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/*
** Copyright (c) 2010 D. Richard Hipp
**
** This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of the Simplified BSD License (also
** known as the "2-Clause License" or "FreeBSD License".)

** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of
** merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
**
** Author contact information:
**   drh@hwaci.com
**   http://www.hwaci.com/drh/
**
*******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains an implementation of a bi-directional popen().
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "popen.h"

#ifdef _WIN32
#include <windows.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
/*
** Print a fatal error and quit.
*/
static void win32_fatal_error(const char *zMsg){
  fossil_fatal("%s", zMsg);
}
#else
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#endif

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** This code is copied out of SQLite.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
# define INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
# define PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif


#ifdef _WIN32
/*
** On windows, create a child process and specify the stdin, stdout,
** and stderr channels for that process to use.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int win32_create_child_process(
  wchar_t *zCmd,       /* The command that the child process will run */
  HANDLE hIn,          /* Standard input */
  HANDLE hOut,         /* Standard output */
  HANDLE hErr,         /* Standard error */
  DWORD *pChildPid     /* OUT: Child process handle */
){
  STARTUPINFOW si;
  PROCESS_INFORMATION pi;
  BOOL rc;

  memset(&si, 0, sizeof(si));
  si.cb = sizeof(si);
  si.dwFlags = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;
  SetHandleInformation(hIn, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, TRUE);
  si.hStdInput  = hIn;
  SetHandleInformation(hOut, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, TRUE);
  si.hStdOutput = hOut;
  SetHandleInformation(hErr, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, TRUE);
  si.hStdError  = hErr;
  rc = CreateProcessW(
     NULL,  /* Application Name */
     zCmd,  /* Command-line */
     NULL,  /* Process attributes */
     NULL,  /* Thread attributes */
     TRUE,  /* Inherit Handles */
     0,     /* Create flags  */
     NULL,  /* Environment */
     NULL,  /* Current directory */
     &si,   /* Startup Info */
     &pi    /* Process Info */
  );
  if( rc ){
    CloseHandle( pi.hProcess );
    CloseHandle( pi.hThread );
    *pChildPid = pi.dwProcessId;
  }else{
    win32_fatal_error("cannot create child process");
  }
  return rc!=0;
}
#endif

/*
** Create a child process running shell command "zCmd".  *ppOut is
** a FILE that becomes the standard input of the child process.  
** (The caller writes to *ppOut in order to send text to the child.)
** *ppIn is stdout from the child process.  (The caller
** reads from *ppIn in order to receive input from the child.)
** Note that *ppIn is an unbuffered file descriptor, not a FILE.
** The process ID of the child is written into *pChildPid.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
int popen2(const char *zCmd, int *pfdIn, FILE **ppOut, int *pChildPid){
#ifdef _WIN32
  HANDLE hStdinRd, hStdinWr, hStdoutRd, hStdoutWr, hStderr;
  SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES saAttr;    
  DWORD childPid = 0;
  int fd;

  saAttr.nLength = sizeof(saAttr);
  saAttr.bInheritHandle = TRUE;
  saAttr.lpSecurityDescriptor = NULL; 
  hStderr = GetStdHandle(STD_ERROR_HANDLE);
  if( !CreatePipe(&hStdoutRd, &hStdoutWr, &saAttr, 4096) ){
    win32_fatal_error("cannot create pipe for stdout");
  }
  SetHandleInformation( hStdoutRd, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, FALSE);

  if( !CreatePipe(&hStdinRd, &hStdinWr, &saAttr, 4096) ){
    win32_fatal_error("cannot create pipe for stdin");
  }
  SetHandleInformation( hStdinWr, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, FALSE);
  
  win32_create_child_process(fossil_utf8_to_unicode(zCmd),
                             hStdinRd, hStdoutWr, hStderr,&childPid);
  *pChildPid = childPid;
  *pfdIn = _open_osfhandle(PTR_TO_INT(hStdoutRd), 0);
  fd = _open_osfhandle(PTR_TO_INT(hStdinWr), 0);
  *ppOut = _fdopen(fd, "w");
  CloseHandle(hStdinRd); 
  CloseHandle(hStdoutWr);
  return 0;
#else
  int pin[2], pout[2];
  *pfdIn = 0;
  *ppOut = 0;
  *pChildPid = 0;

  if( pipe(pin)<0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( pipe(pout)<0 ){
    close(pin[0]);
    close(pin[1]);
    return 1;
  }
  *pChildPid = fork();
  if( *pChildPid<0 ){
    close(pin[0]);
    close(pin[1]);
    close(pout[0]);
    close(pout[1]);
    *pChildPid = 0;
    return 1;
  }
  signal(SIGPIPE,SIG_IGN);
  if( *pChildPid==0 ){
    int fd;
    int nErr = 0;
    /* This is the child process */
    close(0);
    fd = dup(pout[0]);
    if( fd!=0 ) nErr++;
    close(pout[0]);
    close(pout[1]);
    close(1);
    fd = dup(pin[1]);
    if( fd!=1 ) nErr++;
    close(pin[0]);
    close(pin[1]);
    execl("/bin/sh", "/bin/sh", "-c", zCmd, (char*)0);
    return 1;
  }else{
    /* This is the parent process */
    close(pin[1]);
    *pfdIn = pin[0];
    close(pout[0]);
    *ppOut = fdopen(pout[1], "w");
    return 0;
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Close the connection to a child process previously created using
** popen2().
*/
void pclose2(int fdIn, FILE *pOut, int childPid){
#ifdef _WIN32
  /* Not implemented, yet */
  close(fdIn);
  fclose(pOut);
#else
  close(fdIn);
  fclose(pOut);
  while( waitpid(0, 0, WNOHANG)>0 ) {}
#endif
}