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Check-in [04b86407]
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Overview
Comment:Merge updates from trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | enhancedUndo
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 04b86407b019bf9ac19f5351bfc70ab8cab1baa3
User & Date: mistachkin 2015-07-02 02:39:20
Context
2015-07-03
18:36
Add 'no-prompt' option to the clean command (i.e. answers 'No' to every prompt). Add initial tests of enhanced clean command. check-in: bc1504ee user: mistachkin tags: enhancedUndo
2015-07-02
02:39
Merge updates from trunk. check-in: 04b86407 user: mistachkin tags: enhancedUndo
02:35
Add tags to the title and description for RSS feed items. check-in: 66c3bc15 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2015-06-27
07:58
Improve help text for the undo command. check-in: ad7dd654 user: mistachkin tags: enhancedUndo
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/checkin.c.

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    free(zFullName);
  }
  blob_reset(&rewrittenPathname);
  db_finalize(&q);
  db_prepare(&q, "SELECT uuid, id FROM vmerge JOIN blob ON merge=rid"
                 " WHERE id<=0");
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zLabel = "MERGED_WITH";
    switch( db_column_int(&q, 1) ){
      case -1:  zLabel = "CHERRYPICK ";  break;
      case -2:  zLabel = "BACKOUT    ";  break;
      case -4:  zLabel = "INTEGRATE  ";  break;
    }
    blob_append(report, zPrefix, nPrefix);
    blob_appendf(report, "%s %s\n", zLabel, db_column_text(&q, 0));
  }
  db_finalize(&q);
  if( nErr ){
    fossil_fatal("aborting due to prior errors");
  }
}








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    free(zFullName);
  }
  blob_reset(&rewrittenPathname);
  db_finalize(&q);
  db_prepare(&q, "SELECT uuid, id FROM vmerge JOIN blob ON merge=rid"
                 " WHERE id<=0");
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zLabel = "MERGED_WITH ";
    switch( db_column_int(&q, 1) ){
      case -1:  zLabel = "CHERRYPICK ";  break;
      case -2:  zLabel = "BACKOUT    ";  break;
      case -4:  zLabel = "INTEGRATE  ";  break;
    }
    blob_append(report, zPrefix, nPrefix);
    blob_appendf(report, "%s%s\n", zLabel, db_column_text(&q, 0));
  }
  db_finalize(&q);
  if( nErr ){
    fossil_fatal("aborting due to prior errors");
  }
}

Changes to src/linenoise.c.

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    if (sscanf(buf+2,"%d;%d",&rows,&cols) != 2) return -1;
    return cols;
}

/* Try to get the number of columns in the current terminal, or assume 80
 * if it fails. */
static int getColumns(int ifd, int ofd) {

    struct winsize ws;

    if (ioctl(1, TIOCGWINSZ, &ws) == -1 || ws.ws_col == 0) {
        /* ioctl() failed. Try to query the terminal itself. */
        int start, cols;

        /* Get the initial position so we can restore it later. */
................................................................................
        }
        return cols;
    } else {
        return ws.ws_col;
    }

failed:

    return 80;
}

/* Clear the screen. Used to handle ctrl+l */
void linenoiseClearScreen(void) {
    if (write(STDOUT_FILENO,"\x1b[H\x1b[2J",7) <= 0) {
        /* nothing to do, just to avoid warning. */







>







 







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    if (sscanf(buf+2,"%d;%d",&rows,&cols) != 2) return -1;
    return cols;
}

/* Try to get the number of columns in the current terminal, or assume 80
 * if it fails. */
static int getColumns(int ifd, int ofd) {
#if !defined(__sun__)
    struct winsize ws;

    if (ioctl(1, TIOCGWINSZ, &ws) == -1 || ws.ws_col == 0) {
        /* ioctl() failed. Try to query the terminal itself. */
        int start, cols;

        /* Get the initial position so we can restore it later. */
................................................................................
        }
        return cols;
    } else {
        return ws.ws_col;
    }

failed:
#endif
    return 80;
}

/* Clear the screen. Used to handle ctrl+l */
void linenoiseClearScreen(void) {
    if (write(STDOUT_FILENO,"\x1b[H\x1b[2J",7) <= 0) {
        /* nothing to do, just to avoid warning. */

Changes to src/main.c.

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  assert( g.db==0 );
  blob_init(&base, g.zRepositoryName, -1);
  sqlite3_open(":memory:", &g.db);
  db_multi_exec("CREATE TABLE sfile(x TEXT);");
  db_multi_exec("CREATE TABLE vfile(pathname);");
  vfile_scan(&base, blob_size(&base), 0, 0, 0);
  db_multi_exec("DELETE FROM sfile WHERE x NOT GLOB '*[^/.].fossil'");
  n = db_int(0, "SELECT count(*) FROM sfile");
  if( n>0 ){
    Stmt q;
    @ <html>
    @ <head>
    @ <title>Repository List</title>
    @ </head>
................................................................................
        if( c=='-' && zRepo[j-1]!='/' ) continue;
        if( c=='.' && fossil_isalnum(zRepo[j-1]) && fossil_isalnum(zRepo[j+1])){
          continue;
        }
        szFile = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( szFile==0 ){
        if( zRepo[0]=='/' && zRepo[1]=='/' ){ zRepo++; j--; }
        szFile = file_size(zRepo);
        /* this should only be set from the --baseurl option, not CGI  */
        if( g.zBaseURL && g.zBaseURL[0]!=0 && g.zTop && g.zTop[0]!=0 &&
            file_isdir(g.zRepositoryName)==1 ){
          g.zBaseURL = mprintf("%s%.*s", g.zBaseURL, i, zPathInfo);
          g.zTop = mprintf("%s%.*s", g.zTop, i, zPathInfo);







|







 







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  assert( g.db==0 );
  blob_init(&base, g.zRepositoryName, -1);
  sqlite3_open(":memory:", &g.db);
  db_multi_exec("CREATE TABLE sfile(x TEXT);");
  db_multi_exec("CREATE TABLE vfile(pathname);");
  vfile_scan(&base, blob_size(&base), 0, 0, 0);
  db_multi_exec("DELETE FROM sfile WHERE x NOT GLOB '*[^/].fossil'");
  n = db_int(0, "SELECT count(*) FROM sfile");
  if( n>0 ){
    Stmt q;
    @ <html>
    @ <head>
    @ <title>Repository List</title>
    @ </head>
................................................................................
        if( c=='-' && zRepo[j-1]!='/' ) continue;
        if( c=='.' && fossil_isalnum(zRepo[j-1]) && fossil_isalnum(zRepo[j+1])){
          continue;
        }
        szFile = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( szFile==0 && sqlite3_strglob("*/.fossil",zRepo)!=0 ){
        if( zRepo[0]=='/' && zRepo[1]=='/' ){ zRepo++; j--; }
        szFile = file_size(zRepo);
        /* this should only be set from the --baseurl option, not CGI  */
        if( g.zBaseURL && g.zBaseURL[0]!=0 && g.zTop && g.zTop[0]!=0 &&
            file_isdir(g.zRepositoryName)==1 ){
          g.zBaseURL = mprintf("%s%.*s", g.zBaseURL, i, zPathInfo);
          g.zTop = mprintf("%s%.*s", g.zTop, i, zPathInfo);

Changes to src/rss.c.

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    @ SELECT
    @   blob.rid,
    @   uuid,
    @   event.mtime,
    @   coalesce(ecomment,comment),
    @   coalesce(euser,user),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE pid=blob.rid AND isprim),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE cid=blob.rid)



    @ FROM event, blob
    @ WHERE blob.rid=event.objid
  ;

  login_check_credentials();
  if( !g.perm.Read && !g.perm.RdTkt && !g.perm.RdWiki ){
    return;
................................................................................
  db_prepare(&q, "%s", blob_sql_text(&bSQL));
  blob_reset( &bSQL );
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW && nLine<nLimit ){
    const char *zId = db_column_text(&q, 1);
    const char *zCom = db_column_text(&q, 3);
    const char *zAuthor = db_column_text(&q, 4);
    char *zPrefix = "";

    char *zDate;
    int nChild = db_column_int(&q, 5);
    int nParent = db_column_int(&q, 6);

    time_t ts;


    ts = (time_t)((db_column_double(&q,2) - 2440587.5)*86400.0);
    zDate = cgi_rfc822_datestamp(ts);

    if( nParent>1 && nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE/FORK* ";
    }else if( nParent>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE* ";
    }else if( nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*FORK* ";
    }





    @     <item>
    @       <title>%s(zPrefix)%h(zCom)</title>
    @       <link>%s(g.zBaseURL)/info/%s(zId)</link>
    @       <description>%s(zPrefix)%h(zCom)</description>
    @       <pubDate>%s(zDate)</pubDate>
    @       <dc:creator>%h(zAuthor)</dc:creator>
    @       <guid>%s(g.zBaseURL)/info/%s(zId)</guid>
    @     </item>
    free(zDate);

    nLine++;
  }

  db_finalize(&q);
  @   </channel>
  @ </rss>

................................................................................
    @ SELECT
    @   blob.rid,
    @   uuid,
    @   event.mtime,
    @   coalesce(ecomment,comment),
    @   coalesce(euser,user),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE pid=blob.rid AND isprim),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE cid=blob.rid)



    @ FROM event, blob
    @ WHERE blob.rid=event.objid
  ;
  if(!zType || !*zType){
    zType = "all";
  }
  if(!zBaseURL || !*zBaseURL){
................................................................................
  db_prepare(&q, "%s", blob_sql_text(&bSQL));
  blob_reset( &bSQL );
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW && nLine<nLimit ){
    const char *zId = db_column_text(&q, 1);
    const char *zCom = db_column_text(&q, 3);
    const char *zAuthor = db_column_text(&q, 4);
    char *zPrefix = "";

    char *zDate;
    int nChild = db_column_int(&q, 5);
    int nParent = db_column_int(&q, 6);

    time_t ts;


    ts = (time_t)((db_column_double(&q,2) - 2440587.5)*86400.0);
    zDate = cgi_rfc822_datestamp(ts);

    if( nParent>1 && nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE/FORK* ";
    }else if( nParent>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE* ";
    }else if( nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*FORK* ";
    }





    fossil_print("<item>");
    fossil_print("<title>%s%h</title>\n", zPrefix, zCom);
    fossil_print("<link>%s/info/%s</link>\n", zBaseURL, zId);
    fossil_print("<description>%s%h</description>\n", zPrefix, zCom);
    fossil_print("<pubDate>%s</pubDate>\n", zDate);
    fossil_print("<dc:creator>%h</dc:creator>\n", zAuthor);
    fossil_print("<guid>%s/info/%s</guid>\n", g.zBaseURL, zId);
    fossil_print("</item>\n");
    free(zDate);

    nLine++;
  }

  db_finalize(&q);
  fossil_print("</channel>\n");
  fossil_print("</rss>\n");

  if( zFreeProjectName != 0 ){
    free( zFreeProjectName );
  }
}







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    @ SELECT
    @   blob.rid,
    @   uuid,
    @   event.mtime,
    @   coalesce(ecomment,comment),
    @   coalesce(euser,user),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE pid=blob.rid AND isprim),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE cid=blob.rid),
    @   (SELECT group_concat(substr(tagname,5), ', ') FROM tag, tagxref
    @     WHERE tagname GLOB 'sym-*' AND tag.tagid=tagxref.tagid
    @       AND tagxref.rid=blob.rid AND tagxref.tagtype>0) AS tags
    @ FROM event, blob
    @ WHERE blob.rid=event.objid
  ;

  login_check_credentials();
  if( !g.perm.Read && !g.perm.RdTkt && !g.perm.RdWiki ){
    return;
................................................................................
  db_prepare(&q, "%s", blob_sql_text(&bSQL));
  blob_reset( &bSQL );
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW && nLine<nLimit ){
    const char *zId = db_column_text(&q, 1);
    const char *zCom = db_column_text(&q, 3);
    const char *zAuthor = db_column_text(&q, 4);
    char *zPrefix = "";
    char *zSuffix = 0;
    char *zDate;
    int nChild = db_column_int(&q, 5);
    int nParent = db_column_int(&q, 6);
    const char *zTagList = db_column_text(&q, 7);
    time_t ts;

    if( zTagList && zTagList[0]==0 ) zTagList = 0;
    ts = (time_t)((db_column_double(&q,2) - 2440587.5)*86400.0);
    zDate = cgi_rfc822_datestamp(ts);

    if( nParent>1 && nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE/FORK* ";
    }else if( nParent>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE* ";
    }else if( nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*FORK* ";
    }

    if( zTagList ){
      zSuffix = mprintf(" (tags: %s)", zTagList);
    }

    @     <item>
    @       <title>%s(zPrefix)%h(zCom)%h(zSuffix)</title>
    @       <link>%s(g.zBaseURL)/info/%s(zId)</link>
    @       <description>%s(zPrefix)%h(zCom)%h(zSuffix)</description>
    @       <pubDate>%s(zDate)</pubDate>
    @       <dc:creator>%h(zAuthor)</dc:creator>
    @       <guid>%s(g.zBaseURL)/info/%s(zId)</guid>
    @     </item>
    free(zDate);
    free(zSuffix);
    nLine++;
  }

  db_finalize(&q);
  @   </channel>
  @ </rss>

................................................................................
    @ SELECT
    @   blob.rid,
    @   uuid,
    @   event.mtime,
    @   coalesce(ecomment,comment),
    @   coalesce(euser,user),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE pid=blob.rid AND isprim),
    @   (SELECT count(*) FROM plink WHERE cid=blob.rid),
    @   (SELECT group_concat(substr(tagname,5), ', ') FROM tag, tagxref
    @     WHERE tagname GLOB 'sym-*' AND tag.tagid=tagxref.tagid
    @       AND tagxref.rid=blob.rid AND tagxref.tagtype>0) AS tags
    @ FROM event, blob
    @ WHERE blob.rid=event.objid
  ;
  if(!zType || !*zType){
    zType = "all";
  }
  if(!zBaseURL || !*zBaseURL){
................................................................................
  db_prepare(&q, "%s", blob_sql_text(&bSQL));
  blob_reset( &bSQL );
  while( db_step(&q)==SQLITE_ROW && nLine<nLimit ){
    const char *zId = db_column_text(&q, 1);
    const char *zCom = db_column_text(&q, 3);
    const char *zAuthor = db_column_text(&q, 4);
    char *zPrefix = "";
    char *zSuffix = 0;
    char *zDate;
    int nChild = db_column_int(&q, 5);
    int nParent = db_column_int(&q, 6);
    const char *zTagList = db_column_text(&q, 7);
    time_t ts;

    if( zTagList && zTagList[0]==0 ) zTagList = 0;
    ts = (time_t)((db_column_double(&q,2) - 2440587.5)*86400.0);
    zDate = cgi_rfc822_datestamp(ts);

    if( nParent>1 && nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE/FORK* ";
    }else if( nParent>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*MERGE* ";
    }else if( nChild>1 ){
      zPrefix = "*FORK* ";
    }

    if( zTagList ){
      zSuffix = mprintf(" (tags: %s)", zTagList);
    }

    fossil_print("<item>");
    fossil_print("<title>%s%h%h</title>\n", zPrefix, zCom, zSuffix);
    fossil_print("<link>%s/info/%s</link>\n", zBaseURL, zId);
    fossil_print("<description>%s%h%h</description>\n", zPrefix, zCom, zSuffix);
    fossil_print("<pubDate>%s</pubDate>\n", zDate);
    fossil_print("<dc:creator>%h</dc:creator>\n", zAuthor);
    fossil_print("<guid>%s/info/%s</guid>\n", g.zBaseURL, zId);
    fossil_print("</item>\n");
    free(zDate);
    free(zSuffix);
    nLine++;
  }

  db_finalize(&q);
  fossil_print("</channel>\n");
  fossil_print("</rss>\n");

  if( zFreeProjectName != 0 ){
    free( zFreeProjectName );
  }
}

Changes to src/shell.c.

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# define SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE 1
#endif


#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
#define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
#ifndef access
# define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
#endif
#undef popen
#define popen _popen
#undef pclose
#define pclose _pclose
#else
/* Make sure isatty() has a prototype.
*/
extern int isatty(int);

#if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  /* popen and pclose are not C89 functions and so are sometimes omitted from
  ** the <stdio.h> header */
  extern FILE *popen(const char*,const char*);
  extern int pclose(FILE*);
#else
# define SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN 1
#endif

#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
................................................................................
/*
** Display scan stats.
*/
static void display_scanstats(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg                /* Pointer to ShellState */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS



  int i, k, n, mx;
  fprintf(pArg->out, "-------- scanstats --------\n");
  mx = 0;
  for(k=0; k<=mx; k++){
    double rEstLoop = 1.0;
    for(i=n=0; 1; i++){
      sqlite3_stmt *p = pArg->pStmt;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName;
  FILE *in;
  long nIn;
  void *pBuf;


  zName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  FILE *out;
  const char *z;
  sqlite3_int64 rc;
  const char *zFile;


  zFile = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFile==0 ) return;
  out = fopen(zFile, "wb");
  if( out==0 ) return;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
  if( z==0 ){
    rc = 0;
................................................................................
  }
  i = get2byteInt(aHdr+16);
  if( i==1 ) i = 65536;
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "database page size:", i);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "write format:", aHdr[18]);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "read format:", aHdr[19]);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "reserved bytes:", aHdr[20]);
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aField)/sizeof(aField[0]); i++){
    int ofst = aField[i].ofst;
    unsigned int val = get4byteInt(aHdr + ofst);
    fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %u", aField[i].zName, val);
    switch( ofst ){
      case 56: {
        if( val==1 ) fprintf(p->out, " (utf8)"); 
        if( val==2 ) fprintf(p->out, " (utf16le)"); 
................................................................................
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_master");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_master");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_master", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aQuery)/sizeof(aQuery[0]); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSchemaTab);
  return 0;
................................................................................
      { "variable_number",       SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           },
      { "trigger_depth",         SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH             },
      { "worker_threads",        SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS            },
    };
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==1 ){
      for(i=0; i<sizeof(aLimit)/sizeof(aLimit[0]); i++){
        printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[i].zLimitName, 
               sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[i].limitCode, -1));
      }
    }else if( nArg>3 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Usage: .limit NAME ?NEW-VALUE?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }else{
      int iLimit = -1;
      n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
      for(i=0; i<sizeof(aLimit)/sizeof(aLimit[0]); i++){
        if( sqlite3_strnicmp(aLimit[i].zLimitName, azArg[1], n2)==0 ){
          if( iLimit<0 ){
            iLimit = i;
          }else{
            fprintf(stderr, "ambiguous limit: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
            rc = 1;
            goto meta_command_exit;
................................................................................
  }else

  if( c=='o' && strncmp(azArg[0], "open", n)==0 && n>=2 ){
    sqlite3 *savedDb = p->db;
    const char *zSavedFilename = p->zDbFilename;
    char *zNewFilename = 0;
    p->db = 0;
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      p->zDbFilename = zNewFilename = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azArg[1]);
    }
    open_db(p, 1);
    if( p->db!=0 ){
      sqlite3_close(savedDb);
      sqlite3_free(p->zFreeOnClose);
      p->zFreeOnClose = zNewFilename;
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zNewFilename);
................................................................................
    int rc2 = 0;
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
    ** of the option name, or a numerical value. */
    n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    for(i=0; i<(int)(sizeof(aCtrl)/sizeof(aCtrl[0])); i++){
      if( strncmp(azArg[1], aCtrl[i].zCtrlName, n2)==0 ){
        if( testctrl<0 ){
          testctrl = aCtrl[i].ctrlCode;
        }else{
          fprintf(stderr, "ambiguous option name: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
          testctrl = -1;
          break;
................................................................................
      zHome = find_home_dir();
      if( zHome ){
        nHistory = strlen30(zHome) + 20;
        if( (zHistory = malloc(nHistory))!=0 ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);
        }
      }
      if( zHistory ) shell_read_history(zHistory);
      rc = process_input(&data, 0);
      if( zHistory ){
        shell_stifle_history(100);
        shell_write_history(zHistory);
        free(zHistory);
      }
    }else{







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....
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....
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# define SHELL_USE_LOCAL_GETLINE 1
#endif


#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
# define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
# ifndef access
#  define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
# endif
# undef popen
# define popen _popen
# undef pclose
# define pclose _pclose
#else
 /* Make sure isatty() has a prototype. */

 extern int isatty(int);

# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  /* popen and pclose are not C89 functions and so are
  ** sometimes omitted from the <stdio.h> header */
   extern FILE *popen(const char*,const char*);
   extern int pclose(FILE*);
# else
#  define SQLITE_OMIT_POPEN 1
# endif

#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
................................................................................
/*
** Display scan stats.
*/
static void display_scanstats(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database to query */
  ShellState *pArg                /* Pointer to ShellState */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pArg);
#else
  int i, k, n, mx;
  fprintf(pArg->out, "-------- scanstats --------\n");
  mx = 0;
  for(k=0; k<=mx; k++){
    double rEstLoop = 1.0;
    for(i=n=0; 1; i++){
      sqlite3_stmt *p = pArg->pStmt;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName;
  FILE *in;
  long nIn;
  void *pBuf;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  zName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  in = fopen(zName, "rb");
  if( in==0 ) return;
  fseek(in, 0, SEEK_END);
  nIn = ftell(in);
  rewind(in);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  FILE *out;
  const char *z;
  sqlite3_int64 rc;
  const char *zFile;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  zFile = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFile==0 ) return;
  out = fopen(zFile, "wb");
  if( out==0 ) return;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[1]);
  if( z==0 ){
    rc = 0;
................................................................................
  }
  i = get2byteInt(aHdr+16);
  if( i==1 ) i = 65536;
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "database page size:", i);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "write format:", aHdr[18]);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "read format:", aHdr[19]);
  fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", "reserved bytes:", aHdr[20]);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aField); i++){
    int ofst = aField[i].ofst;
    unsigned int val = get4byteInt(aHdr + ofst);
    fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %u", aField[i].zName, val);
    switch( ofst ){
      case 56: {
        if( val==1 ) fprintf(p->out, " (utf8)"); 
        if( val==2 ) fprintf(p->out, " (utf16le)"); 
................................................................................
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_master");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_master");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_master", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aQuery); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    fprintf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSchemaTab);
  return 0;
................................................................................
      { "variable_number",       SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           },
      { "trigger_depth",         SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH             },
      { "worker_threads",        SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS            },
    };
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==1 ){
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        printf("%20s %d\n", aLimit[i].zLimitName, 
               sqlite3_limit(p->db, aLimit[i].limitCode, -1));
      }
    }else if( nArg>3 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Usage: .limit NAME ?NEW-VALUE?\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }else{
      int iLimit = -1;
      n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aLimit); i++){
        if( sqlite3_strnicmp(aLimit[i].zLimitName, azArg[1], n2)==0 ){
          if( iLimit<0 ){
            iLimit = i;
          }else{
            fprintf(stderr, "ambiguous limit: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
            rc = 1;
            goto meta_command_exit;
................................................................................
  }else

  if( c=='o' && strncmp(azArg[0], "open", n)==0 && n>=2 ){
    sqlite3 *savedDb = p->db;
    const char *zSavedFilename = p->zDbFilename;
    char *zNewFilename = 0;
    p->db = 0;
    if( nArg>=2 ) zNewFilename = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", azArg[1]);
    p->zDbFilename = zNewFilename;

    open_db(p, 1);
    if( p->db!=0 ){
      sqlite3_close(savedDb);
      sqlite3_free(p->zFreeOnClose);
      p->zFreeOnClose = zNewFilename;
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zNewFilename);
................................................................................
    int rc2 = 0;
    int i, n2;
    open_db(p, 0);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
    ** of the option name, or a numerical value. */
    n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aCtrl); i++){
      if( strncmp(azArg[1], aCtrl[i].zCtrlName, n2)==0 ){
        if( testctrl<0 ){
          testctrl = aCtrl[i].ctrlCode;
        }else{
          fprintf(stderr, "ambiguous option name: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
          testctrl = -1;
          break;
................................................................................
      zHome = find_home_dir();
      if( zHome ){
        nHistory = strlen30(zHome) + 20;
        if( (zHistory = malloc(nHistory))!=0 ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);
        }
      }
      if( zHistory ){ shell_read_history(zHistory); }
      rc = process_input(&data, 0);
      if( zHistory ){
        shell_stifle_history(100);
        shell_write_history(zHistory);
        free(zHistory);
      }
    }else{

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

153
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160
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....
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....
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9773
....
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....
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.....
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.....
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10405

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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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.....
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14826
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.....
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19200





19201
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24523









24524
24525

24526
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24528
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24532
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25093
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25114
25115
25116
25117
25118
25119

25120
25121
25122
25123
25124
25125
25126
25127
25128
25129
25130
25131
25132
25133
25134


25135
25136
25137
25138
25139
25140
25141
.....
25153
25154
25155
25156
25157
25158
25159

25160
25161
25162
25163
25164
25165
25166
25167
25168
25169
25170

25171
25172
25173
25174
25175
25176
25177
25178
25179
25180
25181
25182
25183
25184
25185
25186
25187
25188
25189
25190
25191
25192
25193
25194
25195

25196
25197
25198
25199
25200
25201
25202
25203
25204
25205
25206
25207
25208
25209
25210
25211
25212
25213
25214
25215
25216
25217
25218
25219
25220
25221
25222
25223
25224
25225
25226
25227
25228
25229
25230
25231

25232
25233
25234
25235
25236
25237
25238
25239


25240
25241
25242
25243
25244
25245
25246
25247
25248
25249
25250
25251
25252
25253
25254
25255
25256
25257
25258
25259
25260
25261
25262
.....
38987
38988
38989
38990
38991
38992
38993
38994
38995
38996
38997

38998
38999
39000
39001
39002
39003
39004
.....
39009
39010
39011
39012
39013
39014
39015



39016
39017
39018
39019
39020
39021
39022
.....
39298
39299
39300
39301
39302
39303
39304
39305
39306
39307
39308
39309
39310
39311
39312
.....
39376
39377
39378
39379
39380
39381
39382
39383
39384
39385
39386
39387
39388
39389
39390
39391
39392
.....
39471
39472
39473
39474
39475
39476
39477
39478
39479
39480
39481
39482
39483
39484
39485
.....
39596
39597
39598
39599
39600
39601
39602
39603
39604
39605
39606
39607
39608
39609

39610
39611
39612
39613
39614
39615
39616
.....
39619
39620
39621
39622
39623
39624
39625
39626
39627
39628
39629
39630
39631
39632
39633
39634
39635
39636
39637
39638
39639
39640
39641
39642
39643
39644
39645
39646
39647
39648
39649
39650
39651
39652
39653
39654
39655
39656
39657
39658
.....
39672
39673
39674
39675
39676
39677
39678
39679
39680
39681
39682
39683
39684
39685
39686
39687
39688
39689
39690
39691

39692
39693


39694

39695
39696
39697
39698
39699
39700
39701
39702
39703

39704
39705

39706
39707
39708
39709
39710
39711
39712
.....
39765
39766
39767
39768
39769
39770
39771
39772




39773
39774

39775
39776
39777
39778
39779
39780
39781
.....
40090
40091
40092
40093
40094
40095
40096





40097
40098


40099
40100
40101
40102
40103
40104
40105
.....
40367
40368
40369
40370
40371
40372
40373
40374
40375
40376
40377
40378
40379
40380
40381
40382
40383
40384
40385
40386
40387
40388
40389
40390
40391
40392
40393
40394
40395
40396
40397
40398

40399
40400
40401
40402
40403
40404

40405
40406
40407
40408
40409
40410
40411
40412
40413
40414
40415
40416
40417
40418

40419
40420
40421
40422
40423
40424
40425
40426
40427
40428
40429
40430
40431
40432
40433
40434
40435
40436
40437
40438
40439
40440
.....
40472
40473
40474
40475
40476
40477
40478

40479
40480
40481
40482

40483
40484
40485
40486
40487
40488
40489
.....
40648
40649
40650
40651
40652
40653
40654
40655
40656
40657
40658
40659
40660
40661
40662
.....
40671
40672
40673
40674
40675
40676
40677
40678
40679
40680
40681
40682
40683
40684
40685
40686
40687
.....
40747
40748
40749
40750
40751
40752
40753





40754
40755

40756
40757
40758
40759
40760
40761
40762
40763
40764
40765
40766
40767
40768
40769
40770
40771
40772
40773
40774
40775
40776
40777




40778
40779
40780


40781












40782
40783
























40784

40785
40786
40787
40788
40789
40790
40791
.....
40806
40807
40808
40809
40810
40811
40812
40813
40814
40815
40816
40817
40818
40819
40820
40821
.....
40961
40962
40963
40964
40965
40966
40967
40968
40969
40970
40971
40972
40973
40974
40975
40976
.....
42103
42104
42105
42106
42107
42108
42109
42110
42111
42112
42113
42114
42115
42116
42117
42118
42119
.....
42187
42188
42189
42190
42191
42192
42193
42194
42195
42196
42197
42198
42199
42200
42201
42202
42203
42204
42205
.....
42294
42295
42296
42297
42298
42299
42300
42301
42302
42303
42304
42305
42306
42307
42308
.....
42455
42456
42457
42458
42459
42460
42461
42462
42463
42464
42465
42466
42467
42468
42469
.....
42678
42679
42680
42681
42682
42683
42684
42685
42686
42687
42688
42689
42690
42691

42692
42693
42694
42695
42696
42697

42698
42699
42700
42701
42702
42703
42704
.....
43302
43303
43304
43305
43306
43307
43308
43309

43310
43311
43312
43313
43314
43315
43316
.....
43862
43863
43864
43865
43866
43867
43868
43869
43870
43871
43872
43873
43874
43875
43876
.....
45964
45965
45966
45967
45968
45969
45970
45971
45972
45973
45974
45975
45976
45977
45978
45979
.....
46011
46012
46013
46014
46015
46016
46017







46018
46019
46020
46021
46022
46023
46024
.....
46069
46070
46071
46072
46073
46074
46075
46076
46077
46078
46079
46080
46081
46082
46083
46084
46085
46086
46087
46088
46089
46090
46091
46092
46093
46094
46095
46096
46097
46098
46099
46100
46101
46102
46103
46104
46105
46106
46107
46108
46109
46110
46111
46112
46113
46114
46115
46116
46117
46118
46119
46120
46121
46122
46123
46124
46125
46126
46127
46128
46129
46130
.....
46372
46373
46374
46375
46376
46377
46378
46379
46380
46381
46382
46383
46384
46385
46386
.....
46391
46392
46393
46394
46395
46396
46397
46398
46399
46400
46401
46402
46403
46404
46405
.....
46778
46779
46780
46781
46782
46783
46784
46785
46786
46787
46788
46789
46790
46791
46792
.....
46986
46987
46988
46989
46990
46991
46992




46993

46994
46995

46996
46997
46998
46999
47000
47001
47002
47003
47004
47005

47006
47007
47008
47009
47010
47011
47012
47013
47014
47015
47016
47017
47018
47019
47020
47021
47022
47023
47024
47025
47026
47027
.....
47092
47093
47094
47095
47096
47097
47098

47099
47100
47101
47102
47103
47104
47105
.....
47294
47295
47296
47297
47298
47299
47300





















































47301
47302
47303
47304
47305
47306
47307
47308
47309
47310
47311
47312
47313
47314
47315
47316
47317
47318
47319
47320
47321
47322
47323
47324
47325
47326
47327
47328
47329
47330
47331
47332
.....
47337
47338
47339
47340
47341
47342
47343
47344
47345
47346
47347
47348
47349
47350
47351
47352
47353
47354
47355



47356
47357
47358
47359
47360
47361
47362
47363
47364
47365
47366
47367
47368
47369
47370
47371
47372
47373
47374
47375
47376
47377
47378
47379
47380
47381
47382
47383
47384
47385
47386
47387
47388
47389
47390
47391
47392
47393
47394
47395
47396
47397
47398
47399
47400
47401
47402




47403
47404
47405
47406
47407
47408
47409
47410
47411
47412
47413
47414
47415
47416







47417
47418
47419
47420
47421
47422
47423
47424
47425
47426
47427
47428
47429
47430
47431
47432
47433
47434
47435
.....
47436
47437
47438
47439
47440
47441
47442
47443
47444
47445
47446
47447
47448
47449
47450
47451
47452
47453
47454
47455
47456
47457
47458
47459
47460
.....
47534
47535
47536
47537
47538
47539
47540

47541
47542
47543
47544



47545
47546
47547
47548
47549
47550
47551
47552
47553
47554
47555
47556
47557
47558
47559
47560
47561
47562
47563
47564
47565
47566
.....
47576
47577
47578
47579
47580
47581
47582

47583
47584
47585
47586
47587
47588
47589
.....
48130
48131
48132
48133
48134
48135
48136
48137
48138
48139


48140
48141
48142
48143
48144
48145
48146
48147
48148
48149
48150
48151
48152
48153
48154
48155
48156
48157
48158
48159
48160
48161
48162
48163
48164
48165
48166
48167
48168
48169
48170
48171
48172
48173
48174
48175
48176
48177
48178
48179
48180

48181



48182



48183
48184


48185
48186
48187
48188
48189
48190
48191
.....
48408
48409
48410
48411
48412
48413
48414
48415
48416
48417
48418
48419
48420
48421
48422
48423
48424
.....
52328
52329
52330
52331
52332
52333
52334

52335
52336
52337
52338
52339
52340
52341
.....
52391
52392
52393
52394
52395
52396
52397

52398


52399
52400
52401
52402
52403
52404
52405
.....
52447
52448
52449
52450
52451
52452
52453

52454
52455
52456
52457
52458
52459
52460
.....
52557
52558
52559
52560
52561
52562
52563
52564
52565
52566
52567
52568
52569
52570
52571
.....
52600
52601
52602
52603
52604
52605
52606
52607
52608
52609
52610
52611
52612
52613
52614
52615
52616
52617

52618
52619



52620



52621
52622
52623
52624
52625
52626
52627
52628
52629
52630
52631
52632

52633
52634
52635
52636
52637
52638
52639
.....
52778
52779
52780
52781
52782
52783
52784













52785
52786
52787
52788
52789
52790
52791
.....
53557
53558
53559
53560
53561
53562
53563
53564
53565

53566
53567

53568
53569
53570

53571
53572
53573
53574
53575
53576
53577
.....
53685
53686
53687
53688
53689
53690
53691
53692
53693
53694
53695
53696
53697
53698
53699
53700
53701
53702
53703
53704
53705
53706
53707
53708
53709
53710
53711
53712
.....
53719
53720
53721
53722
53723
53724
53725









53726
53727
53728
53729
53730
53731
53732
53733
53734
53735
53736
53737
53738


53739
53740
53741
53742
53743
53744
53745
.....
54018
54019
54020
54021
54022
54023
54024
54025



54026
54027
54028
54029
54030

54031
54032
54033
54034
54035




54036
54037
54038
54039
54040
54041
54042
54043
54044
54045














54046
54047









54048


54049
54050
54051
54052
54053



54054
54055
54056
54057








54058
















54059
54060
54061
54062
54063
54064
54065

54066
54067
54068


54069
54070
54071



















54072
54073
54074
54075



















54076









54077
54078
54079
54080
54081















54082
54083

54084





54085


54086
54087
54088
54089
54090
54091
54092
54093
54094
54095
54096
54097
54098
54099
54100
54101
54102
54103
54104
54105
54106
54107
54108
54109
54110
54111
54112
54113
54114
54115
54116
54117
54118
54119
54120
54121
54122
54123
54124
54125
54126
54127
54128
54129
54130
54131
54132
54133
54134



54135
54136
54137
54138



54139
54140
54141
54142
54143
54144
54145
54146
54147
54148
54149
54150
54151
54152
54153
54154
54155
54156
54157
54158
54159
54160
54161
54162
54163
54164
54165
54166
54167
54168
54169
.....
54187
54188
54189
54190
54191
54192
54193




















54194
54195
54196
54197
54198
54199
54200
54201
54202
54203
54204
54205
54206
54207
54208
54209
54210
54211
54212
54213
54214
54215
54216
54217
54218
54219
54220
.....
54270
54271
54272
54273
54274
54275
54276
54277
54278
54279
54280
54281
54282
54283
54284
.....
54312
54313
54314
54315
54316
54317
54318
54319
54320
54321
54322
54323
54324
54325
54326

54327
54328
54329
54330


54331
54332
54333
54334
54335
54336
54337
54338
54339
54340
54341
54342
54343
54344
54345



54346
54347
54348
54349
54350
54351
54352
54353
54354
54355
54356
54357
54358
54359
54360
54361
54362
54363
54364
54365
54366
54367


54368
54369
54370
54371
54372
54373
54374
.....
54401
54402
54403
54404
54405
54406
54407
54408
54409
54410
54411


54412

54413
54414
54415
54416
54417
54418
54419
54420
54421
54422
54423
54424
54425
54426
54427
54428
54429
54430


54431
54432
54433
54434
54435
54436
54437
54438
54439
54440
54441
54442
54443
54444
54445
54446
.....
54508
54509
54510
54511
54512
54513
54514
54515
54516
54517
54518
54519
54520
54521
54522

54523
54524
54525
54526
54527
54528
54529
.....
54573
54574
54575
54576
54577
54578
54579

54580
54581
54582
54583
54584
54585
54586
54587
54588

54589
54590







54591
54592
54593
54594
54595
54596
54597
54598
54599
54600
54601
54602

54603
54604
54605
54606
54607
54608
54609
.....
54651
54652
54653
54654
54655
54656
54657

54658
54659
54660
54661
54662
54663
54664
.....
54684
54685
54686
54687
54688
54689
54690
54691
54692
54693
54694
54695
54696
54697
54698
54699
54700
54701
54702
54703
54704
.....
54770
54771
54772
54773
54774
54775
54776

54777
54778
54779
54780
54781
54782
54783
.....
54788
54789
54790
54791
54792
54793
54794
54795
54796
54797
54798
54799
54800
54801
54802
.....
54849
54850
54851
54852
54853
54854
54855
54856
54857
54858


54859



54860
54861
54862
54863
54864
54865
54866

54867
54868
54869

54870
54871



54872
54873
54874
54875
54876






54877
54878
54879
54880

54881
54882
54883








54884




54885
54886
54887
54888
54889
54890
54891
54892
54893
54894
54895
54896
54897
54898
54899
54900
54901
54902
54903


54904
54905
54906
54907
54908
54909
54910
.....
55871
55872
55873
55874
55875
55876
55877
55878
55879
55880
55881
55882
55883
55884
55885
.....
56186
56187
56188
56189
56190
56191
56192
56193
56194
56195
56196
56197
56198
56199
56200
.....
56927
56928
56929
56930
56931
56932
56933

56934
56935
56936
56937
56938
56939
56940
.....
56942
56943
56944
56945
56946
56947
56948
56949
56950
56951
56952
56953
56954
56955
56956
56957
56958
56959
.....
56964
56965
56966
56967
56968
56969
56970



56971
56972
56973



56974


56975
56976
56977
56978
56979
56980
56981
.....
57025
57026
57027
57028
57029
57030
57031
57032

57033
57034



57035

57036
57037
57038

57039
57040
57041
57042
57043
57044
57045
.....
57051
57052
57053
57054
57055
57056
57057
57058
57059
57060
57061
57062
57063
57064
57065
57066
57067
57068
57069
57070
57071
57072
57073
57074
57075
57076
57077
57078
57079
57080
57081
57082
57083

57084
57085
57086
57087
57088
57089
57090
57091
57092
57093
57094
57095
57096
57097
57098
57099
57100
57101
57102
57103
57104
57105
.....
57597
57598
57599
57600
57601
57602
57603
57604
57605
57606
57607
57608
57609
57610
57611
57612
57613
57614
57615
57616
57617
57618
57619
57620
57621
57622
57623
57624
57625
57626
57627
57628




57629
57630
57631
57632
57633
57634
57635
.....
57665
57666
57667
57668
57669
57670
57671
57672
57673
57674
57675
57676

57677
57678
57679
57680
57681
57682
57683
.....
57710
57711
57712
57713
57714
57715
57716


57717

57718
57719
57720
57721

57722
57723

57724
57725
57726
57727
57728

57729
57730
57731
57732
57733
57734
57735
.....
57924
57925
57926
57927
57928
57929
57930
57931
57932
57933
57934
57935
57936
57937
57938
.....
57959
57960
57961
57962
57963
57964
57965
57966

57967
57968
57969
57970
57971
57972
57973
.....
57982
57983
57984
57985
57986
57987
57988
57989
57990
57991
57992
57993
57994
57995
57996
.....
58015
58016
58017
58018
58019
58020
58021
58022
58023
58024
58025
58026
58027
58028
58029
.....
58051
58052
58053
58054
58055
58056
58057
58058
58059
58060
58061
58062
58063
58064
58065
.....
58354
58355
58356
58357
58358
58359
58360
58361
58362
58363
58364
58365
58366
58367
58368
58369
.....
58398
58399
58400
58401
58402
58403
58404

58405
58406
58407
58408
58409
58410
58411
.....
58446
58447
58448
58449
58450
58451
58452
58453
58454
58455
58456
58457
58458
58459
58460
.....
58599
58600
58601
58602
58603
58604
58605

58606
58607
58608
58609
58610
58611
58612
.....
58840
58841
58842
58843
58844
58845
58846
58847
58848
58849
58850
58851
58852
58853
58854
.....
58952
58953
58954
58955
58956
58957
58958
58959
58960
58961
58962
58963
58964
58965
58966
58967
58968
.....
58994
58995
58996
58997
58998
58999
59000
59001
59002
59003
59004
59005
59006
59007
59008
.....
59164
59165
59166
59167
59168
59169
59170
59171
59172
59173
59174

59175
59176
59177
59178
59179
59180
59181
.....
59182
59183
59184
59185
59186
59187
59188
59189
59190
59191
59192
59193
59194
59195
59196
59197
59198
59199
59200
59201








59202
59203
59204
59205
59206
59207
59208
59209
59210
59211
59212
59213
59214
59215
59216
59217

59218
59219
59220
59221
59222
59223
59224
59225

59226



59227
59228
59229
59230
59231
59232
59233
59234
59235
59236
59237














































59238
59239
59240
59241
59242
59243
59244
.....
59245
59246
59247
59248
59249
59250
59251
59252
59253
59254
59255
59256
59257
59258
59259
.....
59270
59271
59272
59273
59274
59275
59276
59277
59278
59279


59280
59281
59282
59283
59284
59285
59286
59287
59288
59289
59290
59291

59292
59293
59294
59295
59296
59297
59298
.....
59317
59318
59319
59320
59321
59322
59323
59324
59325
59326
59327
59328
59329
59330
59331
59332
59333
59334
59335
59336

59337
59338
59339
59340
59341
59342
59343
59344
59345
59346
59347
59348
59349
.....
59354
59355
59356
59357
59358
59359
59360
59361
59362
59363
59364
59365
59366
59367
59368
59369

59370
59371
59372
59373
59374
59375
59376




59377
59378
59379
59380
59381
59382
59383
.....
59404
59405
59406
59407
59408
59409
59410
59411
59412
59413
59414
59415
59416
59417
59418
59419
59420
59421
59422
59423
59424
.....
59429
59430
59431
59432
59433
59434
59435
59436
59437
59438
59439
59440
59441
59442
59443
59444
59445
59446
59447
59448
59449
59450
59451
59452
59453
59454
59455
59456
59457
59458
59459
59460
59461
59462
59463
59464
59465
59466
59467
59468
59469
59470
59471
59472
59473
59474
59475
59476
59477
59478
59479
59480
59481
59482
59483
59484
59485
59486
59487
59488
59489
59490
59491
59492
59493
59494
59495
59496
59497
59498

59499
59500
59501
59502
59503
59504
59505

59506
59507
59508
59509
59510
59511
59512
.....
59564
59565
59566
59567
59568
59569
59570
59571
59572
59573
59574
59575
59576
59577

59578
59579
59580
59581
59582
59583
59584
.....
59643
59644
59645
59646
59647
59648
59649
59650
59651
59652
59653
59654
59655
59656
59657
.....
59774
59775
59776
59777
59778
59779
59780
59781
59782
59783
59784
59785
59786
59787
59788
59789
59790
59791
59792
59793
59794
59795
59796
59797
59798
59799
59800
59801
59802
59803
59804
59805
59806
59807
59808
59809
59810

59811
59812


59813
59814
59815
59816
59817
59818
59819
.....
59859
59860
59861
59862
59863
59864
59865
59866
59867
59868
59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
59883
59884
59885
59886
59887
59888
59889
.....
59914
59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922
59923
59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935
59936
59937
59938
59939
59940
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
59947
59948
59949
59950
59951
59952

59953
59954
59955
59956
59957





59958
59959
59960
59961
59962
59963
59964
59965
59966
59967

















59968


59969
59970
59971
59972


59973
59974
59975
59976
59977






59978
59979

59980
59981
59982


59983
59984
59985
59986
59987
59988
59989
59990
59991
59992
59993
59994
59995
59996
59997
59998
59999
60000
60001
60002
60003
60004
60005
60006
60007
60008
60009
60010
60011
60012
60013
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028
60029
60030
60031
60032
60033
60034
60035
60036
60037
60038
60039
60040









60041
60042




60043



60044



60045









60046












60047

60048
60049
60050
60051
60052
60053
60054
60055
60056
60057
60058
60059
.....
60066
60067
60068
60069
60070
60071
60072


60073
60074

60075
60076
60077



60078
60079
60080
60081
60082
60083



60084
60085




60086
60087
60088
60089
60090
60091
60092
.....
60114
60115
60116
60117
60118
60119
60120
60121
60122
60123
60124
60125
60126
60127
60128
.....
60219
60220
60221
60222
60223
60224
60225
60226
60227
60228
60229
60230
60231
60232
60233
60234
.....
60245
60246
60247
60248
60249
60250
60251
60252
60253
60254

60255
60256
60257
60258
60259
60260
60261
60262
60263
60264
60265
60266
60267

60268
60269
60270
60271
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
60283
60284
60285
60286
60287
60288
.....
60291
60292
60293
60294
60295
60296
60297
60298
60299
60300
60301
60302
60303
60304
60305
60306
60307
.....
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353
60354
60355
60356
60357
60358
60359
60360
60361

60362
60363
60364
60365
60366
60367
60368
.....
60405
60406
60407
60408
60409
60410
60411
60412
60413
60414
60415
60416
60417
60418
60419
.....
60428
60429
60430
60431
60432
60433
60434
60435
60436
60437
60438
60439
60440
60441
60442
.....
60703
60704
60705
60706
60707
60708
60709

60710
60711
60712

60713

60714
60715
60716
60717
60718
60719
60720
60721
60722
60723
60724


60725
60726
60727

60728
60729
60730
60731
60732
60733
60734
.....
60738
60739
60740
60741
60742
60743
60744
60745
60746
60747
60748
60749
60750
60751
60752
.....
60822
60823
60824
60825
60826
60827
60828
60829

60830
60831
60832
60833
60834
60835
60836
60837
60838
60839
60840
60841
.....
60852
60853
60854
60855
60856
60857
60858

60859
60860

60861
60862
60863
60864
60865
60866
60867
.....
60880
60881
60882
60883
60884
60885
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
.....
61102
61103
61104
61105
61106
61107
61108
61109
61110
61111
61112
61113
61114
61115
61116
.....
61774
61775
61776
61777
61778
61779
61780
61781
61782
61783
61784
61785
61786
61787
61788
.....
61889
61890
61891
61892
61893
61894
61895
61896
61897
61898
61899
61900
61901
61902
61903
61904
61905
61906
.....
62290
62291
62292
62293
62294
62295
62296

62297
62298
62299
62300
62301
62302
62303
.....
63737
63738
63739
63740
63741
63742
63743
63744
63745
63746
63747
63748
63749
63750
63751
.....
63926
63927
63928
63929
63930
63931
63932





63933
63934
63935
63936
63937
63938
63939
63940
63941
63942
63943
.....
64095
64096
64097
64098
64099
64100
64101


























64102
64103
64104
64105
64106
64107
64108
.....
64124
64125
64126
64127
64128
64129
64130
64131
64132
64133
64134
64135
64136
64137
64138
64139
64140
64141
64142
64143
64144
64145
64146
64147
64148
64149
64150
64151
64152
64153
.....
64460
64461
64462
64463
64464
64465
64466
64467
64468
64469
64470
64471
64472
64473
64474
.....
64827
64828
64829
64830
64831
64832
64833
64834
64835

64836



64837
64838




64839
64840
64841
64842
64843
64844
64845
64846

64847
64848
64849
64850
64851
64852
64853
.....
65076
65077
65078
65079
65080
65081
65082

















65083
65084
65085
65086
65087
65088
65089
.....
65241
65242
65243
65244
65245
65246
65247

65248
65249
65250
65251
65252
65253
65254
65255
65256
65257
65258


65259
65260
65261
65262
65263
65264
65265
.....
65266
65267
65268
65269
65270
65271
65272


65273
65274
65275
65276
65277
65278
65279
65280
65281
65282
65283
65284
65285
65286

65287
65288
65289
65290
65291
65292
65293
.....
65310
65311
65312
65313
65314
65315
65316
65317
65318
65319
65320
65321
65322
65323
65324
65325
65326
65327
65328
.....
65558
65559
65560
65561
65562
65563
65564




65565
65566
65567
65568
65569
65570
65571
.....
65942
65943
65944
65945
65946
65947
65948







65949
65950
65951
65952
65953
65954
65955
.....
66062
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067
66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
66082




66083
66084
66085
66086
66087
66088
66089
.....
67773
67774
67775
67776
67777
67778
67779







67780
67781
67782
67783
67784
67785
67786
67787
67788
67789
67790
67791
67792
67793
67794
67795
.....
67865
67866
67867
67868
67869
67870
67871
67872
67873
67874
67875
67876
67877
67878
67879
.....
68894
68895
68896
68897
68898
68899
68900
68901
68902
68903
68904
68905
68906
68907
68908
.....
71120
71121
71122
71123
71124
71125
71126
71127
71128
71129
71130
71131
71132
71133
71134
.....
71521
71522
71523
71524
71525
71526
71527

71528
71529
71530
71531
71532
71533
71534
71535
71536
71537
71538
71539
71540
71541
.....
72489
72490
72491
72492
72493
72494
72495
72496
72497
72498
72499
72500
72501
72502
72503
72504
72505
72506
72507
72508
72509
72510
72511
72512
























72513
72514
72515
72516
72517
72518
72519

72520
72521
72522
72523
72524
72525
72526
72527
72528























72529







72530
72531
72532
72533
72534
72535
72536
72537
72538
72539
72540

72541
72542
72543
72544
72545
72546
72547
72548
72549
72550
72551
72552
72553
72554
72555
72556

72557
72558
72559
72560
72561
72562
72563
72564
72565
72566
72567
72568
72569
72570
.....
72719
72720
72721
72722
72723
72724
72725
72726
72727
72728
72729
72730
72731
72732
72733
72734
72735
.....
73532
73533
73534
73535
73536
73537
73538
73539
73540
73541
73542
73543
73544
73545
73546
.....
74449
74450
74451
74452
74453
74454
74455




















74456
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
.....
74938
74939
74940
74941
74942
74943
74944
74945
74946
74947
74948
74949
74950
74951
74952
74953
74954
.....
75679
75680
75681
75682
75683
75684
75685
75686
75687
75688
75689
75690
75691
75692
75693
75694
75695
75696
75697
75698
75699
75700
75701
75702
75703
75704
75705
75706
75707
75708
75709
75710
75711
75712
75713
75714
.....
76620
76621
76622
76623
76624
76625
76626
76627
76628
76629
76630
76631
76632











76633
76634
76635
76636






76637
76638
76639




















76640

76641
76642
76643
76644
76645
76646

76647
76648
76649
76650
76651











76652
76653
76654
76655

76656
76657
76658
76659


76660
76661
76662
76663
76664
76665

76666
76667

76668
76669
76670
76671




76672
76673
76674
76675
76676
76677
76678
76679
76680
76681
76682
76683
76684
.....
82719
82720
82721
82722
82723
82724
82725







82726
82727
82728
82729
82730
82731
82732
.....
83087
83088
83089
83090
83091
83092
83093
83094
83095
83096
83097
83098
83099
83100
83101
83102
83103
83104
83105
83106
83107
.....
83117
83118
83119
83120
83121
83122
83123
83124
83125
83126
83127
83128
83129
83130
83131
83132
83133
83134
83135
83136
83137
83138
83139
83140
83141
83142
83143
83144
83145
.....
83937
83938
83939
83940
83941
83942
83943
83944
83945
83946
83947
83948
83949
83950
83951
.....
84164
84165
84166
84167
84168
84169
84170
84171
84172
84173
84174
84175
84176
84177
84178
.....
84272
84273
84274
84275
84276
84277
84278
84279
84280
84281
84282
84283
84284
84285
84286
.....
84378
84379
84380
84381
84382
84383
84384
84385
84386
84387
84388
84389
84390
84391
84392
.....
84829
84830
84831
84832
84833
84834
84835
84836
84837
84838
84839
84840
84841
84842
84843
.....
85104
85105
85106
85107
85108
85109
85110
85111
85112
85113
85114
85115
85116
85117
85118
85119
85120
85121
85122
85123
85124
85125
85126
85127
85128
85129
85130
85131
85132
85133
85134
85135
85136
85137
85138
85139
85140
85141
85142
85143
85144
85145
85146
.....
85158
85159
85160
85161
85162
85163
85164
85165
85166
85167
85168
85169
85170
85171
85172
85173
85174
85175
.....
85766
85767
85768
85769
85770
85771
85772
85773
85774
85775
85776
85777
85778
85779
85780
.....
85836
85837
85838
85839
85840
85841
85842
85843
85844
85845
85846
85847
85848
85849
85850
.....
86207
86208
86209
86210
86211
86212
86213
86214
86215
86216
86217
86218
86219
86220
86221
86222
86223
86224
86225
86226
86227
86228
86229
86230
86231
86232
86233
86234
86235
86236
86237
86238
86239
86240
86241
86242
86243
86244
86245
86246
86247
86248
86249
86250
86251
86252
86253
86254
86255
86256
86257
86258
86259
86260
86261
86262
86263
86264
86265
86266
86267
86268
86269
86270
86271
86272
86273
86274
86275
86276
86277
86278
86279
86280
86281
86282
86283
86284
86285
86286
86287
86288
86289
86290
86291
86292
86293
86294
86295
86296
86297
86298
86299
86300
86301
86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307
86308
86309
86310
86311
86312
86313
86314
86315
86316
86317
86318
86319
86320
86321
86322
86323
86324
86325
86326
86327
86328
86329
86330
86331
86332
86333
86334
86335
86336
86337
86338
86339
86340
86341
86342
86343
86344
86345
86346
86347
86348
86349
86350
86351
86352
86353
86354
86355
86356
86357
86358
86359
86360
86361
86362
86363
86364
86365
86366
86367
86368
86369
86370
86371
86372
86373
86374
86375
86376
86377
86378
86379
86380
86381
86382
86383
86384
86385
86386
86387
86388
86389
86390
86391
86392
86393
86394
86395
86396
86397
86398
86399
86400
86401
86402
86403
86404
86405
86406
86407
86408
86409
86410
86411
86412
86413
86414
86415
86416
86417
86418
86419
86420
86421
86422
86423
86424
86425
86426
86427
86428
86429
86430
86431
86432
86433
86434
86435
86436
86437
86438
86439
86440
86441
86442
86443
86444
86445
86446
86447
86448
86449
86450
86451
86452
86453
86454
86455
86456
86457
86458
86459
86460
86461
86462
86463
86464
86465
86466
86467
86468
86469
86470
86471
86472
86473
86474
86475
86476
86477
86478
86479
86480
86481
86482
.....
86859
86860
86861
86862
86863
86864
86865















86866
86867
86868
86869
86870
86871
86872
.....
88012
88013
88014
88015
88016
88017
88018
88019
88020
88021
88022
88023
88024
88025
88026
.....
89097
89098
89099
89100
89101
89102
89103
89104
89105
89106
89107
89108
89109
89110
89111
.....
89252
89253
89254
89255
89256
89257
89258
89259
89260
89261
89262
89263
89264
89265
89266
.....
89348
89349
89350
89351
89352
89353
89354
89355
89356
89357
89358
89359
89360
89361
89362
.....
90407
90408
90409
90410
90411
90412
90413
90414
90415
90416
90417
90418
90419
90420
90421
.....
91872
91873
91874
91875
91876
91877
91878
91879
91880
91881
91882
91883
91884
91885
91886
.....
91988
91989
91990
91991
91992
91993
91994
91995
91996
91997
91998
91999
92000
92001
92002
92003
92004
92005
.....
92026
92027
92028
92029
92030
92031
92032
92033
92034
92035
92036
92037
92038
92039
92040
.....
92052
92053
92054
92055
92056
92057
92058
92059
92060
92061
92062
92063
92064
92065
92066
.....
92444
92445
92446
92447
92448
92449
92450
92451
92452
92453
92454
92455
92456
92457
92458
92459
92460
92461
92462
92463
92464
92465
92466
92467
92468
92469
92470
92471
92472
92473
92474
92475
92476
92477
92478
92479
92480
92481
.....
92820
92821
92822
92823
92824
92825
92826

92827
92828
92829
92830
92831
92832
92833
.....
94597
94598
94599
94600
94601
94602
94603
94604
94605
94606
94607
94608
94609
94610
94611
.....
94670
94671
94672
94673
94674
94675
94676
94677
94678
94679
94680
94681
94682
94683
94684
94685
94686
94687
94688
94689
94690
.....
96500
96501
96502
96503
96504
96505
96506
96507
96508
96509
96510
96511
96512
96513
96514
96515
.....
97117
97118
97119
97120
97121
97122
97123
97124
97125
97126
97127
97128
97129
97130
97131
97132
97133
97134

97135
97136
97137
97138
97139
97140
97141
.....
97169
97170
97171
97172
97173
97174
97175
97176
97177
97178
97179
97180
97181
97182
97183
.....
97193
97194
97195
97196
97197
97198
97199
97200
97201
97202
97203
97204
97205
97206
97207
97208
97209
97210
97211
97212
97213
.....
97244
97245
97246
97247
97248
97249
97250
97251
97252
97253
97254
97255
97256
97257
97258
.....
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295
97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
97303
97304
.....
99804
99805
99806
99807
99808
99809
99810
99811
99812
99813
99814
99815
99816
99817
99818
.....
99847
99848
99849
99850
99851
99852
99853
99854
99855
99856
99857
99858
99859
99860
99861
99862
99863
99864
99865
99866
99867
99868
99869
99870
99871
99872
99873
.....
99881
99882
99883
99884
99885
99886
99887
99888
99889
99890
99891
99892
99893
99894
99895
......
101129
101130
101131
101132
101133
101134
101135
101136
101137
101138
101139
101140
101141
101142
101143
101144
......
102240
102241
102242
102243
102244
102245
102246

102247
102248
102249
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
......
102880
102881
102882
102883
102884
102885
102886
102887



102888
102889
102890
102891
102892
102893
102894
......
106615
106616
106617
106618
106619
106620
106621
106622

106623
106624
106625
106626
106627
106628
106629
......
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965






106966
106967
106968
106969
106970
106971
106972
......
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375

107376
107377
107378
107379
107380
107381
107382
......
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428

107429
107430
107431
107432
107433
107434
107435
......
107904
107905
107906
107907
107908
107909
107910



107911
107912
107913

107914
107915
107916

107917
107918




107919
107920
107921
107922
107923
107924
107925
107926
107927
107928
107929
107930
107931
107932
107933
107934
107935
107936
107937
107938
107939
......
107978
107979
107980
107981
107982
107983
107984
107985
107986
107987
107988



107989
107990
107991
107992
107993
107994
107995
......
108299
108300
108301
108302
108303
108304
108305

108306
108307
108308
108309
108310
108311
108312
108313
108314
108315
108316
108317
......
108459
108460
108461
108462
108463
108464
108465



108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
......
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
108683
108684
108685
108686
108687
108688
108689
108690
108691
108692
......
108704
108705
108706
108707
108708
108709
108710
108711
108712
108713
108714
108715
108716
108717
108718
108719
108720
108721
108722
108723
108724
108725
108726
108727
108728
108729
108730
......
108825
108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
108833
108834
108835
108836
108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
......
109448
109449
109450
109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
109458
109459
109460
109461
109462
109463
109464
......
109809
109810
109811
109812
109813
109814
109815
109816
109817
109818
109819
109820
109821
109822
109823
109824
......
110020
110021
110022
110023
110024
110025
110026

110027
110028
110029
110030
110031
110032
110033
110034
110035
110036
110037
......
110303
110304
110305
110306
110307
110308
110309
110310
110311
110312
110313
110314
110315



































































110316
110317
110318
110319
110320
110321
110322
......
110395
110396
110397
110398
110399
110400
110401
110402
110403
110404
110405
110406
110407
110408
110409
110410
110411
110412
110413
110414
110415
110416
110417
110418
......
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216
111217
111218
111219
111220
111221
111222
......
111341
111342
111343
111344
111345
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351

111352
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366
111367
111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
111374
111375













































111376
111377
111378
111379
111380
111381
111382
111383
111384
111385
111386
111387
111388
111389
111390
111391
......
111402
111403
111404
111405
111406
111407
111408
111409
111410
111411
111412
111413
111414





111415
111416





111417
111418
111419
111420
111421
111422
111423
111424
111425
111426
......
111463
111464
111465
111466
111467
111468
111469
111470
111471
111472
111473
111474
111475
111476
111477

111478


111479
111480
111481
111482
111483
111484
111485
111486
111487
111488
111489
111490
111491
111492
111493
111494
111495
111496



111497
111498
111499
111500
111501
111502
111503
......
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
111521
111522
111523
111524
111525
111526
111527
111528
111529
111530
111531
111532

111533
111534
111535
111536
111537
111538
111539
......
111556
111557
111558
111559
111560
111561
111562
111563
111564
111565
111566
111567
111568
111569
111570
111571
111572
111573
111574
111575
111576
111577
......
111641
111642
111643
111644
111645
111646
111647
111648
111649
111650
111651
111652
111653
111654
111655
111656
111657
111658
111659
......
111823
111824
111825
111826
111827
111828
111829
111830

111831
111832
111833
111834
111835
111836
111837
......
111895
111896
111897
111898
111899
111900
111901
111902

111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
......
112059
112060
112061
112062
112063
112064
112065

112066
112067
112068
112069
112070
112071
112072
112073
......
112092
112093
112094
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
112104
112105
112106
112107
112108
112109
112110
112111
112112
112113
112114
112115
112116
112117
112118
112119
112120
112121
112122
112123
112124
112125
112126
112127
112128
112129
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
112136
112137
112138
112139
112140
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165
112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
112185
112186
112187
112188
112189
112190
112191
112192
112193
112194
112195
112196
112197
112198
112199
......
115497
115498
115499
115500
115501
115502
115503


115504
115505
115506
115507
115508
115509
115510
115511
115512
115513
115514
115515
115516
115517
115518
115519
115520
115521
115522
115523
115524
......
115810
115811
115812
115813
115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
115826
115827
115828
115829
115830
115831
115832
115833
115834

115835
115836
115837
115838
115839
115840
115841
115842
115843
......
115852
115853
115854
115855
115856
115857
115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
115865
115866
......
115994
115995
115996
115997
115998
115999
116000
116001
116002
116003
116004
116005
116006
116007
116008
116009
116010
116011
......
116205
116206
116207
116208
116209
116210
116211





116212
116213
116214
116215
116216
116217
116218
......
116255
116256
116257
116258
116259
116260
116261
























































116262
116263
116264
116265
116266
116267
116268
......
116305
116306
116307
116308
116309
116310
116311
116312
116313
116314
116315
116316
116317
116318
116319
116320
116321
116322
116323
116324
116325
116326
116327
116328
116329
116330
116331
116332
116333
116334
116335
116336
116337
116338
116339
116340
116341
116342
116343
116344
116345
116346
116347
116348
116349
116350
116351
116352
116353
116354
116355
116356
116357
116358
116359
116360
116361
116362
116363
116364
116365
116366
116367
116368
116369
116370
116371
116372
116373
116374
116375
116376
116377
116378
116379
116380
116381
116382
116383
116384
116385
116386
116387
116388
116389
116390
116391
116392
116393
116394
116395
116396
116397
116398
116399
116400
116401
116402
116403
116404
116405
116406
116407
116408
116409
116410
116411
116412
116413
116414
116415
116416
116417
116418
116419
116420
116421
116422
116423
116424
116425
116426
116427
116428
116429
116430
116431
116432
116433
116434
116435
116436
116437
116438
116439
116440
116441
116442
116443



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































116444
116445
116446
116447
116448
116449
116450
116451
116452
116453
116454
116455
116456
116457
116458
116459
116460
116461
116462
116463
116464
116465
116466
116467
116468
116469
116470
116471
116472
116473
116474
116475
116476
116477
116478
116479
116480
116481
116482
116483
116484
......
116525
116526
116527
116528
116529
116530
116531
116532
116533
116534
116535
116536
116537
116538
116539
116540
116541
116542
116543
116544
116545
116546
116547
116548
116549
116550
116551
116552
116553
116554
116555
116556
116557
116558
116559
116560
116561
116562
116563
116564
116565
116566
116567
116568
116569
116570
116571
116572
116573
116574
116575
116576
116577
116578
116579
116580
116581
116582
116583
116584
116585
116586
116587
116588
116589
116590
116591
116592
116593
116594
116595
116596
116597
116598
116599
116600
116601
116602
116603
116604
116605
116606
116607
116608
116609
116610
116611
116612
116613
116614
116615
116616
116617
116618
116619
116620
116621
116622
116623
116624
116625
116626
116627
116628
116629
116630
116631
116632
116633
116634
116635
116636
116637
116638
116639
116640
116641
116642
116643
116644
116645
116646
116647
116648
116649
116650
116651
116652
116653
116654
......
116721
116722
116723
116724
116725
116726
116727
116728
116729
116730
116731
116732
116733
116734
116735
116736
116737
116738
116739
116740
116741
116742
116743
116744
116745
116746
116747
116748
116749
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
116760
116761
116762
116763
116764
116765
116766
116767
116768
116769
116770
116771
116772
116773
116774
116775
116776
116777
116778
116779
116780
116781
116782
116783
116784
116785
116786
116787
116788
116789
116790
116791
116792
116793
116794
116795
116796
116797
116798
116799
116800
116801
116802
116803
116804
116805
116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
116813
116814
116815
116816
116817
116818
116819
116820
116821
116822
116823
116824
116825
116826
116827
116828
116829
116830
116831
116832
116833
116834
116835
116836
116837
116838
116839
116840
116841
116842
116843
116844
116845
116846
116847
116848
116849
116850
116851
116852
116853
116854
116855
116856
116857
116858
116859
116860
116861
116862
116863
116864
116865
116866
116867
116868
116869
116870
116871
116872
116873
116874
116875
116876
116877
116878
116879
116880
116881
116882
116883
116884
116885
116886
116887
116888
116889
116890
116891
116892
116893
116894
116895
116896
116897
116898
116899
116900
116901
116902
116903
116904
116905
116906
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
116913
116914
116915
116916
116917
116918
116919
116920
116921
116922
116923
116924
116925
116926
116927
......
116968
116969
116970
116971
116972
116973
116974
116975
116976
116977
116978
116979
116980
116981
116982
......
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
117188
117189
117190
117191
117192
117193
......
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
117218
117219
117220
117221
117222
117223
117224
117225
117226
117227
117228
117229
117230
117231
117232
117233
117234
117235
117236
117237
......
117254
117255
117256
117257
117258
117259
117260
117261
117262
117263
117264
117265
117266
117267
117268
117269
117270
117271
117272
117273
117274
117275
......
117280
117281
117282
117283
117284
117285
117286
117287
117288
117289
117290
117291
117292
117293
117294
117295
117296
117297
117298
117299
117300
117301
117302
117303
117304
117305
117306
117307
117308
117309
117310
117311
117312
117313
117314
117315
117316
117317
......
117379
117380
117381
117382
117383
117384
117385

117386
117387
117388
117389
117390
117391
117392
117393
......
117398
117399
117400
117401
117402
117403
117404
117405
117406
117407
117408
117409
117410
117411
117412
......
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
......
117509
117510
117511
117512
117513
117514
117515


























117516
117517
117518
117519
117520
117521
117522
......
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
117578
117579
117580
117581
117582
117583
117584
......
117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
......
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































117846
117847
117848
117849
117850
117851
117852
......
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
117882
117883
117884
117885
117886
117887
117888
117889
117890
117891
117892
......
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
117931
117932
117933
117934
117935
117936
117937
117938
......
118255
118256
118257
118258
118259
118260
118261

118262
118263
118264
118265
118266
118267
118268
......
118271
118272
118273
118274
118275
118276
118277

118278
118279
118280
118281
118282
118283
118284
......
118325
118326
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331

118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
......
119046
119047
119048
119049
119050
119051
119052
119053
119054
119055
119056
119057
119058
119059
119060
119061
119062
119063
119064
119065
119066
119067
119068
119069
119070
119071
119072
119073
119074
119075
119076
119077
119078
119079
119080
119081
119082
119083
119084
119085
119086
119087
119088
119089
119090
119091
119092
119093
119094
119095
119096
119097
119098
119099
119100
119101
119102
119103
119104
119105
119106
119107
119108
119109
119110
119111
119112
119113
119114
119115
119116
119117
119118
119119
119120
119121
119122
119123
119124
119125
119126
119127
119128
119129
119130
119131
119132
119133
119134
119135
119136
119137
119138
119139
119140
119141
119142
119143
119144
119145
119146
119147
119148
119149
119150
119151
119152
119153
119154
119155
119156
119157
119158
119159
119160
119161
119162
119163
119164
119165
119166
119167
119168
119169
119170
119171
119172
119173
119174
119175
119176
119177
119178
119179
119180
119181
119182
119183
119184
119185
119186
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193
119194
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
119211
119212
119213
119214
119215
119216
119217
119218
119219
119220
119221
119222
119223
119224
119225
119226
119227
119228
119229
119230
119231
119232
119233
119234
119235
119236
119237
119238
119239
119240
119241
119242
119243
119244
119245
119246
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
119255
119256
119257
119258
119259
119260
119261
119262
119263
119264
119265
119266
119267
119268
119269
119270
119271
119272
119273
119274
119275
119276
119277
119278
119279
119280
119281
119282
119283
119284
119285
119286
119287
119288
119289
119290
119291
119292
119293
119294
119295
119296
119297
119298
119299
119300
119301
119302
119303
119304
119305
119306
119307
119308
119309
119310
119311
119312
119313
119314
119315
119316
119317
119318
119319
119320
119321
119322
119323
119324
119325
119326
119327
119328
119329
119330
119331
119332
119333
119334
119335
119336
119337
119338
119339
119340
119341
119342
119343
119344
119345
119346
119347
119348
119349
119350
119351
119352
119353
119354
119355
119356
119357
119358
119359
119360
119361
119362
119363
119364
119365
119366
119367
119368
119369
119370
119371
119372
119373
119374
119375
119376
119377
119378
119379
119380
119381
119382
119383
119384
119385
119386
119387
119388
119389
119390
119391
119392
119393
119394
119395
119396
119397
119398
119399
119400
119401
119402
119403
119404
119405
119406
119407
119408
119409
119410
119411
119412
119413
119414
119415
119416
119417
119418
119419
119420
119421
119422
119423
119424
119425
119426
119427
119428
119429
119430
119431
119432
119433
119434
119435
119436
119437
119438
119439
119440
119441
119442
119443
119444
119445
119446
119447
119448
119449
119450
119451
119452
119453
119454
119455
119456
119457
119458
119459
119460
119461
119462
119463
119464
119465
119466
119467
119468
119469
119470
119471
119472
119473
119474
119475
119476
119477
119478
119479
119480
119481
119482
119483
119484
119485
119486
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
119497
119498
119499
119500
119501
119502
119503
119504
119505
119506
119507
119508
119509
119510
119511
119512
119513
119514
119515
119516
119517
119518
119519
119520
119521
119522
119523
119524
119525
119526
119527
119528
119529
119530
119531
119532
119533
119534
119535
119536
119537
119538
119539
119540
119541
119542
119543
119544
119545
119546
119547
119548
119549
119550
119551
119552
119553
119554
119555
119556
119557
119558
119559
119560
119561
119562
119563
119564
119565
119566
119567
119568
119569
119570
119571
119572
119573
119574
119575
119576
119577
119578
119579
119580
119581
119582
119583
119584
119585
119586
119587
119588
119589
119590
119591
119592
119593
119594
119595
119596
119597
119598
119599
119600
119601
119602
119603
119604
119605
119606
119607
119608
119609
119610
119611
119612
119613
119614
119615
119616
119617
119618
119619
119620
119621
119622
119623
119624
119625
119626
119627
119628
119629
119630
119631
119632
119633
119634
119635
119636
119637
119638
119639
119640
119641
119642
119643
119644
119645
119646
119647
119648
119649
119650
119651
119652
119653
119654
119655
119656
119657
119658
119659
119660
119661
119662
119663
119664
119665
119666
119667
119668
119669
119670
119671
119672
119673
119674
119675
119676
119677
119678
119679
119680
119681
119682
119683
119684
119685
119686
119687
119688
119689
119690
119691
119692
119693
119694
119695
119696
119697
119698
119699
119700
119701
119702
119703
119704
119705
119706
119707
119708
119709
119710
119711
119712
119713
119714
119715
119716
119717
119718
119719
119720
119721
119722
119723
119724
119725
119726
119727
119728
119729
119730
119731
119732
119733
119734
119735
119736
119737
119738
119739
119740
119741
119742
119743
119744
119745
119746
119747
119748
119749
119750
119751
119752
119753
119754
119755
119756
119757
119758
119759
119760
119761
119762
119763
119764
119765
119766
119767
119768
119769
119770
119771
119772
119773
119774
119775
119776
119777
119778
119779
119780
119781
119782
119783
119784
119785
119786
119787
119788
119789
119790
119791
119792
119793
119794
119795
119796
119797
119798
119799
119800
119801
119802
119803
119804
119805
119806
119807
119808
119809
119810
119811
119812
119813
119814
119815
119816
119817
119818
119819
119820
119821
119822
119823
119824
119825
119826
119827
119828
119829
119830
119831
119832
119833
119834
119835
119836
119837
119838
119839
119840
119841
119842
119843
119844
119845
119846
119847
119848
119849
119850
119851
119852
119853
119854
119855
119856
119857
119858
119859
119860
119861
119862
119863
119864
119865
119866
119867
119868
119869
119870
119871
119872
119873
119874
119875
119876
119877
119878
119879
119880
119881
119882
119883
119884
119885
119886
119887
119888
119889
119890
119891
119892
119893
119894
119895
119896
119897
119898
119899
119900
119901
119902
119903
119904
119905
119906
119907
119908
119909
119910
119911
119912
119913
119914
119915
119916
119917
119918
119919
119920
119921
119922
119923
119924
119925
119926
119927
119928
119929
119930
119931
119932
119933
119934
119935
119936
119937
119938
119939
119940
119941
119942
119943
119944
119945
119946
119947
119948
119949
119950
119951
119952
119953
119954
119955
119956
119957
119958
119959
119960
119961
119962
119963
119964
119965
119966
119967
119968
119969
119970
119971
119972
119973
119974
119975
119976
119977
119978
119979
119980
119981
119982
119983
119984
119985
119986
119987
119988
119989
119990
119991
119992
119993
119994
119995
119996
119997
119998
119999
120000
120001
120002
120003
120004
120005
120006
120007
120008
120009
120010
120011
120012
120013
120014
120015
120016
120017
120018
120019
120020
120021
120022
120023
120024
120025
120026
120027
120028
120029
120030
120031
120032
120033
120034
120035
120036
120037
120038
120039
120040
120041
120042
120043
120044
120045
120046
120047
120048
120049
120050
120051
120052
120053
120054
120055
120056
120057
120058
120059
120060
120061
120062
120063
120064
120065
120066
120067
120068
120069
120070
120071
120072
120073
120074
120075
120076
120077
120078
120079
120080
120081
120082
120083
120084
120085
120086
120087
120088
120089
120090
120091
120092
120093
120094
120095
120096
120097
120098
120099
120100
120101
120102
120103
120104
120105
120106
120107
120108
120109
120110
120111
120112
120113
120114
120115
120116
120117
120118
120119
120120
120121
120122
120123
120124
120125
120126
120127
120128
120129
120130
120131
120132
120133
120134
120135
120136
120137
120138
120139
120140
120141
120142
120143
120144
120145
120146
120147
120148
120149
120150
120151
120152
120153
120154
120155
120156
120157
120158
120159
120160
120161
120162
120163
120164
120165
120166
120167
120168
120169
120170
120171
120172
120173
120174
120175
120176
120177
120178
120179
120180
120181
120182
120183
120184
120185
120186
120187
120188
120189
120190
120191
120192
120193
120194
120195
120196
120197
120198
120199
120200
120201
120202
120203
120204
120205
120206
120207
120208
120209
120210
120211
120212
120213
120214
120215
120216
120217
120218
120219
120220
120221
120222
120223
120224
120225
120226
120227
120228
120229
120230
120231
120232
120233
120234
120235
120236
120237
120238
120239
120240
120241
120242
120243
120244
120245
120246
120247
120248
120249
120250
120251
120252
120253
120254
120255
120256
120257
120258
120259
120260
120261
120262
120263
120264
120265
120266
120267
120268
120269
120270
120271
120272
120273
120274
120275
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120280
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120299
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120310
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120364
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120400
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120460
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120500
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120529
120530
120531
120532
120533
120534
120535
120536
120537
120538
120539
120540
......
120693
120694
120695
120696
120697
120698
120699
120700
120701
120702
120703
120704
120705
120706
120707
......
121645
121646
121647
121648
121649
121650
121651





















121652
121653
121654
121655


121656
121657
121658
121659
121660
121661
121662
......
121669
121670
121671
121672
121673
121674
121675

121676
121677
121678
121679
121680
121681
121682
121683
121684
121685
121686
121687
121688
121689
121690
121691
......
121707
121708
121709
121710
121711
121712
121713
121714
121715
121716
121717
121718
121719
121720
121721
121722
121723
121724
121725
121726
121727
121728
121729
......
121814
121815
121816
121817
121818
121819
121820

121821



121822
121823
121824
121825
121826
121827
121828
......
121873
121874
121875
121876
121877
121878
121879
121880
121881
121882
121883
121884
121885
121886
121887
121888
121889
121890
121891
121892
121893
121894
......
121942
121943
121944
121945
121946
121947
121948

121949
121950
121951
121952
121953

121954
121955
121956
121957
121958

121959
121960
121961


121962
121963
121964
121965






121966
121967
121968
121969
121970
121971
121972
121973
121974
121975

121976
121977
121978
121979
121980
121981
121982
......
122074
122075
122076
122077
122078
122079
122080
122081
122082
122083
122084
122085
122086
122087
122088
......
122211
122212
122213
122214
122215
122216
122217
122218
122219
122220
122221
122222
122223
122224
122225
......
122684
122685
122686
122687
122688
122689
122690
122691
122692
122693
122694
122695
122696
122697
122698
122699
122700
122701
122702
122703
122704
......
122709
122710
122711
122712
122713
122714
122715
122716
122717
122718
122719
122720
122721
122722
122723
......
122730
122731
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
122739
122740
122741
122742
122743
122744
......
122924
122925
122926
122927
122928
122929
122930
122931
122932
122933
122934
122935
122936
122937
122938
122939
......
122970
122971
122972
122973
122974
122975
122976
122977
122978
122979
122980
122981
122982
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122986
122987
122988
122989
122990
122991
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122993
122994
122995
122996
122997
122998
122999
......
123001
123002
123003
123004
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123006
123007
123008
123009
123010
123011
123012
123013
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123015
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123034
......
123041
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123044
123045
123046
123047
123048
123049
123050
123051
123052
123053
123054
123055
......
123072
123073
123074
123075
123076
123077
123078
123079

123080

123081
123082
123083
123084
123085
123086
123087
......
123104
123105
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123109
123110
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123112
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123118
123119
123120
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123123
123124
123125
123126
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123128
123129
123130
123131
123132
......
123159
123160
123161
123162
123163
123164
123165




123166
123167
123168
123169
123170
123171
123172
......
123204
123205
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123210















123211
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123221
......
123229
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123249
123250
......
124922
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124928
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......
127394
127395
127396
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127398
127399
127400



127401

127402
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127404
127405
127406
127407
127408
......
128102
128103
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128105
128106
128107
128108
128109
128110
128111
128112
128113
128114
128115
128116
......
130280
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130284
130285
130286

130287
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130290
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130293
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130296
......
131124
131125
131126
131127
131128
131129
131130
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......
131182
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......
131554
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131561


131562
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......
154902
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......
155241
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155248
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......
155564
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155576

155577
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155582
155583
......
159129
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159144
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif








/* Needed for various definitions... */
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(_GNU_SOURCE)
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
................................................................................
** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-05-29 17:51:16 db4e9728fae5f7b0fad6aa0a5be317a7c9e7c417"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
* <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK] is a signal to the VFS layer that it might
** be advantageous to block on the next WAL lock if the lock is not immediately
** available.  The WAL subsystem issues this signal during rare
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
................................................................................
  u8 opcode;          /* What operation to perform */
  signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
  u8 opflags;         /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
  u8 p5;              /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
  int p1;             /* First operand */
  int p2;             /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
  int p3;             /* The third parameter */
  union {             /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */

    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */


/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4

................................................................................
** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
*/
/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */
#define OP_Function        1 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])             */
#define OP_Savepoint       2
#define OP_AutoCommit      3
#define OP_Transaction     4
#define OP_SorterNext      5
#define OP_PrevIfOpen      6
#define OP_NextIfOpen      7
#define OP_Prev            8
#define OP_Next            9
#define OP_AggStep        10 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_Checkpoint     11
#define OP_JournalMode    12
#define OP_Vacuum         13
#define OP_VFilter        14 /* synopsis: iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'           */
#define OP_VUpdate        15 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]                    */
#define OP_Goto           16
#define OP_Gosub          17
#define OP_Return         18
#define OP_Not            19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]    */
#define OP_InitCoroutine  20
#define OP_EndCoroutine   21

#define OP_Yield          22
#define OP_HaltIfNull     23 /* synopsis: if r[P3]=null halt               */
#define OP_Halt           24
#define OP_Integer        25 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1                         */
#define OP_Int64          26 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4                         */
#define OP_String         27 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)              */
#define OP_Null           28 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL                   */
#define OP_SoftNull       29 /* synopsis: r[P1]=NULL                       */
#define OP_Blob           30 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)                */
#define OP_Variable       31 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)           */
#define OP_Move           32 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]                */
#define OP_Copy           33 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]            */
#define OP_SCopy          34 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
#define OP_ResultRow      35 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2]                  */
#define OP_CollSeq        36


#define OP_AddImm         37 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2                   */
#define OP_MustBeInt      38
#define OP_RealAffinity   39
#define OP_Cast           40 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1])                  */
#define OP_Permutation    41
#define OP_Compare        42 /* synopsis: r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]            */
#define OP_Jump           43
................................................................................
#define OP_OpenWrite      55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     58
#define OP_SequenceTest   59 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2   */
#define OP_OpenPseudo     60 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          61

#define OP_SeekLT         62 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLE         63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGE         64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGT         65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Seek           66 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     67 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       68 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      70 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */

#define OP_Sequence       73 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       74 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert         75 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_InsertInt      84 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_Delete         95
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */

#define OP_ResetCount     98
#define OP_SorterCompare  99 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey        101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       104
#define OP_Last          105
#define OP_SorterSort    106
#define OP_Sort          107
#define OP_Rewind        108
#define OP_SorterInsert  109
#define OP_IdxInsert     110 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     111 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      112 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       117
#define OP_Clear         118
#define OP_ResetSorter   119
#define OP_CreateIndex   120 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   122
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  123
#define OP_DropTable     124
#define OP_DropIndex     125
#define OP_DropTrigger   126
#define OP_IntegrityCk   127
#define OP_RowSetAdd     128 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    129 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    130 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       131
#define OP_Param         132
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */

#define OP_FkCounter     134 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      135 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        136 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         137 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         138 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfNotZero     139 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  140 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  141 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */


#define OP_AggFinal      142 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    143
#define OP_Expire        144
#define OP_TableLock     145 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        146
#define OP_VCreate       147
#define OP_VDestroy      148
#define OP_VOpen         149
#define OP_VColumn       150 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         151
#define OP_VRename       152
#define OP_Pagecount     153
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      154
#define OP_Init          155 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          156
#define OP_Explain       157


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0002  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0004  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0008  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0010  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0020  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x12, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x08,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x03, 0x02,\
/*  40 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x09, 0x09,\
/*  64 */ 0x09, 0x09, 0x04, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x26,\
/*  72 */ 0x26, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x03, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x0b,\
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 136 */ 0x04, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}


/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
................................................................................
  PCache *pCache;                /* Cache that owns this page */

  PgHdr *pDirtyNext;             /* Next element in list of dirty pages */
  PgHdr *pDirtyPrev;             /* Previous element in list of dirty pages */
};

/* Bit values for PgHdr.flags */

#define PGHDR_DIRTY             0x002  /* Page has changed */

#define PGHDR_NEED_SYNC         0x004  /* Fsync the rollback journal before
                                       ** writing this page to the database */
#define PGHDR_NEED_READ         0x008  /* Content is unread */
#define PGHDR_REUSE_UNLIKELY    0x010  /* A hint that reuse is unlikely */
#define PGHDR_DONT_WRITE        0x020  /* Do not write content to disk */

#define PGHDR_MMAP              0x040  /* This is an mmap page object */

/* Initialize and shutdown the page cache subsystem */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheInitialize(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShutdown(void);

/* Page cache buffer management:
** These routines implement SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
................................................................................
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
**
** But rather than start with 0 or 1, we begin with 'A'.  That way,
** when multiple affinity types are concatenated into a string and
** used as the P4 operand, they will be more readable.
**
** Note also that the numeric types are grouped together so that testing
** for a numeric type is a single comparison.  And the NONE type is first.
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_NONE     'A'
#define SQLITE_AFF_TEXT     'B'
#define SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC  'C'
#define SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER  'D'
#define SQLITE_AFF_REAL     'E'

#define sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(X)  ((X)>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC)

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndex;     /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8);


/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
** obtain space from malloc().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView*, const char*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView*, const Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(TreeView*, const ExprList*, u8, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView*, const Select*, u8);
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*);
................................................................................
# define sqlite3FaultSim(X) SQLITE_OK
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FaultSim(int);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);


SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
................................................................................
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */




  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
  **
................................................................................
** But this file is the only place where the internal details of this
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;            /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;          /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;              /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;          /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;       /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */


};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_methods *pTo = &sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;

    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
      pFrom = sqlite3DefaultMutex();
    }else{
      pFrom = sqlite3NoopMutex();
    }
    memcpy(pTo, pFrom, offsetof(sqlite3_mutex_methods, xMutexAlloc));
    memcpy(&pTo->xMutexFree, &pFrom->xMutexFree,
           sizeof(*pTo) - offsetof(sqlite3_mutex_methods, xMutexFree));





    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
** returning control to the user) that has called sqlite3_malloc or
** sqlite3_realloc.
**
** The returned value is normally a copy of the second argument to this
** function. However, if a malloc() failure has occurred since the previous
** invocation SQLITE_NOMEM is returned instead. 
**
** If the first argument, db, is not NULL and a malloc() error has occurred,
** then the connection error-code (the value returned by sqlite3_errcode())
** is set to SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3* db, int rc){
  /* If the db handle is not NULL, then we must hold the connection handle
  ** mutex here. Otherwise the read (and possible write) of db->mallocFailed 
  ** is unsafe, as is the call to sqlite3Error().
  */

  assert( !db || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( db==0 ) return rc & 0xff;
  if( db->mallocFailed || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
    return apiOomError(db);
  }
  return rc & db->errMask;
}

/************** End of malloc.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file printf.c ******************************************/
/*
** The "printf" code that follows dates from the 1980's.  It is in
** the public domain.  The original comments are included here for
** completeness.  They are very out-of-date but might be useful as
** an historical reference.  Most of the "enhancements" have been backed
** out so that the functionality is now the same as standard printf().
**
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLlite.
*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG























/*************************************************************************
** Routines for implementing the "TreeView" display of hierarchical
** data structures for debugging.
**
** The main entry points (coded elsewhere) are:
**     sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pExpr, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewExprList(0, pList, 0, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, pSelect, 0);
** Insert calls to those routines while debugging in order to display
** a diagram of Expr, ExprList, and Select objects.



**


*/



/* Add a new subitem to the tree.  The moreToFollow flag indicates that this
** is not the last item in the tree. */

SQLITE_PRIVATE TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  if( p==0 ){
    p = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*p) );
    if( p==0 ) return 0;
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  }else{
    p->iLevel++;
  }
  assert( moreToFollow==0 || moreToFollow==1 );
  if( p->iLevel<sizeof(p->bLine) ) p->bLine[p->iLevel] = moreToFollow;
  return p;
}


/* Finished with one layer of the tree */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  p->iLevel--;
  if( p->iLevel<0 ) sqlite3_free(p);
}


/* Generate a single line of output for the tree, with a prefix that contains
** all the appropriate tree lines */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  StrAccum acc;
  char zBuf[500];
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}


/* Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView *p, const char *zLabel, u8 moreToFollow){
  p = sqlite3TreeViewPush(p, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(p, "%s", zLabel);
}





















































































































































































#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */













































































/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().









*/




























































SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);














}






/************** End of printf.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file random.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** lower 30 bits of a 32-bit signed integer.
**
** The value returned will never be negative.  Nor will it ever be greater
** than the actual length of the string.  For very long strings (greater
** than 1GiB) the value returned might be less than the true string length.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;
  if( z==0 ) return 0;
  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** Set the current error code to err_code and clear any prior error message.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3 *db, int err_code){
  assert( db!=0 );
................................................................................
}


/*
** Read or write a four-byte big-endian integer value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Get4byte(const u8 *p){









  testcase( p[0]&0x80 );
  return ((unsigned)p[0]<<24) | (p[1]<<16) | (p[2]<<8) | p[3];

}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Put4byte(unsigned char *p, u32 v){






  p[0] = (u8)(v>>24);
  p[1] = (u8)(v>>16);
  p[2] = (u8)(v>>8);
  p[3] = (u8)v;

}



/*
** Translate a single byte of Hex into an integer.
** This routine only works if h really is a valid hexadecimal
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# define OpHelp(X) "\0" X
#else
# define OpHelp(X)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){
 static const char *const azName[] = { "?",
     /*   1 */ "Function"         OpHelp("r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])"),
     /*   2 */ "Savepoint"        OpHelp(""),
     /*   3 */ "AutoCommit"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   4 */ "Transaction"      OpHelp(""),
     /*   5 */ "SorterNext"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   6 */ "PrevIfOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   7 */ "NextIfOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   8 */ "Prev"             OpHelp(""),
     /*   9 */ "Next"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  10 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /*  11 */ "Checkpoint"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  12 */ "JournalMode"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  13 */ "Vacuum"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  14 */ "VFilter"          OpHelp("iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'"),
     /*  15 */ "VUpdate"          OpHelp("data=r[P3@P2]"),
     /*  16 */ "Goto"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  17 */ "Gosub"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  18 */ "Return"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  19 */ "Not"              OpHelp("r[P2]= !r[P1]"),
     /*  20 */ "InitCoroutine"    OpHelp(""),
     /*  21 */ "EndCoroutine"     OpHelp(""),

     /*  22 */ "Yield"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  23 */ "HaltIfNull"       OpHelp("if r[P3]=null halt"),
     /*  24 */ "Halt"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  25 */ "Integer"          OpHelp("r[P2]=P1"),
     /*  26 */ "Int64"            OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /*  27 */ "String"           OpHelp("r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)"),
     /*  28 */ "Null"             OpHelp("r[P2..P3]=NULL"),
     /*  29 */ "SoftNull"         OpHelp("r[P1]=NULL"),
     /*  30 */ "Blob"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)"),
     /*  31 */ "Variable"         OpHelp("r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)"),
     /*  32 */ "Move"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]"),
     /*  33 */ "Copy"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]"),
     /*  34 */ "SCopy"            OpHelp("r[P2]=r[P1]"),
     /*  35 */ "ResultRow"        OpHelp("output=r[P1@P2]"),
     /*  36 */ "CollSeq"          OpHelp(""),


     /*  37 */ "AddImm"           OpHelp("r[P1]=r[P1]+P2"),
     /*  38 */ "MustBeInt"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  39 */ "RealAffinity"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  40 */ "Cast"             OpHelp("affinity(r[P1])"),
     /*  41 */ "Permutation"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  42 */ "Compare"          OpHelp("r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]"),
     /*  43 */ "Jump"             OpHelp(""),
................................................................................
     /*  55 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  56 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  57 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  58 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  59 */ "SequenceTest"     OpHelp("if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2"),
     /*  60 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  61 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),

     /*  62 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  63 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  67 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  68 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  69 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  70 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),

     /*  73 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  74 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  75 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),

     /*  98 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  99 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /* 100 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 101 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /* 102 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 103 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 104 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 108 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 109 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 110 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 111 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 114 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 115 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 116 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 117 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 118 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 121 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 122 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 123 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 126 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 127 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 128 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 129 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 130 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 131 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 132 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),

     /* 134 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 135 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 136 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 137 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 138 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 140 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),


     /* 142 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 143 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 146 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 151 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 154 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 156 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 157 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
}

/*
** Check to see if the i-th bit is set.  Return true or false.
** If p is NULL (if the bitmap has not been created) or if
** i is out of range, then return false.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( i>p->iSize || i==0 ) return 0;
  i--;

  while( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = i/p->iDivisor;
    i = i%p->iDivisor;
    p = p->u.apSub[bin];
    if (!p) {
      return 0;
    }
................................................................................
    u32 h = BITVEC_HASH(i++);
    while( p->u.aHash[h] ){
      if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return 1;
      h = (h+1) % BITVEC_NINT;
    }
    return 0;
  }



}

/*
** Set the i-th bit.  Return 0 on success and an error code if
** anything goes wrong.
**
** This routine might cause sub-bitmaps to be allocated.  Failing
................................................................................
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){
    if( p->pgno==1 ){
      p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;
    pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  Pgno pgno,                  /* Page number obtained */
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage  /* Page obtained by prior PcacheFetch() call */
){
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr*)pPage->pExtra;
  assert( pPgHdr->pPage==0 );
 memset(pPgHdr, 0, sizeof(PgHdr));
  pPgHdr->pPage = pPage;
  pPgHdr->pData = pPage->pBuf;
  pPgHdr->pExtra = (void *)&pPgHdr[1];
  memset(pPgHdr->pExtra, 0, pCache->szExtra);
  pPgHdr->pCache = pCache;
  pPgHdr->pgno = pgno;

  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pCache,pgno,pPage);
}

/*
** This routine converts the sqlite3_pcache_page object returned by
** sqlite3PcacheFetch() into an initialized PgHdr object.  This routine
** must be called after sqlite3PcacheFetch() in order to get a usable
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE PgHdr *sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(
  PCache *pCache,             /* Obtain the page from this cache */
  Pgno pgno,                  /* Page number obtained */
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage  /* Page obtained by prior PcacheFetch() call */
){
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;

  if( pPage==0 ) return 0;
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr *)pPage->pExtra;

  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;
  if( pgno==1 ){
    pCache->pPage1 = pPgHdr;
  }
  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void SQLITE_NOINLINE sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    p->pCache->nRef--;
    if( (p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY)==0 ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }else if( p->pDirtyPrev!=0 ){
      /* Move the page to the head of the dirty list. */
      pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;
  if( p->pgno==1 ){
    p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
  }
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(PgHdr *p){
  p->flags &= ~PGHDR_DONT_WRITE;
  assert( p->nRef>0 );

  if( 0==(p->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY) ){
    p->flags |= PGHDR_DIRTY;


    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD);

  }
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as clean. If it isn't clean already,
** make it so.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr *p){
  if( (p->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY) ){

    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
    p->flags &= ~(PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_NEED_SYNC);

    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->pPage1 ){




      memset(pCache->pPage1->pData, 0, pCache->szPage);
      pgno = 1;

    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.
................................................................................
** compiling for systems that do not support real WSD.
*/
#define pcache1 (GLOBAL(struct PCacheGlobal, pcache1_g))

/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/





#define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
#define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)



/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/

/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
................................................................................
/*
** This function is used internally to remove the page pPage from the 
** PGroup LRU list, if is part of it. If pPage is not part of the PGroup
** LRU list, then this function is a no-op.
**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static void pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;
  PGroup *pGroup;

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;
  pGroup = pCache->pGroup;
  assert( pPage->pLruNext || pPage==pGroup->pLruTail );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev || pPage==pGroup->pLruHead );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pLruPrev ){
    pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;
  }else{
    pGroup->pLruHead = pPage->pLruNext;
  }
  if( pPage->pLruNext ){
    pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }else{
    pGroup->pLruTail = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }
  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;
  pCache->nRecyclable--;

}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
** (PCache1.apHash structure) that it is currently stored in.

**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static void pcache1RemoveFromHash(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  unsigned int h;
  PCache1 *pCache = pPage->pCache;
  PgHdr1 **pp;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  h = pPage->iKey % pCache->nHash;
  for(pp=&pCache->apHash[h]; (*pp)!=pPage; pp=&(*pp)->pNext);
  *pp = (*pp)->pNext;

  pCache->nPage--;

}

/*
** If there are currently more than nMaxPage pages allocated, try
** to recycle pages to reduce the number allocated to nMaxPage.
*/
static void pcache1EnforceMaxPage(PGroup *pGroup){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  while( pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage && pGroup->pLruTail ){
    PgHdr1 *p = pGroup->pLruTail;
    assert( p->pCache->pGroup==pGroup );
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1PinPage(p);
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(p);
    pcache1FreePage(p);
  }
}

/*
** Discard all pages from cache pCache with a page number (key value) 
** greater than or equal to iLimit. Any pinned pages that meet this 
** criteria are unpinned before they are discarded.
................................................................................
/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xInit method.
*/
static int pcache1Init(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  assert( pcache1.isInit==0 );
  memset(&pcache1, 0, sizeof(pcache1));

  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    pcache1.grp.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU);
    pcache1.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM);
  }

  pcache1.grp.mxPinned = 10;
  pcache1.isInit = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xShutdown method.
................................................................................
         (pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax)
      || pGroup->nCurrentPage>=pGroup->nMaxPage
      || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache)
  )){
    PCache1 *pOther;
    pPage = pGroup->pLruTail;
    assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage);
    pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    pOther = pPage->pCache;

    /* We want to verify that szPage and szExtra are the same for pOther
    ** and pCache.  Assert that we can verify this by comparing sums. */
    assert( (pCache->szPage & (pCache->szPage-1))==0 && pCache->szPage>=512 );
    assert( pCache->szExtra<512 );
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){
    if( createFlag==1 ) sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache);
    if( createFlag==1 ) sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
**           unnecessary pages cache entry allocations
**
**      then attempt to recycle a page from the LRU list. If it is the right
**      size, return the recycled buffer. Otherwise, free the buffer and
**      proceed to step 5. 
**
**   5. Otherwise, allocate and return a new page buffer.





*/
static sqlite3_pcache_page *pcache1Fetch(

  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;

  assert( offsetof(PgHdr1,page)==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || createFlag!=1 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || pCache->nMin==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable==0 || pCache->nMin==10 );
  assert( pCache->nMin==0 || pCache->bPurgeable );
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 );
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: Abort if no existing page is found and createFlag is 0 */
  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ) pcache1PinPage(pPage);




  }else if( createFlag ){
    /* Steps 3, 4, and 5 implemented by this subroutine */
    pPage = pcache1FetchStage2(pCache, iKey, createFlag);


  }












  assert( pPage==0 || pCache->iMaxKey>=iKey );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
























  return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pPage;

}


/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xUnpin method.
**
** Mark a page as unpinned (eligible for asynchronous recycling).
................................................................................
  ** part of the PGroup LRU list.
  */
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev==0 && pPage->pLruNext==0 );
  assert( pGroup->pLruHead!=pPage && pGroup->pLruTail!=pPage );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==1 );

  if( reuseUnlikely || pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage ){
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage);
    pcache1FreePage(pPage);
  }else{
    /* Add the page to the PGroup LRU list. */
    if( pGroup->pLruHead ){
      pGroup->pLruHead->pLruPrev = pPage;
      pPage->pLruNext = pGroup->pLruHead;
      pGroup->pLruHead = pPage;
    }else{
................................................................................
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq) && ((p=pcache1.grp.pLruTail)!=0) ){
      nFree += pcache1MemSize(p->page.pBuf);
#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
      nFree += sqlite3MemSize(p);
#endif
      assert( p->isPinned==0 );
      pcache1PinPage(p);
      pcache1RemoveFromHash(p);
      pcache1FreePage(p);
    }
    pcache1LeaveMutex(&pcache1.grp);
  }
  return nFree;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

................................................................................
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};

/*
** Bits of the Pager.doNotSpill flag.  See further description below.
*/
#define SPILLFLAG_OFF         0x01      /* Never spill cache.  Set via pragma */
#define SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK    0x02      /* Current rolling back, so do not spill */
#define SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC      0x04      /* Spill is ok, but do not sync */

/*
** An open page cache is an instance of struct Pager. A description of
** some of the more important member variables follows:
**
** eState
**
................................................................................
**   writing to the database from pagerStress() is disabled altogether.
**   The SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK case is done in a very obscure case that
**   comes up during savepoint rollback that requires the pcache module
**   to allocate a new page to prevent the journal file from being written
**   while it is being traversed by code in pager_playback().  The SPILLFLAG_OFF
**   case is a user preference.
** 
**   If the SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC bit is set, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is permitted, but syncing the journal file is not. This flag is set
**   by sqlite3PagerWrite() when the file-system sector-size is larger than
**   the database page-size in order to prevent a journal sync from happening 
**   in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector. 
**
** subjInMemory
**
**   This is a boolean variable. If true, then any required sub-journal
**   is opened as an in-memory journal file. If false, then in-memory
**   sub-journals are only used for in-memory pager files.
**
................................................................................
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasBeenUsed;             /* True if any content previously read from this pager*/
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
static int pagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
static int subjRequiresPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  PagerSavepoint *p;
  Pgno pgno = pPg->pgno;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pPager->nSavepoint; i++){
    p = &pPager->aSavepoint[i];
    if( p->nOrig>=pgno && 0==sqlite3BitvecTest(p->pInSavepoint, pgno) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Return true if the page is already in the journal file.
*/
static int pageInJournal(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pPg){
  return sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
}


/*
** Read a 32-bit integer from the given file descriptor.  Store the integer
** that is read in *pRes.  Return SQLITE_OK if everything worked, or an
** error code is something goes wrong.
**
** All values are stored on disk as big-endian.
................................................................................
  /* Write the master journal data to the end of the journal file. If
  ** an error occurs, return the error code to the caller.
  */
  if( (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff, PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager))))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, zMaster, nMaster, iHdrOff+4)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster, nMaster)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+8)))

  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nMaster+20);

  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the master-journal name
................................................................................
    rc = read32bits(jfd, (*pOffset)-4, &cksum);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( !isSavepnt && pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)aData)!=cksum ){
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }
  }

  /* If this page has already been played by before during the current
  ** rollback, then don't bother to play it back again.
  */
  if( pDone && (rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pDone, pgno))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* When playing back page 1, restore the nReserve setting
................................................................................
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Append a record of the current state of page pPg to the sub-journal. 
** It is the callers responsibility to use subjRequiresPage() to check 
** that it is really required before calling this function.
**
** If successful, set the bit corresponding to pPg->pgno in the bitvecs
** for all open savepoints before returning.
**
** This function returns SQLITE_OK if everything is successful, an IO
** error code if the attempt to write to the sub-journal fails, or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM if a malloc fails while setting a bit in a savepoint
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pPager->nSubRec++;
    assert( pPager->nSavepoint>0 );
    rc = addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);
  }
  return rc;







}

/*
** This function is called by the pcache layer when it has reached some
** soft memory limit. The first argument is a pointer to a Pager object
** (cast as a void*). The pager is always 'purgeable' (not an in-memory
** database). The second argument is a reference to a page that is 
................................................................................
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Write a single frame for this page to the log. */
    if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){ 
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg); 
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pPg, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
  
    /* Sync the journal file if required. */
    if( pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC 
     || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
    ){
      rc = syncJournal(pPager, 1);
    }
  
    /* If the page number of this page is larger than the current size of
    ** the database image, it may need to be written to the sub-journal.
    ** This is because the call to pager_write_pagelist() below will not
    ** actually write data to the file in this case.
    **
    ** Consider the following sequence of events:
    **
    **   BEGIN;
    **     <journal page X>
    **     <modify page X>
    **     SAVEPOINT sp;
    **       <shrink database file to Y pages>
    **       pagerStress(page X)
    **     ROLLBACK TO sp;
    **
    ** If (X>Y), then when pagerStress is called page X will not be written
    ** out to the database file, but will be dropped from the cache. Then,
    ** following the "ROLLBACK TO sp" statement, reading page X will read
    ** data from the database file. This will be the copy of page X as it
    ** was when the transaction started, not as it was when "SAVEPOINT sp"
    ** was executed.
    **
    ** The solution is to write the current data for page X into the 
    ** sub-journal file now (if it is not already there), so that it will
    ** be restored to its current value when the "ROLLBACK TO sp" is 
    ** executed.
    */
    if( NEVER(
        rc==SQLITE_OK && pPg->pgno>pPager->dbSize && subjRequiresPage(pPg)
    ) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  
    /* Write the contents of the page out to the database file. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)==0 );
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager, pPg);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** disk and uses an in-memory rollback journal.
    **
    ** This branch also runs for files marked as immutable.
    */ 
act_like_temp_file:
    tempFile = 1;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;     /* Pretend we already have a lock */
    pPager->eLock = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;    /* Pretend we are in EXCLUSIVE locking mode */
    pPager->noLock = 1;                /* Do no locking */
    readOnly = (vfsFlags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  }

  /* The following call to PagerSetPagesize() serves to set the value of 
  ** Pager.pageSize and to allocate the Pager.pTmpSpace buffer.
  */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Initialize the PCache object. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( nExtra<1000 );
    nExtra = ROUND8(nExtra);
    rc = sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb,
                           !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);
  }

  /* If an error occurred above, free the  Pager structure and close the file.
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->fd);
    sqlite3PageFree(pPager->pTmpSpace);
................................................................................
    if( !pPager->tempFile && pPager->hasBeenUsed ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired then check to
      ** see if the database has been modified.  If the database has changed,
      ** flush the cache.  The pPager->hasBeenUsed flag prevents this from
      ** occurring on the very first access to a file, in order to save a
      ** single unnecessary sqlite3OsRead() call at the start-up.
      **
      ** Database changes is detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
      ** There is a vanishingly small chance that a change will not be 
      ** detected.  The chance of an undetected change is so small that
................................................................................

    {
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pBase;
      pBase = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 3);
      if( pBase==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3PcacheFetchStress(pPager->pPCache, pgno, &pBase);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;




      }

      pPg = *ppPage = sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pBase);
      if( pPg==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;

    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Either the call to sqlite3PcacheFetch() returned an error or the
    ** pager was already in the error-state when this function was called.
    ** Set pPg to 0 and jump to the exception handler.  */
    pPg = 0;
    goto pager_acquire_err;
  }

  assert( (*ppPage)->pgno==pgno );
  assert( (*ppPage)->pPager==pPager || (*ppPage)->pPager==0 );

  if( (*ppPage)->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    pPager->aStat[PAGER_STAT_HIT]++;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */

    pPg = *ppPage;
    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);
  assert( pPage==0 || pPager->hasBeenUsed );

  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
................................................................................
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("TRANSACTION %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  return rc;
}






















































/*
** Mark a single data page as writeable. The page is written into the 
** main journal or sub-journal as required. If the page is written into
** one of the journals, the corresponding bit is set in the 
** Pager.pInJournal bitvec and the PagerSavepoint.pInSavepoint bitvecs
** of any open savepoints as appropriate.
*/
static int pager_write(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int inJournal;

  /* This routine is not called unless a write-transaction has already 
  ** been started. The journal file may or may not be open at this point.
  ** It is never called in the ERROR state.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->errCode==0 );
  assert( pPager->readOnly==0 );

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* The journal file needs to be opened. Higher level routines have already
  ** obtained the necessary locks to begin the write-transaction, but the
  ** rollback journal might not yet be open. Open it now if this is the case.
  **
  ** This is done before calling sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty() on the page. 
................................................................................
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* Mark the page as dirty.  If the page has already been written
  ** to the journal then we can return right away.
  */
  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  inJournal = pageInJournal(pPager, pPg);
  if( inJournal && (pPager->nSavepoint==0 || !subjRequiresPage(pPg)) ){
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
  }else{
  
    /* The transaction journal now exists and we have a RESERVED or an
    ** EXCLUSIVE lock on the main database file.  Write the current page to
    ** the transaction journal if it is not there already.



    */
    if( !inJournal && !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      assert( pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 );
      if( pPg->pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize && isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
        u32 cksum;
        char *pData2;
        i64 iOff = pPager->journalOff;

        /* We should never write to the journal file the page that
        ** contains the database locks.  The following assert verifies
        ** that we do not. */
        assert( pPg->pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );

        assert( pPager->journalHdr<=pPager->journalOff );
        CODEC2(pPager, pPg->pData, pPg->pgno, 7, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData2);
        cksum = pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)pData2);

        /* Even if an IO or diskfull error occurs while journalling the
        ** page in the block above, set the need-sync flag for the page.
        ** Otherwise, when the transaction is rolled back, the logic in
        ** playback_one_page() will think that the page needs to be restored
        ** in the database file. And if an IO error occurs while doing so,
        ** then corruption may follow.
        */
        pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;

        rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff, pPg->pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, pData2, pPager->pageSize, iOff+4);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
        rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff+pPager->pageSize+4, cksum);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

        IOTRACE(("JOUT %p %d %lld %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, 
                 pPager->journalOff, pPager->pageSize));
        PAGER_INCR(sqlite3_pager_writej_count);
        PAGERTRACE(("JOURNAL %d page %d needSync=%d hash(%08x)\n",
             PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, 
             ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0), pager_pagehash(pPg)));

        pPager->journalOff += 8 + pPager->pageSize;
        pPager->nRec++;
        assert( pPager->pInJournal!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        rc |= addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);




        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
          return rc;
        }
      }else{
        if( pPager->eState!=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD ){
          pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
        }
        PAGERTRACE(("APPEND %d page %d needSync=%d\n",
                PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno,
               ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0)));
      }
    }
  







    /* If the statement journal is open and the page is not in it,
    ** then write the current page to the statement journal.  Note that
    ** the statement journal format differs from the standard journal format
    ** in that it omits the checksums and the header.
    */
    if( pPager->nSavepoint>0 && subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  }

  /* Update the database size and return.
  */
  if( pPager->dbSize<pPg->pgno ){
    pPager->dbSize = pPg->pgno;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This is a variant of sqlite3PagerWrite() that runs when the sector size
** is larger than the page size.  SQLite makes the (reasonable) assumption that
** all bytes of a sector are written together by hardware.  Hence, all bytes of
** a sector need to be journalled in case of a power loss in the middle of
** a write.
**
** Usually, the sector size is less than or equal to the page size, in which
** case pages can be individually written.  This routine only runs in the exceptional
** case where the page size is smaller than the sector size.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int pagerWriteLargeSector(PgHdr *pPg){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Return code */
  Pgno nPageCount;               /* Total number of pages in database file */
  Pgno pg1;                      /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
  int nPage = 0;                 /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
  int ii;                        /* Loop counter */
  int needSync = 0;              /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;   /* The pager that owns pPg */
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  /* Set the doNotSpill NOSYNC bit to 1. This is because we cannot allow
  ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
  ** this function.
  */
  assert( !MEMDB );
................................................................................
** fit on a single disk sector. In this case all co-resident pages
** must have been written to the journal file before returning.
**
** If an error occurs, SQLITE_NOMEM or an IO error code is returned
** as appropriate. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(PgHdr *pPg){

  assert( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_MMAP)==0 );
  assert( pPg->pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( pPg->pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPg->pPager) );



  if( pPg->pPager->sectorSize > (u32)pPg->pPager->pageSize ){
    return pagerWriteLargeSector(pPg);
  }else{
    return pager_write(pPg);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the page given in the argument was previously passed
** to sqlite3PagerWrite().  In other words, return TRUE if it is ok
** to change the content of the page.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage *pPg){
  return pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY;
}
#endif

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that it is not necessary to
** write the information on page pPg back to the disk, even though
** that page might be marked as dirty.  This happens, for example, when
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY) && pPager->nSavepoint==0 ){
    PAGERTRACE(("DONT_WRITE page %d of %d\n", pPg->pgno, PAGERID(pPager)));
    IOTRACE(("CLEAN %p %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno))
    pPg->flags |= PGHDR_DONT_WRITE;

    pager_set_pagehash(pPg);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called to increment the value of the database file 
** change-counter, stored as a 4-byte big-endian integer starting at 
................................................................................
** to make up the difference. If the number of savepoints is already
** equal to nSavepoint, then this function is a no-op.
**
** If a memory allocation fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. If an error 
** occurs while opening the sub-journal file, then an IO error code is
** returned. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int nSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                       /* Return code */
  int nCurrent = pPager->nSavepoint;        /* Current number of savepoints */



  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( nSavepoint>nCurrent && pPager->useJournal ){
    int ii;                                 /* Iterator variable */
    PagerSavepoint *aNew;                   /* New Pager.aSavepoint array */

    /* Grow the Pager.aSavepoint array using realloc(). Return SQLITE_NOMEM
    ** if the allocation fails. Otherwise, zero the new portion in case a 
    ** malloc failure occurs while populating it in the for(...) loop below.
    */
    aNew = (PagerSavepoint *)sqlite3Realloc(
        pPager->aSavepoint, sizeof(PagerSavepoint)*nSavepoint
    );
    if( !aNew ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memset(&aNew[nCurrent], 0, (nSavepoint-nCurrent) * sizeof(PagerSavepoint));
    pPager->aSavepoint = aNew;

    /* Populate the PagerSavepoint structures just allocated. */
    for(ii=nCurrent; ii<nSavepoint; ii++){
      aNew[ii].nOrig = pPager->dbSize;
      if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0 ){
        aNew[ii].iOffset = pPager->journalOff;
      }else{
        aNew[ii].iOffset = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
      }
      aNew[ii].iSubRec = pPager->nSubRec;
      aNew[ii].pInSavepoint = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pPager->dbSize);
      if( !aNew[ii].pInSavepoint ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        sqlite3WalSavepoint(pPager->pWal, aNew[ii].aWalData);
      }
      pPager->nSavepoint = ii+1;
    }
    assert( pPager->nSavepoint==nSavepoint );
    assertTruncateConstraint(pPager);

  }







  return rc;
}



/*
** This function is called to rollback or release (commit) a savepoint.
** The savepoint to release or rollback need not be the most recently 
** created savepoint.
**
** Parameter op is always either SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK or SAVEPOINT_RELEASE.
................................................................................
  ** be possible to restore its contents when the "ROLLBACK TO one"
  ** statement were is processed.
  **
  ** subjournalPage() may need to allocate space to store pPg->pgno into
  ** one or more savepoint bitvecs. This is the reason this function
  ** may return SQLITE_NOMEM.
  */
  if( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY
   && subjRequiresPage(pPg)
   && SQLITE_OK!=(rc = subjournalPage(pPg))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("MOVE %d page %d (needSync=%d) moves to %d\n", 
      PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0, pgno));
  IOTRACE(("MOVE %p %d %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, pgno))
................................................................................
** small cells will be rare, but they are possible.
*/
#define MX_CELL(pBt) ((pBt->pageSize-8)/6)

/* Forward declarations */
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct BtLock BtLock;


/*
** This is a magic string that appears at the beginning of every
** SQLite database in order to identify the file as a real database.
**
** You can change this value at compile-time by specifying a
** -DSQLITE_FILE_HEADER="..." on the compiler command-line.  The
................................................................................
  u16 aiOvfl[5];       /* Insert the i-th overflow cell before the aiOvfl-th
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[5];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */

  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */


  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
................................................................................
*/
struct Btree {
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */

  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */
  u32 iDataVersion;  /* Combines with pBt->pPager->iDataVersion */
  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
................................................................................
#define BTS_PENDING          0x0040   /* Waiting for read-locks to clear */

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;
struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or nPayload otherwise */
  u8 *pPayload;  /* Pointer to the start of payload */
  u32 nPayload;  /* Bytes of payload */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally, not on overflow */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
................................................................................
**    eState==SKIPNEXT && skipNext>0:  Next sqlite3BtreeNext() is no-op.
**    eState==SKIPNEXT && skipNext<0:  Next sqlite3BtreePrevious() is no-op.
**    eState==FAULT:                   Cursor fault with skipNext as error code.
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;                 /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;               /* Saved key that was cursor last known position */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  int nOvflAlloc;           /* Allocated size of aOverflow[] array */
  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive.
                   ** Error code if eState==CURSOR_FAULT */
  u8 curFlags;              /* zero or more BTCF_* flags defined below */

  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */
  u8 hints;                             /* As configured by CursorSetHints() */



  i16 iPage;                            /* Index of current page in apPage */



  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};

/*
** Legal values for BtCursor.curFlags
*/
#define BTCF_WriteFlag    0x01   /* True if a write cursor */
#define BTCF_ValidNKey    0x02   /* True if info.nKey is valid */
#define BTCF_ValidOvfl    0x04   /* True if aOverflow is valid */
#define BTCF_AtLast       0x08   /* Cursor is pointing ot the last entry */
#define BTCF_Incrblob     0x10   /* True if an incremental I/O handle */


/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
................................................................................
** Routines to read or write a two- and four-byte big-endian integer values.
*/
#define get2byte(x)   ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#define put2byte(p,v) ((p)[0] = (u8)((v)>>8), (p)[1] = (u8)(v))
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte














/************** End of btreeInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in btmutex.c ********************/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE

/*
** Obtain the BtShared mutex associated with B-Tree handle p. Also,
................................................................................
*/
static void invalidateIncrblobCursors(
  Btree *pBtree,          /* The database file to check */
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );

  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0

     && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow)
    ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
................................................................................

  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( 0==pCur->apPage[0]->intKey ){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
................................................................................
/*
** Save the positions of all cursors (except pExcept) that are open on
** the table with root-page iRoot.  "Saving the cursor position" means that
** the location in the btree is remembered in such a way that it can be
** moved back to the same spot after the btree has been modified.  This
** routine is called just before cursor pExcept is used to modify the
** table, for example in BtreeDelete() or BtreeInsert().









**
** Implementation note:  This routine merely checks to see if any cursors
** need to be saved.  It calls out to saveCursorsOnList() in the (unusual)
** event that cursors are in need to being saved.
*/
static int saveAllCursors(BtShared *pBt, Pgno iRoot, BtCursor *pExcept){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pExcept==0 || pExcept->pBt==pBt );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p!=pExcept && (0==iRoot || p->pgnoRoot==iRoot) ) break;
  }
  return p ? saveCursorsOnList(p, iRoot, pExcept) : SQLITE_OK;


}

/* This helper routine to saveAllCursors does the actual work of saving
** the cursors if and when a cursor is found that actually requires saving.
** The common case is that no cursors need to be saved, so this routine is
** broken out from its caller to avoid unnecessary stack pointer movement.
*/
................................................................................
  #define ptrmapPutOvflPtr(x, y, rc)
#endif

/*
** Given a btree page and a cell index (0 means the first cell on
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**



** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byte(&(P)->aCellIdx[2*(I)])))
#define findCellv2(D,M,O,I) (D+(M&get2byte(D+(O+2*(I)))))



/*
** This a more complex version of findCell() that works for
** pages that do contain overflow cells.




*/
static u8 *findOverflowCell(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  int i;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  for(i=pPage->nOverflow-1; i>=0; i--){
    int k;
    k = pPage->aiOvfl[i];
    if( k<=iCell ){
      if( k==iCell ){
        return pPage->apOvfl[i];














      }
      iCell--;









    }


  }
  return findCell(pPage, iCell);
}

/*



** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  btreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and btreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.








*/
















static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );


  if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==0 );
    pIter = pCell + getVarint32(pCell, nPayload);



















    pIter += getVarint(pIter, (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
  }else if( pPage->noPayload ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    pInfo->nSize = 4 + getVarint(&pCell[4], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);



















    pInfo->nPayload = 0;









    pInfo->nLocal = 0;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    pInfo->pPayload = 0;
    return;
  }else{















    pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nPayload);

    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;





  }


  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
    ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
    **
    ** Warning:  changing the way overflow payload is distributed in any
    ** way will result in an incompatible file format.
    */
    int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
    int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
    int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */

    minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
    surplus = minLocal + (nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(&pInfo->pPayload[pInfo->nLocal] - pCell);
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell), pInfo);
}

/*



** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.



*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;                                /* End mark for a varint */
  u32 nSize;                               /* Size value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  if( pPage->noPayload ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    return (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  nSize = *pIter;
  if( nSize>=0x80 ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    nSize &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nSize = (nSize<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4 + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)nSize;
}





















#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  return cellSizePtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell));
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
    /* These conditions have already been verified in btreeInitPage()
    ** if PRAGMA cell_size_check=ON.
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
................................................................................
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg.  If corruption is
** detected then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
**
** If a slot of at least nByte bytes is found but cannot be used because 
** there are already at least 60 fragmented bytes on the page, return NULL.
** In this case, if pbDefrag parameter is not NULL, set *pbDefrag to true.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc, int *pbDefrag){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr;

  int pc;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;

  for(iAddr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]))>0; iAddr=pc){


    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
    ** increasing offset. */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22710-53328 The third and fourth bytes of each
    ** freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock
    ** in bytes, including the 4-byte header. */
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);
    if( size>=nByte ){
      int x = size - nByte;
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );



      if( x<4 ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-11498-58022 In a well-formed b-tree page, the total
        ** number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. */
        if( aData[hdr+7]>=60 ){
          if( pbDefrag ) *pbDefrag = 1;
          return 0;
        }
        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
      }else if( pc < pPg->cellOffset+2*pPg->nCell || size+pc > usableSize ){
        *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
  }



  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
................................................................................
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top || NEVER((u32)top>pPage->pBt->usableSize) ){
    /* The NEVER() is because a oversize "top" value will be blocked from
    ** reaching this point by btreeInitPage() or btreeGetUnusedPage() */


    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  }

  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int bDefrag = 0;
    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc, &bDefrag);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( bDefrag ) goto defragment_page;
    if( pSpace ){
      assert( pSpace>=data && (pSpace - data)<65536 );
      *pIdx = (int)(pSpace - data);
      return SQLITE_OK;


    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
 defragment_page:
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
    **    iPtr:       The address of a pointer iFreeBlk
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);

      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
    ** pointer in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be
    ** coalesced onto the end of iPtr.
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-03640-13415 A value of 5 means the page is an interior
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY)==5 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20501-61796 A value of 13 means the page is a leaf
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF)==13 );
    pPage->intKey = 1;

    pPage->intKeyLeaf = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->noPayload = !pPage->leaf;







    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-27225-53936 A value of 2 means the page is an interior
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA)==2 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-16571-11615 A value of 10 means the page is a leaf
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA|PTF_LEAF)==10 );
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;

    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-47608-56469 Any other value for the b-tree page type is
    ** an error. */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 8 + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pPage->aDataEnd = &data[usableSize];
    pPage->aCellIdx = &data[cellOffset];

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-58015-48175 The two-byte integer at offset 5 designates
    ** the start of the cell content area. A zero value for this integer is
    ** interpreted as 65536. */
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-32774 The two-byte integer at offset 3 gives the
    ** number of cells on the page. */
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
................................................................................
    iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
    if( pBt->db->flags & SQLITE_CellSizeCk ){
      int i;            /* Index into the cell pointer array */
      int sz;           /* Size of a cell */

      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast--;
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
        pc = get2byte(&data[cellOffset+i*2]);
        testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
        testcase( pc==iCellLast );
        if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
        sz = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
        testcase( pc+sz==usableSize );
        if( pc+sz>usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
................................................................................
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - first);
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->aDataEnd = &data[pBt->usableSize];
  pPage->aCellIdx = &data[first];

  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}

................................................................................
*/
static MemPage *btreePageFromDbPage(DbPage *pDbPage, Pgno pgno, BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pPage = (MemPage*)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
  pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  pPage->pDbPage = pDbPage;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  return pPage; 
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.  See also: btreeGetUnusedPage().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine is just a
** convenience wrapper around separate calls to btreeGetPage() and 
** btreeInitPage().


**



** If an error occurs, then the value *ppPage is set to is undefined. It
** may remain unchanged, or it may be set to an invalid value.
*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,                  /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage,               /* Write the page pointer here */

  int bReadonly                   /* PAGER_GET_READONLY or 0 */
){
  int rc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( bReadonly==PAGER_GET_READONLY || bReadonly==0 );




  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }else{
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, bReadonly);






    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (*ppPage)->isInit==0 ){
      rc = btreeInitPage(*ppPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(*ppPage);

      }
    }
  }













  testcase( pgno==0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 || rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a MemPage.  This should be called once for each prior
** call to btreeGetPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( pPage->pDbPage!=0 );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPage->pDbPage);
  }


}

/*
** Get an unused page.
**
** This works just like btreeGetPage() with the addition:
**
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( countValidCursors(pBt,0)==0 || pBt->inTransaction>TRANS_NONE );
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
    assert( pPage1->aData );
    assert( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)==1 );
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    releasePage(pPage1);
  }
}

/*
** If pBt points to an empty file then convert that empty file
** into a new empty database by initializing the first page of
** the database.
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow
         && pCell+info.iOverflow+3<=pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage
         && iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow])
        ){
          put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;                /* Shared b-tree handle */


  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==1 );

  /* The following assert statements verify that if this is a sharable 
  ** b-tree database, the connection is holding the required table locks, 
  ** and that no other connection has any open cursor that conflicts with 
................................................................................
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, pKeyInfo!=0, wrFlag+1) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || !hasReadConflicts(p, iTable) );

  /* Assert that the caller has opened the required transaction. */
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 && pBt->pPage1->aData );

  if( NEVER(wrFlag && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0) ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  if( wrFlag ){
    allocateTempSpace(pBt);
    if( pBt->pTmpSpace==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( iTable==1 && btreePagecount(pBt)==0 ){
    assert( wrFlag==0 );
    iTable = 0;
................................................................................
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  pCur->iPage = -1;
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==BTCF_WriteFlag );
  pCur->curFlags = wrFlag;



  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;



  }


  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
    int i;
    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
    if( pCur->pPrev ){

      pCur->pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
    }else{



      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;

    }
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;

    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pCur->aOverflow);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
................................................................................
/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** btreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to btreeParseCell().
**
** 2007-06-25:  There is a bug in some versions of MSVC that cause the
** compiler to crash when getCellInfo() is implemented as a macro.
** But there is a measureable speed advantage to using the macro on gcc
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing aggressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( CORRUPT_DB || memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;

    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);        \
    pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;                                          \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
** Return true if the given BtCursor is valid.  A valid cursor is one
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
**
** This function returns SQLITE_CORRUPT if the page-header flags field of
** the new child page does not match the flags field of the parent (i.e.
** if an intkey page appears to be the parent of a non-intkey page, or
** vice-versa).
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;
  int i = pCur->iPage;
  MemPage *pNewPage;
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage,
               (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCur->apPage[i+1] = pNewPage;
  pCur->aiIdx[i+1] = 0;
  pCur->iPage++;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 || pNewPage->intKey!=pCur->apPage[i]->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;




}

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Page pParent is an internal (non-leaf) tree page. This function 
** asserts that page number iChild is the left-child if the iIdx'th
** cell in page pParent. Or, if iIdx is equal to the total number of
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assertParentIndex(
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->pgno
  );
  testcase( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1] > pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1]->nCell );

  releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  pCur->iPage--;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);

}

/*
** Move the cursor to point to the root page of its b-tree structure.
**
** If the table has a virtual root page, then the cursor is moved to point
** to the virtual root page instead of the actual root page. A table has a
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){


    while( pCur->iPage ) releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);

  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{

    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                 (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;

  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );

  /* If pCur->pKeyInfo is not NULL, then the caller that opened this cursor
  ** expected to open it on an index b-tree. Otherwise, if pKeyInfo is
  ** NULL, the caller expects a table b-tree. If this is not the case,
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0
   && pCur->apPage[0]->intKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_AtLast)!=0 && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell>0 );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;
    assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || pIdxKey );

  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr, idx, c;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    u8 *pCell;                          /* Pointer to current cell in pPage */

    /* pPage->nCell must be greater than zero. If this is the root-page
................................................................................
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey<intKey ){
................................................................................
        }
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2; */
      }
    }else{
      for(;;){
        int nCell;  /* Size of the pCell cell in bytes */
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;

        /* The maximum supported page-size is 65536 bytes. This means that
        ** the maximum number of record bytes stored on an index B-Tree
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
................................................................................
          **
          ** If the record is corrupt, the xRecordCompare routine may read
          ** up to two varints past the end of the buffer. An extra 18 
          ** bytes of padding is allocated at the end of the buffer in
          ** case this happens.  */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
          btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCellBody, &pCur->info);
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          testcase( nCell<0 );   /* True if key size is 2^32 or more */
          testcase( nCell==0 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x00 */
          testcase( nCell==1 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x01 */
          testcase( nCell==2 );  /* Minimum legal index key size */
          if( nCell<2 ){
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlite3PagerWrite()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3PagerUnref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3PagerUnref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then an effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the eMode parameter is BTALLOC_EXACT and the nearby page exists
................................................................................
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */

    
    /* If eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59841-13798 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32
        ** stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if
        ** the freelist is empty. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          noContent = !btreeGetHasContent(pBt, *pPgno)? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT : 0;
          rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, noContent);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);

            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
................................................................................
  
  /* Fill in the payload size */
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    pSrc = pData;
    nSrc = nData;
    nData = 0;
  }else{ 
    if( NEVER(nKey>0x7fffffff || pKey==0) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    nPayload = (int)nKey;
    pSrc = pKey;
    nSrc = (int)nKey;
  }
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    n = nHeader + nPayload;
    testcase( n==3 );
................................................................................
  **
  ** Use a call to btreeParseCellPtr() to verify that the values above
  ** were computed correctly.
  */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  {
    CellInfo info;
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    assert( nHeader=(int)(info.pPayload - pCell) );
    assert( info.nKey==nKey );
    assert( *pnSize == info.nSize );
    assert( spaceLeft == info.nLocal );
    assert( pPrior == &pCell[info.iOverflow] );
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int sz,           /* Bytes of content in pCell */
  u8 *pTemp,        /* Temp storage space for pCell, if needed */
  Pgno iChild,      /* If non-zero, replace first 4 bytes with this value */
  int *pRC          /* Read and write return code from here */
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */
  int end;          /* First byte past the last cell pointer in data[] */
  int ins;          /* Index in data[] where new cell pointer is inserted */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */


  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
  assert( sz==cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell) || (sz==8 && iChild>0) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<(int)(sizeof(pPage->apOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->apOvfl[0])) );
    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;








  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRC = rc;
      return;
    }
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
    data = pPage->aData;
    cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
    end = cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
    ins = cellOffset + 2*i;
    rc = allocateSpace(pPage, sz, &idx);
    if( rc ){ *pRC = rc; return; }
    /* The allocateSpace() routine guarantees the following two properties
    ** if it returns success */
    assert( idx >= end+2 );

    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );
    pPage->nCell++;
    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx], pCell, sz);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    memmove(&data[ins+2], &data[ins], end-ins);

    put2byte(&data[ins], idx);



    put2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3], pPage->nCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}















































/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
................................................................................
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void rebuildPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
................................................................................
  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;


    assert( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg, pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
    testcase( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg,pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;

}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
................................................................................
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  const int bFreelist = aData[1] || aData[2];
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    int sz = szCell[i];
    int rc;
    u8 *pSlot;

    if( bFreelist==0 || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg, sz, &rc, 0))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;

  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz = szCell[i];




      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ){
          assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
          freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
        }
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
................................................................................
**
** This routine makes the necessary adjustments to pPg so that it contains
** the correct cells after being balanced.
**
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iNew-iOld, &apCell[iOld], &szCell[iOld]
    );
    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iOldEnd-iNewEnd, &apCell[iNewEnd], &szCell[iNewEnd]
    );
  }

  pData = &aData[get2byteNotZero(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = MIN(nNew,iOld-iNew);
    assert( (iOld-iNew)<nNew || nCell==0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          nAdd, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            1, &apCell[iCell + iNew], &szCell[iCell + iNew]
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        nNew-nCell, &apCell[iNew+nCell], &szCell[iNew+nCell]
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byte(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff], szCell[i+iNew]) );

  }
#endif

  return;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]);

}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    u8 *pOut = &pSpace[4];
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);

    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->isInit );

    for(j=0; j<pPage->nCell; j++){
      CellInfo info;
      u8 *z;
     
      z = findCell(pPage, j);
      btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, z, &info);
      if( info.iOverflow ){
        Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&z[info.iOverflow]);
        ptrmapGet(pBt, ovfl, &e, &n);
        assert( n==pPage->pgno && e==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 );
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ){
        Pgno child = get4byte(z);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */
  int nCell = 0;               /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nNew = 0;                /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* The return code */
  u16 leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int leafData;                /* True if pPage is a leaf of a LEAFDATA tree */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in aCell[] after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells placed on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  Pgno aPgOrder[NB+2];         /* Copy of aPgno[] used for sorting pages */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */


  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));


  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  if( (i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow)==pParent->nCell ){
    pRight = &pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8];
  }else{
    pRight = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
  }
  pgno = get4byte(pRight);
  while( 1 ){
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &apOld[i], 0);
    if( rc ){
      memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] && pParent->nOverflow ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);

      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
................................................................................
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */

  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];






    /* Verify that all sibling pages are of the same "type" (table-leaf,
    ** table-interior, index-leaf, or index-interior).
    */
    if( pOld->aData[0]!=apOld[0]->aData[0] ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }

    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;

















    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){


      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);


        nCell++;
      }
    }else{
      u8 *aData = pOld->aData;
      u16 maskPage = pOld->maskPage;






      u16 cellOffset = pOld->cellOffset;
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){

        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);


        nCell++;
      }
    }       
    cntOld[i] = nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iSpace1 <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
      apCell[nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
      assert( leafCorrection==0 || leafCorrection==4 );
      szCell[nCell] = szCell[nCell] - leafCorrection;
      if( !pOld->leaf ){
        assert( leafCorrection==0 );
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(apCell[nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        while( szCell[nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. If a smaller cell
          ** does exist, pad it with 0x00 bytes. */
          assert( szCell[nCell]==3 || CORRUPT_DB );
          assert( apCell[nCell]==&aSpace1[iSpace1-3] || CORRUPT_DB );
          aSpace1[iSpace1++] = 0x00;
          szCell[nCell]++;
        }
      }
      nCell++;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Figure out the number of pages needed to hold all nCell cells.
  ** Store this number in "k".  Also compute szNew[] which is the total
  ** size of all cells on the i-th page and cntNew[] which is the index
  ** in apCell[] of the cell that divides page i from page i+1.  
  ** cntNew[k] should equal nCell.
  **
  ** Values computed by this block:
  **
  **           k: The total number of sibling pages
  **    szNew[i]: Spaced used on the i-th sibling page.
  **   cntNew[i]: Index in apCell[] and szCell[] for the first cell to
  **              the right of the i-th sibling page.
  ** usableSpace: Number of bytes of space available on each sibling.
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;









    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i] - 2;




      cntNew[k] = i;



      if( leafData ){ i--; }



      subtotal = 0;









      k++;












      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }

    }
  }
  szNew[k] = subtotal;
  cntNew[k] = nCell;
  k++;

  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side (siblings with smaller keys). The left siblings are
  ** always nearly full, while the right-most sibling might be nearly empty.
  ** The next block of code attempts to adjust the packing of siblings to
  ** get a better balance.
................................................................................
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
    int szLeft = szNew[i-1]; /* Size of sibling on the left */
    int r;              /* Index of right-most cell in left sibling */
    int d;              /* Index of first cell to the left of right sibling */

    r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
    d = r + 1 - leafData;


    assert( d<nMaxCells );
    assert( r<nMaxCells );

    while( szRight==0 
       || (!bBulk && szRight+szCell[d]+2<=szLeft-(szCell[r]+2)) 
    ){



      szRight += szCell[d] + 2;
      szLeft -= szCell[r] + 2;
      cntNew[i-1]--;
      r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
      d = r + 1 - leafData;
    }



    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;




  }

  /* Sanity check:  For a non-corrupt database file one of the follwing
  ** must be true:
  **    (1) We found one or more cells (cntNew[0])>0), or
  **    (2) pPage is a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when
  **        the real root page is page 1 and we are the only child of
................................................................................
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
................................................................................
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
................................................................................
       || pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld]
       || pCell<aOld
       || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize]
      ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }

      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );

    pCell = apCell[j];
    sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
................................................................................
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
      ** only after iPg+1 has already been updated. */
      assert( cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1] );

      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, apCell, szCell);

      abDone[iPg]++;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }

................................................................................
      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

................................................................................
  ** keys, the VDBE layer invokes sqlite3BtreeLast() to figure out the 
  ** integer key to use. It then calls this function to actually insert the 
  ** data into the intkey B-Tree. In this case btreeMoveto() recognizes
  ** that the cursor is already where it needs to be and returns without
  ** doing any work. To avoid thwarting these optimizations, it is important
  ** not to clear the cursor here.
  */

  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
  if( rc ) return rc;


  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){

    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && nKey>0
      && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }


  }

  if( !loc ){

    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
................................................................................
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );


  if( NEVER(pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell) 
   || NEVER(pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID)
  ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* Something has gone awry. */
  }

  iCellDepth = pCur->iPage;
  iCellIdx = pCur->aiIdx[iCellDepth];
  pPage = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth];
  pCell = findCell(pPage, iCellIdx);

  /* If the page containing the entry to delete is not a leaf page, move
................................................................................
  }

  /* Save the positions of any other cursors open on this table before
  ** making any modifications. Make the page containing the entry to be 
  ** deleted writable. Then free any overflow pages associated with the 
  ** entry and finally remove the cell itself from within the page.  
  */

  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
  if( rc ) return rc;


  /* If this is a delete operation to remove a row from a table b-tree,
  ** invalidate any incrblob cursors open on the row being deleted.  */
  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pCur->info.nKey, 0);
  }

................................................................................
    MemPage *pLeaf = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    if( pCell<&pLeaf->aData[4] ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    nCell = cellSizePtr(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );
    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;
    assert( pTmp!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int hdr;
  u16 szCell;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( pPage->bBusy ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  pPage->bBusy = 1;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
................................................................................

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    pCheck->zPfx = "On tree page %d cell %d: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
    pCheck->v2 = i;
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nPayload;
    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      if( i==0 ){
        nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;
      }else if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
................................................................................
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-23882-45353 The cell pointer array of a b-tree page
    ** immediately follows the b-tree page header. */
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02776-14802 The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte
    ** integer offsets to the cell contents. */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        btreeHeapInsert(heap, (pc<<16)|(pc+size-1));
................................................................................
}

/* 
** Mark this cursor as an incremental blob cursor.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Incrblob;

}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
................................................................................
** is forced.  In other words, the value is converted into the desired
** affinity even if that results in loss of data.  This routine is
** used (for example) to implement the SQL "cast()" operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem *pMem, u8 aff, u8 encoding){
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_Null ) return;
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_NONE: {   /* Really a cast to BLOB */
      if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pMem, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Str || pMem->db->mallocFailed );
        MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Blob);
      }else{
        pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of
** pTo are freed.  The pFrom->z field is not duplicated.  If
** pFrom->z is used, then pTo->z points to the same thing as pFrom->z
** and flags gets srcType (either MEM_Ephem or MEM_Static).
*/





SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
  }
}
................................................................................
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/


























SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){
      if( key ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pMem->z[amt] = 0;
        pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
        pMem->n = (int)amt;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes in the sqlite3_value object assuming
** that it uses the encoding "enc"

*/



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;




  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 || sqlite3ValueText(pVal, enc) ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  return 0;

}

/************** End of vdbemem.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeaux.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2003 September 6
**
................................................................................
  const char *zP4,    /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}


















/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
................................................................................
**
**   *  OP_Halt with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_HaltIfNull with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_Destroy
**   *  OP_VUpdate
**   *  OP_VRename
**   *  OP_FkCounter with P2==0 (immediate foreign key constraint)

**
** Then check that the value of Parse.mayAbort is true if an
** ABORT may be thrown, or false otherwise. Return true if it does
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;
  int hasFkCounter = 0;


  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
................................................................................
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    if( opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1 ){
      hasFkCounter = 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter );

}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
  p->bIsReader = 0;
  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;

    /* NOTE: Be sure to update mkopcodeh.awk when adding or removing
    ** cases from this switch! */
    switch( opcode ){
      case OP_Function:
      case OP_AggStep: {
        if( pOp->p5>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p5;
        break;
      }
      case OP_Transaction: {
        if( pOp->p2!=0 ) p->readOnly = 0;
        /* fall thru */
      }
      case OP_AutoCommit:
      case OP_Savepoint: {
        p->bIsReader = 1;
................................................................................
/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){




      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_INTARRAY: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }







    case P4_INT64: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%lld", *pOp->p4.pI64);
      break;
    }
    case P4_INT32: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%d", pOp->p4.i);
      break;
................................................................................
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }




}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
................................................................................
  n = (u32)pMem->n;
  if( flags & MEM_Zero ){
    n += pMem->u.nZero;
  }
  return ((n*2) + 12 + ((flags&MEM_Str)!=0));
}








/*
** Return the length of the data corresponding to the supplied serial-type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32 serial_type){
  if( serial_type>=12 ){
    return (serial_type-12)/2;
  }else{
    static const u8 aSize[] = { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
    return aSize[serial_type];
  }
}

/*
** If we are on an architecture with mixed-endian floating 
** points (ex: ARM7) then swap the lower 4 bytes with the 
** upper 4 bytes.  Return the result.
................................................................................
    if( serial_type==7 ){
      assert( sizeof(v)==sizeof(pMem->u.r) );
      memcpy(&v, &pMem->u.r, sizeof(v));
      swapMixedEndianFloat(v);
    }else{
      v = pMem->u.i;
    }
    len = i = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
    assert( i>0 );
    do{
      buf[--i] = (u8)(v&0xFF);
      v >>= 8;
    }while( i );
    return len;
  }
................................................................................
  testcase( typeRowid==5 );
  testcase( typeRowid==6 );
  testcase( typeRowid==8 );
  testcase( typeRowid==9 );
  if( unlikely(typeRowid<1 || typeRowid>9 || typeRowid==7) ){
    goto idx_rowid_corruption;
  }
  lenRowid = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(typeRowid);
  testcase( (u32)m.n==szHdr+lenRowid );
  if( unlikely((u32)m.n<szHdr+lenRowid) ){
    goto idx_rowid_corruption;
  }

  /* Fetch the integer off the end of the index record */
  sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((u8*)&m.z[m.n-lenRowid], typeRowid, &v);
................................................................................
**    is not possible.  Note that the integer representation is
**    always preferred, even if the affinity is REAL, because
**    an integer representation is more space efficient on disk.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
**    Convert pRec to a text representation.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE:
**    No-op.  pRec is unchanged.
*/
static void applyAffinity(
  Mem *pRec,          /* The value to apply affinity to */
  char affinity,      /* The affinity to be applied */
  u8 enc              /* Use this text encoding */
){
................................................................................
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){

    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );
    nProgressLimit = (unsigned)p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    if( nProgressLimit==0 ){
      nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps;
    }else{
      nProgressLimit %= (unsigned)db->nProgressOps;
    }
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0
   && (p->db->flags & (SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeEQP|SQLITE_VdbeTrace))!=0
  ){
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a Function structure that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: AggStep and AggFinal
*/
























case OP_Function: {
  int i;
  Mem *pArg;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;


  n = pOp->p5;
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, ctx.pOut);

  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );























  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];







  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  ctx.pVdbe = p;

  MemSetTypeFlag(ctx.pOut, MEM_Null);
  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Remember rowid changes made by xFunc */

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(ctx.pOut));
      rc = ctx.isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, (int)(pOp - aOp), pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */

  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(ctx.pOut, encoding);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(ctx.pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
  }

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, ctx.pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(ctx.pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
................................................................................
** <li value="100"> INTEGER
** <li value="101"> REAL
** </ul>
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_Cast: {                  /* in1 */
  assert( pOp->p2>=SQLITE_AFF_NONE && pOp->p2<=SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeMemCast(pIn1, pOp->p2, encoding);
................................................................................
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** field of the index key.
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity NONE.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}





















/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
................................................................................

  v = 0;
  res = 0;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( NEVER(pC->pCursor==0) ){
    /* The zero initialization above is all that is needed */
  }else{
    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
    ** positive integer, we have to fall through to the second
    ** probabilistic algorithm
................................................................................
**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int nKey;
  const char *zKey;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isSorter(pC) ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
      zKey = pIn2->z;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pCrsr, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->u.i++)==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register











** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.






*/
case OP_AggStep: {
  int n;




















  int i;

  Mem *pMem;
  Mem *pRec;
  Mem t;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;


  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( n>=0 );
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );











  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);

  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];


  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  ctx.pOut = &t;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
  ctx.iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);

  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */

  if( ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
    rc = ctx.isError;
  }




  if( ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[i], 1);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&t);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is
................................................................................
        if( ExprHasProperty(pItem->pExpr, EP_Agg) ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "aggregate functions are not allowed in "
              "the GROUP BY clause");
          return WRC_Abort;
        }
      }
    }








    /* Advance to the next term of the compound
    */
    p = p->pPrior;
    nCompound++;
  }

................................................................................
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric
    ** affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
    */
    if( sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2) ){
      return SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    }
  }else if( !aff1 && !aff2 ){
    /* Neither side of the comparison is a column.  Compare the
    ** results directly.
    */
    return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  }else{
    /* One side is a column, the other is not. Use the columns affinity. */
    assert( aff1==0 || aff2==0 );
    return (aff1 + aff2);
  }
}

................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( !aff ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
** idx_affinity is the affinity of an indexed column. Return true
** if the index with affinity idx_affinity may be used to implement
** the comparison in pExpr.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity){
  char aff = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:
      return 1;
    case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
      return idx_affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    default:
      return sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(idx_affinity);
  }
}
................................................................................
    pNewItem->jointype = pOldItem->jointype;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    pNewItem->isCorrelated = pOldItem->isCorrelated;
    pNewItem->viaCoroutine = pOldItem->viaCoroutine;
    pNewItem->isRecursive = pOldItem->isRecursive;
    pNewItem->zIndex = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zIndex);
    pNewItem->notIndexed = pOldItem->notIndexed;
    pNewItem->pIndex = pOldItem->pIndex;
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
................................................................................
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprRefOneTableOnly()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
................................................................................
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}
................................................................................
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
** is harmless.  A false positive, however, can result in the wrong
** answer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr *p, char aff){
  u8 op;
  if( aff==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ) return 1;
  while( p->op==TK_UPLUS || p->op==TK_UMINUS ){ p = p->pLeft; }
  op = p->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      return aff==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }
................................................................................
        */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** Duplicate an 8-byte value
*/
static char *dup8bytes(Vdbe *v, const char *in){
  char *out = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), 8);
  if( out ){
    memcpy(out, in, 8);
  }
  return out;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  if( ALWAYS(z!=0) ){
    double value;
    char *zV;
    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
    assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(value) ); /* The new AtoF never returns NaN */
    if( negateFlag ) value = -value;
    zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Real, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_REAL);
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
................................................................................
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      char *zV;
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      break;
    }
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "nil");
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    return;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG{%d:%d}",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLUMN(%d)", pExpr->iColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "{%d:%d}",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"CAST %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
    case TK_NE:      zBinOp = "NE";     break;
    case TK_EQ:      zBinOp = "EQ";     break;
    case TK_IS:      zBinOp = "IS";     break;
    case TK_ISNOT:   zBinOp = "ISNOT";  break;
    case TK_AND:     zBinOp = "AND";    break;
    case TK_OR:      zBinOp = "OR";     break;
    case TK_PLUS:    zBinOp = "ADD";    break;
    case TK_STAR:    zBinOp = "MUL";    break;
    case TK_MINUS:   zBinOp = "SUB";    break;
    case TK_REM:     zBinOp = "REM";    break;
    case TK_BITAND:  zBinOp = "BITAND"; break;
    case TK_BITOR:   zBinOp = "BITOR";  break;
    case TK_SLASH:   zBinOp = "DIV";    break;
    case TK_LSHIFT:  zBinOp = "LSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_RSHIFT:  zBinOp = "RSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_CONCAT:  zBinOp = "CONCAT"; break;
    case TK_DOT:     zBinOp = "DOT";    break;

    case TK_UMINUS:  zUniOp = "UMINUS"; break;
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLLATE %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FUNCTION %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pFarg, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "EXISTS-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "IN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
    ** This is equivalent to
    **
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "BETWEEN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pX, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pY, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pZ, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "CASE");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "RAISE %s(%Q)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "op=%d", pExpr->op);
      break;
    }
  }
  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zBinOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pRight, 0);
  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zUniOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(
  TreeView *pView,
  const ExprList *pList,
  u8 moreToFollow,
  const char *zLabel
){
  int i;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
#if 0
     if( pList->a[i].zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
#endif
    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
}
















/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return 0 if the two
** expressions are completely identical.  Return 1 if they differ only
** by a COLLATE operator at the top level.  Return 2 if there are differences
** other than the top-level COLLATE operator.
**
................................................................................

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    int rc;
    rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#elif SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iParam );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
................................................................................
    ** The third argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+3);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->nKeyCol, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    assert( "BBB"[0]==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
................................................................................
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regArgs+3-pFunc->nArg, regArgs+3);
    assert( pFunc->nArg==-1 || (pFunc->nArg&0xff)==pFunc->nArg );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(pFunc->nArg));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif

................................................................................
    p->aCol = aNew;
  }
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
................................................................................
**
** Substring     | Affinity
** --------------------------------
** 'INT'         | SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER
** 'CHAR'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'CLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'TEXT'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'BLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_NONE
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
................................................................................
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
  zStmt[k++] = '(';
  for(pCol=p->aCol, i=0; i<p->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    static const char * const azType[] = {
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NONE    */ "",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    */ " TEXT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC */ " NUM",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER */ " INT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_REAL    */ " REAL"
    };
    int len;
    const char *zType;

    sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], zSep);
    k += sqlite3Strlen30(&zStmt[k]);
    zSep = zSep2;
    identPut(zStmt, &k, pCol->zName);
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_NONE >= 0 );
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_NONE < ArraySize(azType) );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_NONE];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
................................................................................
      int addrInsLoop;    /* Top of the loop for inserting rows */
      Table *pSelTab;     /* A table that describes the SELECT results */

      regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      assert(pParse->nTab==1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 1, pParse->regRoot, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_P2ISREG);
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndex);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->notIndexed==0 && pItem->zIndex==0 );
    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->zIndex = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);
    }
  }
}

/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
................................................................................
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
................................................................................
  u8 matchOne;
  u8 matchSet;
  u8 noCase;
};

/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)        (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       if( A<=0x7f ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]

#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
**      '%'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters
**
***     '_'       Matches any one character
**
**      Ec        Where E is the "esc" character and c is any other
**                character, including '%', '_', and esc, match exactly c.
**
** The comments through this routine usually assume glob matching.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
................................................................................
  /* The GLOB operator does not have an ESCAPE clause.  And LIKE does not
  ** have the matchSet operator.  So we either have to look for one or
  ** the other, never both.  Hence the single variable matchOther is used
  ** to store the one we have to look for.
  */
  matchOther = esc ? esc : pInfo->matchSet;

  while( (c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern)) == matchAll
               || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }else{
        while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            NONE
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'F'            REAL
**
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
................................................................................
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_NONE affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_NONE values) and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character per column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            NONE
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;
................................................................................
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;
    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  i = sqlite3Strlen30(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
    }else{
................................................................................
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
................................................................................
  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);

  sqlite3_value (*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3_load_extension,
  sqlite3_malloc64,
  sqlite3_msize,
  sqlite3_realloc64,
  sqlite3_reset_auto_extension,
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob



};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s%s.%p: ",(P)->nSelectIndent*2-2,"",(S)->zSelName,(S)),\

    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
................................................................................
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(p, EP_NoReduce);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;






    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
** This routine processes the join information for a SELECT statement.
................................................................................
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        break;
      }

      default: {
        assert( pDistinct->eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED );
        codeDistinct(pParse, pDistinct->tabTnct, iContinue, nResultCol, regResult);

        break;
      }
    }
    if( pSort==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
    }
  }
................................................................................
      if( eDest==SRT_DistFifo ){
        /* If the destination is DistFifo, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
................................................................................
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)



static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,

  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,

  u8 *pEstWidth
){




  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;
  u8 estWidth = 1;

  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
................................................................................

      assert( pTab && pExpr->pTab==pTab );
      if( pS ){
        /* The "table" is actually a sub-select or a view in the FROM clause
        ** of the SELECT statement. Return the declaration type and origin
        ** data for the result-set column of the sub-select.
        */
        if( iCol>=0 && iCol<pS->pEList->nExpr ){
          /* If iCol is less than zero, then the expression requests the
          ** rowid of the sub-select or view. This expression is legal (see 
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.



          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    if( pCol->zType==0 ){

      pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p,0,0,0, &pCol->szEst));
    }
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}
................................................................................
  CollSeq *pRet;
  if( p->pPrior ){
    pRet = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p->pPrior, iCol);
  }else{
    pRet = 0;
  }
  assert( iCol>=0 );



  if( pRet==0 && iCol<p->pEList->nExpr ){
    pRet = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr);
  }
  return pRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the second parameter is a compound SELECT
................................................................................
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
);

/*
** Error message for when two or more terms of a compound select have different
** size result sets.
*/
static void selectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Values ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "all VALUES must have the same number of terms");
  }else{
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "SELECTs to the left and right of %s"
      " do not have the same number of result columns", selectOpName(p->op));
  }
}
................................................................................
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  Select *pPrior;
  int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;
  assert( p->selFlags & SF_MultiValue );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pLimit==0 );
    assert( p->pOffset==0 );
    if( p->pEList->nExpr!=nExpr ){
      selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);
      return 1;
    }
    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow++;
  }while(1);
  while( p ){
    pPrior = p->pPrior;
................................................................................
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  /* Make sure all SELECTs in the statement have the same number of elements
  ** in their result sets.
  */
  assert( p->pEList && pPrior->pEList );
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=pPrior->pEList->nExpr ){
    selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
    generateWithRecursiveQuery(pParse, p, &dest);
  }else
#endif

................................................................................
  ** collation.
  */
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>0 );
      /* assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr ) is also true
      ** but only for well-formed SELECT statements. */
      testcase( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol > p->pEList->nExpr );
      aPermute[i] = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge = multiSelectOrderByKeyInfo(pParse, p, 1);
  }else{
    pKeyMerge = 0;
  }

................................................................................
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query does not
**        use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
................................................................................
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );

      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1
       || pSub->pEList->nExpr!=pSub1->pEList->nExpr
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
................................................................................
  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("After flattening:\n");
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  return 1;



































































}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
................................................................................
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
** INDEXED BY clause, then try to locate the specified index. If there
** was such a clause and the named index cannot be found, return 
** SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error in pParse. Otherwise, populate 
** pFrom->pIndex and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *pParse, struct SrcList_item *pFrom){
  if( pFrom->pTab && pFrom->zIndex ){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    char *zIndex = pFrom->zIndex;
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; 
        pIdx && sqlite3StrICmp(pIdx->zName, zIndex); 
        pIdx=pIdx->pNext
    );
    if( !pIdx ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such index: %s", zIndex, 0);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pFrom->pIndex = pIdx;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
      }
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
      if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, regHit, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_AggStep, 0, regAgg, pF->iMem,
                      (void*)pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nArg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    if( addrNext ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrNext);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
................................................................................
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }

  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  assert( pEList!=0 );
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p, ("after name resolution:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif


  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto select_end;

  /* If writing to memory or generating a set
  ** only a single column may be output.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( checkForMultiColumnSelectError(pParse, pDest, pEList->nExpr) ){
    goto select_end;
  }
#endif














































  /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;

    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
................................................................................
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;





      }
      i = -1;





    }else if( pTabList->nSrc==1
           && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0
           && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
................................................................................
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }

  }


  pEList = p->pEList;
#endif
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
  sDistinct.isTnct = (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* If there is are a sequence of queries, do the earlier ones first.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
    return rc;



  }
#endif

  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
  ** index might end up being unused if the data can be 
  ** extracted in pre-sorted order.  If that is the case, then the
  ** OP_OpenEphemeral instruction will be changed to an OP_Noop once
  ** we figure out that the sorting index is not needed.  The addrSortIndex
  ** variable is used to facilitate that change.

  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, sSort.pOrderBy, 0, pEList->nExpr);
    sSort.iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    sSort.addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
................................................................................
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, sSort.addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList,0,0),
                                P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
................................................................................
        pItem->u.x.iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>100 ) p->nSelectRow = 100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = 1;
    }


    /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
    ** identical, then it may be possible to disable the ORDER BY clause 
    ** on the grounds that the GROUP BY will cause elements to come out 
    ** in the correct order. It also may not - the GROUP BY may use a
    ** database index that causes rows to be grouped together as required
    ** but not actually sorted. Either way, record the fact that the
    ** ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses are the same by setting the orderByGrp
    ** variable.  */
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pGroupBy, sSort.pOrderBy, -1)==0 ){
      orderByGrp = 1;
    }
................................................................................
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
      ** from the previous row currently stored in a0, a1, a2...
      */
      addrTopOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
      if( groupBySort ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sortOut,sortPTab);

      }
      for(j=0; j<pGroupBy->nExpr; j++){
        if( groupBySort ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, sortPTab, j, iBMem+j);
        }else{
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
................................................................................
      */
      addrSetAbort = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iAbortFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "set abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2); VdbeCoverage(v);

      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
................................................................................
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){

    explainTempTable(pParse, sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
  );
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;
  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;
  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pPrior ){
    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/************** End of select.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file table.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
** the offset of the method to call in the sqlite3_module structure.
**
** The array is cleared after invoking the callbacks. 
*/
static void callFinaliser(sqlite3 *db, int offset){
  int i;
  if( db->aVTrans ){


    for(i=0; i<db->nVTrans; i++){
      VTable *pVTab = db->aVTrans[i];
      sqlite3_vtab *p = pVTab->pVtab;
      if( p ){
        int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
        x = *(int (**)(sqlite3_vtab *))((char *)p->pModule + offset);
        if( x ) x(p);
      }
      pVTab->iSavepoint = 0;
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(pVTab);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, db->aVTrans);
    db->nVTrans = 0;
    db->aVTrans = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the xSync method of all virtual tables in the sqlite3.aVTrans
** array. Return the error code for the first error that occurs, or
** SQLITE_OK if all xSync operations are successful.
................................................................................
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of vtab.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".

*/
/************** Include whereInt.h in the middle of where.c ******************/
/************** Begin file whereInt.h ****************************************/
/*
** 2013-11-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** a separate source file for easier editing.
*/

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace&(K)) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
# define WHERETRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)
................................................................................
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
struct WhereOrSet {
  u16 n;                      /* Number of valid a[] entries */
  WhereOrCost a[N_OR_COST];   /* Set of best costs */
};


/* Forward declaration of methods */
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependencies and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
................................................................................
** no gaps.
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};






/*
** This object is a convenience wrapper holding all information needed
** to construct WhereLoop objects for a particular query.
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
................................................................................
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

























































/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
** operators that are of interest to the query planner.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** particular WhereTerms within a WhereClause.
*/
................................................................................
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_PARTIALIDX   0x00020000  /* The automatic index is partial */

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->eDistinct;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the WHERE clause returns rows in ORDER BY order.
** Return FALSE if the output needs to be sorted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->nOBSat;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to continue
** immediately with the next row of a WHERE clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  assert( pWInfo->iContinue!=0 );
  return pWInfo->iContinue;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to break
** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.
**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
  pDest->n = pSrc->n;
  memcpy(pDest->a, pSrc->a, pDest->n*sizeof(pDest->a[0]));
}

/*
** Try to insert a new prerequisite/cost entry into the WhereOrSet pSet.
**
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  LogEst rRun,           /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  LogEst nOut            /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun && (p->prereq & prereq)==p->prereq ){
      return 0;
    }
  }
  if( pSet->n<N_OR_COST ){
    p = &pSet->a[pSet->n++];
    p->nOut = nOut;
  }else{
    p = pSet->a;
    for(i=1; i<pSet->n; i++){
      if( p->rRun>pSet->a[i].rRun ) p = pSet->a + i;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun ) return 0;
  }
whereOrInsert_done:
  p->prereq = prereq;
  p->rRun = rRun;
  if( p->nOut>nOut ) p->nOut = nOut;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo        /* The WHERE processing context */
){
  pWC->pWInfo = pWInfo;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
*/
static void whereOrInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereOrInfo *p){
  whereClauseClear(&p->wc);



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereAndInfo object.
*/
static void whereAndInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereAndInfo *p){
  whereClauseClear(&p->wc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Deallocate a WhereClause structure.  The WhereClause structure
** itself is not freed.  This routine is the inverse of whereClauseInit().
*/
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause *pWC){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *a;
  sqlite3 *db = pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1, a=pWC->a; i>=0; i--, a++){
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, a->pExpr);
    }
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO ){
      whereOrInfoDelete(db, a->u.pOrInfo);
    }else if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ANDINFO ){
      whereAndInfoDelete(db, a->u.pAndInfo);
    }
  }
  if( pWC->a!=pWC->aStatic ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWC->a);
  }
}

/*
** Add a single new WhereTerm entry to the WhereClause object pWC.
** The new WhereTerm object is constructed from Expr p and with wtFlags.
** The index in pWC->a[] of the new WhereTerm is returned on success.
** 0 is returned if the new WhereTerm could not be added due to a memory
** allocation error.  The memory allocation failure will be recorded in
** the db->mallocFailed flag so that higher-level functions can detect it.
................................................................................
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

/*
** This routine identifies subexpressions in the WHERE clause where
** each subexpression is separated by the AND operator or some other
** operator specified in the op parameter.  The WhereClause structure
** is filled with pointers to subexpressions.  For example:
**
**    WHERE  a=='hello' AND coalesce(b,11)<10 AND (c+12!=d OR c==22)
**           \________/     \_______________/     \________________/
**            slot[0]            slot[1]               slot[2]
**
** The original WHERE clause in pExpr is unaltered.  All this routine
** does is make slot[] entries point to substructure within pExpr.
**
** In the previous sentence and in the diagram, "slot[]" refers to
** the WhereClause.a[] array.  The slot[] array grows as needed to contain
** all terms of the WHERE clause.
*/
static void whereSplit(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pExpr, u8 op){
  Expr *pE2 = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  pWC->op = op;
  if( pE2==0 ) return;
  if( pE2->op!=op ){
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pExpr, 0);
  }else{
    whereSplit(pWC, pE2->pLeft, op);
    whereSplit(pWC, pE2->pRight, op);
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a WhereMaskSet object
*/
#define initMaskSet(P)  (P)->n=0

/*
** Return the bitmask for the given cursor number.  Return 0 if
** iCursor is not in the set.
*/
static Bitmask getMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  int i;
  assert( pMaskSet->n<=(int)sizeof(Bitmask)*8 );
  for(i=0; i<pMaskSet->n; i++){
    if( pMaskSet->ix[i]==iCursor ){
      return MASKBIT(i);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new mask for cursor iCursor.
**
** There is one cursor per table in the FROM clause.  The number of
** tables in the FROM clause is limited by a test early in the
** sqlite3WhereBegin() routine.  So we know that the pMaskSet->ix[]
** array will never overflow.
*/
static void createMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  assert( pMaskSet->n < ArraySize(pMaskSet->ix) );
  pMaskSet->ix[pMaskSet->n++] = iCursor;
}

/*
** These routines walk (recursively) an expression tree and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
static Bitmask exprListTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
static Bitmask exprSelectTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Select*);
static Bitmask exprTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
    mask = getMask(pMaskSet, p->iTable);
    return mask;
  }
  mask = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->pRight);
  mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->pLeft);
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    mask |= exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pSelect);
  }else{
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pList);
  }
  return mask;
}
static Bitmask exprListTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pList->a[i].pExpr);
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
static Bitmask exprSelectTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Select *pS){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  while( pS ){
    SrcList *pSrc = pS->pSrc;
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pEList);
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pGroupBy);
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pOrderBy);
    mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pWhere);
    mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pHaving);
    if( ALWAYS(pSrc!=0) ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        mask |= exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pSelect);
        mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pOn);
      }
    }
    pS = pS->pPrior;
  }
  return mask;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", "IN", and "IS NULL"
*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
................................................................................
  assert( op!=TK_LE || c==WO_LE );
  assert( op!=TK_GT || c==WO_GT );
  assert( op!=TK_GE || c==WO_GE );
  assert( op!=TK_IS || c==WO_IS );
  return c;
}

/*
** Advance to the next WhereTerm that matches according to the criteria
** established when the pScan object was initialized by whereScanInit().
** Return NULL if there are no more matching WhereTerms.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanNext(WhereScan *pScan){
  int iCur;            /* The cursor on the LHS of the term */
  int iColumn;         /* The column on the LHS of the term.  -1 for IPK */
  Expr *pX;            /* An expression being tested */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-2];
    iColumn = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=2 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aEquiv)
          ){
            int j;
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<pScan->nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( pScan->aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable
               && pScan->aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ){
                  break;
              }
            }
            if( j==pScan->nEquiv ){
              pScan->aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              pScan->aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              pScan->nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & pScan->opMask)!=0 ){
            /* Verify the affinity and collating sequence match */
            if( pScan->zCollName && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              Parse *pParse = pWC->pWInfo->pParse;
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pScan->idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,
                                                  pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pScan->zCollName) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0
             && (pX = pTerm->pExpr->pRight)->op==TK_COLUMN
             && pX->iTable==pScan->aEquiv[0]
             && pX->iColumn==pScan->aEquiv[1]
            ){
              testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
              continue;
            }
            pScan->k = k+1;
            return pTerm;
          }
        }
      }
      pScan->pWC = pScan->pWC->pOuter;
      k = 0;
    }
    pScan->pWC = pScan->pOrigWC;
    k = 0;
    pScan->iEquiv += 2;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a WHERE clause scanner object.  Return a pointer to the
** first match.  Return NULL if there are no matches.
**
** The scanner will be searching the WHERE clause pWC.  It will look
** for terms of the form "X <op> <expr>" where X is column iColumn of table
** iCur.  The <op> must be one of the operators described by opMask.
**
** If the search is for X and the WHERE clause contains terms of the
** form X=Y then this routine might also return terms of the form
** "Y <op> <expr>".  The number of levels of transitivity is limited,
** but is enough to handle most commonly occurring SQL statements.
**
** If X is not the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then X must be compatible with
** index pIdx.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanInit(
  WhereScan *pScan,       /* The WhereScan object being initialized */
  WhereClause *pWC,       /* The WHERE clause to be scanned */
  int iCur,               /* Cursor to scan for */
  int iColumn,            /* Column to scan for */
  u32 opMask,             /* Operator(s) to scan for */
  Index *pIdx             /* Must be compatible with this index */
){
  int j;

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
  pScan->k = 0;
  pScan->aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  pScan->aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  pScan->nEquiv = 2;
  pScan->iEquiv = 2;
  return whereScanNext(pScan);
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;
  WhereTerm *p;
  WhereScan scan;

  p = whereScanInit(&scan, pWC, iCur, iColumn, op, pIdx);
  op &= WO_EQ|WO_IS;
  while( p ){
    if( (p->prereqRight & notReady)==0 ){
      if( p->prereqRight==0 && (p->eOperator&op)!=0 ){
        testcase( p->eOperator & WO_IS );
        return p;
      }
      if( pResult==0 ) pResult = p;
    }
    p = whereScanNext(&scan);
  }
  return pResult;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
*/
static void exprAnalyzeAll(
  SrcList *pTabList,       /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    exprAnalyze(pTabList, pWC, i);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
/*
** Check to see if the given expression is a LIKE or GLOB operator that
** can be optimized using inequality constraints.  Return TRUE if it is
** so and false if not.
**
................................................................................
  assert( pLeft->iColumn!=(-1) ); /* Because IPK never has AFF_TEXT */

  pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[0].pExpr);
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol);
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
................................................................................
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
**
**      x IN (expr1,expr2,expr3)
**
** CASE 2:
**
** If there are exactly two disjuncts one side has x>A and the other side
** has x=A (for the same x and A) then add a new virtual conjunct term to the
** WHERE clause of the form "x>=A".  Example:
**
**      x>A OR (x=A AND y>B)    adds:    x>=A
**
** The added conjunct can sometimes be helpful in query planning.
**
................................................................................
**
** From another point of view, "indexable" means that the subterm could
** potentially be used with an index if an appropriate index exists.
** This analysis does not consider whether or not the index exists; that
** is decided elsewhere.  This analysis only looks at whether subterms
** appropriate for indexing exist.
**
** All examples A through E above satisfy case 2.  But if a term
** also satisfies case 1 (such as B) we know that the optimizer will
** always prefer case 1, so in that case we pretend that case 2 is not
** satisfied.
**
** It might be the case that multiple tables are indexable.  For example,
** (E) above is indexable on tables P, Q, and R.
**
** Terms that satisfy case 2 are candidates for lookup by using
** separate indices to find rowids for each subterm and composing
** the union of all rowids using a RowSet object.  This is similar
** to "bitmap indices" in other database engines.
**
** OTHERWISE:
**
** If neither case 1 nor case 2 apply, then leave the eOperator set to
** zero.  This term is not useful for search.
*/
static void exprAnalyzeOrTerm(
  SrcList *pSrc,            /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* the complete WHERE clause */
  int idxTerm               /* Index of the OR-term to be analyzed */
){
................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  whereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWInfo);
  whereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;
      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        whereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pWInfo);
        whereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pAndWC);
        pAndWC->pOuter = pWC;
        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
          }
        }
        indexable &= b;
      }
    }else if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED ){
      /* Skip this term for now.  We revisit it when we process the
      ** corresponding TERM_VIRTUAL term */
    }else{
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
................................................................................
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }

        if( (chngToIN & getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor))==0 ){
          /* This term must be of the form t1.a==t2.b where t2 is in the
          ** chngToIN set but t1 is not.  This term will be either preceded
          ** or follwed by an inverted copy (t2.b==t1.a).  Skip this term 
          ** and use its inversion. */
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED );
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
          assert( pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_COPIED|TERM_VIRTUAL) );
................................................................................
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
................................................................................

/*
** We already know that pExpr is a binary operator where both operands are
** column references.  This routine checks to see if pExpr is an equivalence
** relation:
**   1.  The SQLITE_Transitive optimization must be enabled
**   2.  Must be either an == or an IS operator
**   3.  Not originating the ON clause of an OUTER JOIN
**   4.  The affinities of A and B must be compatible
**   5a. Both operands use the same collating sequence OR
**   5b. The overall collating sequence is BINARY
** If this routine returns TRUE, that means that the RHS can be substituted
** for the LHS anyplace else in the WHERE clause where the LHS column occurs.
** This is an optimization.  No harm comes from returning 0.  But if 1 is
** returned when it should not be, then incorrect answers might result.
................................................................................
  /* Since pLeft and pRight are both a column references, their collating
  ** sequence should always be defined. */
  zColl1 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
  zColl2 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  return sqlite3StrICmp(zColl1, zColl2)==0;
}



























/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_AS && pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE );
  prereqLeft = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pList);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_ISNULL ){
    pTerm->prereqRight = 0;
  }else{
    pTerm->prereqRight = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pRight);
  }
  prereqAll = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr);
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    Bitmask x = getMask(pMaskSet, pExpr->iRightJoinTable);
    prereqAll |= x;
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
    int idxNew;
    Expr *pRight, *pLeft;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;
    Bitmask prereqColumn, prereqExpr;

    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}




















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** This function searches pList for an entry that matches the iCol-th column
** of index pIdx.
**
** If such an expression is found, its index in pList->a[] is returned. If
** no expression is found, -1 is returned.
................................................................................
  return -1;
}

/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant.
**
** A DISTINCT list is redundant if the database contains some subset of
** columns that are unique and non-null.
*/
static int isDistinctRedundant(
  Parse *pParse,            /* Parsing context */
  SrcList *pTabList,        /* The FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct       /* The result set that needs to be DISTINCT */
){
................................................................................
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
................................................................................
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
** by passing the pointer returned by this function to sqlite3_free().
*/
static sqlite3_index_info *allocateIndexInfo(
  Parse *pParse,
  WhereClause *pWC,

  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,
  ExprList *pOrderBy
){
  int i, j;
  int nTerm;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pIdxOrderBy;
................................................................................
  int nOrderBy;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    u8 op;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("IN row estimate: est=%d\n", nRowEst));
  }
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid==nRecValid );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
**
**   (1)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x WHERE t2.z='ok'
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.
**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
**
** If all the children of a term are disabled, then that term is also
** automatically disabled.  In this way, terms get disabled if derived
** virtual terms are tested first.  For example:
**
**      x GLOB 'abc*' AND x>='abc' AND x<'acd'
**      \___________/     \______/     \_____/
**         parent          child1       child2
**
** Only the parent term was in the original WHERE clause.  The child1
** and child2 terms were added by the LIKE optimization.  If both of
** the virtual child terms are valid, then testing of the parent can be 
** skipped.
**
** Usually the parent term is marked as TERM_CODED.  But if the parent
** term was originally TERM_LIKE, then the parent gets TERM_LIKECOND instead.
** The TERM_LIKECOND marking indicates that the term should be coded inside
** a conditional such that is only evaluated on the second pass of a
** LIKE-optimization loop, when scanning BLOBs instead of strings.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  int nLoop = 0;
  while( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
      && (pLevel->notReady & pTerm->prereqAll)==0
  ){
    if( nLoop && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKE)!=0 ){
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_LIKECOND;
    }else{
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
    if( pTerm->iParent<0 ) break;
    pTerm = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
    pTerm->nChild--;
    if( pTerm->nChild!=0 ) break;
    nLoop++;
  }
}

/*
** Code an OP_Affinity opcode to apply the column affinity string zAff
** to the n registers starting at base. 
**
** As an optimization, SQLITE_AFF_NONE entries (which are no-ops) at the
** beginning and end of zAff are ignored.  If all entries in zAff are
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE, then no code gets generated.
**
** This routine makes its own copy of zAff so that the caller is free
** to modify zAff after this routine returns.
*/
static void codeApplyAffinity(Parse *pParse, int base, int n, char *zAff){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( zAff==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return;
  }
  assert( v!=0 );

  /* Adjust base and n to skip over SQLITE_AFF_NONE entries at the beginning
  ** and end of the affinity string.
  */
  while( n>0 && zAff[0]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    n--;
    base++;
    zAff++;
  }
  while( n>1 && zAff[n-1]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    n--;
  }

  /* Code the OP_Affinity opcode if there is anything left to do. */
  if( n>0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, base, n);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zAff, n);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, base, n);
  }
}


/*
** Generate code for a single equality term of the WHERE clause.  An equality
** term can be either X=expr or X IN (...).   pTerm is the term to be 
** coded.
**
** The current value for the constraint is left in register iReg.
**
** For a constraint of the form X=expr, the expression is evaluated and its
** result is left on the stack.  For constraints of the form X IN (...)
** this routine sets up a loop that will iterate over all values of X.
*/
static int codeEqualityTerm(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  WhereTerm *pTerm,   /* The term of the WHERE clause to be coded */
  WhereLevel *pLevel, /* The level of the FROM clause we are working on */
  int iEq,            /* Index of the equality term within this level */
  int bRev,           /* True for reverse-order IN operations */
  int iTarget         /* Attempt to leave results in this register */
){
  Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iReg;                  /* Register holding results */

  assert( iTarget>0 );
  if( pX->op==TK_EQ || pX->op==TK_IS ){
    iReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pX->pRight, iTarget);
  }else if( pX->op==TK_ISNULL ){
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    WhereLoop *pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->aSortOrder[iEq]
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, IN_INDEX_LOOP, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, !bRev);
    assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 );
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IN_ABLE;
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
                              sizeof(pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[0])*pLevel->u.in.nIn);
    pIn = pLevel->u.in.aInLoop;
    if( pIn ){
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_PrevIfOpen : OP_NextIfOpen;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate all == and IN constraints for an
** index scan.
**
** For example, consider table t1(a,b,c,d,e,f) with index i1(a,b,c).
** Suppose the WHERE clause is this:  a==5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>5 AND c<10
** The index has as many as three equality constraints, but in this
** example, the third "c" value is an inequality.  So only two 
** constraints are coded.  This routine will generate code to evaluate
** a==5 and b IN (1,2,3).  The current values for a and b will be stored
** in consecutive registers and the index of the first register is returned.
**
** In the example above nEq==2.  But this subroutine works for any value
** of nEq including 0.  If nEq==0, this routine is nearly a no-op.
** The only thing it does is allocate the pLevel->iMem memory cell and
** compute the affinity string.
**
** The nExtraReg parameter is 0 or 1.  It is 0 if all WHERE clause constraints
** are == or IN and are covered by the nEq.  nExtraReg is 1 if there is
** an inequality constraint (such as the "c>=5 AND c<10" in the example) that
** occurs after the nEq quality constraints.
**
** This routine allocates a range of nEq+nExtraReg memory cells and returns
** the index of the first memory cell in that range. The code that
** calls this routine will use that memory range to store keys for
** start and termination conditions of the loop.
** key value of the loop.  If one or more IN operators appear, then
** this routine allocates an additional nEq memory cells for internal
** use.
**
** Before returning, *pzAff is set to point to a buffer containing a
** copy of the column affinity string of the index allocated using
** sqlite3DbMalloc(). Except, entries in the copy of the string associated
** with equality constraints that use NONE affinity are set to
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE. This is to deal with SQL such as the following:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT PRIMARY KEY, b);
**   SELECT ... FROM t1 AS t2, t1 WHERE t1.a = t2.b;
**
** In the example above, the index on t1(a) has TEXT affinity. But since
** the right hand side of the equality constraint (t2.b) has NONE affinity,
** no conversion should be attempted before using a t2.b value as part of
** a key to search the index. Hence the first byte in the returned affinity
** string in this example would be set to SQLITE_AFF_NONE.
*/
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  int bRev,             /* Reverse the order of IN operators */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  u16 nEq;                      /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */
  u16 nSkip;                    /* Number of left-most columns to skip */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The WhereLoop object */
  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=nSkip; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following testcase is true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
      }
    }
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))==0 ){
      Expr *pRight = pTerm->pExpr->pRight;
      if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_IS)==0 && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+j, pLevel->addrBrk);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zAff[j])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zAff[j]) ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** This routine is a helper for explainIndexRange() below
**
** pStr holds the text of an expression that we are building up one term
** at a time.  This routine adds a new term to the end of the expression.
** Terms are separated by AND so add the "AND" text for second and subsequent
** terms only.
*/
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
**
** For example, if the query:
**
**   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 AND b>2;
**
** is run and there is an index on (a, b), then this function returns a
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = aiColumn[i] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3XPrintf(pStr, 0, "ANY(%s)", z);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command, or if either SQLITE_DEBUG or SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS was
** defined at compile-time. If it is not a no-op, a single OP_Explain opcode 
** is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in pLevel.
**
** If an OP_Explain opcode is added to the VM, its address is returned.
** Otherwise, if no OP_Explain is coded, zero is returned.
*/
static int explainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  int ret = 0;
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    flags = pLoop->wsFlags;
    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return 0;

    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, db, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, isSearch ? "SEARCH" : "SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " SUBQUERY %d", pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " AS %s", pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE))==0 ){
      const char *zFmt = 0;
      Index *pIdx;

      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }
      }else if( flags & WHERE_PARTIALIDX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
      if( zFmt ){
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " USING ", 7);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, zFmt, pIdx->zName);
        explainIndexRange(&str, pLoop, pItem->pTab);
      }
    }else if( (flags & WHERE_IPK)!=0 && (flags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0 ){
      const char *zRange;
      if( flags&(WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_IN) ){
        zRange = "(rowid=?)";
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>? AND rowid<?)";
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>?)";
      }else{
        assert( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT);
        zRange = "(rowid<?)";
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, " USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ");
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, zRange);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s",
                  pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_EXPLAIN_ESTIMATED_ROWS
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
  return ret;
}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
** Configure the VM passed as the first argument with an
** sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() entry corresponding to the scan used to 
** implement level pLvl. Argument pSrclist is a pointer to the FROM 
** clause that the scan reads data from.
**
** If argument addrExplain is not 0, it must be the address of an 
** OP_Explain instruction that describes the same loop.
*/
static void addScanStatus(
  Vdbe *v,                        /* Vdbe to add scanstatus entry to */
  SrcList *pSrclist,              /* FROM clause pLvl reads data from */
  WhereLevel *pLvl,               /* Level to add scanstatus() entry for */
  int addrExplain                 /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
){
  const char *zObj = 0;
  WhereLoop *pLoop = pLvl->pWLoop;
  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0  &&  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
    zObj = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName;
  }else{
    zObj = pSrclist->a[pLvl->iFrom].zName;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(
      v, addrExplain, pLvl->addrBody, pLvl->addrVisit, pLoop->nOut, zObj
  );
}
#else
# define addScanStatus(a, b, c, d) ((void)d)
#endif

/*
** If the most recently coded instruction is a constant range contraint
** that originated from the LIKE optimization, then change the P3 to be
** pLoop->iLikeRepCntr and set P5.
**
** The LIKE optimization trys to evaluate "x LIKE 'abc%'" as a range
** expression: "x>='ABC' AND x<'abd'".  But this requires that the range
** scan loop run twice, once for strings and a second time for BLOBs.
** The OP_String opcodes on the second pass convert the upper and lower
** bound string contants to blobs.  This routine makes the necessary changes
** to the OP_String opcodes for that to happen.
*/
static void whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(
  Vdbe *v,                /* prepared statement under construction */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,     /* The loop that contains the LIKE operator */
  WhereTerm *pTerm        /* The upper or lower bound just coded */
){
  if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT ){
    VdbeOp *pOp;
    assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
    pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
    assert( pOp!=0 );
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_String8 
            || pTerm->pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pOp->p3 = pLevel->iLikeRepCntr;
    pOp->p5 = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */
){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;    /* The WhereLoop object being coded */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Decomposition of the entire WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WHERE clause term */
  Parse *pParse;                  /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-loop%d: %s",iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
  ** means to continue with the next IN value combination.  When
  ** there are no IN operators in the constraints, the "addrNxt" label
  ** is the same as "addrBrk".
  */
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regYield, addrBrk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 1:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    int nConstraint = pLoop->nLTerm;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      int iTarget = iReg+j+2;
      pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, iTarget);
        addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
   && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ))!=0
  ){
    /* Case 2:  We can directly reference a single row using an
    **          equality comparison against the ROWID field.  Or
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    assert( pLoop->u.btree.nEq==1 );
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    iReleaseReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, 0, bRev, iReleaseReg);
    if( iRowidReg!=iReleaseReg ) sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE)!=0
  ){
    /* Case 3:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
    int start;
    int memEndValue = 0;
    WhereTerm *pStart, *pEnd;

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    j = 0;
    pStart = pEnd = 0;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ) pStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ) pEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    assert( pStart!=0 || pEnd!=0 );
    if( bRev ){
      pTerm = pStart;
      pStart = pEnd;
      pEnd = pTerm;
    }
    if( pStart ){
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGT,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLE,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLT,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGE
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      testcase( pStart->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* transitive constraints */
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LE);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GE);
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rTemp);
      disableTerm(pLevel, pStart);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( (pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pEnd->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* Transitive constraints */
      testcase( pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
      disableTerm(pLevel, pEnd);
    }
    start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    pLevel->op = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = start;
    assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, testOp, memEndValue, addrBrk, iRowidReg);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Le);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Lt);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Ge);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Gt);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
  }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
    /* Case 4: A scan using an index.
    **
    **         The WHERE clause may contain zero or more equality 
    **         terms ("==" or "IN" operators) that refer to the N
    **         left-most columns of the index. It may also contain
    **         inequality constraints (>, <, >= or <=) on the indexed
    **         column that immediately follows the N equalities. Only 
    **         the right-most column can be an inequality - the rest must
    **         use the "==" and "IN" operators. For example, if the 
    **         index is on (x,y,z), then the following clauses are all 
    **         optimized:
    **
    **            x=5
    **            x=5 AND y=10
    **            x=5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y>5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y=5 AND z<=10
    **
    **         The z<10 term of the following cannot be used, only
    **         the x=5 term:
    **
    **            x=5 AND z<10
    **
    **         N may be zero if there are inequality constraints.
    **         If there are no inequality constraints, then N is at
    **         least one.
    **
    **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
    **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGT,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLT,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGE,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLE            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 0: (end_constraints && !bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxGT,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev &&  endEq) */
      OP_IdxLE,            /* 2: (end_constraints &&  bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxLT,            /* 3: (end_constraints &&  bRev &&  endEq) */
    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
    j = nEq;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
      pRangeStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      /* Like optimization range constraints always occur in pairs */
      assert( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)==0 || 
              (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)!=0 );
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)!=0 ){
        assert( pRangeStart!=0 );                     /* LIKE opt constraints */
        assert( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT );   /* occur in pairs */
        pLevel->iLikeRepCntr = ++pParse->nMem;
        testcase( bRev );
        testcase( pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                          bRev ^ (pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC),
                          pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
        VdbeComment((v, "LIKE loop counter"));
        pLevel->addrLikeRep = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      }
      if( pRangeStart==0
       && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
       && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0
      ){
        bSeekPastNull = 1;
      }
    }
    assert( pRangeEnd==0 || (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );

    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(pParse,pLevel,bRev,nExtraReg,&zStartAff);
    assert( zStartAff==0 || sqlite3Strlen30(zStartAff)>=nEq );
    if( zStartAff ) cEndAff = zStartAff[nEq];
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nKeyCol && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nKeyCol==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
      SWAP(u8, bSeekPastNull, bStopAtNull);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    startEq = !pRangeStart || pRangeStart->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    endEq =   !pRangeEnd || pRangeEnd->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    start_constraints = pRangeStart || nEq>0;

    /* Seek the index cursor to the start of the range. */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeStart ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeStart->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeStart);
      if( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zStartAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zStartAff[nEq])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE){
          /* Since the comparison is to be performed with no conversions
          ** applied to the operands, set the affinity to apply to pRight to 
          ** SQLITE_AFF_NONE.  */
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bSeekPastNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint - bSeekPastNull, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Rewind);  testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Last);    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGT );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLT );

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeEnd->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1);
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeEnd);
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, cEndAff)!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE
       && !sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, cEndAff)
      ){
        codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1, &cEndAff);
      }
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bStopAtNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      endEq = 0;
      nConstraint++;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    if( nConstraint ){
      op = aEndOp[bRev*2 + endEq];
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGE );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLE );
    }

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;
    pLevel->p3 = (pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_UNQ_WANTED)!=0 ? 1:0;
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
    /* Case 5:  Two or more separately indexed terms connected by OR
    **
    ** Example:
    **
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    **   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
    **   CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
    **   CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(c);
    **
    **   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=5 OR b=7 OR (c=11 AND d=13)
    **
    ** In the example, there are three indexed terms connected by OR.
    ** The top of the loop looks like this:
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **
    ** Then, for each indexed term, the following. The arguments to
    ** RowSetTest are such that the rowid of the current row is inserted
    ** into the RowSet. If it is already present, control skips the
    ** Gosub opcode and jumps straight to the code generated by WhereEnd().
    **
    **        sqlite3WhereBegin(<term>)
    **          RowSetTest                  # Insert rowid into rowset
    **          Gosub      2 A
    **        sqlite3WhereEnd()
    **
    ** Following the above, code to terminate the loop. Label A, the target
    ** of the Gosub above, jumps to the instruction right after the Goto.
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **          Goto       B                # The loop is finished.
    **
    **       A: <loop body>                 # Return data, whatever.
    **
    **          Return     2                # Jump back to the Gosub
    **
    **       B: <after the loop>
    **
    ** Added 2014-05-26: If the table is a WITHOUT ROWID table, then
    ** use an ephemeral index instead of a RowSet to record the primary
    ** keys of the rows we have already seen.
    **
    */
    WhereClause *pOrWc;    /* The OR-clause broken out into subterms */
    SrcList *pOrTab;       /* Shortened table list or OR-clause generation */
    Index *pCov = 0;             /* Potential covering index (or NULL) */
    int iCovCur = pParse->nTab++;  /* Cursor used for index scans (if any) */

    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    u16 wctrlFlags;                    /* Flags for sub-WHERE clause */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
   
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
    ** This becomes the SrcList in the recursive call to sqlite3WhereBegin().
    */
    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ){
      int nNotReady;                 /* The number of notReady tables */
      struct SrcList_item *origSrc;     /* Original list of tables */
      nNotReady = pWInfo->nLevel - iLevel - 1;
      pOrTab = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db,
                            sizeof(*pOrTab)+ nNotReady*sizeof(pOrTab->a[0]));
      if( pOrTab==0 ) return notReady;
      pOrTab->nAlloc = (u8)(nNotReady + 1);
      pOrTab->nSrc = pOrTab->nAlloc;
      memcpy(pOrTab->a, pTabItem, sizeof(*pTabItem));
      origSrc = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
      for(k=1; k<=nNotReady; k++){
        memcpy(&pOrTab->a[k], &origSrc[pLevel[k].iFrom], sizeof(pOrTab->a[k]));
      }
    }else{
      pOrTab = pWInfo->pTabList;
    }

    /* Initialize the rowset register to contain NULL. An SQL NULL is 
    ** equivalent to an empty rowset.  Or, create an ephemeral index
    ** capable of holding primary keys in the case of a WITHOUT ROWID.
    **
    ** Also initialize regReturn to contain the address of the instruction 
    ** immediately following the OP_Return at the bottom of the loop. This
    ** is required in a few obscure LEFT JOIN cases where control jumps
    ** over the top of the loop into the body of it. In this case the 
    ** correct response for the end-of-loop code (the OP_Return) is to 
    ** fall through to the next instruction, just as an OP_Next does if
    ** called on an uninitialized cursor.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
      }else{
        Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        regRowset = pParse->nTab++;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, regRowset, pPk->nKeyCol);
        sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
      }
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);

    /* If the original WHERE clause is z of the form:  (x1 OR x2 OR ...) AND y
    ** Then for every term xN, evaluate as the subexpression: xN AND z
    ** That way, terms in y that are factored into the disjunction will
    ** be picked up by the recursive calls to sqlite3WhereBegin() below.
    **
    ** Actually, each subexpression is converted to "xN AND w" where w is
    ** the "interesting" terms of z - terms that did not originate in the
    ** ON or USING clause of a LEFT JOIN, and terms that are usable as 
    ** indices.
    **
    ** This optimization also only applies if the (x1 OR x2 OR ...) term
    ** is not contained in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN.
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE
                | WHERE_FORCE_TABLE
                | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY
                | WHERE_NO_AUTOINDEX;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          addScanStatus(v, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], addrExplain);

          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
          ** duplicate rows from prior sub-WHERE clauses, and record the
          ** rowid (or PRIMARY KEY) for the current row so that the same
          ** row will be skipped in subsequent sub-WHERE clauses.
          */
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int r;
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
              r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iCur, regRowid, 0);
              j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset, 0, r,iSet);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }else{
              Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
              int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
              int iPk;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, iCol, iCur, r+iPk, 0);
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.
              **
              ** Use some of the same optimizations as OP_RowSetTest: If iSet
              ** is zero, assume that the key cannot already be present in
              ** the temp table. And if iSet is -1, assume that there is no 
              ** need to insert the key into the temp table, as it will never 
              ** be tested for.  */ 
              if( iSet ){
                j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, regRowset, 0, r, nPk);
                VdbeCoverage(v);
              }
              if( iSet>=0 ){
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, r, nPk, regRowid);
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, regRowset, regRowid, 0);
                if( iSet ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
              }

              /* Release the array of temp registers */
              sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r, nPk);
            }
          }

          /* Invoke the main loop body as a subroutine */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReturn, iLoopBody);

          /* Jump here (skipping the main loop body subroutine) if the
          ** current sub-WHERE row is a duplicate from prior sub-WHEREs. */
          if( j1 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

          /* The pSubWInfo->untestedTerms flag means that this OR term
          ** contained one or more AND term from a notReady table.  The
          ** terms from the notReady table could not be tested and will
          ** need to be tested later.
          */
          if( pSubWInfo->untestedTerms ) untestedTerms = 1;

          /* If all of the OR-connected terms are optimized using the same
          ** index, and the index is opened using the same cursor number
          ** by each call to sqlite3WhereBegin() made by this loop, it may
          ** be possible to use that index as a covering index.
          **
          ** If the call to sqlite3WhereBegin() above resulted in a scan that
          ** uses an index, and this is either the first OR-connected term
          ** processed or the index is the same as that used by all previous
          ** terms, set pCov to the candidate covering index. Otherwise, set 
          ** pCov to NULL to indicate that no candidate covering index will 
          ** be available.
          */
          pSubLoop = pSubWInfo->a[0].pWLoop;
          assert( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
          if( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (ii==0 || pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex==pCov)
           && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex))
          ){
            assert( pSubWInfo->a[0].iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
            wctrlFlags |= WHERE_REOPEN_IDX;
          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

  {
    /* Case 6:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    if( pTabItem->isRecursive ){
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  pLevel->addrVisit = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#endif

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    int skipLikeAddr = 0;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin && !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKECOND ){
      assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
      skipLikeAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pE, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    if( skipLikeAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, skipLikeAddr);
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
  }

  /* Insert code to test for implied constraints based on transitivity
  ** of the "==" operator.
  **
  ** Example: If the WHERE clause contains "t1.a=t2.b" and "t2.b=123"
  ** and we are coding the t1 loop and the t2 loop has not yet coded,
  ** then we cannot use the "t1.a=t2.b" constraint, but we can code
  ** the implied "t1.a=123" constraint.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE, *pEAlt;
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & pLevel->notReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady,
                    WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_IS, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
    if( pEAlt ){
      *pEAlt = *pAlt->pExpr;
      pEAlt->pLeft = pE->pLeft;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pEAlt, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3StackFree(db, pEAlt);
    }
  }

  /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
  ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print the content of a WhereTerm object
*/
static void whereTermPrint(WhereTerm *pTerm, int iTerm){
  if( pTerm==0 ){
................................................................................
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++){
      WhereLevel *pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
      if( pLevel->pWLoop && (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE) ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
      }
    }
    whereClauseClear(&pWInfo->sWC);
    while( pWInfo->pLoops ){
      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
** pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be a virtual table.





















*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtual(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,  /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra


){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;           /* WHERE analysis context */
  Parse *pParse;               /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;   /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab;
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
  int nConstraint;
  int seenIn = 0;              /* True if an IN operator is seen */
  int seenVar = 0;             /* True if a non-constant constraint is seen */
  int iPhase;                  /* 0: const w/o IN, 1: const, 2: no IN,  2: IN */
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  db = pParse->db;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pSrc = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
  pIdxInfo = allocateIndexInfo(pParse, pWC, pSrc, pBuilder->pOrderBy);
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pNew->prereq = 0;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE;
  pNew->nLTerm = 0;
  pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
................................................................................
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      switch( iPhase ){
        case 0:    /* Constants without IN operator */
          pIdxCons->usable = 0;
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
            seenIn = 1;
          }
          if( pTerm->prereqRight!=0 ){
            seenVar = 1;
          }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0 ){
            pIdxCons->usable = 1;
          }
          break;
        case 1:    /* Constants with IN operators */
          assert( seenIn );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->prereqRight==0);
          break;
        case 2:    /* Variables without IN */
          assert( seenVar );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0;
          break;
        default:   /* Variables with IN */
          assert( seenVar && seenIn );
................................................................................
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Add WhereLoop entries to handle OR terms.  This works for either
** btrees or virtual tables.
*/

static int whereLoopAddOr(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, Bitmask mExtra){



  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
................................................................................
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
................................................................................
static int whereLoopAddAll(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  Bitmask mExtra = 0;
  Bitmask mPrior = 0;
  int iTab;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;
  int nTabList = pWInfo->nLevel;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u8 priorJoinType = 0;
  WhereLoop *pNew;


  /* Loop over the tables in the join, from left to right */
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  whereLoopInit(pNew);
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; iTab<nTabList; iTab++, pItem++){

    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->jointype|priorJoinType) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){


      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJoinType = pItem->jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){






      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = whereLoopAddOr(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    mPrior |= pNew->maskSelf;
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) break;
  }

  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Examine a WherePath (with the addition of the extra WhereLoop of the 5th
** parameters) to see if it outputs rows in the requested ORDER BY
................................................................................
    ** loops.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
      if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
      pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
      if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) continue;
      if( pOBExpr->iTable!=iCur ) continue;
      pTerm = findTerm(&pWInfo->sWC, iCur, pOBExpr->iColumn,
                       ~ready, WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IS, 0);
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator&(WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0 && pOBExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
        const char *z1, *z2;
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        z1 = pColl->zName;
................................................................................
    if( isOrderDistinct ){
      orderDistinctMask |= pLoop->maskSelf;
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        Expr *p;
        Bitmask mTerm;
        if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
        p = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        mTerm = exprTableUsage(&pWInfo->sMaskSet,p);
        if( mTerm==0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p) ) continue;
        if( (mTerm&~orderDistinctMask)==0 ){
          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
        }
      }
    }
  } /* End the loop over all WhereLoops from outer-most down to inner-most */
................................................................................
  
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE ) return 0;
  assert( pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc>=1 );
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ|WO_IS, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      opMask = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? (WO_EQ|WO_IS) : WO_EQ;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, opMask, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( pIdx->isCovering || (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
................................................................................
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->nOBSat =  pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  sWLB.pNew->cId = '*';
#endif

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWInfo);
  whereSplit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWhere, TK_AND);
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; ii++){
    if( nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr, pWInfo->iBreak,
................................................................................
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
      toTheLeft |= m;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions.  Note that exprAnalyze() might
  ** add new virtual terms onto the end of the WHERE clause.  We do not
  ** want to analyze these virtual terms, so start analyzing at the end
  ** and work forward so that the added virtual terms are never processed.
  */
  exprAnalyzeAll(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }

  if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
    if( isDistinctRedundant(pParse, pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC, pResultSet) ){
      /* The DISTINCT marking is pointless.  Ignore it. */
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }else if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
................................................................................
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( nTabList!=1 || whereShortCut(&sWLB)==0 ){
    rc = whereLoopAddAll(&sWLB);
    if( rc ) goto whereBeginError;
  
    /* Display all of the WhereLoop objects if wheretrace is enabled */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
      WhereLoop *p;
      int i;
      static char zLabel[] = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwyxz"
                                       "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWYXZ";
      for(p=pWInfo->pLoops, i=0; p; p=p->pNextLoop, i++){
        p->cId = zLabel[i%sizeof(zLabel)];
        whereLoopPrint(p, sWLB.pWC);
      }
    }
#endif
  
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 && (db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder)!=0 ){
     pWInfo->revMask = (Bitmask)(-1);
  }
  if( pParse->nErr || NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- Solution nRow=%d", pWInfo->nRowOut);
    if( pWInfo->nOBSat>0 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ORDERBY=%d,0x%llx", pWInfo->nOBSat, pWInfo->revMask);
    }
    switch( pWInfo->eDistinct ){
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  /* Attempt to omit tables from the join that do not effect the result */
  if( pWInfo->nLevel>=2
   && pResultSet!=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin)
  ){
    Bitmask tabUsed = exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);

    if( sWLB.pOrderBy ) tabUsed |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, sWLB.pOrderBy);

    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
................................................................................
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
      pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
    }
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
................................................................................
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }




    }else{
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
      Index *pIx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      int iIndexCur;
      int op = OP_OpenRead;
................................................................................
        if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))==0
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0
        ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_SEEKEQ); /* Hint to COMDB2 */
        }
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));















      }
    }
    if( iDb>=0 ) sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    notReady &= ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, &pWInfo->sWC,
                &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom], notReady, pLevel);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
    }
#endif
    addrExplain = explainOneScan(
        pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags
    );
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
    if( (wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 && (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)==0 ){
      addScanStatus(v, pTabList, pLevel, addrExplain);
    }
  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

................................................................................
*/
static int yy_pop_parser_stack(yyParser *pParser){
  YYCODETYPE yymajor;
  yyStackEntry *yytos = &pParser->yystack[pParser->yyidx];

  /* There is no mechanism by which the parser stack can be popped below
  ** empty in SQLite.  */
  if( NEVER(pParser->yyidx<0) ) return 0;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( yyTraceFILE && pParser->yyidx>=0 ){
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sPopping %s\n",
      yyTracePrompt,
      yyTokenName[yytos->major]);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Cx */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Dx */
    0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Ex */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,  /* Fx */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)>=0x42 && sqlite3IsEbcdicIdChar[c-0x40]))
#endif



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8 c){ return IdChar(c); }



/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *z, int *tokenType){
................................................................................
  zSql8 = sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( zSql8 ){
    rc = sqlite3_complete(zSql8);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  return sqlite3ApiExit(0, rc);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE */

/************** End of complete.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file main.c ********************************************/
/*
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1
  return ( db->temp_store==2 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2
  return ( db->temp_store!=1 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==3

  return 1;
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE<1 || SQLITE_TEMP_STORE>3

  return 0;
#endif
}

/*
** Return UTF-8 encoded English language explanation of the most recent
** error.
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xSqllog ){
    /* Opening a db handle. Fourth parameter is passed 0. */
    void *pArg = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pSqllogArg;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.xSqllog(pArg, db, zFilename, 0);
  }
#endif
  return sqlite3ApiExit(0, rc);
}

/*
** Open a new database handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open(
  const char *zFilename, 
................................................................................
      SCHEMA_ENC(*ppDb) = ENC(*ppDb) = SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;
    }
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);

  return sqlite3ApiExit(0, rc);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

/*
** Register a new collation sequence with the database handle db.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation(
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST


  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
    ** Save the current state of the PRNG.
    */
................................................................................
  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was uEsc */

  while( zPattern[iPattern]!=0 ){

    /* Read (and consume) the next character from the input pattern. */
    UChar32 uPattern;
    U8_NEXT_UNSAFE(zPattern, iPattern, uPattern);
    assert(uPattern!=0);

    /* There are now 4 possibilities:
    **
    **     1. uPattern is an unescaped match-all character "%",
    **     2. uPattern is an unescaped match-one character "_",
    **     3. uPattern is an unescaped escape character, or
    **     4. uPattern is to be handled as an ordinary character
................................................................................
  UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  const char *zLocale;      /* Locale identifier - (eg. "jp_JP") */
  const char *zName;        /* SQL Collation sequence name (eg. "japanese") */
  UCollator *pUCollator;    /* ICU library collation object */
  int rc;                   /* Return code from sqlite3_create_collation_x() */

  assert(nArg==2);

  zLocale = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[1]);

  if( !zLocale || !zName ){
    return;
  }

................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The set of routines that implement the simple tokenizer
*/
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module icuTokenizerModule = {
  0,                           /* iVersion */
  icuCreate,                   /* xCreate  */
  icuDestroy,                  /* xCreate  */
  icuOpen,                     /* xOpen    */
  icuClose,                    /* xClose   */
  icuNext,                     /* xNext    */

};

/*
** Set *ppModule to point at the implementation of the ICU tokenizer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule
................................................................................
** File control method. For custom operations on an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsFileControl(sqlite3_file *pFile, int op, void *pArg){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  int (*xControl)(sqlite3_file*,int,void*) = p->pReal->pMethods->xFileControl;
  int rc;

  assert( p->openFlags & 
      (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB) 
  );
  if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA ){
    sqlite3ota *pOta = (sqlite3ota*)pArg;

    /* First try to find another OTA vfs lower down in the vfs stack. If
    ** one is found, this vfs will operate in pass-through mode. The lower
    ** level vfs will do the special OTA handling.  */







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153
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...
323
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1166
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....
9694
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9699
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9705
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9710
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....
9768
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9771
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9781
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....
9811
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9818
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....
9872
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.....
10019
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.....
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10416
10417
10418
10419
10420
10421
10422
10423
10424

10425

10426
10427
10428
10429
10430
10431
10432
10433
.....
11451
11452
11453
11454
11455
11456
11457
11458
11459
11460
11461
11462
11463
11464
11465
11466
11467
.....
12210
12211
12212
12213
12214
12215
12216
12217
12218
12219
12220
12221
12222
12223
12224
.....
13016
13017
13018
13019
13020
13021
13022
13023
13024
13025
13026
13027
13028
13029
13030
13031
13032
.....
13046
13047
13048
13049
13050
13051
13052
13053
13054
13055
13056
13057
13058
13059
13060
13061
13062
.....
13124
13125
13126
13127
13128
13129
13130




13131
13132
13133
13134
13135
13136
13137
.....
13188
13189
13190
13191
13192
13193
13194
13195
13196
13197
13198
13199
13200
13201
13202
13203
13204
13205
13206
13207
13208
13209
.....
13283
13284
13285
13286
13287
13288
13289
13290
13291
13292
13293
13294
13295
13296
13297
.....
13300
13301
13302
13303
13304
13305
13306
13307
13308
13309
13310
13311
13312
13313
13314
13315
13316
13317
.....
13521
13522
13523
13524
13525
13526
13527
13528
13529
13530
13531
13532
13533
13534
13535
.....
14639
14640
14641
14642
14643
14644
14645
14646
14647
14648
14649
14650
14651
14652
14653
14654
14655
.....
14835
14836
14837
14838
14839
14840
14841
14842
14843
14844
14845
14846
14847
14848
14849
14850
14851
14852
14853
14854
14855
14856
14857
14858
.....
19217
19218
19219
19220
19221
19222
19223
19224
19225
19226
19227
19228
19229
19230
19231
19232
19233
19234
19235
19236
19237
19238
.....
21382
21383
21384
21385
21386
21387
21388
21389
21390

21391
21392
21393
21394
21395
21396
21397
21398

21399
21400
21401
21402
21403
21404
21405
21406
21407
21408
21409



21410
21411
21412
21413
21414
21415
21416
21417
21418
21419
21420
21421
21422
21423
.....
22456
22457
22458
22459
22460
22461
22462

22463
22464
22465
22466
22467
22468
22469
22470
22471
22472
22473
22474
22475
22476
22477
22478
22479
22480
22481
22482
22483
22484
22485
22486


22487






22488
22489
22490
22491
22492
22493
22494
22495
22496
22497
22498
22499
22500
22501
22502
22503
22504
22505
22506
22507
22508
22509
22510
22511
22512
22513
22514
22515
22516
22517
22518
22519
22520
22521
22522
22523
22524
22525
22526
22527
22528
22529
22530
22531
22532
22533
22534
.....
22540
22541
22542
22543
22544
22545
22546
22547
22548
22549
22550
22551
22552
22553
22554
22555
22556
22557
22558
22559
22560
22561
22562
22563
22564
22565
22566
22567
22568
22569
22570
22571
22572
22573
22574
22575
22576
22577
22578
22579
22580
22581
22582
22583
22584
22585
22586
22587
22588
22589
22590
22591
22592
22593
22594
22595
22596
22597
22598
22599
22600
22601
22602
22603
22604
22605
22606
22607
22608
22609
22610
22611
22612
22613
22614
22615
22616
22617
22618
22619
22620
22621
22622
22623
22624
22625
22626
22627
22628
22629
22630
22631
22632
22633
22634
22635
22636
22637
22638
22639
22640
22641
22642
22643
22644
22645
22646
22647
22648
22649
22650
22651
22652
22653
22654
22655
22656
22657
22658
22659
22660
22661
22662
22663
22664
22665
22666
22667
22668
22669
22670
22671
22672
22673
22674
22675
22676
22677
22678
22679
22680
22681
22682
22683
22684
22685
22686
22687
22688
22689
22690
22691
22692
22693
22694
22695
22696
22697
22698
22699
22700
22701
22702
22703
22704
22705
22706
22707
22708
22709
22710
22711
22712
22713
22714
22715
22716
22717
22718
22719
22720
22721
22722
22723
22724
22725
22726
22727
22728
22729
22730
22731
22732
22733
22734
22735
22736
22737
22738
22739
22740
22741
22742
22743
22744
22745
22746
22747
22748
22749
22750
22751
22752
22753
22754
22755
22756
22757
22758
22759
22760
22761
22762
22763
22764
22765
22766
22767
22768
22769
22770
22771
22772
22773
22774
22775
22776
22777
22778
22779
22780
22781
22782
22783
22784
22785
22786
22787
22788
22789
22790
22791
22792
22793
22794
22795
22796
22797
22798
22799
22800
22801
22802
22803
22804
22805
22806
22807
22808
22809
22810
22811
22812
22813
22814

22815
22816
22817
22818
22819
22820
22821
22822
22823
22824
22825
22826
22827
22828
22829
22830
22831
22832
22833
22834
22835
22836
22837
22838
22839
22840
22841
22842
22843
22844
22845
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
22861
22862
22863
22864
22865
22866
22867
22868
22869
22870
22871
22872
22873
22874
22875
22876
22877
22878
22879
22880
22881
22882
22883
22884
22885




22886
22887
22888
22889
22890
22891
22892
22893
22894
22895
22896
22897
22898
22899
22900
22901
22902
22903
22904
22905
22906
22907
22908
22909
22910
22911
22912
22913
22914
.....
23941
23942
23943
23944
23945
23946
23947

23948

23949
23950
23951
23952
23953
23954
23955
23956
.....
24914
24915
24916
24917
24918
24919
24920
24921
24922
24923
24924
24925
24926
24927
24928
24929
24930
24931
24932
24933
24934
24935
24936
24937
24938
24939
24940
24941
24942
24943
24944
24945
24946
24947
24948
24949
24950
24951
24952
.....
25506
25507
25508
25509
25510
25511
25512

25513
25514
25515
25516
25517
25518
25519
25520

25521
25522
25523
25524
25525
25526
25527
25528

25529
25530
25531
25532
25533
25534
25535
25536
25537
25538
25539
25540
25541
25542
25543
25544
25545
25546
25547
25548
25549
25550
25551
25552
25553
25554
25555
.....
25567
25568
25569
25570
25571
25572
25573
25574
25575
25576
25577
25578
25579
25580
25581
25582

25583
25584
25585
25586
25587

25588
25589
25590
25591
25592
25593
25594
25595
25596
25597
25598
25599
25600
25601
25602
25603
25604
25605
25606
25607
25608
25609
25610
25611
25612
25613
25614
25615
25616
25617
25618
25619
25620
25621
25622
25623
25624
25625
25626
25627
25628
25629
25630
25631
25632
25633
25634
25635
25636
25637
25638
25639
25640
25641
25642
25643
25644

25645
25646
25647
25648
25649
25650
25651
25652
25653
25654
25655
25656
25657
25658
25659
25660
25661
25662
25663
25664
25665
25666
25667
25668
25669
25670
25671
25672
25673
25674
25675
25676
25677
25678
25679
.....
39404
39405
39406
39407
39408
39409
39410
39411
39412

39413
39414
39415
39416
39417
39418
39419
39420
39421
.....
39426
39427
39428
39429
39430
39431
39432
39433
39434
39435
39436
39437
39438
39439
39440
39441
39442
.....
39718
39719
39720
39721
39722
39723
39724

39725
39726
39727
39728
39729
39730
39731
.....
39795
39796
39797
39798
39799
39800
39801



39802
39803
39804
39805
39806
39807
39808
.....
39887
39888
39889
39890
39891
39892
39893

39894
39895
39896
39897
39898
39899
39900
.....
40011
40012
40013
40014
40015
40016
40017
40018
40019
40020
40021
40022
40023
40024
40025
40026
40027
40028
40029
40030
40031
40032
.....
40035
40036
40037
40038
40039
40040
40041
40042
40043
40044
40045
40046
40047
40048
40049
40050
40051



40052
40053
40054
40055
40056
40057
40058
40059
40060
40061
40062
40063
40064
40065
40066
40067
40068
40069
40070
40071
.....
40085
40086
40087
40088
40089
40090
40091



40092
40093
40094
40095
40096
40097
40098
40099

40100
40101
40102
40103
40104
40105
40106
40107
40108
40109
40110
40111
40112
40113
40114
40115
40116
40117
40118
40119
40120
40121
40122
40123
40124
40125
40126
40127
.....
40180
40181
40182
40183
40184
40185
40186
40187
40188
40189
40190
40191
40192
40193
40194
40195
40196
40197
40198
40199
40200
40201
.....
40510
40511
40512
40513
40514
40515
40516
40517
40518
40519
40520
40521
40522
40523
40524
40525
40526
40527
40528
40529
40530
40531
40532
.....
40794
40795
40796
40797
40798
40799
40800
40801
40802

40803
40804
40805
40806

40807
40808
40809
40810
40811
40812
40813
40814
40815
40816
40817
40818
40819
40820
40821
40822
40823
40824
40825
40826
40827
40828
40829
40830
40831
40832
40833
40834
40835
40836
40837
40838
40839
40840
40841
40842
40843
40844
40845
40846
40847
40848
40849
40850
40851
40852
40853
40854
40855
40856
40857
40858
40859
40860

40861
40862
40863
40864
40865
40866
40867
.....
40899
40900
40901
40902
40903
40904
40905
40906
40907
40908
40909
40910
40911
40912
40913
40914
40915
40916
40917
40918
.....
41077
41078
41079
41080
41081
41082
41083
41084
41085
41086
41087
41088
41089
41090
41091
.....
41100
41101
41102
41103
41104
41105
41106
41107
41108
41109
41110
41111
41112
41113
41114
41115
41116
.....
41176
41177
41178
41179
41180
41181
41182
41183
41184
41185
41186
41187
41188

41189
41190
41191
41192
41193
41194
41195
41196








41197
41198
41199
41200
41201
41202
41203
41204
41205
41206
41207
41208
41209
41210
41211
41212
41213
41214
41215
41216
41217
41218
41219
41220
41221
41222
41223
41224
41225
41226
41227
41228
41229
41230
41231
41232
41233
41234
41235
41236
41237
41238
41239
41240
41241
41242
41243
41244
41245
41246
41247
41248
41249
41250
41251
41252
41253
41254
41255
41256
41257
41258
41259
41260
.....
41275
41276
41277
41278
41279
41280
41281
41282

41283
41284
41285
41286
41287
41288
41289
.....
41429
41430
41431
41432
41433
41434
41435
41436

41437
41438
41439
41440
41441
41442
41443
.....
42570
42571
42572
42573
42574
42575
42576
42577
42578
42579
42580
42581
42582
42583
42584
42585
42586
.....
42654
42655
42656
42657
42658
42659
42660
42661
42662
42663
42664
42665
42666
42667
42668
42669
42670
42671
42672
.....
42761
42762
42763
42764
42765
42766
42767
42768
42769
42770
42771
42772
42773
42774
42775
.....
42922
42923
42924
42925
42926
42927
42928
42929
42930
42931
42932
42933
42934
42935
42936
.....
43145
43146
43147
43148
43149
43150
43151
43152
43153
43154
43155
43156
43157
43158
43159
43160
43161
43162
43163
43164
43165
43166
43167
43168
43169
43170
43171
43172
43173
.....
43771
43772
43773
43774
43775
43776
43777
43778
43779
43780
43781
43782
43783
43784
43785
43786
.....
44332
44333
44334
44335
44336
44337
44338
44339
44340
44341
44342
44343
44344
44345
44346
.....
46434
46435
46436
46437
46438
46439
46440


46441
46442
46443
46444
46445
46446
46447
.....
46479
46480
46481
46482
46483
46484
46485
46486
46487
46488
46489
46490
46491
46492
46493
46494
46495
46496
46497
46498
46499
.....
46544
46545
46546
46547
46548
46549
46550

46551

46552
46553
46554
46555
46556
46557
46558
46559
46560
46561
46562
46563

































46564
46565
46566
46567
46568
46569
46570
.....
46812
46813
46814
46815
46816
46817
46818
46819
46820
46821
46822
46823
46824
46825
46826
.....
46831
46832
46833
46834
46835
46836
46837
46838
46839
46840
46841
46842
46843
46844
46845
.....
47218
47219
47220
47221
47222
47223
47224
47225
47226
47227
47228
47229
47230
47231
47232
.....
47426
47427
47428
47429
47430
47431
47432
47433
47434
47435
47436
47437
47438
47439

47440
47441
47442
47443
47444
47445
47446
47447
47448
47449
47450
47451
47452
47453
47454
47455
47456
47457
47458
47459
47460
47461
47462
47463
47464
47465

47466
47467
47468
47469
47470
47471
47472
.....
47537
47538
47539
47540
47541
47542
47543
47544
47545
47546
47547
47548
47549
47550
47551
.....
47740
47741
47742
47743
47744
47745
47746
47747
47748
47749
47750
47751
47752
47753
47754
47755
47756
47757
47758
47759
47760
47761
47762
47763
47764
47765
47766
47767
47768
47769
47770
47771
47772
47773
47774
47775
47776
47777
47778
47779
47780
47781
47782
47783
47784
47785
47786
47787
47788
47789
47790
47791
47792
47793
47794
47795
47796
47797
47798
47799
47800
47801
47802
47803
47804
47805
47806
47807
47808
47809
47810

47811
47812
47813
47814
47815
47816
47817
47818
47819
47820
47821
47822

47823
47824
47825
47826
47827
47828
47829
.....
47834
47835
47836
47837
47838
47839
47840
47841


47842




47843



47844
47845
47846
47847


47848






































47849
47850



47851
47852
47853
47854
47855

47856
47857
47858
47859
47860
47861
47862
47863
47864
47865
47866
47867
47868
47869
47870
47871
47872
47873
47874
47875
47876


47877
47878
47879
47880
47881

47882

47883
47884
47885
47886
47887
47888
47889
.....
47890
47891
47892
47893
47894
47895
47896
47897
47898
47899
47900
47901
47902
47903
47904
47905
47906
47907
47908
47909
47910
47911
47912
47913
47914
.....
47988
47989
47990
47991
47992
47993
47994
47995
47996
47997
47998
47999
48000
48001
48002
48003
48004
48005
48006
48007
48008
48009
48010
48011
48012
48013
48014
48015
48016
48017
48018
48019
48020
48021
48022
48023
48024
.....
48034
48035
48036
48037
48038
48039
48040
48041
48042
48043
48044
48045
48046
48047
48048
.....
48589
48590
48591
48592
48593
48594
48595
48596
48597
48598
48599
48600
48601
48602
48603

48604


48605
48606
48607
48608
48609
48610
48611
48612
48613
48614
48615
48616
48617
48618
48619
48620
48621
48622
48623
48624
48625
48626
48627
48628
48629
48630
48631
48632
48633
48634
48635
48636
48637
48638
48639
48640
48641
48642
48643
48644
48645
48646
48647
48648
48649
48650
48651
48652
48653
48654
48655
48656
48657
48658
.....
48875
48876
48877
48878
48879
48880
48881
48882

48883
48884
48885
48886
48887
48888
48889
48890
.....
52794
52795
52796
52797
52798
52799
52800
52801
52802
52803
52804
52805
52806
52807
52808
.....
52858
52859
52860
52861
52862
52863
52864
52865
52866
52867
52868
52869
52870
52871
52872
52873
52874
52875
.....
52917
52918
52919
52920
52921
52922
52923
52924
52925
52926
52927
52928
52929
52930
52931
.....
53028
53029
53030
53031
53032
53033
53034

53035
53036
53037
53038
53039
53040
53041
.....
53070
53071
53072
53073
53074
53075
53076
53077

53078
53079
53080
53081
53082
53083
53084
53085
53086
53087
53088
53089
53090
53091
53092
53093
53094
53095
53096
53097
53098
53099
53100
53101
53102
53103
53104
53105
53106
53107
53108
53109
53110
53111
53112
53113
53114
53115
53116
.....
53255
53256
53257
53258
53259
53260
53261
53262
53263
53264
53265
53266
53267
53268
53269
53270
53271
53272
53273
53274
53275
53276
53277
53278
53279
53280
53281
.....
54047
54048
54049
54050
54051
54052
54053
54054
54055
54056
54057
54058
54059
54060

54061
54062
54063
54064
54065
54066
54067
54068
54069
.....
54177
54178
54179
54180
54181
54182
54183
54184
54185
54186
54187
54188
54189
54190
54191
54192
54193
54194
54195
54196
54197
54198
54199
54200
54201
54202
54203
54204
.....
54211
54212
54213
54214
54215
54216
54217
54218
54219
54220
54221
54222
54223
54224
54225
54226
54227
54228
54229
54230
54231
54232
54233
54234
54235
54236
54237
54238
54239
54240
54241
54242
54243
54244
54245
54246
54247
54248
.....
54521
54522
54523
54524
54525
54526
54527
54528
54529
54530
54531
54532
54533
54534
54535
54536
54537
54538
54539
54540


54541
54542
54543
54544
54545






54546
54547
54548
54549
54550
54551
54552
54553
54554
54555
54556
54557
54558
54559
54560
54561
54562
54563

54564
54565
54566
54567
54568
54569
54570
54571
54572
54573
54574
54575
54576

54577

54578
54579
54580
54581
54582



54583
54584
54585
54586
54587
54588
54589
54590
54591
54592
54593
54594
54595
54596
54597
54598
54599
54600
54601
54602
54603
54604
54605
54606
54607
54608
54609
54610
54611
54612
54613
54614
54615
54616
54617
54618
54619
54620
54621
54622
54623
54624
54625
54626
54627
54628
54629
54630
54631
54632
54633
54634
54635
54636
54637
54638
54639
54640
54641
54642
54643



54644
54645
54646
54647
54648
54649
54650
54651
54652
54653
54654
54655
54656
54657
54658
54659
54660
54661
54662
54663
54664
54665
54666
54667
54668
54669
54670
54671
54672
54673
54674


54675
54676
54677
54678
54679
54680
54681
54682
54683
54684
54685
54686
54687
54688
54689
54690
54691

54692
54693
54694
54695
54696
54697
54698
54699
54700
54701
54702
54703
54704
54705
54706
54707
54708
54709
54710
54711
54712
54713
54714
54715
























54716
54717
54718
54719
54720
54721
54722
54723
54724
54725
54726
54727
54728
54729
54730
54731
54732
54733
54734
54735
54736
54737
54738
54739
54740
54741
54742
54743
54744
54745
54746
54747
54748
54749
54750
54751
54752





54753
54754
54755
54756
54757
54758
54759
54760
54761
54762
.....
54780
54781
54782
54783
54784
54785
54786
54787
54788
54789
54790
54791
54792
54793
54794
54795
54796
54797
54798
54799
54800
54801
54802
54803
54804
54805
54806
54807
54808
54809
54810
54811
54812
54813
54814
54815
54816
54817
54818
54819
54820
54821
54822
54823
54824
54825
54826
54827
54828
54829
54830
54831
54832
54833
.....
54883
54884
54885
54886
54887
54888
54889
54890
54891
54892
54893
54894
54895
54896
54897
.....
54925
54926
54927
54928
54929
54930
54931
54932
54933
54934
54935
54936
54937
54938
54939
54940
54941
54942
54943

54944
54945
54946
54947
54948
54949
54950
54951
54952
54953
54954
54955
54956

54957
54958
54959
54960
54961
54962
54963
54964
54965
54966


54967
54968
54969
54970
54971



54972
54973
54974
54975
54976
54977
54978
54979
54980
54981
54982
54983
54984
54985
54986
54987
54988
.....
55015
55016
55017
55018
55019
55020
55021
55022
55023
55024
55025
55026
55027
55028
55029
55030
55031
55032
55033
55034
55035
55036
55037
55038
55039

55040


55041
55042
55043
55044
55045
55046
55047
55048
55049
55050
55051
55052
55053
55054

55055
55056
55057
55058
55059
55060
55061
.....
55123
55124
55125
55126
55127
55128
55129
55130
55131
55132
55133
55134
55135
55136
55137
55138
55139
55140
55141
55142
55143
55144
55145
.....
55189
55190
55191
55192
55193
55194
55195
55196
55197
55198
55199
55200
55201
55202
55203
55204
55205
55206
55207
55208
55209
55210
55211
55212
55213
55214
55215
55216
55217
55218
55219
55220
55221
55222
55223
55224
55225
55226
55227
55228
55229
55230
55231
55232
55233
55234
55235
.....
55277
55278
55279
55280
55281
55282
55283
55284
55285
55286
55287
55288
55289
55290
55291
.....
55311
55312
55313
55314
55315
55316
55317
55318
55319
55320
55321
55322
55323
55324
55325
55326
55327
55328
55329
55330
55331
.....
55397
55398
55399
55400
55401
55402
55403
55404
55405
55406
55407
55408
55409
55410
55411
.....
55416
55417
55418
55419
55420
55421
55422
55423
55424
55425
55426
55427
55428
55429
55430
.....
55477
55478
55479
55480
55481
55482
55483
55484
55485
55486
55487
55488
55489
55490
55491
55492
55493
55494
55495
55496
55497
55498
55499
55500
55501
55502
55503
55504
55505

55506
55507
55508
55509
55510
55511
55512

55513
55514
55515
55516
55517
55518
55519
55520
55521
55522
55523
55524
55525
55526
55527
55528
55529
55530
55531
55532
55533
55534
55535
55536
55537
55538
55539
55540
55541
55542
55543
55544
55545
55546
55547
55548
55549

55550
55551
55552
55553
55554
55555
55556
55557
55558
55559
55560
55561
55562
55563
55564
55565
55566
.....
56527
56528
56529
56530
56531
56532
56533
56534
56535
56536
56537
56538
56539
56540
56541
.....
56842
56843
56844
56845
56846
56847
56848
56849
56850
56851
56852
56853
56854
56855
56856
.....
57583
57584
57585
57586
57587
57588
57589
57590
57591
57592
57593
57594
57595
57596
57597
.....
57599
57600
57601
57602
57603
57604
57605

57606

57607
57608
57609
57610
57611
57612
57613
57614
.....
57619
57620
57621
57622
57623
57624
57625
57626
57627
57628
57629


57630
57631
57632
57633
57634
57635
57636
57637
57638
57639
57640
57641
57642
.....
57686
57687
57688
57689
57690
57691
57692
57693
57694
57695
57696
57697
57698
57699
57700
57701
57702
57703

57704
57705
57706
57707
57708
57709
57710
57711
.....
57717
57718
57719
57720
57721
57722
57723







57724
57725
57726
57727
57728
57729
57730
57731
57732
57733
57734
57735


57736
57737
57738

57739
57740
57741
57742
57743
57744











57745
57746
57747
57748
57749
57750
57751
.....
58243
58244
58245
58246
58247
58248
58249



58250
58251
58252
58253
58254
58255
58256
58257
58258







58259
58260




58261
58262
58263
58264
58265
58266
58267
58268
58269
58270
58271
.....
58301
58302
58303
58304
58305
58306
58307



58308
58309
58310
58311
58312
58313
58314
58315
58316
58317
.....
58344
58345
58346
58347
58348
58349
58350
58351
58352
58353
58354
58355
58356
58357
58358
58359
58360

58361
58362
58363
58364
58365
58366
58367
58368
58369
58370
58371
58372
58373
58374
.....
58563
58564
58565
58566
58567
58568
58569
58570
58571
58572
58573
58574
58575
58576
58577
.....
58598
58599
58600
58601
58602
58603
58604
58605
58606
58607
58608
58609
58610
58611
58612
58613
.....
58622
58623
58624
58625
58626
58627
58628
58629
58630
58631
58632
58633
58634
58635
58636
.....
58655
58656
58657
58658
58659
58660
58661
58662
58663
58664
58665
58666
58667
58668
58669
.....
58691
58692
58693
58694
58695
58696
58697
58698
58699
58700
58701
58702
58703
58704
58705
.....
58994
58995
58996
58997
58998
58999
59000
59001

59002
59003
59004
59005
59006
59007
59008
.....
59037
59038
59039
59040
59041
59042
59043
59044
59045
59046
59047
59048
59049
59050
59051
.....
59086
59087
59088
59089
59090
59091
59092
59093
59094
59095
59096
59097
59098
59099
59100
.....
59239
59240
59241
59242
59243
59244
59245
59246
59247
59248
59249
59250
59251
59252
59253
.....
59481
59482
59483
59484
59485
59486
59487
59488
59489
59490
59491
59492
59493
59494
59495
.....
59593
59594
59595
59596
59597
59598
59599
59600


59601
59602
59603
59604
59605
59606
59607
.....
59633
59634
59635
59636
59637
59638
59639
59640
59641
59642
59643
59644
59645
59646
59647
.....
59803
59804
59805
59806
59807
59808
59809



59810
59811
59812
59813
59814
59815
59816
59817
59818
.....
59819
59820
59821
59822
59823
59824
59825
59826
59827
59828
59829
59830
59831
59832
59833
59834
59835
59836
59837
59838
59839
59840
59841
59842
59843
59844
59845
59846
59847
59848
59849
59850
59851
59852
59853
59854
59855


59856
59857
59858
59859
59860
59861
59862

59863
59864
59865
59866
59867
59868
59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
59883
59884
59885
59886
59887
59888
59889
59890
59891
59892
59893
59894
59895
59896
59897
59898
59899
59900
59901
59902
59903
59904
59905
59906
59907
59908
59909
59910
59911
59912
59913
59914
59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922
59923
59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935
59936
59937
.....
59938
59939
59940
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
59947
59948
59949
59950
59951
59952
.....
59963
59964
59965
59966
59967
59968
59969

59970
59971
59972
59973
59974
59975
59976
59977
59978
59979
59980
59981
59982
59983
59984
59985
59986
59987
59988
59989
59990
59991
59992
59993
.....
60012
60013
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028

60029
60030
60031
60032
60033
60034
60035
60036
60037
60038
60039
60040
60041
60042
60043
60044
.....
60049
60050
60051
60052
60053
60054
60055
60056
60057
60058
60059
60060
60061
60062
60063
60064
60065
60066
60067
60068
60069
60070
60071
60072
60073
60074
60075
60076
60077
60078
60079
60080
60081
60082
60083
.....
60104
60105
60106
60107
60108
60109
60110
60111
60112
60113
60114
60115
60116

60117
60118
60119
60120
60121
60122
60123
.....
60128
60129
60130
60131
60132
60133
60134
60135


60136
60137
60138
60139
60140


60141
60142
60143
60144
60145
60146
60147
60148
60149
60150
60151
60152
60153
60154
60155
60156
60157
60158
60159
60160
60161
60162
60163
60164
60165
60166
60167
60168
60169
60170
60171
60172
60173
60174
60175
60176
60177
60178
60179
60180
60181
60182
60183
60184
60185
60186
60187
60188
60189
60190
60191
60192
60193
60194
60195
60196
60197
60198
60199
60200
60201
60202
60203
60204
60205
60206
60207
60208
60209
.....
60261
60262
60263
60264
60265
60266
60267
60268
60269
60270
60271
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
.....
60341
60342
60343
60344
60345
60346
60347
60348
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353
60354
60355
.....
60472
60473
60474
60475
60476
60477
60478

60479
60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
60487
60488

60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
60494
60495
60496
60497
60498


60499
60500
60501
60502
60503
60504
60505
60506
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516
.....
60556
60557
60558
60559
60560
60561
60562
60563
60564
60565
60566
60567
60568
60569
60570
60571
60572
60573
60574
60575
60576
60577
60578
60579
60580
60581
60582
60583
60584
60585
60586
.....
60611
60612
60613
60614
60615
60616
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
60622
60623
60624
60625
60626
60627
60628
60629
60630
60631
60632
60633
60634
60635
60636
60637
60638
60639
60640
60641
60642
60643
60644
60645
60646
60647
60648
60649
60650
60651
60652
60653

60654
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665
60666
60667
60668
60669
60670
60671
60672
60673
60674
60675
60676
60677
60678
60679
60680
60681
60682
60683
60684
60685
60686
60687
60688
60689
60690



60691
60692
60693
60694



60695
60696
60697
60698
60699
60700
60701

60702
60703


60704
60705
60706
60707
60708
60709
60710
60711
60712
60713
60714
60715
60716
60717
60718
60719
60720
60721
60722
60723
60724
60725
60726
60727
60728
60729
60730
60731
60732
60733
60734
60735
60736
60737
60738
60739
60740
60741
60742
60743
60744
60745
60746
60747
60748
60749
60750
60751
60752
60753
60754
60755
60756
60757
60758
60759
60760
60761
60762
60763
60764
60765
60766
60767
60768
60769
60770
60771
60772
60773

60774
60775
60776
60777
60778
60779
60780
60781
60782
60783
60784
60785
60786
60787
60788
60789
60790
60791
60792
60793
60794
60795
60796
60797
60798
60799
60800
60801
60802
60803
60804
60805
60806
60807
60808
60809
60810
60811
60812



60813
60814
60815
60816
60817
60818
60819
.....
60826
60827
60828
60829
60830
60831
60832
60833
60834
60835
60836
60837
60838


60839
60840
60841
60842
60843
60844



60845
60846
60847
60848
60849
60850
60851
60852
60853
60854
60855
60856
60857
60858
60859
60860
.....
60882
60883
60884
60885
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
60895
60896
.....
60987
60988
60989
60990
60991
60992
60993
60994
60995
60996
60997
60998
60999
61000
61001
61002
.....
61013
61014
61015
61016
61017
61018
61019
61020
61021
61022
61023
61024
61025
61026
61027
61028
61029
61030
61031
61032
61033
61034
61035
61036
61037
61038
61039
61040
61041
61042
61043
61044
61045
61046
61047
61048
61049
61050
61051
61052
61053
61054
61055
61056
61057
61058
.....
61061
61062
61063
61064
61065
61066
61067
61068
61069
61070
61071
61072
61073
61074
61075
61076
61077
.....
61119
61120
61121
61122
61123
61124
61125
61126
61127
61128
61129
61130
61131
61132
61133
61134
61135
61136
61137
61138
61139
.....
61176
61177
61178
61179
61180
61181
61182
61183
61184
61185
61186
61187
61188
61189
61190
.....
61199
61200
61201
61202
61203
61204
61205
61206
61207
61208
61209
61210
61211
61212
61213
.....
61474
61475
61476
61477
61478
61479
61480
61481
61482
61483
61484
61485
61486
61487
61488
61489
61490
61491
61492
61493
61494
61495
61496
61497
61498
61499
61500
61501


61502
61503
61504
61505
61506
61507
61508
61509
.....
61513
61514
61515
61516
61517
61518
61519
61520
61521
61522
61523
61524
61525
61526
61527
.....
61597
61598
61599
61600
61601
61602
61603

61604
61605




61606
61607
61608
61609
61610
61611
61612
.....
61623
61624
61625
61626
61627
61628
61629
61630
61631
61632
61633
61634
61635
61636
61637
61638
61639
61640
.....
61653
61654
61655
61656
61657
61658
61659
61660
61661
61662
61663
61664
61665
61666
61667
.....
61875
61876
61877
61878
61879
61880
61881
61882
61883
61884
61885
61886
61887
61888
61889
.....
62547
62548
62549
62550
62551
62552
62553
62554
62555
62556
62557
62558
62559
62560
62561
.....
62662
62663
62664
62665
62666
62667
62668
62669
62670
62671
62672
62673
62674
62675
62676
62677
62678
62679
.....
63063
63064
63065
63066
63067
63068
63069
63070
63071
63072
63073
63074
63075
63076
63077
.....
64511
64512
64513
64514
64515
64516
64517
64518
64519
64520
64521
64522
64523
64524
64525
.....
64700
64701
64702
64703
64704
64705
64706
64707
64708
64709
64710
64711
64712
64713
64714
64715
64716
64717
64718
64719
64720
64721
64722
.....
64874
64875
64876
64877
64878
64879
64880
64881
64882
64883
64884
64885
64886
64887
64888
64889
64890
64891
64892
64893
64894
64895
64896
64897
64898
64899
64900
64901
64902
64903
64904
64905
64906
64907
64908
64909
64910
64911
64912
64913
.....
64929
64930
64931
64932
64933
64934
64935



64936












64937
64938
64939
64940
64941
64942
64943
.....
65250
65251
65252
65253
65254
65255
65256
65257
65258
65259
65260
65261
65262
65263
65264
.....
65617
65618
65619
65620
65621
65622
65623
65624
65625
65626
65627
65628
65629
65630
65631
65632
65633
65634
65635
65636
65637
65638
65639
65640
65641
65642
65643
65644
65645
65646
65647
65648
65649
65650
65651
65652
.....
65875
65876
65877
65878
65879
65880
65881
65882
65883
65884
65885
65886
65887
65888
65889
65890
65891
65892
65893
65894
65895
65896
65897
65898
65899
65900
65901
65902
65903
65904
65905
.....
66057
66058
66059
66060
66061
66062
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067
66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
66082
66083
66084
.....
66085
66086
66087
66088
66089
66090
66091
66092
66093
66094
66095
66096
66097
66098
66099
66100
66101
66102
66103
66104
66105
66106
66107
66108
66109
66110
66111
66112
66113
66114
66115
.....
66132
66133
66134
66135
66136
66137
66138





66139
66140
66141
66142
66143
66144
66145
.....
66375
66376
66377
66378
66379
66380
66381
66382
66383
66384
66385
66386
66387
66388
66389
66390
66391
66392
.....
66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768
66769
66770
66771
66772
66773
66774
66775
66776
66777
66778
66779
66780
66781
66782
66783
.....
66890
66891
66892
66893
66894
66895
66896
66897
66898
66899
66900
66901

66902
66903
66904
66905
66906
66907
66908
66909
66910
66911
66912
66913
66914
66915
66916
66917
66918
66919
66920
.....
68604
68605
68606
68607
68608
68609
68610
68611
68612
68613
68614
68615
68616
68617
68618
68619
68620
68621
68622
68623
68624

68625
68626
68627
68628
68629
68630
68631
68632
.....
68702
68703
68704
68705
68706
68707
68708
68709
68710
68711
68712
68713
68714
68715
68716
.....
69731
69732
69733
69734
69735
69736
69737
69738
69739
69740
69741
69742
69743
69744
69745
.....
71957
71958
71959
71960
71961
71962
71963
71964
71965
71966
71967
71968
71969
71970
71971
.....
72358
72359
72360
72361
72362
72363
72364
72365
72366


72367



72368
72369
72370
72371
72372
72373
72374
.....
73322
73323
73324
73325
73326
73327
73328
73329
73330
73331
73332
73333
73334
73335
73336
73337
73338
73339
73340
73341
73342
73343
73344
73345
73346
73347
73348
73349
73350
73351
73352
73353
73354
73355
73356
73357
73358
73359
73360
73361
73362
73363
73364
73365
73366
73367
73368
73369
73370
73371

73372


73373
73374
73375


73376



73377
73378
73379
73380
73381
73382
73383
73384
73385
73386
73387
73388
73389
73390
73391
73392
73393
73394
73395
73396
73397
73398
73399
73400
73401
73402
73403
73404
73405
73406
73407
73408
73409
73410
73411


73412
73413





73414
73415
73416
73417
73418
73419
73420
73421
73422
73423
73424
73425
73426
73427
73428
73429
73430
73431
73432
73433

73434
73435
73436
73437
73438
73439
73440
73441
73442
73443
73444
.....
73593
73594
73595
73596
73597
73598
73599
73600
73601
73602
73603
73604
73605
73606
73607
73608
73609
.....
74406
74407
74408
74409
74410
74411
74412
74413
74414
74415
74416
74417
74418
74419
74420
.....
75323
75324
75325
75326
75327
75328
75329
75330
75331
75332
75333
75334
75335
75336
75337
75338
75339
75340
75341
75342
75343
75344
75345
75346
75347
75348
75349
75350
75351
75352
75353
75354
75355
75356
.....
75832
75833
75834
75835
75836
75837
75838
75839
75840

75841
75842
75843
75844
75845
75846
75847
.....
76572
76573
76574
76575
76576
76577
76578

76579
76580
76581
76582
76583
76584
76585
76586
76587

76588
76589
76590
76591
76592
76593
76594
76595
76596
76597
76598
76599
76600
76601
76602
76603
76604
76605
.....
77511
77512
77513
77514
77515
77516
77517
77518
77519
77520
77521
77522
77523
77524
77525
77526
77527
77528
77529
77530
77531
77532
77533
77534
77535
77536
77537
77538
77539
77540
77541
77542
77543
77544
77545
77546
77547
77548
77549
77550
77551
77552
77553
77554
77555
77556
77557
77558
77559
77560
77561
77562
77563
77564
77565
77566
77567
77568
77569
77570

77571


77572
77573
77574

77575


77576
77577
77578
77579
77580
77581
77582
77583
77584
77585
77586
77587
77588


77589
77590



77591
77592
77593
77594
77595



77596
77597
77598
77599
77600
77601
77602
77603
77604
77605
77606
77607
77608
77609
77610
77611
77612

77613
77614
77615
77616
77617
77618
77619
.....
83654
83655
83656
83657
83658
83659
83660
83661
83662
83663
83664
83665
83666
83667
83668
83669
83670
83671
83672
83673
83674
.....
84029
84030
84031
84032
84033
84034
84035
84036
84037
84038
84039
84040
84041
84042
84043
84044
84045
84046
84047
84048
84049
.....
84059
84060
84061
84062
84063
84064
84065
84066
84067
84068
84069
84070
84071
84072
84073
84074
84075
84076
84077
84078
84079
84080
84081
84082
84083
84084
84085
84086
84087
.....
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
84887
84888
84889
84890
84891
84892
84893
.....
85106
85107
85108
85109
85110
85111
85112
85113
85114
85115
85116
85117
85118
85119
85120
.....
85214
85215
85216
85217
85218
85219
85220
85221
85222
85223
85224
85225
85226
85227
85228
.....
85320
85321
85322
85323
85324
85325
85326
85327
85328
85329
85330
85331
85332
85333
85334
.....
85771
85772
85773
85774
85775
85776
85777
85778
85779
85780
85781
85782
85783
85784
85785
.....
86046
86047
86048
86049
86050
86051
86052











86053
86054
86055
86056
86057
86058
86059
86060
86061
86062
86063
86064

86065
86066
86067

86068
86069
86070
86071
86072
86073
86074
86075
.....
86087
86088
86089
86090
86091
86092
86093

86094

86095
86096
86097
86098
86099
86100
86101
86102
.....
86693
86694
86695
86696
86697
86698
86699
86700
86701
86702
86703
86704
86705
86706
86707
.....
86763
86764
86765
86766
86767
86768
86769
86770
86771
86772
86773
86774
86775
86776
86777
.....
87134
87135
87136
87137
87138
87139
87140






































































































































































































































































87141
87142
87143
87144
87145
87146
87147
.....
87524
87525
87526
87527
87528
87529
87530
87531
87532
87533
87534
87535
87536
87537
87538
87539
87540
87541
87542
87543
87544
87545
87546
87547
87548
87549
87550
87551
87552
.....
88692
88693
88694
88695
88696
88697
88698
88699
88700
88701
88702
88703
88704
88705
88706
.....
89777
89778
89779
89780
89781
89782
89783
89784
89785
89786
89787
89788
89789
89790
89791
.....
89932
89933
89934
89935
89936
89937
89938
89939
89940
89941
89942
89943
89944
89945
89946
.....
90028
90029
90030
90031
90032
90033
90034
90035
90036
90037
90038
90039
90040
90041
90042
.....
91087
91088
91089
91090
91091
91092
91093
91094
91095
91096
91097
91098
91099
91100
91101
.....
92552
92553
92554
92555
92556
92557
92558
92559
92560
92561
92562
92563
92564
92565
92566
.....
92668
92669
92670
92671
92672
92673
92674
92675
92676
92677
92678
92679
92680
92681
92682
92683
92684
92685
.....
92706
92707
92708
92709
92710
92711
92712
92713
92714
92715
92716
92717
92718
92719
92720
.....
92732
92733
92734
92735
92736
92737
92738
92739
92740
92741
92742
92743
92744
92745
92746
.....
93124
93125
93126
93127
93128
93129
93130
93131
93132
93133
93134
93135
93136
93137
93138
93139
93140
93141
93142
93143
93144
93145
93146
93147
93148
93149
93150
93151
93152
93153
93154
93155
93156
93157
93158
93159
93160
93161
.....
93500
93501
93502
93503
93504
93505
93506
93507
93508
93509
93510
93511
93512
93513
93514
.....
95278
95279
95280
95281
95282
95283
95284
95285
95286
95287
95288
95289
95290
95291
95292
.....
95351
95352
95353
95354
95355
95356
95357
95358
95359
95360
95361
95362
95363
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
.....
97181
97182
97183
97184
97185
97186
97187
97188
97189
97190
97191
97192
97193
97194
97195
97196
.....
97798
97799
97800
97801
97802
97803
97804
97805
97806
97807
97808
97809
97810
97811

97812


97813
97814
97815
97816
97817
97818
97819
97820
.....
97848
97849
97850
97851
97852
97853
97854
97855
97856
97857
97858
97859
97860
97861
97862
.....
97872
97873
97874
97875
97876
97877
97878
97879
97880
97881
97882
97883

97884
97885
97886
97887
97888
97889
97890
97891
.....
97922
97923
97924
97925
97926
97927
97928
97929
97930
97931
97932
97933
97934
97935
97936
.....
97968
97969
97970
97971
97972
97973
97974
97975
97976
97977
97978
97979
97980
97981
97982
......
100482
100483
100484
100485
100486
100487
100488
100489
100490
100491
100492
100493
100494
100495
100496
......
100525
100526
100527
100528
100529
100530
100531
100532
100533
100534
100535
100536
100537
100538
100539
100540
100541
100542
100543
100544
100545
100546
100547
100548
100549
100550
100551
......
100559
100560
100561
100562
100563
100564
100565
100566
100567
100568
100569
100570
100571
100572
100573
......
101807
101808
101809
101810
101811
101812
101813
101814
101815
101816
101817
101818
101819
101820
101821
101822
......
102918
102919
102920
102921
102922
102923
102924
102925
102926
102927
102928
102929
102930
102931
102932
102933
......
103559
103560
103561
103562
103563
103564
103565
103566
103567
103568
103569
103570
103571
103572
103573
103574
103575
103576
......
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
107303
107304
107305
107306
107307
107308
107309
107310
107311
107312
......
107642
107643
107644
107645
107646
107647
107648
107649
107650
107651
107652
107653
107654
107655
107656
107657
107658
107659
107660
107661
......
108057
108058
108059
108060
108061
108062
108063
108064
108065
108066
108067
108068
108069
108070
108071
108072
......
108111
108112
108113
108114
108115
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120
108121
108122
108123
108124
108125
108126
......
108595
108596
108597
108598
108599
108600
108601
108602
108603
108604
108605
108606
108607
108608
108609
108610
108611
108612
108613
108614
108615
108616
108617
108618
108619
108620
108621
108622










108623
108624
108625
108626
108627
108628
108629
......
108668
108669
108670
108671
108672
108673
108674
108675
108676
108677
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
108683
108684
108685
108686
108687
108688
......
108992
108993
108994
108995
108996
108997
108998
108999
109000
109001
109002
109003
109004
109005
109006
109007
109008
109009
109010
109011
......
109153
109154
109155
109156
109157
109158
109159
109160
109161
109162
109163
109164
109165
109166
109167
109168
109169
109170
......
109375
109376
109377
109378
109379
109380
109381
109382
109383
109384
109385
109386
109387
109388
109389
......
109401
109402
109403
109404
109405
109406
109407

109408
109409
109410
109411
109412
109413
109414
109415
109416



109417
109418
109419
109420
109421
109422
109423
......
109518
109519
109520
109521
109522
109523
109524
109525




109526
109527
109528
109529
109530
109531
109532
......
110137
110138
110139
110140
110141
110142
110143
110144


110145
110146
110147
110148
110149
110150
110151
......
110496
110497
110498
110499
110500
110501
110502
110503
110504
110505
110506
110507
110508
110509
110510
110511
......
110707
110708
110709
110710
110711
110712
110713
110714
110715
110716
110717

110718
110719
110720
110721
110722
110723
110724
......
110990
110991
110992
110993
110994
110995
110996
110997
110998
110999
111000
111001
111002
111003
111004
111005
111006
111007
111008
111009
111010
111011
111012
111013
111014
111015
111016
111017
111018
111019
111020
111021
111022
111023
111024
111025
111026
111027
111028
111029
111030
111031
111032
111033
111034
111035
111036
111037
111038
111039
111040
111041
111042
111043
111044
111045
111046
111047
111048
111049
111050
111051
111052
111053
111054
111055
111056
111057
111058
111059
111060
111061
111062
111063
111064
111065
111066
111067
111068
111069
111070
111071
111072
111073
111074
111075
111076
......
111149
111150
111151
111152
111153
111154
111155
111156
111157
111158
111159
111160
111161
111162
111163
111164
111165
111166
111167
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172
......
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
111968
111969
111970
111971
111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
......
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101

112102
112103
112104
112105
112106

112107
112108
112109
112110
112111
112112
112113
112114





112115
112116
112117
112118
112119
112120
112121
112122
112123
112124
112125
112126
112127
112128
112129
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
112136
112137
112138
112139
112140
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165
112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175


112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
......
112193
112194
112195
112196
112197
112198
112199
112200
112201
112202
112203
112204

112205
112206
112207
112208
112209
112210

112211
112212
112213
112214
112215
112216
112217
112218
112219
112220
112221
112222
112223
112224
112225
......
112262
112263
112264
112265
112266
112267
112268

112269

112270



112271
112272
112273
112274
112275
112276

112277
112278
112279
112280
112281






112282




112283
112284
112285
112286
112287
112288
112289
112290
112291
112292
......
112298
112299
112300
112301
112302
112303
112304
112305
112306
112307
112308

112309
112310
112311
112312
112313
112314
112315
112316
112317
112318
112319
112320
112321
112322
112323
112324
112325
112326
112327
112328
......
112345
112346
112347
112348
112349
112350
112351
112352
112353
112354
112355
112356
112357
112358
112359
112360
112361
112362
112363
112364
112365
112366
......
112430
112431
112432
112433
112434
112435
112436

112437
112438
112439
112440
112441
112442
112443
112444
112445
112446
112447
......
112611
112612
112613
112614
112615
112616
112617
112618
112619
112620
112621
112622
112623
112624
112625
112626
......
112684
112685
112686
112687
112688
112689
112690
112691
112692
112693
112694
112695
112696
112697
112698
112699
......
112849
112850
112851
112852
112853
112854
112855
112856
112857
112858
112859
112860
112861
112862
112863
112864
......
112883
112884
112885
112886
112887
112888
112889






























































































112890
112891
112892
112893
112894
112895
112896
......
116194
116195
116196
116197
116198
116199
116200
116201
116202
116203
116204
116205
116206
116207
116208
116209
116210
116211
116212
116213
116214
116215

116216
116217
116218
116219
116220
116221
116222
......
116508
116509
116510
116511
116512
116513
116514
116515
116516
116517
116518
116519
116520
116521
116522
116523
116524
116525
116526
116527
116528
116529
116530
116531
116532
116533
116534
116535
116536
116537
116538
116539
116540
116541
116542
......
116551
116552
116553
116554
116555
116556
116557
116558
116559
116560
116561
116562
116563
116564
116565
......
116693
116694
116695
116696
116697
116698
116699




116700
116701
116702
116703
116704
116705
116706
......
116900
116901
116902
116903
116904
116905
116906
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
116913
116914
116915
116916
116917
116918
......
116955
116956
116957
116958
116959
116960
116961
116962
116963
116964
116965
116966
116967
116968
116969
116970
116971
116972
116973
116974
116975
116976
116977
116978
116979
116980
116981
116982
116983
116984
116985
116986
116987
116988
116989
116990
116991
116992
116993
116994
116995
116996
116997
116998
116999
117000
117001
117002
117003
117004
117005
117006
117007
117008
117009
117010
117011
117012
117013
117014
117015
117016
117017
117018
117019
117020
117021
117022
117023
117024
......
117061
117062
117063
117064
117065
117066
117067
117068
117069
117070
117071
117072
117073
117074
117075
117076
117077
117078
117079
117080
117081
117082
117083
117084
117085
117086
117087
117088
117089
117090
117091
117092
117093
117094
117095
117096
117097
117098
117099
117100
117101
117102
117103
117104
117105
117106
117107
117108
117109
117110
117111
117112
117113
117114
117115
117116
117117
117118
117119
117120
117121
117122
117123
117124
117125
117126
117127
117128
117129
117130
117131
117132
117133
117134
117135
117136
117137
117138
117139
117140
117141
117142
117143
117144
117145
117146
117147
117148
117149
117150
117151
117152
117153
117154
117155
117156
117157
117158
117159
117160
117161
117162
117163
117164
117165
117166
117167
117168
117169
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177
117178
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
117188
117189
117190
117191
117192
117193
117194
117195
117196
117197
117198
117199
117200
117201
117202
117203
117204
117205
117206
117207
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
117218
117219
117220
117221
117222
117223
117224
117225
117226
117227
117228
117229
117230
117231
117232
117233
117234
117235
117236
117237
117238
117239
117240
117241
117242
117243
117244
117245
117246
117247
117248
117249
117250
117251
117252
117253
117254
117255
117256
117257
117258
117259
117260
117261
117262
117263
117264
117265
117266
117267
117268
117269
117270
117271
117272
117273
117274
117275
117276
117277
117278
117279
117280
117281
117282
117283
117284
117285
117286
117287
117288
117289
117290
117291
117292
117293
117294
117295
117296
117297
117298
117299
117300
117301
117302
117303
117304
117305
117306
117307
117308
117309
117310
117311
117312
117313
117314
117315
117316
117317
117318
117319
117320
117321
117322
117323
117324
117325
117326
117327
117328
117329
117330
117331
117332
117333
117334
117335
117336
117337
117338
117339
117340
117341
117342
117343
117344
117345
117346
117347
117348
117349
117350
117351
117352
117353
117354
117355
117356
117357
117358
117359
117360
117361
117362
117363
117364
117365
117366
117367
117368
117369
117370
117371
117372
117373
117374
117375
117376
117377
117378
117379
117380
117381
117382
117383
117384
117385
117386
117387
117388
117389
117390
117391
117392
117393
117394
117395
117396
117397
117398
117399
117400
117401
117402
117403
117404
117405
117406
117407
117408
117409
117410
117411
117412
117413
117414
117415
117416
117417
117418
117419
117420
117421
117422
117423
117424
117425
117426
117427
117428
117429
117430
117431
117432
117433
117434
117435
117436
117437
117438
117439
117440
117441
117442
117443
117444
117445
117446
117447
117448
117449
117450
117451
117452
117453
117454
117455
117456
117457
117458
117459
117460
117461
117462
117463
117464
117465
117466
117467
117468
117469
117470
117471
117472
117473
117474
117475
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
117491
117492
117493
117494
117495
117496
117497
117498
117499
117500
117501
117502
117503
117504
117505
117506
117507
117508
117509
117510
117511
117512
117513
117514
117515
117516
117517
117518
117519
117520
117521
117522
117523
117524
117525
117526
117527
117528
117529
117530
117531
117532
117533
117534
117535
117536
117537
117538
117539
117540
117541
117542
117543
117544
117545
117546
117547
117548
117549
117550
117551
117552
117553
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
117578
117579
117580
117581
117582
117583
117584
117585
117586
117587
117588
117589
117590
117591
117592
117593
117594
117595
117596
117597
117598
117599
117600
117601
117602
117603
117604
117605
117606
117607
117608
117609
117610
117611
117612
117613
117614
117615
117616
117617
117618
117619
117620
117621
117622
117623
117624
117625
117626
117627
117628
117629
117630
117631
117632
117633
117634
117635
117636
117637
117638
117639
117640
117641
117642
117643
117644
117645
117646
117647
117648
117649
117650
117651
117652
117653
117654
117655
117656
117657
117658
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675
117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
117683
117684
117685
117686
117687
117688
117689
117690
117691
117692
117693
117694
117695
117696
117697
117698
117699
117700
117701
117702
117703
117704
117705
117706
117707
117708
117709
117710
117711
117712
117713
117714
117715
117716
117717
117718
117719
117720
117721
117722
117723
117724
117725
117726
117727
117728
117729
117730
117731
117732
117733
117734
117735
117736
117737
117738
117739
117740
117741
117742
117743
117744
117745
117746
117747
117748
117749
117750
117751
117752
117753
117754
117755
117756
117757
117758
117759
117760
117761
117762
117763
117764
117765
117766
117767
117768
117769
117770
117771
117772
117773
117774
117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
117791
117792
117793
117794
117795
117796
117797
117798
117799
117800
117801
117802
117803
117804
117805
117806
117807
117808
117809
117810
117811
117812
117813
117814
117815
117816
117817
117818
117819
117820
117821
117822
117823
117824
117825
117826
117827
117828
117829
117830
117831
117832
117833
117834
117835
117836
117837
117838
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845
117846
117847
117848
117849
117850
117851
117852
117853
117854
117855
117856
117857
117858
117859
117860
117861
117862
117863
117864
117865
117866
117867
117868
117869
117870
117871
117872
117873
117874
117875
117876
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
117882
117883
117884
117885
117886
117887
117888
117889
117890
117891
117892
117893
117894
117895
117896
117897
117898
117899
117900
117901
117902
117903
117904
117905
117906
117907
117908
117909
117910
117911
117912
117913
117914
117915
117916
117917
117918
117919
117920
117921
117922
117923
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
117931
117932
117933
117934
117935
117936
117937
117938
117939
117940
117941
117942
117943
117944
117945
117946
117947
117948
117949
117950
117951
117952
117953
117954
117955
117956
117957
117958
117959
117960
117961
117962
117963
117964
117965
117966
117967
117968
117969
117970
117971
117972
117973
117974
117975
117976
117977
117978
117979
117980
117981
117982
117983
117984
117985
117986
117987
117988
117989
117990
117991
117992
117993
117994
117995
117996
117997
117998
117999
118000
118001
118002
118003
118004
118005
118006
118007
118008
118009
118010
118011
118012
118013
118014
118015
118016
118017
118018
118019
118020
118021
118022
118023
118024
118025
118026
118027
118028
118029
118030
118031
118032
118033
118034
118035
118036
118037
118038
118039
118040
118041
118042
118043
118044
118045
118046
118047
118048
118049
118050
118051
118052
118053
118054
118055
118056
118057
118058
118059
118060
118061
118062
118063
118064
118065
118066
118067
118068
118069
118070
118071
118072
118073
118074
118075
118076
118077
118078
118079
118080
118081
118082
118083
118084
118085
118086
118087
118088
118089
118090
118091
118092
118093
118094
118095
118096
118097
118098
118099
118100
118101
118102
118103
118104
118105
118106
118107
118108
118109
118110
118111
118112
118113
118114
118115
118116
118117
118118
118119
118120
118121
118122
118123
118124
118125
118126
118127
118128
118129
118130
118131
118132
118133
118134
118135
118136
118137
118138
118139
118140
118141
118142
118143
118144
118145
118146
118147
118148
118149
118150
118151
118152
118153
118154
118155
118156
118157
118158
118159
118160
118161
118162
118163
118164
118165
118166
118167
118168
118169
118170
118171
118172
118173
118174
118175
118176
118177
118178
118179
118180
118181
118182
118183
118184
118185
118186
118187
118188
118189
118190
118191
118192
118193
118194
118195
118196
118197
118198
118199
118200
118201
118202
118203
118204
118205
118206
118207
118208
118209
118210
118211
118212
118213
118214
118215
118216
118217
118218
118219
118220
118221
118222
118223
118224
118225
118226
118227
118228
118229
118230
118231
118232
118233
118234
118235
118236
118237
118238
118239
118240
118241
118242
118243
118244
118245
118246
118247
118248
118249
118250
118251
118252
118253
118254
118255
118256
118257
118258
118259
118260
118261
118262
118263
118264
118265
118266
118267
118268
118269
118270
118271
118272
118273
118274
118275
118276
118277
118278
118279
118280
118281
118282
118283
118284
118285
118286
118287
118288
118289
118290
118291
118292
118293
118294
118295
118296
118297
118298
118299
118300
118301
118302
118303
118304
118305
118306
118307
118308
118309
118310
118311
118312
118313
118314
118315
118316
118317
118318
118319
118320
118321
118322
118323
118324
118325
118326
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331
118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
118339
118340
118341
118342
118343
118344
118345
118346
118347
118348
118349
118350
118351
118352
118353
118354
118355
118356
118357
118358
118359
118360
118361
118362
118363
118364
118365
118366
118367
118368
118369
118370
118371
118372
118373
118374
118375
118376
118377
118378
118379
118380
118381
118382
118383
118384
118385
118386
118387
118388
118389
118390
118391
118392
118393
118394
118395
118396
118397
118398
118399
118400
118401
118402
118403
118404
118405
118406
118407
118408
118409
118410
118411
118412
118413
118414
118415
118416
118417
118418
118419
118420
118421
118422
118423
118424
118425
118426
118427
118428
118429
118430
118431
118432
118433
118434
118435
118436
118437
118438
118439
118440
118441
118442
118443
118444
118445
118446
118447
118448
118449
118450
118451
118452
118453
118454
118455
118456
118457
118458
118459
118460
118461
118462
118463
118464
118465
118466
118467
118468
118469
118470
118471
118472
118473
118474
118475
118476
118477
118478
118479
118480
118481
118482
118483
118484
118485
118486
118487
118488
118489
118490
118491
118492
118493
118494
118495
118496
118497
118498
118499
118500
118501
118502
118503
118504
118505
118506
118507
118508
118509
118510
118511
118512
118513
118514
118515
118516
118517
118518
118519
118520
118521
118522
118523
118524
118525
118526
118527
118528
118529
118530
118531
118532
118533
118534
118535
118536
118537
118538
118539
118540
118541
118542
118543
118544
118545
118546
118547
118548
118549
118550
118551
118552
118553
118554
118555
118556
118557
118558
118559
118560
118561
118562
118563
118564
118565
118566
118567
118568
118569
118570
118571
118572
118573
118574
118575
118576
118577
118578
118579
118580
118581
118582
118583
118584
118585
118586
118587
118588
118589























118590
118591
118592
118593
118594
118595
118596
......
118637
118638
118639
118640
118641
118642
118643




















































































































118644
118645
118646
118647
118648
118649
118650
......
118717
118718
118719
118720
118721
118722
118723

































































































































































































118724
118725
118726
118727
118728
118729
118730
......
118771
118772
118773
118774
118775
118776
118777
118778
118779
118780
118781
118782
118783
118784
118785
......
118982
118983
118984
118985
118986
118987
118988
118989
118990
118991
118992
118993
118994
118995
118996
......
119011
119012
119013
119014
119015
119016
119017
119018
119019
119020
119021
119022
119023
119024
119025
119026
119027
119028
119029
119030
119031
119032
119033
119034
119035
119036
119037
119038
119039
119040
......
119057
119058
119059
119060
119061
119062
119063
119064
119065
119066
119067
119068
119069
119070
119071
119072
119073
119074
119075
119076
119077
119078
......
119083
119084
119085
119086
119087
119088
119089
119090
119091
119092
119093
119094
119095
119096
119097
119098
119099
119100
119101
119102
119103
119104
119105
119106
119107
119108
119109
119110
119111
119112
119113
119114
119115
119116
119117
119118
119119
119120
......
119182
119183
119184
119185
119186
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193
119194
119195
119196
119197
......
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
119211
119212
119213
119214
119215
119216
......
119280
119281
119282
119283
119284
119285
119286
119287
119288
119289
119290
119291
119292
119293
119294
......
119313
119314
119315
119316
119317
119318
119319
119320
119321
119322
119323
119324
119325
119326
119327
119328
119329
119330
119331
119332
119333
119334
119335
119336
119337
119338
119339
119340
119341
119342
119343
119344
119345
119346
119347
119348
119349
119350
119351
119352
......
119384
119385
119386
119387
119388
119389
119390
119391
119392
119393
119394
119395
119396
119397
119398
119399
119400
119401
119402
119403
119404
119405
119406
119407
119408
119409
119410
119411
119412
119413
119414
......
119605
119606
119607
119608
119609
119610
119611
119612
119613
119614
119615
119616
119617
119618
119619
119620
......
119669
119670
119671
119672
119673
119674
119675
119676
119677
119678
119679
119680
119681
119682
119683
119684
119685
119686
119687
119688
119689
119690
119691
119692
119693
119694
119695
119696
119697
119698
119699
119700
119701
119702
119703
119704
119705
119706
119707
119708
119709
119710
119711
119712
119713
119714
119715
119716
119717
119718
119719
119720
119721
119722
119723
119724
119725
119726
119727
119728
119729
119730
119731
119732
119733
119734
119735
119736
119737
119738
119739
119740
119741
119742
119743
119744
119745
119746
119747
119748
119749
119750
119751
119752
119753
119754
119755
119756
119757
119758
119759
119760
119761
119762
119763
119764
119765
119766
119767
119768
119769
119770
119771
119772
119773
119774
119775
119776
119777
119778
119779
119780
119781
119782
119783
119784
119785
119786
119787
119788
119789
119790
119791
119792
119793
119794
119795
119796
119797
119798
119799
119800
119801
119802
119803
119804
119805
119806
119807
119808
119809
119810
119811
119812
119813
119814
119815
119816
119817
119818
119819
119820
119821
119822
119823
119824
119825
119826
119827
119828
119829
119830
119831
119832
119833
119834
119835
119836
119837
119838
119839
119840
119841
119842
119843
119844
119845
119846
119847
119848
119849
119850
119851
119852
119853
119854
119855
119856
119857
119858
119859
119860
119861
119862
119863
119864
119865
119866
119867
119868
119869
119870
119871
119872
119873
119874
119875
119876
119877
119878
119879
119880
119881
119882
119883
119884
119885
119886
119887
119888
119889
119890
119891
119892
119893
119894
119895
119896
119897
119898
119899
119900
119901
119902
119903
119904
119905
119906
119907
119908
119909
119910
119911
119912
119913
119914
119915
119916
119917
119918
119919
119920
119921
119922
119923
119924
119925
119926
119927
119928
119929
119930
119931
119932
119933
119934
119935
119936
119937
119938
119939
119940
119941
119942
119943
119944
119945
119946
119947
119948
119949
119950
119951
119952
119953
119954
119955
119956
119957
119958
119959
119960
119961
119962
119963
119964
119965
119966
119967
119968
119969
119970
119971
119972
119973
119974
119975
119976
119977
119978
119979
119980
119981
119982
119983
119984
119985
119986
119987
119988
119989
119990
119991
119992
119993
119994
119995
119996
119997
119998
119999
120000
120001
120002
120003
120004
120005
120006
120007
120008
120009
120010
120011
120012
120013
120014
120015
120016
120017
120018
120019
120020
120021
120022
120023
120024
120025
120026
120027
120028
120029
120030
120031
120032
120033
120034
120035
120036
120037
120038
120039
120040
120041
120042
120043
120044
120045
120046
120047
120048
120049
120050
120051
120052
120053
120054
120055
120056
120057
120058
120059
120060
120061
120062
120063
120064
120065
120066
120067
120068
120069
120070
120071
120072
120073
120074
120075
120076
120077
120078
120079
120080
120081
120082
120083
120084
120085
120086
120087
120088
120089
120090
120091
120092
120093
120094
120095
120096
120097
120098
120099
120100
120101
120102
120103
120104
120105
120106
120107
120108
120109
120110
120111
120112
120113
120114
120115
120116
120117
120118
120119
120120
120121
120122
120123
120124
120125
120126
120127
120128
120129
120130
120131
120132
120133
120134
120135
120136
120137
120138
120139
120140
120141
120142
120143
120144
120145
120146
120147
120148
120149
......
120174
120175
120176
120177
120178
120179
120180
120181
120182
120183
120184
120185
120186
120187
120188
120189
......
120221
120222
120223
120224
120225
120226
120227
120228
120229
120230
120231
120232
120233
120234
120235
......
120552
120553
120554
120555
120556
120557
120558
120559
120560
120561
120562
120563
120564
120565
120566
......
120569
120570
120571
120572
120573
120574
120575
120576
120577
120578
120579
120580
120581
120582
120583
......
120624
120625
120626
120627
120628
120629
120630
120631
120632
120633
120634
120635
120636
120637
120638
......
121346
121347
121348
121349
121350
121351
121352









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































121353
121354
121355
121356
121357
121358
121359
......
121512
121513
121514
121515
121516
121517
121518
121519
121520
121521
121522
121523
121524
121525
121526
......
122464
122465
122466
122467
122468
122469
122470
122471
122472
122473
122474
122475
122476
122477
122478
122479
122480
122481
122482
122483
122484
122485
122486
122487
122488
122489
122490
122491
122492
122493
122494

122495
122496
122497
122498
122499
122500
122501
122502
122503
......
122510
122511
122512
122513
122514
122515
122516
122517
122518
122519
122520
122521
122522
122523
122524
122525
122526
122527
122528
122529
122530
122531
122532
122533
......
122549
122550
122551
122552
122553
122554
122555
122556
122557
122558
122559
122560
122561
122562
122563
122564
122565
122566
122567
122568
122569
122570
122571
......
122656
122657
122658
122659
122660
122661
122662
122663
122664
122665
122666
122667
122668
122669
122670
122671
122672
122673
122674
......
122719
122720
122721
122722
122723
122724
122725
122726
122727
122728
122729
122730
122731
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
122739
122740
......
122788
122789
122790
122791
122792
122793
122794
122795
122796

122797

122798
122799
122800
122801
122802
122803
122804
122805
122806
122807
122808
122809
122810
122811
122812
122813
122814
122815
122816
122817
122818
122819
122820
122821
122822
122823
122824
122825
122826
122827
122828
122829
122830
122831
122832
122833
122834
122835
122836
122837
122838
......
122930
122931
122932
122933
122934
122935
122936
122937
122938
122939
122940
122941
122942
122943
122944
......
123067
123068
123069
123070
123071
123072
123073
123074
123075
123076
123077
123078
123079
123080
123081
......
123540
123541
123542
123543
123544
123545
123546
123547
123548
123549
123550
123551
123552
123553
123554
123555
123556
123557
123558
123559
123560
......
123565
123566
123567
123568
123569
123570
123571
123572
123573
123574
123575
123576
123577
123578
123579
......
123586
123587
123588
123589
123590
123591
123592
123593
123594
123595
123596
123597
123598
123599
123600
......
123780
123781
123782
123783
123784
123785
123786
123787
123788
123789
123790
123791
123792
123793
123794
123795
......
123826
123827
123828
123829
123830
123831
123832
123833
123834
123835
123836
123837
123838
123839
123840




123841
123842


123843
123844
123845
123846
123847
123848
123849
......
123851
123852
123853
123854
123855
123856
123857
123858

123859
123860
123861
123862
123863
123864
123865
123866
123867
123868
123869

123870
123871
123872
123873
123874
123875
123876
123877
123878
123879
123880
123881
123882
......
123889
123890
123891
123892
123893
123894
123895
123896
123897
123898
123899
123900
123901
123902
123903
......
123920
123921
123922
123923
123924
123925
123926
123927
123928
123929
123930
123931
123932
123933
123934
123935
123936
123937
......
123954
123955
123956
123957
123958
123959
123960
123961
123962
123963
123964
123965
123966
123967
123968
123969
123970
123971
123972
123973
123974

123975
123976
123977
123978
123979
123980
123981
......
124008
124009
124010
124011
124012
124013
124014
124015
124016
124017
124018
124019
124020
124021
124022
124023
124024
124025
......
124057
124058
124059
124060
124061
124062
124063
124064
124065
124066
124067
124068
124069
124070
124071
124072
124073
124074
124075
124076
124077
124078
124079
124080
124081

124082
124083
124084
124085
124086
124087
124088
......
124096
124097
124098
124099
124100
124101
124102
124103
124104
124105
124106
124107
124108
124109
124110
124111
124112
124113
124114
124115
124116
124117
......
125789
125790
125791
125792
125793
125794
125795
125796
125797
125798
125799
125800
125801
125802
125803
......
128261
128262
128263
128264
128265
128266
128267
128268
128269
128270
128271
128272
128273
128274
128275
128276
128277
128278
128279
......
128973
128974
128975
128976
128977
128978
128979
128980
128981
128982
128983
128984
128985
128986
128987
......
131151
131152
131153
131154
131155
131156
131157
131158
131159
131160
131161
131162
131163
131164
131165
131166
131167
131168
131169
......
131997
131998
131999
132000
132001
132002
132003
132004
132005
132006
132007
132008
132009
132010
132011
......
132055
132056
132057
132058
132059
132060
132061
132062
132063
132064
132065
132066
132067
132068
132069
......
132427
132428
132429
132430
132431
132432
132433
132434
132435
132436
132437
132438
132439
132440
132441
132442
132443
......
155777
155778
155779
155780
155781
155782
155783

155784
155785
155786
155787
155788
155789
155790
......
156115
156116
156117
156118
156119
156120
156121
156122
156123
156124
156125
156126
156127
156128
156129
......
156439
156440
156441
156442
156443
156444
156445
156446
156447
156448
156449
156450
156451
156452
156453
156454
156455
156456
156457
156458
156459
......
160005
160006
160007
160008
160009
160010
160011
160012
160013
160014
160015
160016
160017
160018
160019
160020
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/* What version of GCC is being used.  0 means GCC is not being used */
#ifdef __GNUC__
# define GCC_VERSION (__GNUC__*1000000+__GNUC_MINOR__*1000+__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
#else
# define GCC_VERSION 0
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(_GNU_SOURCE)
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
................................................................................
** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-06-30 15:10:29 8bfcda3d10aec864d71d12a1248c37e4db6f8899"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK] is a signal to the VFS layer that it might
** be advantageous to block on the next WAL lock if the lock is not immediately
** available.  The WAL subsystem issues this signal during rare
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
................................................................................
  u8 opcode;          /* What operation to perform */
  signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
  u8 opflags;         /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
  u8 p5;              /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
  int p1;             /* First operand */
  int p2;             /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
  int p3;             /* The third parameter */
  union p4union {     /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
    sqlite3_context *pCtx; /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCCTX */
    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_FUNCCTX  (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object */

/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4

................................................................................
** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
*/
/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */

#define OP_Savepoint       1
#define OP_AutoCommit      2
#define OP_Transaction     3
#define OP_SorterNext      4
#define OP_PrevIfOpen      5
#define OP_NextIfOpen      6
#define OP_Prev            7
#define OP_Next            8

#define OP_Checkpoint      9
#define OP_JournalMode    10
#define OP_Vacuum         11
#define OP_VFilter        12 /* synopsis: iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'           */
#define OP_VUpdate        13 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]                    */
#define OP_Goto           14
#define OP_Gosub          15
#define OP_Return         16

#define OP_InitCoroutine  17
#define OP_EndCoroutine   18
#define OP_Not            19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]    */
#define OP_Yield          20
#define OP_HaltIfNull     21 /* synopsis: if r[P3]=null halt               */
#define OP_Halt           22
#define OP_Integer        23 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1                         */
#define OP_Int64          24 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4                         */
#define OP_String         25 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)              */
#define OP_Null           26 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL                   */
#define OP_SoftNull       27 /* synopsis: r[P1]=NULL                       */
#define OP_Blob           28 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)                */
#define OP_Variable       29 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)           */
#define OP_Move           30 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]                */
#define OP_Copy           31 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]            */
#define OP_SCopy          32 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
#define OP_ResultRow      33 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2]                  */
#define OP_CollSeq        34
#define OP_Function0      35 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])             */
#define OP_Function       36 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])             */
#define OP_AddImm         37 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2                   */
#define OP_MustBeInt      38
#define OP_RealAffinity   39
#define OP_Cast           40 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1])                  */
#define OP_Permutation    41
#define OP_Compare        42 /* synopsis: r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]            */
#define OP_Jump           43
................................................................................
#define OP_OpenWrite      55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     58
#define OP_SequenceTest   59 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2   */
#define OP_OpenPseudo     60 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          61
#define OP_ColumnsUsed    62
#define OP_SeekLT         63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLE         64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGE         65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGT         66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Seek           67 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     68 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          70 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */

#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
#define OP_NotExists      73 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       74 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       75 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */

#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Insert         84 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_InsertInt      95 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */
#define OP_Delete         98
#define OP_ResetCount     99
#define OP_SorterCompare 100 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey        102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         104 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       105
#define OP_Last          106
#define OP_SorterSort    107
#define OP_Sort          108
#define OP_Rewind        109
#define OP_SorterInsert  110
#define OP_IdxInsert     111 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     112 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      113 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         117 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       118
#define OP_Clear         119
#define OP_ResetSorter   120
#define OP_CreateIndex   121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   122 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   123
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  124
#define OP_DropTable     125
#define OP_DropIndex     126
#define OP_DropTrigger   127
#define OP_IntegrityCk   128
#define OP_RowSetAdd     129 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    130 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    131 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       132

#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_Param         134
#define OP_FkCounter     135 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      136 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        137 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         138 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         139 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfNotZero     140 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  141 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  142 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
#define OP_AggStep0      143 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggStep       144 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggFinal      145 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    146
#define OP_Expire        147
#define OP_TableLock     148 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        149
#define OP_VCreate       150
#define OP_VDestroy      151
#define OP_VOpen         152
#define OP_VColumn       153 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         154
#define OP_VRename       155
#define OP_Pagecount     156
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      157
#define OP_Init          158 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          159
#define OP_Explain       160


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0002  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0004  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0008  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0010  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0020  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*  16 */ 0x02, 0x01, 0x02, 0x12, 0x03, 0x08, 0x00, 0x10,\
/*  24 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  32 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x03, 0x02,\
/*  40 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x09,\
/*  64 */ 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x04, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x26,\
/*  72 */ 0x26, 0x09, 0x10, 0x10, 0x03, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x0b,\
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x04, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00,\
/* 160 */ 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const u8*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
................................................................................
  PCache *pCache;                /* Cache that owns this page */

  PgHdr *pDirtyNext;             /* Next element in list of dirty pages */
  PgHdr *pDirtyPrev;             /* Previous element in list of dirty pages */
};

/* Bit values for PgHdr.flags */
#define PGHDR_CLEAN           0x001  /* Page not on the PCache.pDirty list */
#define PGHDR_DIRTY           0x002  /* Page is on the PCache.pDirty list */
#define PGHDR_WRITEABLE       0x004  /* Journaled and ready to modify */
#define PGHDR_NEED_SYNC       0x008  /* Fsync the rollback journal before
                                     ** writing this page to the database */
#define PGHDR_NEED_READ       0x010  /* Content is unread */

#define PGHDR_DONT_WRITE      0x020  /* Do not write content to disk */

#define PGHDR_MMAP            0x040  /* This is an mmap page object */

/* Initialize and shutdown the page cache subsystem */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheInitialize(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShutdown(void);

/* Page cache buffer management:
** These routines implement SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
................................................................................
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
**
** But rather than start with 0 or 1, we begin with 'A'.  That way,
** when multiple affinity types are concatenated into a string and
** used as the P4 operand, they will be more readable.
**
** Note also that the numeric types are grouped together so that testing
** for a numeric type is a single comparison.  And the BLOB type is first.
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_BLOB     'A'
#define SQLITE_AFF_TEXT     'B'
#define SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC  'C'
#define SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER  'D'
#define SQLITE_AFF_REAL     'E'

#define sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(X)  ((X)>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC)

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndexedBy; /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8);
#endif

/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
** obtain space from malloc().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)




SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView*, const Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(TreeView*, const ExprList*, u8, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView*, const Select*, u8);
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*);
................................................................................
# define sqlite3FaultSim(X) SQLITE_OK
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FaultSim(int);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
................................................................................
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
  u64 maskUsed;         /* Mask of columns used by this cursor */
#endif

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
  **
................................................................................
** But this file is the only place where the internal details of this
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;              /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;         /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;            /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;                /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;            /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;            /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;         /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */
  u8 argc;                /* Number of arguments */
  sqlite3_value *argv[1]; /* Argument set */
};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_methods *pTo = &sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;

    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
      pFrom = sqlite3DefaultMutex();
    }else{
      pFrom = sqlite3NoopMutex();
    }
    pTo->xMutexInit = pFrom->xMutexInit;
    pTo->xMutexEnd = pFrom->xMutexEnd;
    pTo->xMutexFree = pFrom->xMutexFree;
    pTo->xMutexEnter = pFrom->xMutexEnter;
    pTo->xMutexTry = pFrom->xMutexTry;
    pTo->xMutexLeave = pFrom->xMutexLeave;
    pTo->xMutexHeld = pFrom->xMutexHeld;
    pTo->xMutexNotheld = pFrom->xMutexNotheld;
    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
** returning control to the user) that has called sqlite3_malloc or
** sqlite3_realloc.
**
** The returned value is normally a copy of the second argument to this
** function. However, if a malloc() failure has occurred since the previous
** invocation SQLITE_NOMEM is returned instead. 
**
** If an OOM as occurred, then the connection error-code (the value
** returned by sqlite3_errcode()) is set to SQLITE_NOMEM.

*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3* db, int rc){
  /* If the db handle must hold the connection handle mutex here.
  ** Otherwise the read (and possible write) of db->mallocFailed 
  ** is unsafe, as is the call to sqlite3Error().
  */
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  if( db->mallocFailed || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
    return apiOomError(db);
  }
  return rc & db->errMask;
}

/************** End of malloc.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file printf.c ******************************************/
/*
** The "printf" code that follows dates from the 1980's.  It is in
** the public domain. 



**
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLite.
*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif



/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}

/************** End of printf.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file treeview.c ****************************************/
/*
** 2015-06-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************


**






** This file contains C code to implement the TreeView debugging routines.
** These routines print a parse tree to standard output for debugging and
** analysis. 
**
** The interfaces in this file is only available when compiling
** with SQLITE_DEBUG.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG

/*
** Add a new subitem to the tree.  The moreToFollow flag indicates that this
** is not the last item in the tree.
*/
static TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  if( p==0 ){
    p = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*p) );
    if( p==0 ) return 0;
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  }else{
    p->iLevel++;
  }
  assert( moreToFollow==0 || moreToFollow==1 );
  if( p->iLevel<sizeof(p->bLine) ) p->bLine[p->iLevel] = moreToFollow;
  return p;
}

/*
** Finished with one layer of the tree
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  p->iLevel--;
  if( p->iLevel<0 ) sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Generate a single line of output for the tree, with a prefix that contains
** all the appropriate tree lines
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  StrAccum acc;
  char zBuf[500];
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}

/*
** Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView *p, const char *zLabel,u8 moreFollows){
  p = sqlite3TreeViewPush(p, moreFollows);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(p, "%s", zLabel);
}


/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
  );
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;
  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;
  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pPrior ){
    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  char zFlgs[30];
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "nil");
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    return;
  }
  if( pExpr->flags ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zFlgs),zFlgs,"  flags=0x%x",pExpr->flags);
  }else{
    zFlgs[0] = 0;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG{%d:%d}%s",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLUMN(%d)%s", pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "{%d:%d}%s",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"CAST %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
    case TK_NE:      zBinOp = "NE";     break;
    case TK_EQ:      zBinOp = "EQ";     break;
    case TK_IS:      zBinOp = "IS";     break;
    case TK_ISNOT:   zBinOp = "ISNOT";  break;
    case TK_AND:     zBinOp = "AND";    break;
    case TK_OR:      zBinOp = "OR";     break;
    case TK_PLUS:    zBinOp = "ADD";    break;
    case TK_STAR:    zBinOp = "MUL";    break;
    case TK_MINUS:   zBinOp = "SUB";    break;
    case TK_REM:     zBinOp = "REM";    break;
    case TK_BITAND:  zBinOp = "BITAND"; break;
    case TK_BITOR:   zBinOp = "BITOR";  break;
    case TK_SLASH:   zBinOp = "DIV";    break;
    case TK_LSHIFT:  zBinOp = "LSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_RSHIFT:  zBinOp = "RSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_CONCAT:  zBinOp = "CONCAT"; break;
    case TK_DOT:     zBinOp = "DOT";    break;

    case TK_UMINUS:  zUniOp = "UMINUS"; break;
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLLATE %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FUNCTION %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pFarg, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "EXISTS-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "IN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*

    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
    ** This is equivalent to
    **
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "BETWEEN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pX, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pY, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pZ, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "CASE");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "RAISE %s(%Q)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "op=%d", pExpr->op);
      break;
    }
  }
  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s%s", zBinOp, zFlgs);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pRight, 0);
  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s%s", zUniOp, zFlgs);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(




  TreeView *pView,
  const ExprList *pList,
  u8 moreToFollow,
  const char *zLabel
){
  int i;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/************** End of treeview.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file random.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** lower 30 bits of a 32-bit signed integer.
**
** The value returned will never be negative.  Nor will it ever be greater
** than the actual length of the string.  For very long strings (greater
** than 1GiB) the value returned might be less than the true string length.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char *z){

  if( z==0 ) return 0;

  return 0x3fffffff & (int)strlen(z);
}

/*
** Set the current error code to err_code and clear any prior error message.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3 *db, int err_code){
  assert( db!=0 );
................................................................................
}


/*
** Read or write a four-byte big-endian integer value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Get4byte(const u8 *p){
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return x;
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && defined(__GNUC__)
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return __builtin_bswap32(x);
#else
  testcase( p[0]&0x80 );
  return ((unsigned)p[0]<<24) | (p[1]<<16) | (p[2]<<8) | p[3];
#endif
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Put4byte(unsigned char *p, u32 v){
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
  memcpy(p,&v,4);
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && defined(__GNUC__)
  u32 x = __builtin_bswap32(v);
  memcpy(p,&x,4);
#else
  p[0] = (u8)(v>>24);
  p[1] = (u8)(v>>16);
  p[2] = (u8)(v>>8);
  p[3] = (u8)v;
#endif
}



/*
** Translate a single byte of Hex into an integer.
** This routine only works if h really is a valid hexadecimal
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# define OpHelp(X) "\0" X
#else
# define OpHelp(X)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){
 static const char *const azName[] = { "?",

     /*   1 */ "Savepoint"        OpHelp(""),
     /*   2 */ "AutoCommit"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   3 */ "Transaction"      OpHelp(""),
     /*   4 */ "SorterNext"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   5 */ "PrevIfOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   6 */ "NextIfOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*   7 */ "Prev"             OpHelp(""),
     /*   8 */ "Next"             OpHelp(""),

     /*   9 */ "Checkpoint"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  10 */ "JournalMode"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  11 */ "Vacuum"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  12 */ "VFilter"          OpHelp("iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'"),
     /*  13 */ "VUpdate"          OpHelp("data=r[P3@P2]"),
     /*  14 */ "Goto"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  15 */ "Gosub"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  16 */ "Return"           OpHelp(""),

     /*  17 */ "InitCoroutine"    OpHelp(""),
     /*  18 */ "EndCoroutine"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  19 */ "Not"              OpHelp("r[P2]= !r[P1]"),
     /*  20 */ "Yield"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  21 */ "HaltIfNull"       OpHelp("if r[P3]=null halt"),
     /*  22 */ "Halt"             OpHelp(""),
     /*  23 */ "Integer"          OpHelp("r[P2]=P1"),
     /*  24 */ "Int64"            OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /*  25 */ "String"           OpHelp("r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)"),
     /*  26 */ "Null"             OpHelp("r[P2..P3]=NULL"),
     /*  27 */ "SoftNull"         OpHelp("r[P1]=NULL"),
     /*  28 */ "Blob"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)"),
     /*  29 */ "Variable"         OpHelp("r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)"),
     /*  30 */ "Move"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]"),
     /*  31 */ "Copy"             OpHelp("r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]"),
     /*  32 */ "SCopy"            OpHelp("r[P2]=r[P1]"),
     /*  33 */ "ResultRow"        OpHelp("output=r[P1@P2]"),
     /*  34 */ "CollSeq"          OpHelp(""),
     /*  35 */ "Function0"        OpHelp("r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])"),
     /*  36 */ "Function"         OpHelp("r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])"),
     /*  37 */ "AddImm"           OpHelp("r[P1]=r[P1]+P2"),
     /*  38 */ "MustBeInt"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  39 */ "RealAffinity"     OpHelp(""),
     /*  40 */ "Cast"             OpHelp("affinity(r[P1])"),
     /*  41 */ "Permutation"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  42 */ "Compare"          OpHelp("r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]"),
     /*  43 */ "Jump"             OpHelp(""),
................................................................................
     /*  55 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  56 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  57 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  58 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  59 */ "SequenceTest"     OpHelp("if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2"),
     /*  60 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  61 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  62 */ "ColumnsUsed"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  63 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  67 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  68 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  69 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  70 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),

     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),
     /*  73 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  74 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  75 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),

     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),
     /*  98 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  99 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 100 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /* 101 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 102 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /* 103 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 104 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 105 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 108 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 109 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 110 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 111 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 114 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 115 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 116 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 117 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 118 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 121 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 122 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 123 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 126 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 127 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 128 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 129 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 130 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 131 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 132 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),

     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 135 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 136 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 138 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 140 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 142 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),
     /* 143 */ "AggStep0"         OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 144 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
     /* 145 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 146 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 149 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 151 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 154 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 156 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 157 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 158 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 159 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 160 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
}

/*
** Check to see if the i-th bit is set.  Return true or false.
** If p is NULL (if the bitmap has not been created) or if
** i is out of range, then return false.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  assert( p!=0 );

  i--;
  if( i>=p->iSize ) return 0;
  while( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = i/p->iDivisor;
    i = i%p->iDivisor;
    p = p->u.apSub[bin];
    if (!p) {
      return 0;
    }
................................................................................
    u32 h = BITVEC_HASH(i++);
    while( p->u.aHash[h] ){
      if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return 1;
      h = (h+1) % BITVEC_NINT;
    }
    return 0;
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  return p!=0 && sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(p,i);
}

/*
** Set the i-th bit.  Return 0 on success and an error code if
** anything goes wrong.
**
** This routine might cause sub-bitmaps to be allocated.  Failing
................................................................................
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */

};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){



    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;

    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  Pgno pgno,                  /* Page number obtained */
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage  /* Page obtained by prior PcacheFetch() call */
){
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr*)pPage->pExtra;
  assert( pPgHdr->pPage==0 );
  memset(pPgHdr, 0, sizeof(PgHdr));
  pPgHdr->pPage = pPage;
  pPgHdr->pData = pPage->pBuf;
  pPgHdr->pExtra = (void *)&pPgHdr[1];
  memset(pPgHdr->pExtra, 0, pCache->szExtra);
  pPgHdr->pCache = pCache;
  pPgHdr->pgno = pgno;
  pPgHdr->flags = PGHDR_CLEAN;
  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pCache,pgno,pPage);
}

/*
** This routine converts the sqlite3_pcache_page object returned by
** sqlite3PcacheFetch() into an initialized PgHdr object.  This routine
** must be called after sqlite3PcacheFetch() in order to get a usable
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE PgHdr *sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(
  PCache *pCache,             /* Obtain the page from this cache */
  Pgno pgno,                  /* Page number obtained */
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage  /* Page obtained by prior PcacheFetch() call */
){
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr *)pPage->pExtra;

  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;



  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void SQLITE_NOINLINE sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    p->pCache->nRef--;
    if( p->flags&PGHDR_CLEAN ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }else if( p->pDirtyPrev!=0 ){
      /* Move the page to the head of the dirty list. */
      pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;



  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(PgHdr *p){

  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  if( p->flags & (PGHDR_CLEAN|PGHDR_DONT_WRITE) ){
    p->flags &= ~PGHDR_DONT_WRITE;
    if( p->flags & PGHDR_CLEAN ){
      p->flags ^= (PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_CLEAN);
      assert( (p->flags & (PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_CLEAN))==PGHDR_DIRTY );
      pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as clean. If it isn't clean already,
** make it so.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr *p){
  if( (p->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY) ){
    assert( (p->flags & PGHDR_CLEAN)==0 );
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
    p->flags &= ~(PGHDR_DIRTY|PGHDR_NEED_SYNC|PGHDR_WRITEABLE);
    p->flags |= PGHDR_CLEAN;
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->nRef ){
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage1;
      pPage1 = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache,1,0);
      if( ALWAYS(pPage1) ){  /* Page 1 is always available in cache, because
                             ** pCache->nRef>0 */
        memset(pPage1->pBuf, 0, pCache->szPage);
        pgno = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.
................................................................................
** compiling for systems that do not support real WSD.
*/
#define pcache1 (GLOBAL(struct PCacheGlobal, pcache1_g))

/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT) || SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X)  assert((X)->mutex==0)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X)  assert((X)->mutex==0)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 0
#else
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 1
#endif

/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/

/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
................................................................................
/*
** This function is used internally to remove the page pPage from the 
** PGroup LRU list, if is part of it. If pPage is not part of the PGroup
** LRU list, then this function is a no-op.
**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;


  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;

  assert( pPage->pLruNext || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruTail );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruHead );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pLruPrev ){
    pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruHead = pPage->pLruNext;
  }
  if( pPage->pLruNext ){
    pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruTail = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }
  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;
  pCache->nRecyclable--;
  return pPage;
}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
** (PCache1.apHash structure) that it is currently stored in.
** Also free the page if freePage is true.
**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static void pcache1RemoveFromHash(PgHdr1 *pPage, int freeFlag){
  unsigned int h;
  PCache1 *pCache = pPage->pCache;
  PgHdr1 **pp;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  h = pPage->iKey % pCache->nHash;
  for(pp=&pCache->apHash[h]; (*pp)!=pPage; pp=&(*pp)->pNext);
  *pp = (*pp)->pNext;

  pCache->nPage--;
  if( freeFlag ) pcache1FreePage(pPage);
}

/*
** If there are currently more than nMaxPage pages allocated, try
** to recycle pages to reduce the number allocated to nMaxPage.
*/
static void pcache1EnforceMaxPage(PGroup *pGroup){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  while( pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage && pGroup->pLruTail ){
    PgHdr1 *p = pGroup->pLruTail;
    assert( p->pCache->pGroup==pGroup );
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1PinPage(p);
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);

  }
}

/*
** Discard all pages from cache pCache with a page number (key value) 
** greater than or equal to iLimit. Any pinned pages that meet this 
** criteria are unpinned before they are discarded.
................................................................................
/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xInit method.
*/
static int pcache1Init(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  assert( pcache1.isInit==0 );
  memset(&pcache1, 0, sizeof(pcache1));
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    pcache1.grp.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU);
    pcache1.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM);
  }
#endif
  pcache1.grp.mxPinned = 10;
  pcache1.isInit = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xShutdown method.
................................................................................
         (pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax)
      || pGroup->nCurrentPage>=pGroup->nMaxPage
      || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache)
  )){
    PCache1 *pOther;
    pPage = pGroup->pLruTail;
    assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 0);
    pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    pOther = pPage->pCache;

    /* We want to verify that szPage and szExtra are the same for pOther
    ** and pCache.  Assert that we can verify this by comparing sums. */
    assert( (pCache->szPage & (pCache->szPage-1))==0 && pCache->szPage>=512 );
    assert( pCache->szExtra<512 );
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(); }
    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache);
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(); }
  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
**           unnecessary pages cache entry allocations
**
**      then attempt to recycle a page from the LRU list. If it is the right
**      size, return the recycled buffer. Otherwise, free the buffer and
**      proceed to step 5. 
**
**   5. Otherwise, allocate and return a new page buffer.
**
** There are two versions of this routine.  pcache1FetchWithMutex() is
** the general case.  pcache1FetchNoMutex() is a faster implementation for
** the common case where pGroup->mutex is NULL.  The pcache1Fetch() wrapper
** invokes the appropriate routine.
*/

static PgHdr1 *pcache1FetchNoMutex(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;









  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: Abort if no existing page is found and createFlag is 0 */
  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ){
      return pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    }else{
      return pPage;
    }
  }else if( createFlag ){
    /* Steps 3, 4, and 5 implemented by this subroutine */
    return pcache1FetchStage2(pCache, iKey, createFlag);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX
static PgHdr1 *pcache1FetchWithMutex(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage;

  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  pPage = pcache1FetchNoMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  assert( pPage==0 || pCache->iMaxKey>=iKey );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  return pPage;
}
#endif
static sqlite3_pcache_page *pcache1Fetch(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
#endif

  assert( offsetof(PgHdr1,page)==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || createFlag!=1 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || pCache->nMin==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable==0 || pCache->nMin==10 );
  assert( pCache->nMin==0 || pCache->bPurgeable );
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 );
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX
  if( pCache->pGroup->mutex ){
    return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pcache1FetchWithMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  }else
#endif
  {
    return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pcache1FetchNoMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  }
}


/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xUnpin method.
**
** Mark a page as unpinned (eligible for asynchronous recycling).
................................................................................
  ** part of the PGroup LRU list.
  */
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev==0 && pPage->pLruNext==0 );
  assert( pGroup->pLruHead!=pPage && pGroup->pLruTail!=pPage );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==1 );

  if( reuseUnlikely || pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage ){
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 1);

  }else{
    /* Add the page to the PGroup LRU list. */
    if( pGroup->pLruHead ){
      pGroup->pLruHead->pLruPrev = pPage;
      pPage->pLruNext = pGroup->pLruHead;
      pGroup->pLruHead = pPage;
    }else{
................................................................................
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq) && ((p=pcache1.grp.pLruTail)!=0) ){
      nFree += pcache1MemSize(p->page.pBuf);
#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
      nFree += sqlite3MemSize(p);
#endif
      assert( p->isPinned==0 );
      pcache1PinPage(p);
      pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);

    }
    pcache1LeaveMutex(&pcache1.grp);
  }
  return nFree;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

................................................................................
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};

/*
** Bits of the Pager.doNotSpill flag.  See further description below.
*/
#define SPILLFLAG_OFF         0x01 /* Never spill cache.  Set via pragma */
#define SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK    0x02 /* Current rolling back, so do not spill */
#define SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC      0x04 /* Spill is ok, but do not sync */

/*
** An open page cache is an instance of struct Pager. A description of
** some of the more important member variables follows:
**
** eState
**
................................................................................
**   writing to the database from pagerStress() is disabled altogether.
**   The SPILLFLAG_ROLLBACK case is done in a very obscure case that
**   comes up during savepoint rollback that requires the pcache module
**   to allocate a new page to prevent the journal file from being written
**   while it is being traversed by code in pager_playback().  The SPILLFLAG_OFF
**   case is a user preference.
** 
**   If the SPILLFLAG_NOSYNC bit is set, writing to the database from
**   pagerStress() is permitted, but syncing the journal file is not.
**   This flag is set by sqlite3PagerWrite() when the file-system sector-size
**   is larger than the database page-size in order to prevent a journal sync
**   from happening in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector. 
**
** subjInMemory
**
**   This is a boolean variable. If true, then any required sub-journal
**   is opened as an in-memory journal file. If false, then in-memory
**   sub-journals are only used for in-memory pager files.
**
................................................................................
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasBeenUsed;             /* True if any content previously read */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
static int pagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
static int subjRequiresPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  PagerSavepoint *p;
  Pgno pgno = pPg->pgno;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pPager->nSavepoint; i++){
    p = &pPager->aSavepoint[i];
    if( p->nOrig>=pgno && 0==sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(p->pInSavepoint, pgno) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return true if the page is already in the journal file.
*/
static int pageInJournal(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pPg){
  return sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
}
#endif

/*
** Read a 32-bit integer from the given file descriptor.  Store the integer
** that is read in *pRes.  Return SQLITE_OK if everything worked, or an
** error code is something goes wrong.
**
** All values are stored on disk as big-endian.
................................................................................
  /* Write the master journal data to the end of the journal file. If
  ** an error occurs, return the error code to the caller.
  */
  if( (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff, PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager))))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, zMaster, nMaster, iHdrOff+4)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster, nMaster)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8,
                                 iHdrOff+4+nMaster+8)))
  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nMaster+20);

  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the master-journal name
................................................................................
    rc = read32bits(jfd, (*pOffset)-4, &cksum);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( !isSavepnt && pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)aData)!=cksum ){
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }
  }

  /* If this page has already been played back before during the current
  ** rollback, then don't bother to play it back again.
  */
  if( pDone && (rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pDone, pgno))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* When playing back page 1, restore the nReserve setting
................................................................................
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Append a record of the current state of page pPg to the sub-journal. 


**
** If successful, set the bit corresponding to pPg->pgno in the bitvecs
** for all open savepoints before returning.
**
** This function returns SQLITE_OK if everything is successful, an IO
** error code if the attempt to write to the sub-journal fails, or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM if a malloc fails while setting a bit in a savepoint
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pPager->nSubRec++;
    assert( pPager->nSavepoint>0 );
    rc = addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}
static int subjournalPageIfRequired(PgHdr *pPg){
  if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
    return subjournalPage(pPg);
  }else{
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** This function is called by the pcache layer when it has reached some
** soft memory limit. The first argument is a pointer to a Pager object
** (cast as a void*). The pager is always 'purgeable' (not an in-memory
** database). The second argument is a reference to a page that is 
................................................................................
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Write a single frame for this page to the log. */

    rc = subjournalPageIfRequired(pPg); 

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pPg, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
  
    /* Sync the journal file if required. */
    if( pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC 
     || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
    ){
      rc = syncJournal(pPager, 1);
    }
  

































    /* Write the contents of the page out to the database file. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)==0 );
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager, pPg);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** disk and uses an in-memory rollback journal.
    **
    ** This branch also runs for files marked as immutable.
    */ 
act_like_temp_file:
    tempFile = 1;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;     /* Pretend we already have a lock */
    pPager->eLock = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;    /* Pretend we are in EXCLUSIVE mode */
    pPager->noLock = 1;                /* Do no locking */
    readOnly = (vfsFlags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  }

  /* The following call to PagerSetPagesize() serves to set the value of 
  ** Pager.pageSize and to allocate the Pager.pTmpSpace buffer.
  */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Initialize the PCache object. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( nExtra<1000 );
    nExtra = ROUND8(nExtra);
    rc = sqlite3PcacheOpen(szPageDflt, nExtra, !memDb,
                       !memDb?pagerStress:0, (void *)pPager, pPager->pPCache);
  }

  /* If an error occurred above, free the  Pager structure and close the file.
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->fd);
    sqlite3PageFree(pPager->pTmpSpace);
................................................................................
    if( !pPager->tempFile && pPager->hasBeenUsed ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired then check to
      ** see if the database has been modified.  If the database has changed,
      ** flush the cache.  The pPager->hasBeenUsed flag prevents this from
      ** occurring on the very first access to a file, in order to save a
      ** single unnecessary sqlite3OsRead() call at the start-up.
      **
      ** Database changes are detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
      ** There is a vanishingly small chance that a change will not be 
      ** detected.  The chance of an undetected change is so small that
................................................................................

    {
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pBase;
      pBase = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 3);
      if( pBase==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3PcacheFetchStress(pPager->pPCache, pgno, &pBase);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto pager_acquire_err;
        if( pBase==0 ){
          pPg = *ppPage = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          goto pager_acquire_err;
        }
      }
      pPg = *ppPage = sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pBase);

      assert( pPg!=0 );
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Either the call to sqlite3PcacheFetch() returned an error or the
    ** pager was already in the error-state when this function was called.
    ** Set pPg to 0 and jump to the exception handler.  */
    pPg = 0;
    goto pager_acquire_err;
  }
  assert( pPg==(*ppPage) );
  assert( pPg->pgno==pgno );
  assert( pPg->pPager==pPager || pPg->pPager==0 );

  if( pPg->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    pPager->aStat[PAGER_STAT_HIT]++;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */


    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);
  assert( pPage==0 || pPager->hasBeenUsed );
  if( pPage==0 ) return 0;
  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
................................................................................
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("TRANSACTION %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write page pPg onto the end of the rollback journal.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int pagerAddPageToRollbackJournal(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc;
  u32 cksum;
  char *pData2;
  i64 iOff = pPager->journalOff;

  /* We should never write to the journal file the page that
  ** contains the database locks.  The following assert verifies
  ** that we do not. */
  assert( pPg->pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );

  assert( pPager->journalHdr<=pPager->journalOff );
  CODEC2(pPager, pPg->pData, pPg->pgno, 7, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData2);
  cksum = pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)pData2);

  /* Even if an IO or diskfull error occurs while journalling the
  ** page in the block above, set the need-sync flag for the page.
  ** Otherwise, when the transaction is rolled back, the logic in
  ** playback_one_page() will think that the page needs to be restored
  ** in the database file. And if an IO error occurs while doing so,
  ** then corruption may follow.
  */
  pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;

  rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff, pPg->pgno);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, pData2, pPager->pageSize, iOff+4);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff+pPager->pageSize+4, cksum);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  IOTRACE(("JOUT %p %d %lld %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, 
           pPager->journalOff, pPager->pageSize));
  PAGER_INCR(sqlite3_pager_writej_count);
  PAGERTRACE(("JOURNAL %d page %d needSync=%d hash(%08x)\n",
       PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, 
       ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0), pager_pagehash(pPg)));

  pPager->journalOff += 8 + pPager->pageSize;
  pPager->nRec++;
  assert( pPager->pInJournal!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
  rc |= addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Mark a single data page as writeable. The page is written into the 
** main journal or sub-journal as required. If the page is written into
** one of the journals, the corresponding bit is set in the 
** Pager.pInJournal bitvec and the PagerSavepoint.pInSavepoint bitvecs
** of any open savepoints as appropriate.
*/
static int pager_write(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  /* This routine is not called unless a write-transaction has already 
  ** been started. The journal file may or may not be open at this point.
  ** It is never called in the ERROR state.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->errCode==0 );
  assert( pPager->readOnly==0 );

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* The journal file needs to be opened. Higher level routines have already
  ** obtained the necessary locks to begin the write-transaction, but the
  ** rollback journal might not yet be open. Open it now if this is the case.
  **
  ** This is done before calling sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty() on the page. 
................................................................................
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* Mark the page that is about to be modified as dirty. */


  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);








  /* If a rollback journal is in use, them make sure the page that is about
  ** to change is in the rollback journal, or if the page is a new page off
  ** then end of the file, make sure it is marked as PGHDR_NEED_SYNC.
  */


  assert( (pPager->pInJournal!=0) == isOpen(pPager->jfd) );






































  if( pPager->pInJournal!=0
   && sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno)==0



  ){
    assert( pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 );
    if( pPg->pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
      rc = pagerAddPageToRollbackJournal(pPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

        return rc;
      }
    }else{
      if( pPager->eState!=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD ){
        pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
      }
      PAGERTRACE(("APPEND %d page %d needSync=%d\n",
              PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno,
             ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0)));
    }
  }

  /* The PGHDR_DIRTY bit is set above when the page was added to the dirty-list
  ** and before writing the page into the rollback journal.  Wait until now,
  ** after the page has been successfully journalled, before setting the
  ** PGHDR_WRITEABLE bit that indicates that the page can be safely modified.
  */
  pPg->flags |= PGHDR_WRITEABLE;
  
  /* If the statement journal is open and the page is not in it,
  ** then write the page into the statement journal.


  */
  if( pPager->nSavepoint>0 ){
    rc = subjournalPageIfRequired(pPg);
  }


  /* Update the database size and return. */

  if( pPager->dbSize<pPg->pgno ){
    pPager->dbSize = pPg->pgno;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This is a variant of sqlite3PagerWrite() that runs when the sector size
** is larger than the page size.  SQLite makes the (reasonable) assumption that
** all bytes of a sector are written together by hardware.  Hence, all bytes of
** a sector need to be journalled in case of a power loss in the middle of
** a write.
**
** Usually, the sector size is less than or equal to the page size, in which
** case pages can be individually written.  This routine only runs in the
** exceptional case where the page size is smaller than the sector size.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int pagerWriteLargeSector(PgHdr *pPg){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */
  Pgno nPageCount;             /* Total number of pages in database file */
  Pgno pg1;                    /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
  int nPage = 0;               /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
  int ii;                      /* Loop counter */
  int needSync = 0;            /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* The pager that owns pPg */
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  /* Set the doNotSpill NOSYNC bit to 1. This is because we cannot allow
  ** a journal header to be written between the pages journaled by
  ** this function.
  */
  assert( !MEMDB );
................................................................................
** fit on a single disk sector. In this case all co-resident pages
** must have been written to the journal file before returning.
**
** If an error occurs, SQLITE_NOMEM or an IO error code is returned
** as appropriate. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  assert( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_MMAP)==0 );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_WRITEABLE)!=0 && pPager->dbSize>=pPg->pgno ){
    if( pPager->nSavepoint ) return subjournalPageIfRequired(pPg);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( pPager->sectorSize > (u32)pPager->pageSize ){
    return pagerWriteLargeSector(pPg);
  }else{
    return pager_write(pPg);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the page given in the argument was previously passed
** to sqlite3PagerWrite().  In other words, return TRUE if it is ok
** to change the content of the page.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage *pPg){
  return pPg->flags & PGHDR_WRITEABLE;
}
#endif

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that it is not necessary to
** write the information on page pPg back to the disk, even though
** that page might be marked as dirty.  This happens, for example, when
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY) && pPager->nSavepoint==0 ){
    PAGERTRACE(("DONT_WRITE page %d of %d\n", pPg->pgno, PAGERID(pPager)));
    IOTRACE(("CLEAN %p %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno))
    pPg->flags |= PGHDR_DONT_WRITE;
    pPg->flags &= ~PGHDR_WRITEABLE;
    pager_set_pagehash(pPg);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called to increment the value of the database file 
** change-counter, stored as a 4-byte big-endian integer starting at 
................................................................................
** to make up the difference. If the number of savepoints is already
** equal to nSavepoint, then this function is a no-op.
**
** If a memory allocation fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. If an error 
** occurs while opening the sub-journal file, then an IO error code is
** returned. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int pagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int nSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                       /* Return code */
  int nCurrent = pPager->nSavepoint;        /* Current number of savepoints */
  int ii;                                   /* Iterator variable */
  PagerSavepoint *aNew;                     /* New Pager.aSavepoint array */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  assert( nSavepoint>nCurrent && pPager->useJournal );



  /* Grow the Pager.aSavepoint array using realloc(). Return SQLITE_NOMEM
  ** if the allocation fails. Otherwise, zero the new portion in case a 
  ** malloc failure occurs while populating it in the for(...) loop below.
  */
  aNew = (PagerSavepoint *)sqlite3Realloc(
      pPager->aSavepoint, sizeof(PagerSavepoint)*nSavepoint
  );
  if( !aNew ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(&aNew[nCurrent], 0, (nSavepoint-nCurrent) * sizeof(PagerSavepoint));
  pPager->aSavepoint = aNew;

  /* Populate the PagerSavepoint structures just allocated. */
  for(ii=nCurrent; ii<nSavepoint; ii++){
    aNew[ii].nOrig = pPager->dbSize;
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0 ){
      aNew[ii].iOffset = pPager->journalOff;
    }else{
      aNew[ii].iOffset = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
    }
    aNew[ii].iSubRec = pPager->nSubRec;
    aNew[ii].pInSavepoint = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pPager->dbSize);
    if( !aNew[ii].pInSavepoint ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      sqlite3WalSavepoint(pPager->pWal, aNew[ii].aWalData);
    }
    pPager->nSavepoint = ii+1;
  }
  assert( pPager->nSavepoint==nSavepoint );
  assertTruncateConstraint(pPager);
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int nSavepoint){
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( nSavepoint>pPager->nSavepoint && pPager->useJournal ){
    return pagerOpenSavepoint(pPager, nSavepoint);
  }else{
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}


/*
** This function is called to rollback or release (commit) a savepoint.
** The savepoint to release or rollback need not be the most recently 
** created savepoint.
**
** Parameter op is always either SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK or SAVEPOINT_RELEASE.
................................................................................
  ** be possible to restore its contents when the "ROLLBACK TO one"
  ** statement were is processed.
  **
  ** subjournalPage() may need to allocate space to store pPg->pgno into
  ** one or more savepoint bitvecs. This is the reason this function
  ** may return SQLITE_NOMEM.
  */
  if( (pPg->flags & PGHDR_DIRTY)!=0

   && SQLITE_OK!=(rc = subjournalPageIfRequired(pPg))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("MOVE %d page %d (needSync=%d) moves to %d\n", 
      PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0, pgno));
  IOTRACE(("MOVE %p %d %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, pgno))
................................................................................
** small cells will be rare, but they are possible.
*/
#define MX_CELL(pBt) ((pBt->pageSize-8)/6)

/* Forward declarations */
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct BtLock BtLock;
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;

/*
** This is a magic string that appears at the beginning of every
** SQLite database in order to identify the file as a real database.
**
** You can change this value at compile-time by specifying a
** -DSQLITE_FILE_HEADER="..." on the compiler command-line.  The
................................................................................
  u16 aiOvfl[5];       /* Insert the i-th overflow cell before the aiOvfl-th
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[5];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */
  u8 *aDataOfst;       /* Same as aData for leaves.  aData+4 for interior */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  u16 (*xCellSize)(MemPage*,u8*);             /* cellSizePtr method */
  void (*xParseCell)(MemPage*,u8*,CellInfo*); /* btreeParseCell method */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
................................................................................
*/
struct Btree {
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */
  u8 hasIncrblobCur; /* True if there are one or more Incrblob cursors */
  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */
  u32 iDataVersion;  /* Combines with pBt->pPager->iDataVersion */
  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
................................................................................
#define BTS_PENDING          0x0040   /* Waiting for read-locks to clear */

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/

struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or nPayload otherwise */
  u8 *pPayload;  /* Pointer to the start of payload */
  u32 nPayload;  /* Bytes of payload */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally, not on overflow */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
................................................................................
**    eState==SKIPNEXT && skipNext>0:  Next sqlite3BtreeNext() is no-op.
**    eState==SKIPNEXT && skipNext<0:  Next sqlite3BtreePrevious() is no-op.
**    eState==FAULT:                   Cursor fault with skipNext as error code.
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext;          /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */

  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;                 /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;               /* Saved key that was cursor last known position */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  int nOvflAlloc;           /* Allocated size of aOverflow[] array */
  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive.
                   ** Error code if eState==CURSOR_FAULT */
  u8 curFlags;              /* zero or more BTCF_* flags defined below */
  u8 curPagerFlags;         /* Flags to send to sqlite3PagerAcquire() */
  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */
  u8 hints;                 /* As configured by CursorSetHints() */
  /* All fields above are zeroed when the cursor is allocated.  See
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursorZero().  Fields that follow must be manually
  ** initialized. */
  i8 iPage;                 /* Index of current page in apPage */
  u8 curIntKey;             /* Value of apPage[0]->intKey */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
  void *padding1;           /* Make object size a multiple of 16 */
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};

/*
** Legal values for BtCursor.curFlags
*/
#define BTCF_WriteFlag    0x01   /* True if a write cursor */
#define BTCF_ValidNKey    0x02   /* True if info.nKey is valid */
#define BTCF_ValidOvfl    0x04   /* True if aOverflow is valid */
#define BTCF_AtLast       0x08   /* Cursor is pointing ot the last entry */
#define BTCF_Incrblob     0x10   /* True if an incremental I/O handle */
#define BTCF_Multiple     0x20   /* Maybe another cursor on the same btree */

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
................................................................................
** Routines to read or write a two- and four-byte big-endian integer values.
*/
#define get2byte(x)   ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#define put2byte(p,v) ((p)[0] = (u8)((v)>>8), (p)[1] = (u8)(v))
#define get4byte sqlite3Get4byte
#define put4byte sqlite3Put4byte

/*
** get2byteAligned(), unlike get2byte(), requires that its argument point to a
** two-byte aligned address.  get2bytea() is only used for accessing the
** cell addresses in a btree header.
*/
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
# define get2byteAligned(x)  (*(u16*)(x))
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && GCC_VERSION>=4008000
# define get2byteAligned(x)  __builtin_bswap16(*(u16*)(x))
#else
# define get2byteAligned(x)  ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#endif

/************** End of btreeInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in btmutex.c ********************/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE

/*
** Obtain the BtShared mutex associated with B-Tree handle p. Also,
................................................................................
*/
static void invalidateIncrblobCursors(
  Btree *pBtree,          /* The database file to check */
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  if( pBtree->hasIncrblobCur==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 0;
  for(p=pBtree->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0 ){
      pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 1;
      if( isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow ){

        p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      }
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
................................................................................

  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( 0==pCur->curIntKey ){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->curIntKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
................................................................................
/*
** Save the positions of all cursors (except pExcept) that are open on
** the table with root-page iRoot.  "Saving the cursor position" means that
** the location in the btree is remembered in such a way that it can be
** moved back to the same spot after the btree has been modified.  This
** routine is called just before cursor pExcept is used to modify the
** table, for example in BtreeDelete() or BtreeInsert().
**
** If there are two or more cursors on the same btree, then all such 
** cursors should have their BTCF_Multiple flag set.  The btreeCursor()
** routine enforces that rule.  This routine only needs to be called in
** the uncommon case when pExpect has the BTCF_Multiple flag set.
**
** If pExpect!=NULL and if no other cursors are found on the same root-page,
** then the BTCF_Multiple flag on pExpect is cleared, to avoid another
** pointless call to this routine.
**
** Implementation note:  This routine merely checks to see if any cursors
** need to be saved.  It calls out to saveCursorsOnList() in the (unusual)
** event that cursors are in need to being saved.
*/
static int saveAllCursors(BtShared *pBt, Pgno iRoot, BtCursor *pExcept){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pExcept==0 || pExcept->pBt==pBt );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p!=pExcept && (0==iRoot || p->pgnoRoot==iRoot) ) break;
  }
  if( p ) return saveCursorsOnList(p, iRoot, pExcept);
  if( pExcept ) pExcept->curFlags &= ~BTCF_Multiple;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* This helper routine to saveAllCursors does the actual work of saving
** the cursors if and when a cursor is found that actually requires saving.
** The common case is that no cursors need to be saved, so this routine is
** broken out from its caller to avoid unnecessary stack pointer movement.
*/
................................................................................
  #define ptrmapPutOvflPtr(x, y, rc)
#endif

/*
** Given a btree page and a cell index (0 means the first cell on
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
** findCellPastPtr() does the same except it skips past the initial
** 4-byte child pointer found on interior pages, if there is one.
**
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byteAligned(&(P)->aCellIdx[2*(I)])))
#define findCellPastPtr(P,I) \
  ((P)->aDataOfst + ((P)->maskPage & get2byteAligned(&(P)->aCellIdx[2*(I)])))


/*


** This is common tail processing for btreeParseCellPtr() and
** btreeParseCellPtrIndex() for the case when the cell does not fit entirely
** on a single B-tree page.  Make necessary adjustments to the CellInfo
** structure.
*/






static SQLITE_NOINLINE void btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
  ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
  ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
  ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
  ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
  **
  ** Warning:  changing the way overflow payload is distributed in any
  ** way will result in an incompatible file format.
  */
  int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
  int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
  int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */


  minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
  maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
  surplus = minLocal + (pInfo->nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize-4);
  testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
  testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
  if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
  }else{
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
  }
  pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(&pInfo->pPayload[pInfo->nLocal] - pCell);
  pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
}



/*
** The following routines are implementations of the MemPage.xParseCell()
** method.
**
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.



**
** btreeParseCellPtr()        =>   table btree leaf nodes
** btreeParseCellNoPayload()  =>   table btree internal nodes
** btreeParseCellPtrIndex()   =>   index btree nodes
**
** There is also a wrapper function btreeParseCell() that works for
** all MemPage types and that references the cell by index rather than
** by pointer.
*/
static void btreeParseCellPtrNoPayload(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 );
  assert( pPage->noPayload );
  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
  pInfo->nSize = 4 + getVarint(&pCell[4], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
  pInfo->nPayload = 0;
  pInfo->nLocal = 0;
  pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  pInfo->pPayload = 0;
  return;
}
static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */
  u64 iKey;               /* Extracted Key value */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf || pPage->noPayload );
  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf );
  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==0 );
  pIter = pCell;

  /* The next block of code is equivalent to:
  **
  **     pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nPayload);
  **
  ** The code is inlined to avoid a function call.
  */
  nPayload = *pIter;
  if( nPayload>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nPayload &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nPayload = (nPayload<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( (*pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;

  /* The next block of code is equivalent to:
  **
  **     pIter += getVarint(pIter, (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);



  **
  ** The code is inlined to avoid a function call.
  */
  iKey = *pIter;
  if( iKey>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[7];
    iKey &= 0x7f;
    while(1){
      iKey = (iKey<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
      if( (*pIter)<0x80 ) break;
      if( pIter>=pEnd ){
        iKey = (iKey<<8) | *++pIter;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  pIter++;

  pInfo->nKey = *(i64*)&iKey;
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;


  }else{
    btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(pPage, pCell, pInfo);
  }
}
static void btreeParseCellPtrIndex(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf==0 );
  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );
  pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize;

  nPayload = *pIter;
  if( nPayload>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nPayload &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nPayload = (nPayload<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(pPage, pCell, pInfo);
























  }
}
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell), pInfo);
}

/*
** The following routines are implementations of the MemPage.xCellSize
** method.
**
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
**
** cellSizePtrNoPayload()    =>   table internal nodes
** cellSizePtr()             =>   all index nodes & table leaf nodes
*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;                                /* End mark for a varint */
  u32 nSize;                               /* Size value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );





  nSize = *pIter;
  if( nSize>=0x80 ){
    pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nSize &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nSize = (nSize<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4 + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)nSize;
}
static u16 cellSizePtrNoPayload(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + 4; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;              /* End mark for a varint */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
  pEnd = pIter + 9;
  while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  assert( debuginfo.nSize==(u16)(pIter - pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)(pIter - pCell);
}


#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  return pPage->xCellSize(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell));
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
    /* These conditions have already been verified in btreeInitPage()
    ** if PRAGMA cell_size_check=ON.
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
................................................................................
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg.  If corruption is
** detected then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
**
** Slots on the free list that are between 1 and 3 bytes larger than nByte
** will be ignored if adding the extra space to the fragmentation count
** causes the fragmentation count to exceed 60.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr = hdr + 1;
  int pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]);
  int x;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;


  assert( pc>0 );
  do{
    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
    ** increasing offset. */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22710-53328 The third and fourth bytes of each
    ** freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock
    ** in bytes, including the 4-byte header. */
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);

    if( (x = size - nByte)>=0 ){
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );
      if( pc < pPg->cellOffset+2*pPg->nCell || size+pc > usableSize ){
        *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else if( x<4 ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-11498-58022 In a well-formed b-tree page, the total
        ** number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. */
        if( aData[hdr+7]>57 ) return 0;



        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;



      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
    iAddr = pc;
    pc = get2byte(&aData[pc]);
  }while( pc );

  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
................................................................................
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  assert( top<=(int)pPage->pBt->usableSize ); /* Prevent by getAndInitPage() */
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 && pPage->pBt->usableSize==65536 ){
      top = 65536;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( (data[hdr+2] || data[hdr+1]) && gap+2<=top ){

    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc);


    if( pSpace ){
      assert( pSpace>=data && (pSpace - data)<65536 );
      *pIdx = (int)(pSpace - data);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){

    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
    **    iPtr:       The address of a pointer to iFreeBlk
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      if( iEnd > pPage->pBt->usableSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
    ** pointer in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be
    ** coalesced onto the end of iPtr.
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pPage->xCellSize = cellSizePtr;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-03640-13415 A value of 5 means the page is an interior
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY)==5 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20501-61796 A value of 13 means the page is a leaf
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF)==13 );
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      pPage->intKeyLeaf = 1;
      pPage->noPayload = 0;
      pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtr;
    }else{
      pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
      pPage->noPayload = 1;
      pPage->xCellSize = cellSizePtrNoPayload;
      pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtrNoPayload;
    }
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-27225-53936 A value of 2 means the page is an interior
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA)==2 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-16571-11615 A value of 10 means the page is a leaf
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA|PTF_LEAF)==10 );
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;
    pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtrIndex;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-47608-56469 Any other value for the b-tree page type is
    ** an error. */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 8 + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pPage->aDataEnd = &data[usableSize];
    pPage->aCellIdx = &data[cellOffset];
    pPage->aDataOfst = &data[pPage->childPtrSize];
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-58015-48175 The two-byte integer at offset 5 designates
    ** the start of the cell content area. A zero value for this integer is
    ** interpreted as 65536. */
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-32774 The two-byte integer at offset 3 gives the
    ** number of cells on the page. */
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
................................................................................
    iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
    if( pBt->db->flags & SQLITE_CellSizeCk ){
      int i;            /* Index into the cell pointer array */
      int sz;           /* Size of a cell */

      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast--;
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
        pc = get2byteAligned(&data[cellOffset+i*2]);
        testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
        testcase( pc==iCellLast );
        if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
        sz = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &data[pc]);
        testcase( pc+sz==usableSize );
        if( pc+sz>usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
................................................................................
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - first);
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->aDataEnd = &data[pBt->usableSize];
  pPage->aCellIdx = &data[first];
  pPage->aDataOfst = &data[pPage->childPtrSize];
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}

................................................................................
*/
static MemPage *btreePageFromDbPage(DbPage *pDbPage, Pgno pgno, BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pPage = (MemPage*)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
  pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  pPage->pDbPage = pDbPage;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  return pPage; 
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.  See also: btreeGetUnusedPage().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.
**
** If pCur!=0 then the page is being fetched as part of a moveToChild()
** call.  Do additional sanity checking on the page in this case.
** And if the fetch fails, this routine must decrement pCur->iPage.
**
** The page is fetched as read-write unless pCur is not NULL and is
** a read-only cursor.
**
** If an error occurs, then *ppPage is undefined. It
** may remain unchanged, or it may be set to an invalid value.
*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,                  /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage,               /* Write the page pointer here */
  BtCursor *pCur,                 /* Cursor to receive the page, or NULL */
  int bReadOnly                   /* True for a read-only page */
){
  int rc;
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  assert( pCur==0 || ppPage==&pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur==0 || bReadOnly==pCur->curPagerFlags );
  assert( pCur==0 || pCur->iPage>0 );

  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto getAndInitPage_error;

  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, bReadOnly);
  if( rc ){
    goto getAndInitPage_error;
  }
  *ppPage = btreePageFromDbPage(pDbPage, pgno, pBt);
  if( (*ppPage)->isInit==0 ){
    rc = btreeInitPage(*ppPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
      goto getAndInitPage_error;
    }
  }

  /* If obtaining a child page for a cursor, we must verify that the page is
  ** compatible with the root page. */
  if( pCur
   && ((*ppPage)->nCell<1 || (*ppPage)->intKey!=pCur->curIntKey)
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    releasePage(*ppPage);
    goto getAndInitPage_error;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;

getAndInitPage_error:
  if( pCur ) pCur->iPage--;
  testcase( pgno==0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 || rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a MemPage.  This should be called once for each prior
** call to btreeGetPage.
*/
static void releasePageNotNull(MemPage *pPage){

  assert( pPage->aData );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( pPage->pDbPage!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPage->pDbPage);
}
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ) releasePageNotNull(pPage);
}

/*
** Get an unused page.
**
** This works just like btreeGetPage() with the addition:
**
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( countValidCursors(pBt,0)==0 || pBt->inTransaction>TRANS_NONE );
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
    assert( pPage1->aData );
    assert( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)==1 );
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    releasePageNotNull(pPage1);
  }
}

/*
** If pBt points to an empty file then convert that empty file
** into a new empty database by initializing the first page of
** the database.
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow
         && pCell+info.iOverflow+3<=pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage
         && iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow])
        ){
          put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;                /* Shared b-tree handle */
  BtCursor *pX;                          /* Looping over other all cursors */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==1 );

  /* The following assert statements verify that if this is a sharable 
  ** b-tree database, the connection is holding the required table locks, 
  ** and that no other connection has any open cursor that conflicts with 
................................................................................
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, pKeyInfo!=0, wrFlag+1) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || !hasReadConflicts(p, iTable) );

  /* Assert that the caller has opened the required transaction. */
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 && pBt->pPage1->aData );

  assert( wrFlag==0 || (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );


  if( wrFlag ){
    allocateTempSpace(pBt);
    if( pBt->pTmpSpace==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( iTable==1 && btreePagecount(pBt)==0 ){
    assert( wrFlag==0 );
    iTable = 0;
................................................................................
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  pCur->iPage = -1;
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==BTCF_WriteFlag );
  pCur->curFlags = wrFlag;
  pCur->curPagerFlags = wrFlag ? 0 : PAGER_GET_READONLY;
  /* If there are two or more cursors on the same btree, then all such
  ** cursors *must* have the BTCF_Multiple flag set. */
  for(pX=pBt->pCursor; pX; pX=pX->pNext){


    if( pX->pgnoRoot==(Pgno)iTable ){
      pX->curFlags |= BTCF_Multiple;
      pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Multiple;
    }
  }
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
    int i;
    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
    assert( pBt->pCursor!=0 );
    if( pBt->pCursor==pCur ){
      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;
    }else{
      BtCursor *pPrev = pBt->pCursor;
      do{
        if( pPrev->pNext==pCur ){
          pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
          break;
        }
        pPrev = pPrev->pNext;

      }while( ALWAYS(pPrev) );
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pCur->aOverflow);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
................................................................................
/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** btreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to btreeParseCell().







*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( CORRUPT_DB || memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif


static SQLITE_NOINLINE void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;

    pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
  }else{
    assertCellInfo(pCur);
  }
}












#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
** Return true if the given BtCursor is valid.  A valid cursor is one
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
**
** This function returns SQLITE_CORRUPT if the page-header flags field of
** the new child page does not match the flags field of the parent (i.e.
** if an intkey page appears to be the parent of a non-intkey page, or
** vice-versa).
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){



  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }







  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);




  pCur->iPage++;
  pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = 0;
  return getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage],
                        pCur, pCur->curPagerFlags);
}

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Page pParent is an internal (non-leaf) tree page. This function 
** asserts that page number iChild is the left-child if the iIdx'th
** cell in page pParent. Or, if iIdx is equal to the total number of
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assertParentIndex(
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->pgno
  );
  testcase( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1] > pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1]->nCell );



  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  releasePageNotNull(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);
}

/*
** Move the cursor to point to the root page of its b-tree structure.
**
** If the table has a virtual root page, then the cursor is moved to point
** to the virtual root page instead of the actual root page. A table has a
................................................................................
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }

  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    while( pCur->iPage ){
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]!=0 );
      releasePageNotNull(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);
    }
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    assert( pCur->iPage==(-1) );
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],

                        0, pCur->curPagerFlags);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
    pCur->curIntKey = pCur->apPage[0]->intKey;
  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );

  /* If pCur->pKeyInfo is not NULL, then the caller that opened this cursor
  ** expected to open it on an index b-tree. Otherwise, if pKeyInfo is
  ** NULL, the caller expects a table b-tree. If this is not the case,
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0
   && pCur->curIntKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_AtLast)!=0 && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell>0 );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;
    assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey==pCur->curIntKey );
  assert( pCur->curIntKey || pIdxKey );
  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr, idx, c;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    u8 *pCell;                          /* Pointer to current cell in pPage */

    /* pPage->nCell must be greater than zero. If this is the root-page
................................................................................
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCellPastPtr(pPage, idx);
        if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey<intKey ){
................................................................................
        }
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2; */
      }
    }else{
      for(;;){
        int nCell;  /* Size of the pCell cell in bytes */
        pCell = findCellPastPtr(pPage, idx);

        /* The maximum supported page-size is 65536 bytes. This means that
        ** the maximum number of record bytes stored on an index B-Tree
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
................................................................................
          **
          ** If the record is corrupt, the xRecordCompare routine may read
          ** up to two varints past the end of the buffer. An extra 18 
          ** bytes of padding is allocated at the end of the buffer in
          ** case this happens.  */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
          pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCellBody, &pCur->info);
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          testcase( nCell<0 );   /* True if key size is 2^32 or more */
          testcase( nCell==0 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x00 */
          testcase( nCell==1 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x01 */
          testcase( nCell==2 );  /* Minimum legal index key size */
          if( nCell<2 ){
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlite3PagerWrite()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3PagerUnref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage is set to NULL in the event of an error.

**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then an effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the eMode parameter is BTALLOC_EXACT and the nearby page exists
................................................................................
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    u32 nSearch = 0;   /* Count of the number of search attempts */
    
    /* If eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59841-13798 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32
        ** stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if
        ** the freelist is empty. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage || nSearch++ > n ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          noContent = !btreeGetHasContent(pBt, *pPgno)? PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT : 0;
          rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, noContent);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
              *ppPage = 0;
            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
................................................................................
  
  /* Fill in the payload size */
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    pSrc = pData;
    nSrc = nData;
    nData = 0;
  }else{ 
    assert( nKey<=0x7fffffff && pKey!=0 );


    nPayload = (int)nKey;
    pSrc = pKey;
    nSrc = (int)nKey;
  }
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    n = nHeader + nPayload;
    testcase( n==3 );
................................................................................
  **
  ** Use a call to btreeParseCellPtr() to verify that the values above
  ** were computed correctly.
  */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  {
    CellInfo info;
    pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
    assert( nHeader=(int)(info.pPayload - pCell) );
    assert( info.nKey==nKey );
    assert( *pnSize == info.nSize );
    assert( spaceLeft == info.nLocal );
    assert( pPrior == &pCell[info.iOverflow] );
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int sz,           /* Bytes of content in pCell */
  u8 *pTemp,        /* Temp storage space for pCell, if needed */
  Pgno iChild,      /* If non-zero, replace first 4 bytes with this value */
  int *pRC          /* Read and write return code from here */
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */



  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *pIns;         /* The point in pPage->aCellIdx[] where no cell inserted */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
  assert( sz==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, pCell) || (sz==8 && iChild>0) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<(int)(sizeof(pPage->apOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->apOvfl[0])) );
    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;

    /* When multiple overflows occur, they are always sequential and in
    ** sorted order.  This invariants arise because multiple overflows can
    ** only occur when inserting divider cells into the parent page during
    ** balancing, and the dividers are adjacent and sorted.
    */
    assert( j==0 || pPage->aiOvfl[j-1]<(u16)i ); /* Overflows in sorted order */
    assert( j==0 || i==pPage->aiOvfl[j-1]+1 );   /* Overflows are sequential */
  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRC = rc;
      return;
    }
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
    data = pPage->aData;
    assert( &data[pPage->cellOffset]==pPage->aCellIdx );


    rc = allocateSpace(pPage, sz, &idx);
    if( rc ){ *pRC = rc; return; }
    /* The allocateSpace() routine guarantees the following properties
    ** if it returns successfully */
    assert( idx >= 0 );
    assert( idx >= pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell+2 || CORRUPT_DB );
    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );

    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx], pCell, sz);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    pIns = pPage->aCellIdx + i*2;
    memmove(pIns+2, pIns, 2*(pPage->nCell - i));
    put2byte(pIns, idx);
    pPage->nCell++;
    /* increment the cell count */
    if( (++data[pPage->hdrOffset+4])==0 ) data[pPage->hdrOffset+3]++;
    assert( get2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3])==pPage->nCell );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** A CellArray object contains a cache of pointers and sizes for a
** consecutive sequence of cells that might be held multiple pages.
*/
typedef struct CellArray CellArray;
struct CellArray {
  int nCell;              /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  MemPage *pRef;          /* Reference page */
  u8 **apCell;            /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;            /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
};

/*
** Make sure the cell sizes at idx, idx+1, ..., idx+N-1 have been
** computed.
*/
static void populateCellCache(CellArray *p, int idx, int N){
  assert( idx>=0 && idx+N<=p->nCell );
  while( N>0 ){
    assert( p->apCell[idx]!=0 );
    if( p->szCell[idx]==0 ){
      p->szCell[idx] = p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[idx]);
    }else{
      assert( CORRUPT_DB ||
              p->szCell[idx]==p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[idx]) );
    }
    idx++;
    N--;
  }
}

/*
** Return the size of the Nth element of the cell array
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE u16 computeCellSize(CellArray *p, int N){
  assert( N>=0 && N<p->nCell );
  assert( p->szCell[N]==0 );
  p->szCell[N] = p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[N]);
  return p->szCell[N];
}
static u16 cachedCellSize(CellArray *p, int N){
  assert( N>=0 && N<p->nCell );
  if( p->szCell[N] ) return p->szCell[N];
  return computeCellSize(p, N);
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
................................................................................
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static int rebuildPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
................................................................................
  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];

    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
    if( pData < pCellptr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    assert( szCell[i]==pPg->xCellSize(pPg, pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
    testcase( szCell[i]!=pPg->xCellSize(pPg,pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
................................................................................
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int iFirst,                     /* Index of first cell to add */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  int iEnd = iFirst + nCell;
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=iFirst; i<iEnd; i++){

    int sz, rc;
    u8 *pSlot;
    sz = cachedCellSize(pCArray, i);
    if( (aData[1]==0 && aData[2]==0) || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg,sz,&rc))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, pCArray->apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int iFirst,                     /* First cell to delete */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;
  int iEnd = iFirst + nCell;
  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=iFirst; i<iEnd; i++){
    u8 *pCell = pCArray->apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz;
      /* No need to use cachedCellSize() here.  The sizes of all cells that
      ** are to be freed have already been computing while deciding which
      ** cells need freeing */
      sz = pCArray->szCell[i];  assert( sz>0 );
      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ){
          assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
          freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
        }
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
................................................................................
**
** This routine makes the necessary adjustments to pPg so that it contains
** the correct cells after being balanced.
**
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static int editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells and sizes */

){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(pPg, iOld, iNew-iOld, pCArray);


    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(pPg, iNewEnd, iOldEnd - iNewEnd, pCArray);


  }

  pData = &aData[get2byteNotZero(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = MIN(nNew,iOld-iNew);
    assert( (iOld-iNew)<nNew || nCell==0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          iNew, nAdd, pCArray
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            iCell+iNew, 1, pCArray
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        iNew+nCell, nNew-nCell, pCArray
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = pCArray->apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byteAligned(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff],
            pCArray->pRef->xCellSize(pCArray->pRef, pCArray->apCell[i+iNew])) );
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  populateCellCache(pCArray, iNew, nNew);
  return rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &pCArray->apCell[iNew], &pCArray->szCell[iNew]);
}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    u8 *pOut = &pSpace[4];
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rc = rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    if( NEVER(rc) ) return rc;
    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->isInit );

    for(j=0; j<pPage->nCell; j++){
      CellInfo info;
      u8 *z;
     
      z = findCell(pPage, j);
      pPage->xParseCell(pPage, z, &info);
      if( info.iOverflow ){
        Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&z[info.iOverflow]);
        ptrmapGet(pBt, ovfl, &e, &n);
        assert( n==pPage->pgno && e==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 );
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ){
        Pgno child = get4byte(z);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */

  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nNew = 0;                /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* The return code */
  u16 leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int leafData;                /* True if pPage is a leaf of a LEAFDATA tree */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */

  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in b.paCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in b.apCell[] */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells placed on i-th page */


  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  Pgno aPgOrder[NB+2];         /* Copy of aPgno[] used for sorting pages */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */
  CellArray b;                  /* Parsed information on cells being balanced */

  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));
  b.nCell = 0;
  b.apCell = 0;
  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  if( (i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow)==pParent->nCell ){
    pRight = &pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8];
  }else{
    pRight = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
  }
  pgno = get4byte(pRight);
  while( 1 ){
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &apOld[i], 0, 0);
    if( rc ){
      memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] && pParent->nOverflow ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);

      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
................................................................................
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&b.szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local b.apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in b.apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** b.apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in b.apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  b.pRef = apOld[0];
  leafCorrection = b.pRef->leaf*4;
  leafData = b.pRef->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){

    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];
    int limit = pOld->nCell;
    u8 *aData = pOld->aData;
    u16 maskPage = pOld->maskPage;
    u8 *piCell = aData + pOld->cellOffset;
    u8 *piEnd;

    /* Verify that all sibling pages are of the same "type" (table-leaf,
    ** table-interior, index-leaf, or index-interior).
    */
    if( pOld->aData[0]!=apOld[0]->aData[0] ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }

    /* Load b.apCell[] with pointers to all cells in pOld.  If pOld
    ** constains overflow cells, include them in the b.apCell[] array
    ** in the correct spot.
    **
    ** Note that when there are multiple overflow cells, it is always the
    ** case that they are sequential and adjacent.  This invariant arises
    ** because multiple overflows can only occurs when inserting divider
    ** cells into a parent on a prior balance, and divider cells are always
    ** adjacent and are inserted in order.  There is an assert() tagged
    ** with "NOTE 1" in the overflow cell insertion loop to prove this
    ** invariant.
    **
    ** This must be done in advance.  Once the balance starts, the cell
    ** offset section of the btree page will be overwritten and we will no
    ** long be able to find the cells if a pointer to each cell is not saved
    ** first.
    */
    memset(&b.szCell[b.nCell], 0, sizeof(b.szCell[0])*limit);
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      memset(&b.szCell[b.nCell+limit], 0, sizeof(b.szCell[0])*pOld->nOverflow);
      limit = pOld->aiOvfl[0];
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){



        b.apCell[b.nCell] = aData + (maskPage & get2byteAligned(piCell));
        piCell += 2;
        b.nCell++;
      }



      for(k=0; k<pOld->nOverflow; k++){
        assert( k==0 || pOld->aiOvfl[k-1]+1==pOld->aiOvfl[k] );/* NOTE 1 */
        b.apCell[b.nCell] = pOld->apOvfl[k];
        b.nCell++;
      }
    }
    piEnd = aData + pOld->cellOffset + 2*pOld->nCell;

    while( piCell<piEnd ){
      assert( b.nCell<nMaxCells );


      b.apCell[b.nCell] = aData + (maskPage & get2byteAligned(piCell));
      piCell += 2;
      b.nCell++;
    }

    cntOld[i] = b.nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( b.nCell<nMaxCells );
      b.szCell[b.nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iSpace1 <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
      b.apCell[b.nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
      assert( leafCorrection==0 || leafCorrection==4 );
      b.szCell[b.nCell] = b.szCell[b.nCell] - leafCorrection;
      if( !pOld->leaf ){
        assert( leafCorrection==0 );
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(b.apCell[b.nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        while( b.szCell[b.nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. If a smaller cell
          ** does exist, pad it with 0x00 bytes. */
          assert( b.szCell[b.nCell]==3 || CORRUPT_DB );
          assert( b.apCell[b.nCell]==&aSpace1[iSpace1-3] || CORRUPT_DB );
          aSpace1[iSpace1++] = 0x00;
          b.szCell[b.nCell]++;
        }
      }
      b.nCell++;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Figure out the number of pages needed to hold all b.nCell cells.
  ** Store this number in "k".  Also compute szNew[] which is the total
  ** size of all cells on the i-th page and cntNew[] which is the index
  ** in b.apCell[] of the cell that divides page i from page i+1.  
  ** cntNew[k] should equal b.nCell.
  **
  ** Values computed by this block:
  **
  **           k: The total number of sibling pages
  **    szNew[i]: Spaced used on the i-th sibling page.
  **   cntNew[i]: Index in b.apCell[] and b.szCell[] for the first cell to
  **              the right of the i-th sibling page.
  ** usableSpace: Number of bytes of space available on each sibling.
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    MemPage *p = apOld[i];
    szNew[i] = usableSpace - p->nFree;
    if( szNew[i]<0 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    for(j=0; j<p->nOverflow; j++){
      szNew[i] += 2 + p->xCellSize(p, p->apOvfl[j]);
    }
    cntNew[i] = cntOld[i];
  }
  k = nOld;
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    int sz;
    while( szNew[i]>usableSpace ){

      if( i+1>=k ){
        k = i+2;
        if( k>NB+2 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
        szNew[k-1] = 0;
        cntNew[k-1] = b.nCell;
      }
      sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]-1);
      szNew[i] -= sz;
      if( !leafData ){
        if( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
          sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
        }else{
          sz = 0;
        }
      }
      szNew[i+1] += sz;
      cntNew[i]--;
    }
    while( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
      sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
      if( szNew[i]+sz>usableSpace ) break;
      szNew[i] += sz;
      cntNew[i]++;
      if( !leafData ){
        if( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
          sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
        }else{
          sz = 0;
        }
      }
      szNew[i+1] -= sz;
    }
    if( cntNew[i]>=b.nCell ){
      k = i+1;
    }else if( cntNew[i] <= (i>0 ? cntNew[i-1] : 0) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
  }




  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side (siblings with smaller keys). The left siblings are
  ** always nearly full, while the right-most sibling might be nearly empty.
  ** The next block of code attempts to adjust the packing of siblings to
  ** get a better balance.
................................................................................
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
    int szLeft = szNew[i-1]; /* Size of sibling on the left */
    int r;              /* Index of right-most cell in left sibling */
    int d;              /* Index of first cell to the left of right sibling */

    r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
    d = r + 1 - leafData;
    (void)cachedCellSize(&b, d);
    do{
      assert( d<nMaxCells );
      assert( r<nMaxCells );
      (void)cachedCellSize(&b, r);
      if( szRight!=0


       && (bBulk || szRight+b.szCell[d]+2 > szLeft-(b.szCell[r]+2)) ){
        break;
      }
      szRight += b.szCell[d] + 2;
      szLeft -= b.szCell[r] + 2;
      cntNew[i-1] = r;



      r--;
      d--;
    }while( r>=0 );
    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;
    if( cntNew[i-1] <= (i>1 ? cntNew[i-2] : 0) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Sanity check:  For a non-corrupt database file one of the follwing
  ** must be true:
  **    (1) We found one or more cells (cntNew[0])>0), or
  **    (2) pPage is a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when
  **        the real root page is page 1 and we are the only child of
................................................................................
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = b.nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
................................................................................
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<b.nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = b.apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
................................................................................
       || pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld]
       || pCell<aOld
       || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize]
      ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( cachedCellSize(&b,i)>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }
        if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    assert( b.apCell[j]!=0 );
    pCell = b.apCell[j];
    sz = b.szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in b.apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      pNew->xParseCell(pNew, b.apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
................................................................................
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( b.szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
      ** only after iPg+1 has already been updated. */
      assert( cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1] );

      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : b.nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      rc = editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, &b);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      abDone[iPg]++;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }

................................................................................
      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, b.nCell));

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(b.apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

................................................................................
  ** keys, the VDBE layer invokes sqlite3BtreeLast() to figure out the 
  ** integer key to use. It then calls this function to actually insert the 
  ** data into the intkey B-Tree. In this case btreeMoveto() recognizes
  ** that the cursor is already where it needs to be and returns without
  ** doing any work. To avoid thwarting these optimizations, it is important
  ** not to clear the cursor here.
  */
  if( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_Multiple ){
    rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    assert( pKey==0 );
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary
    ** btreeMoveto() call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && nKey>0
      && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
       loc = -1;
    }else if( loc==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, 0, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }


  }else if( loc==0 ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || (pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID && loc) );

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
................................................................................
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );

  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );





  iCellDepth = pCur->iPage;
  iCellIdx = pCur->aiIdx[iCellDepth];
  pPage = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth];
  pCell = findCell(pPage, iCellIdx);

  /* If the page containing the entry to delete is not a leaf page, move
................................................................................
  }

  /* Save the positions of any other cursors open on this table before
  ** making any modifications. Make the page containing the entry to be 
  ** deleted writable. Then free any overflow pages associated with the 
  ** entry and finally remove the cell itself from within the page.  
  */
  if( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_Multiple ){
    rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  /* If this is a delete operation to remove a row from a table b-tree,
  ** invalidate any incrblob cursors open on the row being deleted.  */
  if( pCur->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, pCur->info.nKey, 0);
  }

................................................................................
    MemPage *pLeaf = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    if( pCell<&pLeaf->aData[4] ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    nCell = pLeaf->xCellSize(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );
    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;
    assert( pTmp!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int hdr;
  u16 szCell;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, 0, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( pPage->bBusy ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  pPage->bBusy = 1;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
................................................................................

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    pCheck->zPfx = "On tree page %d cell %d: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
    pCheck->v2 = i;
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nPayload;
    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      if( i==0 ){
        nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;
      }else if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
................................................................................
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-23882-45353 The cell pointer array of a b-tree page
    ** immediately follows the b-tree page header. */
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02776-14802 The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte
    ** integer offsets to the cell contents. */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byteAligned(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        btreeHeapInsert(heap, (pc<<16)|(pc+size-1));
................................................................................
}

/* 
** Mark this cursor as an incremental blob cursor.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Incrblob;
  pCur->pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 1;
}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
................................................................................
** is forced.  In other words, the value is converted into the desired
** affinity even if that results in loss of data.  This routine is
** used (for example) to implement the SQL "cast()" operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem *pMem, u8 aff, u8 encoding){
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_Null ) return;
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_BLOB: {   /* Really a cast to BLOB */
      if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pMem, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Str || pMem->db->mallocFailed );
        MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Blob);
      }else{
        pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of
** pTo are freed.  The pFrom->z field is not duplicated.  If
** pFrom->z is used, then pTo->z points to the same thing as pFrom->z
** and flags gets srcType (either MEM_Ephem or MEM_Static).
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
  }
}
................................................................................
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){
    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{



    rc = vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(pCur, offset, amt, key, pMem);












  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** The sqlite3ValueBytes() routine returns the number of bytes in the
** sqlite3_value object assuming that it uses the encoding "enc".
** The valueBytes() routine is a helper function.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int valueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  return valueToText(pVal, enc)!=0 ? pVal->n : 0;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Null)==0 || (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Str)!=0 && pVal->enc==enc ){
    return p->n;
  }
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ) return 0;
  return valueBytes(pVal, enc);
}

/************** End of vdbemem.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeaux.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2003 September 6
**
................................................................................
  const char *zP4,    /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value with a P4_INT64 type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
  const u8 *zP4,      /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  char *p4copy = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3VdbeDb(p), 8);
  if( p4copy ) memcpy(p4copy, zP4, 8);
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(p, op, p1, p2, p3, p4copy, p4type);
}

/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
................................................................................
**
**   *  OP_Halt with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_HaltIfNull with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_Destroy
**   *  OP_VUpdate
**   *  OP_VRename
**   *  OP_FkCounter with P2==0 (immediate foreign key constraint)
**   *  OP_CreateTable and OP_InitCoroutine (for CREATE TABLE AS SELECT ...)
**
** Then check that the value of Parse.mayAbort is true if an
** ABORT may be thrown, or false otherwise. Return true if it does
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;
  int hasFkCounter = 0;
  int hasCreateTable = 0;
  int hasInitCoroutine = 0;
  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
................................................................................
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
    if( opcode==OP_CreateTable ) hasCreateTable = 1;
    if( opcode==OP_InitCoroutine ) hasInitCoroutine = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    if( opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1 ){
      hasFkCounter = 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter
              || (hasCreateTable && hasInitCoroutine) );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
  p->bIsReader = 0;
  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;

    /* NOTE: Be sure to update mkopcodeh.awk when adding or removing
    ** cases from this switch! */
    switch( opcode ){





      case OP_Transaction: {
        if( pOp->p2!=0 ) p->readOnly = 0;
        /* fall thru */
      }
      case OP_AutoCommit:
      case OP_Savepoint: {
        p->bIsReader = 1;
................................................................................
/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_FUNCCTX: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, ((sqlite3_context*)p4)->pFunc);
        /* Fall through into the next case */
      }
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_INTARRAY: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    case P4_FUNCCTX: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pCtx->pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case P4_INT64: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%lld", *pOp->p4.pI64);
      break;
    }
    case P4_INT32: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%d", pOp->p4.i);
      break;
................................................................................
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;

  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  vdbeLeave(p);
}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
................................................................................
  n = (u32)pMem->n;
  if( flags & MEM_Zero ){
    n += pMem->u.nZero;
  }
  return ((n*2) + 12 + ((flags&MEM_Str)!=0));
}

/*
** The sizes for serial types less than 12
*/
static const u8 sqlite3SmallTypeSizes[] = {
  0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0
};

/*
** Return the length of the data corresponding to the supplied serial-type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32 serial_type){
  if( serial_type>=12 ){
    return (serial_type-12)/2;
  }else{

    return sqlite3SmallTypeSizes[serial_type];
  }
}

/*
** If we are on an architecture with mixed-endian floating 
** points (ex: ARM7) then swap the lower 4 bytes with the 
** upper 4 bytes.  Return the result.
................................................................................
    if( serial_type==7 ){
      assert( sizeof(v)==sizeof(pMem->u.r) );
      memcpy(&v, &pMem->u.r, sizeof(v));
      swapMixedEndianFloat(v);
    }else{
      v = pMem->u.i;
    }
    len = i = sqlite3SmallTypeSizes[serial_type];
    assert( i>0 );
    do{
      buf[--i] = (u8)(v&0xFF);
      v >>= 8;
    }while( i );
    return len;
  }
................................................................................
  testcase( typeRowid==5 );
  testcase( typeRowid==6 );
  testcase( typeRowid==8 );
  testcase( typeRowid==9 );
  if( unlikely(typeRowid<1 || typeRowid>9 || typeRowid==7) ){
    goto idx_rowid_corruption;
  }
  lenRowid = sqlite3SmallTypeSizes[typeRowid];
  testcase( (u32)m.n==szHdr+lenRowid );
  if( unlikely((u32)m.n<szHdr+lenRowid) ){
    goto idx_rowid_corruption;
  }

  /* Fetch the integer off the end of the index record */
  sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((u8*)&m.z[m.n-lenRowid], typeRowid, &v);
................................................................................
**    is not possible.  Note that the integer representation is
**    always preferred, even if the affinity is REAL, because
**    an integer representation is more space efficient on disk.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
**    Convert pRec to a text representation.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_BLOB:
**    No-op.  pRec is unchanged.
*/
static void applyAffinity(
  Mem *pRec,          /* The value to apply affinity to */
  char affinity,      /* The affinity to be applied */
  u8 enc              /* Use this text encoding */
){
................................................................................
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
    u32 iPrior = p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );


    nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps - (iPrior % db->nProgressOps);



  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0
   && (p->db->flags & (SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeEQP|SQLITE_VdbeTrace))!=0
  ){
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function0 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef object that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: Function, AggStep, AggFinal
*/
/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object that
** contains a pointer to the function to be run) with P5 arguments taken
** from register P2 and successors.  The result of the function is stored
** in register P3.  Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** SQL functions are initially coded as OP_Function0 with P4 pointing
** to a FuncDef object.  But on first evaluation, the P4 operand is
** automatically converted into an sqlite3_context object and the operation
** changed to this OP_Function opcode.  In this way, the initialization of
** the sqlite3_context object occurs only once, rather than once for each
** evaluation of the function.
**
** See also: Function0, AggStep, AggFinal
*/
case OP_Function0: {
  int n;

  sqlite3_context *pCtx;



  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;


  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );



  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pOut = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
  pCtx->argc = n;
  pOp->p4type = P4_FUNCCTX;
  pOp->p4.pCtx = pCtx;
  pOp->opcode = OP_Function;
  /* Fall through into OP_Function */
}
case OP_Function: {
  int i;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCCTX );
  pCtx = pOp->p4.pCtx;

  /* If this function is inside of a trigger, the register array in aMem[]
  ** might change from one evaluation to the next.  The next block of code
  ** checks to see if the register array has changed, and if so it
  ** reinitializes the relavant parts of the sqlite3_context object */
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( pCtx->pOut != pOut ){
    pCtx->pOut = pOut;
    for(i=pCtx->argc-1; i>=0; i--) pCtx->argv[i] = &aMem[pOp->p2+i];
  }

  memAboutToChange(p, pCtx->pOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<pCtx->argc; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(pCtx->argv[i]) );


    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pCtx->argv[i]);
  }





#endif
  MemSetTypeFlag(pCtx->pOut, MEM_Null);
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 0;
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*pCtx->pFunc->xFunc)(pCtx, pCtx->argc, pCtx->argv); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Remember rowid changes made by xFunc */

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux ){
    if( pCtx->isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(pCtx->pOut));
      rc = pCtx->isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, pCtx->iOp, pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  if( pOut->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pCtx->pOut, encoding);
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pCtx->pOut) ) goto too_big;

  }

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pCtx->pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pCtx->pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
................................................................................
** <li value="100"> INTEGER
** <li value="101"> REAL
** </ul>
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_Cast: {                  /* in1 */
  assert( pOp->p2>=SQLITE_AFF_BLOB && pOp->p2<=SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeMemCast(pIn1, pOp->p2, encoding);
................................................................................
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** field of the index key.
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity BLOB.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
/* Opcode: ColumnsUsed P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode (which only exists if SQLite was compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK) identifies which columns of the
** table or index for cursor P1 are used.  P4 is a 64-bit integer
** (P4_INT64) in which the first 63 bits are one for each of the
** first 63 columns of the table or index that are actually used
** by the cursor.  The high-order bit is set if any column after
** the 64th is used.
*/
case OP_ColumnsUsed: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  pC->maskUsed = *(u64*)pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
................................................................................

  v = 0;
  res = 0;
  pOut = out2Prerelease(p, pOp);
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  {

    /* The next rowid or record number (different terms for the same
    ** thing) is obtained in a two-step algorithm.
    **
    ** First we attempt to find the largest existing rowid and add one
    ** to that.  But if the largest existing rowid is already the maximum
    ** positive integer, we have to fall through to the second
    ** probabilistic algorithm
................................................................................
**
** This instruction only works for indices.  The equivalent instruction
** for tables is OP_Insert.
*/
case OP_SorterInsert:       /* in2 */
case OP_IdxInsert: {        /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  int nKey;
  const char *zKey;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );

  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
      zKey = pIn2->z;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pC->pCursor, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }
  break;
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->u.i++)==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep0 * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Register P3 is the
** accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
*/
/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context
** object that is used to run the function.  Register P3 is
** as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
**
** This opcode is initially coded as OP_AggStep0.  On first evaluation,
** the FuncDef stored in P4 is converted into an sqlite3_context and
** the opcode is changed.  In this way, the initialization of the
** sqlite3_context only happens once, instead of on each call to the
** step function.
*/
case OP_AggStep0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pMem = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
  pCtx->argc = n;
  pOp->p4type = P4_FUNCCTX;
  pOp->p4.pCtx = pCtx;
  pOp->opcode = OP_AggStep;
  /* Fall through into OP_AggStep */
}
case OP_AggStep: {
  int i;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;
  Mem *pMem;

  Mem t;



  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCCTX );
  pCtx = pOp->p4.pCtx;

  pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];



  /* If this function is inside of a trigger, the register array in aMem[]
  ** might change from one evaluation to the next.  The next block of code
  ** checks to see if the register array has changed, and if so it
  ** reinitializes the relavant parts of the sqlite3_context object */
  if( pCtx->pMem != pMem ){
    pCtx->pMem = pMem;
    for(i=pCtx->argc-1; i>=0; i--) pCtx->argv[i] = &aMem[pOp->p2+i];
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<pCtx->argc; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(pCtx->argv[i]) );


    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pCtx->argv[i]);
  }



#endif

  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  pCtx->pOut = &t;



  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 0;
  pCtx->skipFlag = 0;
  (pCtx->pFunc->xStep)(pCtx,pCtx->argc,pCtx->argv); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux ){
    if( pCtx->isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
      rc = pCtx->isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&t);
  }else{
    assert( t.flags==MEM_Null );
  }
  if( pCtx->skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[i], 1);
  }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is
................................................................................
        if( ExprHasProperty(pItem->pExpr, EP_Agg) ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "aggregate functions are not allowed in "
              "the GROUP BY clause");
          return WRC_Abort;
        }
      }
    }

    /* If this is part of a compound SELECT, check that it has the right
    ** number of expressions in the select list. */
    if( p->pNext && p->pEList->nExpr!=p->pNext->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p->pNext);
      return WRC_Abort;
    }

    /* Advance to the next term of the compound
    */
    p = p->pPrior;
    nCompound++;
  }

................................................................................
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric
    ** affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
    */
    if( sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2) ){
      return SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    }
  }else if( !aff1 && !aff2 ){
    /* Neither side of the comparison is a column.  Compare the
    ** results directly.
    */
    return SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }else{
    /* One side is a column, the other is not. Use the columns affinity. */
    assert( aff1==0 || aff2==0 );
    return (aff1 + aff2);
  }
}

................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( !aff ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
** idx_affinity is the affinity of an indexed column. Return true
** if the index with affinity idx_affinity may be used to implement
** the comparison in pExpr.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity){
  char aff = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_BLOB:
      return 1;
    case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
      return idx_affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    default:
      return sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(idx_affinity);
  }
}
................................................................................
    pNewItem->jointype = pOldItem->jointype;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    pNewItem->isCorrelated = pOldItem->isCorrelated;
    pNewItem->viaCoroutine = pOldItem->viaCoroutine;
    pNewItem->isRecursive = pOldItem->isRecursive;
    pNewItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zIndexedBy);
    pNewItem->notIndexed = pOldItem->notIndexed;
    pNewItem->pIndex = pOldItem->pIndex;
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
................................................................................
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
................................................................................
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}
................................................................................
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
** is harmless.  A false positive, however, can result in the wrong
** answer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr *p, char aff){
  u8 op;
  if( aff==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ) return 1;
  while( p->op==TK_UPLUS || p->op==TK_UMINUS ){ p = p->pLeft; }
  op = p->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      return aff==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }
................................................................................
        */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */












#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  if( ALWAYS(z!=0) ){
    double value;

    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
    assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(value) ); /* The new AtoF never returns NaN */
    if( negateFlag ) value = -value;

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Real, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_REAL);
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
................................................................................
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){

      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
................................................................................
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function0, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      break;
    }
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}







































































































































































































































































/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
}

/*
** Like sqlite3ExprIfFalse() except that a copy is made of pExpr before
** code generation, and that copy is deleted after code generation. This
** ensures that the original pExpr is unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest,int jumpIfNull){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pCopy = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
  if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCopy, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCopy);
}


/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return 0 if the two
** expressions are completely identical.  Return 1 if they differ only
** by a COLLATE operator at the top level.  Return 2 if there are differences
** other than the top-level COLLATE operator.
**
................................................................................

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    int rc;
    rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB, &pVal);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#elif SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iParam );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
................................................................................
    ** The third argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+3);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->nKeyCol, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    assert( "BBB"[0]==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
................................................................................
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regArgs+3-pFunc->nArg, regArgs+3);
    assert( pFunc->nArg==-1 || (pFunc->nArg&0xff)==pFunc->nArg );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(pFunc->nArg));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif

................................................................................
    p->aCol = aNew;
  }
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'BLOB'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
................................................................................
**
** Substring     | Affinity
** --------------------------------
** 'INT'         | SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER
** 'CHAR'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'CLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'TEXT'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'BLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_BLOB
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
................................................................................
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
  zStmt[k++] = '(';
  for(pCol=p->aCol, i=0; i<p->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    static const char * const azType[] = {
        /* SQLITE_AFF_BLOB    */ "",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    */ " TEXT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC */ " NUM",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER */ " INT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_REAL    */ " REAL"
    };
    int len;
    const char *zType;

    sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], zSep);
    k += sqlite3Strlen30(&zStmt[k]);
    zSep = zSep2;
    identPut(zStmt, &k, pCol->zName);
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_BLOB >= 0 );
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_BLOB < ArraySize(azType) );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_BLOB];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
................................................................................
      int addrInsLoop;    /* Top of the loop for inserting rows */
      Table *pSelTab;     /* A table that describes the SELECT results */

      regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      assert(pParse->nTab==1);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 1, pParse->regRoot, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_P2ISREG);
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndexedBy);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->notIndexed==0 && pItem->zIndexedBy==0 );
    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);
    }
  }
}

/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
................................................................................
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
................................................................................
  u8 matchOne;
  u8 matchSet;
  u8 noCase;
};

/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, provde the Utf8Read()
** macro for fast reading of the next character in the common case where
** the next character is ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)        (*((*A)++))
# define Utf8Read(A)               (*(A++))

#else


# define Utf8Read(A)               (A[0]<0x80?*(A++):sqlite3Utf8Read(&A))
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
**      '%'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters
**
***     '_'       Matches any one character
**
**      Ec        Where E is the "esc" character and c is any other
**                character, including '%', '_', and esc, match exactly c.
**
** The comments within this routine usually assume glob matching.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
................................................................................
  /* The GLOB operator does not have an ESCAPE clause.  And LIKE does not
  ** have the matchSet operator.  So we either have to look for one or
  ** the other, never both.  Hence the single variable matchOther is used
  ** to store the one we have to look for.
  */
  matchOther = esc ? esc : pInfo->matchSet;

  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */

      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }else{
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'F'            REAL
**
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
................................................................................
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_BLOB affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_BLOB values) and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character per column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;
................................................................................
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;
    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  i = sqlite3Strlen30(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
    }else{
................................................................................
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
................................................................................
  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  sqlite3_value *(*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3_load_extension,
  sqlite3_malloc64,
  sqlite3_msize,
  sqlite3_realloc64,
  sqlite3_reset_auto_extension,
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob,
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  (sqlite3_value*(*)(const sqlite3_value*))sqlite3_value_dup,
  sqlite3_value_free
};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry po