subquery compound may be aggregate
**              or DISTINT, and
**        (17c) every term within the subquery compound must have a FROM clause
**        (17d) the outer query may not be
**              (17d1) aggregate, or
**              (17d2) DISTINCT, or
**              (17d3) a join.
**
**        The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. Subject to
**        rules (11), (13) and (14), they may also contain ORDER BY,
**        LIMIT and OFFSET clauses.  The subquery cannot use any compound
**        operator other than UNION ALL because all the other compound
**        operators have an implied DISTINCT which is disallowed by
**        restriction (4).
................................................................................
**        Also, each component of the sub-query must return the same number
**        of result columns. This is actually a requirement for any compound
**        SELECT statement, but all the code here does is make sure that no
**        such (illegal) sub-query is flattened. The caller will detect the
**        syntax error and return a detailed message.
**
**  (18)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the
**        ORDER BY clause of the parent must be simple references to 
**        columns of the sub-query.
**
**  (19)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not
**        have a WHERE clause.
**
**  (20)  If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use
**        an ORDER BY clause.  Ticket #3773.  We could relax this constraint
**        somewhat by saying that the terms of the ORDER BY clause must
**        appear as unmodified result columns in the outer query.  But we
**        have other optimizations in mind to deal with that case.
**
**  (21)  If the subquery uses LIMIT then the outer query may not be
**        DISTINCT.  (See ticket [752e1646fc]).
**
**  (22)  The subquery may not be a recursive CTE.
**
**  (23)  If the outer query is a recursive CTE, then the sub-query may not be
**        a compound query. This restriction is because transforming the
**        parent to a compound query confuses the code that handles
**        recursive queries in multiSelect().
**
**  (**)  We no longer attempt to flatten aggregate subqueries.  Was:
**        The subquery may not be an aggregate that uses the built-in min() or 
**        or max() functions.  (Without this restriction, a query like:
**        "SELECT x FROM (SELECT max(y), x FROM t1)" would not necessarily
**        return the value X for which Y was maximal.)
**
**
** In this routine, the "p" parameter is a pointer to the outer query.
** The subquery is p->pSrc->a[iFrom].  isAgg is true if the outer query
** uses aggregates.
**
** If flattening is not attempted, this routine is a no-op and returns 0.
** If flattening is attempted this routine returns 1.
**
** All of the expression analysis must occur on both the outer query and
** the subquery before this routine runs.
*/
static int flattenSubquery(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,           /* The parent or outer SELECT statement */
  int iFrom,           /* Index in p->pSrc->a[] of the inner subquery */
  int isAgg            /* True if outer SELECT uses aggregate functions */

){
  const char *zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  Select *pParent;    /* Current UNION ALL term of the other query */
  Select *pSub;       /* The inner query or "subquery" */
  Select *pSub1;      /* Pointer to the rightmost select in sub-query */
  SrcList *pSrc;      /* The FROM clause of the outer query */
  SrcList *pSubSrc;   /* The FROM clause of the subquery */
................................................................................
  Expr *pWhere;                    /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSubitem;   /* The subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Check to see if flattening is permitted.  Return 0 if not.
  */
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( p->pPrior==0 );
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_QueryFlattener) ) return 0;
  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  assert( pSrc && iFrom>=0 && iFrom<pSrc->nSrc );
  pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
  iParent = pSubitem->iCursor;
  pSub = pSubitem->pSelect;
  assert( pSub!=0 );











  pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;
  assert( pSubSrc );
  /* Prior to version 3.1.2, when LIMIT and OFFSET had to be simple constants,
  ** not arbitrary expressions, we allowed some combining of LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** because they could be computed at compile-time.  But when LIMIT and OFFSET
  ** became arbitrary expressions, we were forced to add restrictions (13)
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Compound)!=0 && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (4)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }



  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
  if( isAgg && pSub->pOrderBy ) return 0;                /* Restriction (16) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pWhere ) return 0;              /* Restriction (19) */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (21) */
  }


  if( pSub->selFlags & (SF_Recursive) ){
    return 0; /* Restrictions (22) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive) && pSub->pPrior ){
    return 0; /* Restriction (23) */
  }

  /*
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the
  ** subquery may not be a join itself (3a). Example of why this is not
  ** allowed:
  **
  **         t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN (t2 JOIN t3)
  **
  ** If we flatten the above, we would get
  **
  **         (t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN t2) JOIN t3
  **
  ** which is not at all the same thing.
  **
  ** If the subquery is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN, then the outer
  ** query cannot be an aggregate. (3c)  This is an artifact of the way
  ** aggregates are processed - there is no mechanism to determine if
  ** the LEFT JOIN table should be all-NULL.
  **
  ** See also tickets #306, #350, and #3300.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    isLeftJoin = 1;
    if( pSubSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg || IsVirtual(pSubSrc->a[0].pTab) ){
      /*  (3a)             (3c)     (3b) */
      return 0;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_IFNULLROW
  else if( iFrom>0 && !isAgg ){
    /* Setting isLeftJoin to -1 causes OP_IfNullRow opcodes to be generated for
    ** every reference to any result column from subquery in a join, even
    ** though they are not necessary.  This will stress-test the OP_IfNullRow 
    ** opcode. */
    isLeftJoin = -1;
  }
#endif

  /* Restriction (17): If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
  */
  if( pSub->pPrior ){
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      return 0;  /* Restriction (20) */
    }
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0; /* (17d1), (17d2), or (17d3) */
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0    /* (17b) */
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL)                 /* (17a) */
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1                                  /* (17c) */
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction (18). */
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<p->pOrderBy->nExpr; ii++){
        if( p->pOrderBy->a[ii].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) return 0;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
      pParent->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pWhere, 0);
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      setJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }










    pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);

    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) (** This restriction was removed on 2017-09-29.  We used to
**           disallow this optimization for aggregate subqueries, but now
**           it is allowed by putting the extra terms on the HAVING clause.
**           The added HAVING clause is pointless if the subquery lacks
**           a GROUP BY clause.  But such a HAVING clause is also harmless
**           so there does not appear to be any reason to add extra logic
**           to suppress it. **)
**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;

  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Recursive ) return 0;  /* restriction (2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Only the first term of a compound can have a WITH clause.  But make
  ** sure no other terms are marked SF_Recursive in case something changes
  ** in the future.
  */
  {
    Select *pX;  
    for(pX=pSubq; pX; pX=pX->pPrior){
      assert( (pX->selFlags & (SF_Recursive))==0 );




    }
  }
#endif

  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction (5) */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      SubstContext x;
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iCursor;
      x.iNewTable = iCursor;
      x.isLeftJoin = 0;
      x.pEList = pSubq->pEList;
      pNew = substExpr(&x, pNew);
      if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
        pSubq->pHaving = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pHaving, pNew);
      }else{
        pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      }
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
    if( pTab->nTabRef>2 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    assert( pTab->nTabRef==1 || 
            ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nTabRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      Select *pPrior = pSel->pPrior;
      assert( pPrior->pWith==0 );
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nTabRef = 1;
      if( pFrom->zAlias ){
        pTab->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pFrom->zAlias);
      }else{
        pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "subquery_%p", (void*)pTab);
      }
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
................................................................................
** Return TRUE if the optimization is undertaken.
*/
static int countOfViewOptimization(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  Select *pSub, *pPrior;
  Expr *pExpr;
  Expr *pCount;
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 ) return 0;   /* This is an aggregate */
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;               /* Single result column */
  pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;        /* Result is an aggregate */
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"count") ) return 0;  /* Is count() */
  if( pExpr->x.pList!=0 ) return 0;                 /* Must be count(*) */
  if( p->pSrc->nSrc!=1 ) return 0;                  /* One table in FROM  */
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  if( pSub==0 ) return 0;                           /* The FROM is a subquery */
  if( pSub->pPrior==0 ) return 0;                   /* Must be a compound ry */
  do{
    if( pSub->op!=TK_ALL && pSub->pPrior ) return 0;  /* Must be UNION ALL */
    if( pSub->pWhere ) return 0;                      /* No WHERE clause */
    if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ) return 0;     /* Not an aggregate */
    pSub = pSub->pPrior;                              /* Repeat over compound */
  }while( pSub );

  /* If we reach this point then it is OK to perform the transformation */

  db = pParse->db;
  pCount = pExpr;
  pExpr = 0;
  pSub = p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect;
  p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = 0;
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
................................................................................

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;

    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Catch mismatch in the declared columns of a view and the number of
    ** columns in the SELECT on the RHS */
    if( pTab->nCol!=pSub->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expected %d columns for '%s' but got %d",
                      pTab->nCol, pTab->zName, pSub->pEList->nExpr);
      goto select_end;
    }

    /* Do not try to flatten an aggregate subquery.
    **
    ** Flattening an aggregate subquery is only possible if the outer query
    ** is not a join.  But if the outer query is not a join, then the subquery
    ** will be implemented as a co-routine and there is no advantage to
    ** flattening in that case.
    */
    if( (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 ) continue;
    assert( pSub->pGroupBy==0 );

    /* If the subquery contains an ORDER BY clause and if
    ** it will be implemented as a co-routine, then do not flatten.  This
    ** restriction allows SQL constructs like this:
    **
    **  SELECT expensive_function(x)
    **    FROM (SELECT x FROM tab ORDER BY y LIMIT 10);
    **
    ** The expensive_function() is only computed on the 10 rows that
    ** are output, rather than every row of the table.
    */
    if( pSub->pOrderBy!=0
     && i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
         || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)
    ){
      continue;
    }

    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */




      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
................................................................................
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
  */
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    const char *zSavedAuthContext;
#endif

    /* Issue SQLITE_READ authorizations with a fake column name for any
    ** tables that are referenced but from which no values are extracted.
    ** Examples of where these kinds of null SQLITE_READ authorizations
    ** would occur:
    **
    **     SELECT count(*) FROM t1;   -- SQLITE_READ t1.""
    **     SELECT t1.* FROM t1, t2;   -- SQLITE_READ t2.""
    **
    ** The fake column name is an empty string.  It is possible for a table to
    ** have a column named by the empty string, in which case there is no way to
    ** distinguish between an unreferenced table and an actual reference to the
    ** "" column. The original design was for the fake column name to be a NULL,
    ** which would be unambiguous.  But legacy authorization callbacks might
    ** assume the column name is non-NULL and segfault.  The use of an empty
    ** string for the fake column name seems safer.
    */
    if( pItem->colUsed==0 ){
      sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_READ, pItem->zName, "", pItem->zDatabase);
    }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
    /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }

    zSavedAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
    pParse->zAuthContext = pItem->zName;

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    **
    ** The subquery is implemented as a co-routine if the subquery is
    ** guaranteed to be the outer loop (so that it does not need to be
    ** computed more than once)





    **
    ** TODO: Are there other reasons beside (1) to use a co-routine
    ** implementation?
    */
    if( i==0
     && (pTabList->nSrc==1
            || (pTabList->a[1].fg.jointype&(JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0)  /* (1) */


    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
     
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
................................................................................
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pParse->zAuthContext = zSavedAuthContext;
#endif
  }

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
................................................................................
** for the LHS anyplace else in the WHERE clause where the LHS column occurs.
** This is an optimization.  No harm comes from returning 0.  But if 1 is
** returned when it should not be, then incorrect answers might result.
*/
static int termIsEquivalence(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  char aff1, aff2;
  CollSeq *pColl;

  if( !OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Transitive) ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_EQ && pExpr->op!=TK_IS ) return 0;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) return 0;
  aff1 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  aff2 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pRight);
  if( aff1!=aff2
   && (!sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || !sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2))
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight);
  if( pColl==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, "BINARY")==0 ) return 1;
  return sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, pExpr->pRight);




}

/*
** Recursively walk the expressions of a SELECT statement and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[i].pExpr);
    if( p->op==TK_COLUMN
     && p->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[iCol]
     && p->iTable==iBase
    ){
      CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, zColl) ){
        return i;
      }
    }
  }

  return -1;
}
................................................................................
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=XN_EXPR ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompareSkip(pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
        ** optimization, and then only if they are actually used
        ** by the query plan */
        assert( wctrlFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY_LIMIT );
        for(j=0; j<pLoop->nLTerm && pTerm!=pLoop->aLTerm[j]; j++){}
        if( j>=pLoop->nLTerm ) continue;
      }
      if( (pTerm->eOperator&(WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0 && pOBExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
        if( sqlite3ExprCollSeqMatch(pWInfo->pParse, 
                  pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr, pTerm->pExpr)==0 ){
          continue;





        }
        testcase( pTerm->pExpr->op==TK_IS );
      }
      obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
    }

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0 ){
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK ){
................................................................................

        /* Get the column number in the table (iColumn) and sort order
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = XN_ROWID;
        }else{
          iColumn = XN_ROWID;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
................................................................................
        isMatch = 0;
        for(i=0; bOnce && i<nOrderBy; i++){
          if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
          pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
          testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY );
          testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_DISTINCTBY );
          if( (wctrlFlags & (WHERE_GROUPBY|WHERE_DISTINCTBY))==0 ) bOnce = 0;
          if( iColumn>=XN_ROWID ){
            if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) continue;
            if( pOBExpr->iTable!=iCur ) continue;
            if( pOBExpr->iColumn!=iColumn ) continue;
          }else{
            Expr *pIdxExpr = pIndex->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
            if( sqlite3ExprCompareSkip(pOBExpr, pIdxExpr, iCur) ){
              continue;
            }
          }
          if( iColumn!=XN_ROWID ){
            pColl = sqlite3ExprNNCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);

            if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIndex->azColl[j])!=0 ) continue;
          }
          pLoop->u.btree.nIdxCol = j+1;
          isMatch = 1;
          break;
        }
        if( isMatch && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY)==0 ){
................................................................................
**    YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.
**    YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    YY_MAX_SHIFT       Maximum value for shift actions
**    YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE Minimum value for shift-reduce actions
**    YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE Maximum value for shift-reduce actions
**    YY_MIN_REDUCE      Minimum value for reduce actions
**    YY_MAX_REDUCE      Maximum value for reduce actions
**    YY_ERROR_ACTION    The yy_action[] code for syntax error
**    YY_ACCEPT_ACTION   The yy_action[] code for accept
**    YY_NO_ACTION       The yy_action[] code for no-op
*/
#ifndef INTERFACE
# define INTERFACE 1
#endif
................................................................................
**    fts5YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.
**    fts5YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    fts5YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    fts5YY_MAX_SHIFT       Maximum value for shift actions
**    fts5YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE Minimum value for shift-reduce actions
**    fts5YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE Maximum value for shift-reduce actions
**    fts5YY_MIN_REDUCE      Minimum value for reduce actions
**    fts5YY_MAX_REDUCE      Maximum value for reduce actions
**    fts5YY_ERROR_ACTION    The fts5yy_action[] code for syntax error
**    fts5YY_ACCEPT_ACTION   The fts5yy_action[] code for accept
**    fts5YY_NO_ACTION       The fts5yy_action[] code for no-op
*/
#ifndef INTERFACE
# define INTERFACE 1
#endif
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2017-09-29 16:07:56 0840f9f824c16212ce3fd6c859e501176eb0a58924ea1728a54d5bdfd0c25c86", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=204971
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-10-02 02:52:54 c9104b59c7ed360291f7f6fc8caae938e9840c77620d598e4096f78183bfalt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.21.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3021000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-09-21 20:43:48 5d03c738e93d36815248991d9ed3d62297ba1bb966e602e7874410076c144f43"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros







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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.21.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3021000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-10-02 02:52:54 c9104b59c7ed360291f7f6fc8caae938e9840c77620d598e4096f78183bf807a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros